2nd February 1959
|Number of pieces:||
The CL-66 was the turboprop variant of the civil Convair CV-440 passenger aircraft and was used as the CC-109 Cosmopolitan to the standard VIP aircraft of the Royal Canadian Air Force and also for light transport tasks.
History and construction
After production of the Convair CV-440 was finished in San Diego, Canadair acquired the rights to the design, including assembly devices, tools and three unsold CV-440s. Due to the availability of the Napier Eland turboprop engine, the CV-440 became the Convair 540 . Like the CV-440, the CL-66 is also equipped with a pressurized cabin .
In 1958, the RCAF wanted to replace their aging Douglas C-47 with a turboprop- powered aircraft. The Vickers Viscount was their first choice , but the Canadian government decided against this aircraft. Instead, Canadair offered a number of Convair 540 variants with the Napier Eland turboprop engine. The project was named CL-66 and three versions were developed. The first flight of the CL-66C took place on February 2, 1959, the CL-66B followed in January 1960. Not a single "A" version was built. Canadair, despite its best efforts, did not receive any airline orders for the CL-66 because it was too expensive and other manufacturers' aircraft performed better. The RCAF took over ten aircraft, mostly CL-66B. Two machines used as demonstration aircraft were sold to Quebecair .
Since the Eland engines proved to be unreliable and too weak in terms of performance, these were replaced by Allison 501-D36 propeller turbines in the machines used by the RCAF in 1966 and 67 .
- 48/64 seated passenger aircraft
- combined cargo / passenger aircraft
- Convair CV-440 retrofitted with the Napier Eland turboprop engine
|Wing area||89.54 m²|
|Empty mass||14,666 kg|
|Max. Takeoff mass||24,130 kg|
|Cruising speed||518 km / h|
|Top speed||547 km / h|
|Service ceiling||7620 m|
|Engines||2 × Napier Eland turboprop engines with 2611 kW each|
- Molson, Ken M. and Harold A. Taylor. Canadian Aircraft Since 1909 . Stittsville, Ontario: Canada's Wings, Inc., 1982. ISBN 0-920002-11-0 .
- Pickler, Ron and Larry Milberry. Canadair: The First 50 Years . Toronto: CANAV Books, 1995. ISBN 0-921022-07-7 .
- Taylor, John WR Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1961-62 . London: Sampson Low, Marston & Company, 1961.
- "Canadair CC-109 Cosmopolitan." Shearwateraviationmuseum.ns.ca . Retrieved June 16, 2010.
- Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1961-62 Taylor 1961, pp. 21-22.