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Canadair, Inc.
legal form Corporation
founding 1944
resolution 1986
Seat Montreal , Canada
Branch Aircraft construction

Canadair was a Canadian aircraft manufacturer based in Montreal . The company was temporarily owned by the state and has been part of Bombardier Aerospace since 1986 .


Canadair Saber at the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum, Mount Hope, Ontario

Canadair was founded on November 11, 1944 by the Canadian government and took over the production facilities of Canadian Vickers in Saint-Laurent near Montreal. First, PBY Canso - flying boats for the Canadian Air Force built. From 1946 onwards, improved Douglas DC-4 models, the Canadair DC-4M "North Star" with Rolls-Royce Merlin engines, were also produced. In addition, the company secured rights to the Douglas DC-3 / C-47.

In 1946, Electric Boat acquired a majority stake in Canadair. Both companies merged in 1952 to form General Dynamics (GD). In 1954, GD Consolidated took over Vultee Aircraft Corporation and converted Canadair into a subsidiary.

In 1976 Canadair was nationalized by the Canadian government. In 1986 it was sold to Bombardier . The company became the heart of Bombardier Aerospace .

Since this acquisition, the company produces business jets and regional aircraft of the type CRJ . The Canadair brand has since been abandoned and all new developments are marketed under the Bombardier name.


Canadair has a number of pioneering achievements. With the CL-44D , based on the Bristol Britannia , the rear fuselage could be folded away completely for the first time to make loading easier. The CL-89 and CL-289 were the first reconnaissance drones to go into service . The CL-84 was a vertical take-off ( VTOL ) with tilt wings , and the CL-215 was the first fire-fighting aircraft . In French today, canadair is a generic term for fire fighting aircraft in general.

Canadair was also active in other business areas. The subsidiary "Canarch" designed and produced facade systems, but also control stations for control towers of the US air traffic control FAA . Tracked vehicles and hovercraft were also designed, of which only a few were built.

Product list and details
Planes description crew Seats First flight First delivery End of production
North Star / Argonaut / C-4 / C-5
(further development of the Douglas DC-4 )
Transport / passenger aircraft 2 52 1946 1948
Canadair Saber (CL-13)
license build North American F-86 Saber
Fighter plane 1 1950 1950 1958
Canadair T-33 Shooting Star (CL-30)
license build Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star
Trainer / ECM / educator 2 1952 1952
CL-66 / Cosmopolitan
modified Convair CV-540
Transporter 2 52 1959
Canadair F-104 / Starfighter (CL-90)
license build Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
Fighter aircraft / trainer 1-2 1962 1962
Canadair CL-89 , CL-227 and CL-289 Reconnaissance drones no 1964 1969
CL-215 Fire-fighting aircraft 2 1967 1969
Canadair CF-5, CF-116
under license Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter company designation CL-219 .
Fighter plane 1-2 1968
Canadair CL-415 Fire-fighting aircraft 2 1993 1994
Challenger ( 300 / 600 / 800 ) Business jet 2 8-19 1980 1986
CRJ -100, -200, -600 and -700 series Transporter / regional aircraft 2 (plus flight attendant) 50-90 1991 1992
Bombardier BRJX Transporter / regional aircraft 2 (plus flight attendant) 80-120
Canadair CL-227 / Sentinel remote controlled drone no 1980
Canadair CL-28 / Argus Maritime patrol 5 (plus 4 reserve) 1957 1980
Canadair CL-41 / Tutor Trainer 2 1960
Canadair CL-84 / Dynavert Whiz kid 2 15 soldiers 1965 Late 1960s - no series production
Canadair CL-44 / CC-106 Yukon Transporter 9 134 1959 1960

See also

Web links