Bombardier Global family
October 13, 1996
|Number of pieces:||
816 (as of 2018)
Bombardier Global is the marketing name of 1996 produced family of twin-engine, long-haul rapid business aircraft in low-wing interpretation of the Canadian aircraft manufacturer Bombardier Aerospace , which is mainly due to different ranges, avionics equipment are different and torso lengths. The internal designation of the type is BD700 .
In addition to the civilian types Global Express , Global Express XRS , Global 6000 , Global 5000 , Global 6500 , Global 7500 and Global 8000, there are among others the military versions Raytheon Sentinel R1 and Bombardier E-11A , in which either reconnaissance sensors are integrated into the fuselage, to enable reconnaissance of air or ground targets (Sentinel) or there are possibilities for data transmission between ground units and satellites (E-11A).
History and versions
Global Express / Global Express XRS / Global 6000 / Global 5000
Before the announcement of a new business jet with intercontinental range under the name Global Express in 1991, Bombardier carried out various studies, which led to the fact that a market was seen for this segment. That is why two years later the construction of the aircraft - the first one developed by Bombardier alone - was officially decided. Foreign partners took part in half of the development; Rolls-Royce, for example, was responsible for the engines. The first flight of the prototype took place on October 13, 1996, the delivery began in 1999. From 2004 the shorter Global 5000 was offered, which compared to the 6000 version lacks an additional tank in the rear fuselage. Since mid-2009, however, Bombardier has been offering a conversion option that increases the range of the Global 5000 to 5200 NM (9630 km) by increasing the maximum take-off weight to 41,958 kg (92,500 lb ).
On the Global Express XRS , another tank was installed in the transition from the wing to the fuselage, so that the range increased by approx. 500 to 6000 nautical miles. With the new avionics Bombardier Vision Flight Deck , derived from the Rockwell Collins ProLine Fusion , available from 2012 , the designation was changed to Global 6000 . Since around 2012, every newly built Global 5000 (from serial number 9435) has been delivered with the Bombardier Vision Flight Deck , without the name having changed.
Global 7000/7500 / Global 8000
In October 2010, Bombardier announced that it would manufacture two new types , the Global 7000 and the Global 8000 . The Global 7000 was originally supposed to go into service in 2016, but due to delays in development, this date was postponed to 2018. The first Global 7000 with the registration number C-GLBO was registered at Transport Canada at the beginning of September 2016 ; the first flight took place on November 4, 2016. In 2018, in the run-up to the European Business Aviation Conference & Exhibition, the Global 7000 was renamed Global 7500 (based on a standard established by the American FAA) and two medium-sized models Global 5500 and Global 6500 were presented. The Global 8000 should have a shortened hull, but allow a range of 7,900 nautical miles.
During the flight tests, which began in November 2016, the Global 7500 was able to achieve a range of 7700 nautical miles (including the required fuel reserves), so that, for example, the route Montreal - Beijing could be reached non-stop. The new price is quoted at USD 72 million. The type received its approval from the authorities in October 2018. The first Bombardier Global 7500 was delivered to an anonymous customer at the end of 2018. The first Global 7500 to be registered in Europe was handed over to the former Formula 1 driver Niki Lauda in March 2019 and entered in the Austrian aircraft register. Bombardier planned to deliver between 15 and 20 aircraft in 2019.
In addition to a renewed increase in coverage is the biggest difference of the Global 7500 over their predecessors that they have a fly-by-wire flight control system has derived from the Airbus A220 (formerly Bombardier CSeries) adopted, whereby the control wheel in favor of a so-called side-stick is eliminated . During testing, one of the prototypes set a new range record on the route Singapore - Tucson , Arizona (8,152 NM (approx. 15,100 km ), 16:07 h) in early 2019 ; the flight was surpassed a short time later by a Gulfstream G650 , which covered a longer distance (8,379 NM (approx. 15,520 km), the aircraft did not fly directly, but on airways ) and in a shorter time (15:23 h). In October 2019, Bombardier managed another flight from Sydney to Detroit over 8,225 NM (approx. 15,230 km).
At EBACE 2018, two new Global models below the 7500/8000 were presented, which will replace the Global 5000 and 6000. They will be equipped with Rolls-Royce Pearl engines and have ranges of around 10,000 and 12,000 km respectively. Transport Canada approved the new versions on September 30, 2019, the European aviation authority EASA followed on October 15, 2019. Approval by the US Federal Aviation Administration took place in late December 2019. The Global 5500 will be available for the first time around mid-2020 put into service to an unnamed customer.
Maritime patrol aircraft
In February 2015, Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) introduced a Maritime Patrol Aircraft version based on the Global 5000, known as the ELI-3360 . There are currently no buyers for this version.
Global Express XRS
The aircraft of the Global family are business jets with strong sweep wings for high cruising speeds and a pressurized cabin that allows flights up to 51,000 ft (approx. 15,540 m ). The fuselage is composed primarily of aluminum , steel , titanium and composite materials . The wing is made entirely of aluminum, the spoilers , wing flaps and winglets are made of graphite . The aircraft has an entrance on the left side of the fuselage front ( "passenger door"), further even a smaller door at the rear below the left engine for loading ( "baggage door") and an emergency exit ( "emergency exit door") right on the Side above the wing.
Two BR700 engines (Global 5000/6000: Rolls-Royce BR710, Global 5500/6500: Rolls-Royce Pearl 15, Global 7500: GE Passport) power the aircraft, but also provide energy for three hydraulic systems , four Generators with 40 kVA each and the air conditioning with one pack each . If both engines fail, a ram-air turbine is also available, which extends from the right side of the fuselage below the cockpit and ensures the emergency supply. To shorten the landing distance, the engines have reverse thrust with two reverse doors at the top and bottom , which are hydraulically driven into the thrust jet of the engine. The performance of the engines is controlled by a digital automatic control system ( FADEC ), the aircraft has autothrottle , the automatic control of a speed set by the crew or a set thrust value (e.g. maximum available thrust when climbing). An auxiliary power unit (APU) also supplies its own generator on the ground, the air conditioning system and a hydraulic pump via the generator. Protection against icing in flight is ensured by bleeding air from the two engines, which is directed into the slats and the nose of the engine nacelles.
In addition to elevators , rudder and ailerons , flight controls also include a total of six pairs of spoilers . Of these, the outer four are each so-called multifunction spoilers , which can be used both to increase resistance and thus to reduce speed and are automatically activated to support the ailerons. After touching down, the two inner spoilers also extend as ground spoilers to reduce lift and speed. The deflection of the ailerons on the Global 7500 is controlled by a function of the flight speed, so that at higher speeds (> 295 kn (approx. 550 km / h )) only the inner ailerons are operated and in a transition area (295–275 kn , (approx. 550–510 km / h)) only partially deflect the outer control surfaces in order to prevent overloading the aircraft. The fly-by-wire control (FBW) limits the roll angle to a maximum of 80 °; if the angle is increased to more than 30 °, the aircraft automatically steers back to this value. When landing, the FBW automatically lowers the nose in the direction of the runway, while the pilot holds the sidestick in a neutral position.
The flaps on the wing tips can be set to one of four positions for take-off and landing: 0 °, 6 °, 16 ° and 30 °. Only the last position is permitted for landings; the slats must be extended before the flaps are extended. According to the manufacturer, take-offs (sea level, standard temperature, maximum take-off weight) are possible over a distance of around 1,900 meters and landings over a distance of 900 meters.
When they were put into service, all the family's aircraft were equipped with the Avionics Suite Primus 2000 from the manufacturer Honeywell , consisting of six vertically arranged displays with a diagonal of 10.6 inches , initially as cathode ray tubes , later as LCD screens . From 2012, however, the Vision Flight Deck will be used in all aircraft , which was derived from the Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion and now consists of four horizontally arranged 15.1 inch screens, and generally includes additional (small) displays over which, for example, the radio frequencies can be set. A head-up display is available on the left side of the cockpit . A weather radar in the aircraft nose ( phased array ) is supposed to indicate in good time any dangers that might arise from a thunderstorm cell .
The landing gear consists of two main landing gears, each with two tires, which are pulled into the wing, and a nose wheel, which is pulled into the nose. During the flight, all landing gear parts are locked by landing gear doors. The aircraft is controlled on the ground by its own steering wheel via the nose landing gear, while the main landing gear is braked by carbon brakes . The temperature of the brakes is monitored and displayed in the cockpit.
|Characteristics||Global 5000||Global Express XRS||Global 5500||Global 6000||Global 6500||Global 7500||Global 8000|
|Passengers||8–17 (typ. 12–13)||8–19 (typ. 12–13)||Max. 16||Max. 17th||10-19||8-19|
|length||29.50 m||30.30 m||29.5 m||30.30 m||33.83 m||30.97 m|
|span||28.60 m||28.7 m||31.79 m|
|height||7.70 m||7.80 m||8.14 m|
|Wing area||94.9 m²||94.8 m²||k. A.||k. A.|
|Cabin length||13.92 m||14.7 m||12.41 m||13.18 m||18.17 m||15.42 m|
|Cabin width||2.49 m||2.41 m||2.49 m|
|Cabin height||1.91 m||1.88 m||1.91 m|
|Cabin volume||57.26 m³||60.6 m³||k. A.||74.76 m³||63.32 m³|
|Empty mass||23,061 kg||k. A.||23,070 kg||k. A.||k. A.||k. A.|
|Max. Takeoff mass||41,957 kg||45,132 kg||41,957 kg||45,132 kg||52,095 kg||47,650 kg|
|payload||2,341 kg||k. A.||3,238 kg||2,617 kg||k. A.||k. A.|
|Engines||two Rolls-Royce BR710 A2-20
each 65.6 kN thrust
|two Rolls-Royce Pearls
each 67.3 kN thrust
|two Rolls-Royce BR710 A2-20
each 65.6 kN thrust
|two Rolls-Royce Pearl||two General Electric Passport
each 73.4 kN thrust
|Avionics||Rockwell Collins ProLine Vision with Combined Vision System||Rockwell Collins ProLine Vision with Combined Vision System|
|Top speed||Mach 0.89 / 950 km / h||Do 0.90||Mach 0.89 / 950 km / h||Mach 0.925|
|optimal cruising speed||Mach 0.85 / 904 km / h||Mach 0.85||Mach 0.85 / 904 km / h||k. A.||k. A.|
|Service ceiling||15,545 m||k. A.||k. A.|
|Range||9,630 km||11,390 km||10,600 km||11,112 km||12,270 km||13,700 km||14,631 km|
|Takeoff route||1,689 m||1,887 m||1,674 m||1,974 m||1,814 m||1,768 m|
|Landing route||814 m||673 m||682 m||856 m|
|price||$ 33 million||$ 46 million||k. A.|
So far, almost 900 machines of all versions have been sold. The owners include both individuals - who are often little known about - as well as companies that fly their management or customers to appointments with this aircraft, such as the Austrian company Zepter International. In addition, various airlines that have specialized in so-called individual transport use this type, for example Arab Wings , Global Jet Luxembourg , Jet Aviation , Laudamotion Executive , Luxaviation , NetJets , Nomad Aviation , Royal Jet and VistaJet .
The following nations, among others, use Global aircraft as state aircraft or carriers of special mission equipment, either for reconnaissance or as a relay platform:
- Angolan Armed Forces
- 1 Global 5000, VIP machine (identifier " D2-ANG ")
- Botswana Armed Forces
- 1 Global 6000, VIP machine (identifier " OK1 ")
- German airforce
- 7 (4 Global 5000 and 3 Global 6000 from FlBschftBMVg as successors to the Challenger CL-601 ), 3 more Global 6000 in a SIGINT version planned as the successor to the BR 1150 M
- Indian Air Force
- 2 Global 5000, converted into SIGINT platforms by Elta in 2014 in Israel and stationed at the Palam Air Force Station in Delhi (code " 4X-COH " during the conversion)
- Malaysian Air Force
- 1 Global 6000, VIP machine (" M48-02 ") is assigned to the 2nd Squadron of the 1st Division of the Air Force and is stationed at Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport in Kuala Lumpur, along with other VIP aircraft .
- United Arab Emirates Air Force
- 3 (Global 6000) Saab GlobalEye early warning aircraft with Saab sensors, ordered in 2015, first flight in Linköping in 2018 , delivery since 2020. Two more aircraft are to be ordered.
- Royal Air Force
- 5 (Global 5000) Sentinel R1 reconnaissance aircraft; after one machine has been decommissioned, 4 will be used by the V. (AC) Squadron at RAF Waddington .
- United States Air Force
- 4 (Global 6000) E-11A communication aircraft , equipped with Northrop Grumman's Battlefield Airborne Communications Node (BACN) , in service with the 430th Expeditionary Electronic Squadron in Kandahar . The procurement of a fifth machine is planned (as of 2019). The first aircraft of the series was still equipped with radomes on the upper and lower side of the fuselage, which, however, is not necessary for equipping the series machines.
Loss of military specimens
- The Luftwaffe's " 14 + 01 " was badly damaged in an emergency landing at Berlin-Schönefeld Airport on April 16, 2019, the cause being identified as a maintenance error by the maintenance company Lufthansa Bombardier Aviation Services ( joint venture between Lufthansa Technik , Bombardier and ExecuJet); the machine is likely to be scrapped. As a replacement and supplement, three Global 6000s were ordered in June 2019, which were delivered from September to November 2019.
- The E-11A with the USAF serial number " 11-9358 " crashed on January 26, 2020 in the eastern Afghan province of Ghazni for an unexplained cause.
- Bombardier website with sections on the currently available Global versions
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