Westland Lynx

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Westland Lynx
Westland Sea Lynx of the French Navy
Type: Multi-purpose military helicopter
Design country:

United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom


AgustaWestland (formerly Westland Aircraft )

First flight:

March 21, 1971

The Westland Lynx is a British multi-role helicopter that is primarily used for military purposes .


Three-sided view with skid frame

The Lynx ( English for lynx ) was designed by Westland Aircraft (now AgustaWestland ). The Mk.2 and Mk.4 series for the French armed forces were produced together with Aérospatiale . The first flight took place on March 21, 1971; the first machines entered service with the British Army in 1977 . Since 1982 he has been involved in all British military conflicts. The last British Lynx were decommissioned in 2018.

Due to the versatility of the Lynx and its high level of reliability and performance, it is now in service with the armed forces of 14 countries; Among them there are also 22 copies that are used by the German Navy in Marinefliegergeschwader 5 in Nordholz (near Cuxhaven ). The British Special Air Service also used the Army's Lynx for open missions as an emergency helicopter together with their Eurocopter Dauphin .

Over the years, more and more modern versions of the Lynx were built, bringing it up to date with the latest technology. The attempt to establish the Lynx - originally planned - on the civilian market had only moderate success. It is used here as a medical helicopter and to transport people.



More information about the series designations can be found in the information on the designation system of British aircraft . The following variants were intended for the armed forces of the United Kingdom and the French junior partner of the original Lynx program:

Multi-purpose variant, originally for the Army Air Corps of the British Army , which is used for tactical transport, escort protection, anti-tank defense, reconnaissance missions and the evacuation of injured soldiers. Depending on the type of use, it has different on-board equipment.
This version based on the AH.1 was planned as a trainer for the Royal Air Force , but was not implemented.
Airborne helicopter originally built for the Fleet Air Arm of the British Royal Navy and the French National Navy . The so-called Sea Lynx differs from the land-based version in that it has wheels instead of runners. For submarine hunting , it is equipped with Stingray torpedoes and special sonar devices. For use against ships, it is possible to equip it with Sea Skua air-to-surface missiles , as was very often used in combating the Iraqi Navy in the Second Gulf War.
Modernized version of the HAS.Mk.2, built for the Royal Navy in the 1990s. There are various sub-variants of this.
Mk.4 (FN)
Modernized version of the HAS.Mk.2 for France.
Modernized version of the AH.1 with more powerful engines and gearboxes, of which only two copies were completed (after that the AH.7 version was already produced)
This version with landing gear, foldable stern and catch hook was planned for the Royal Marines , but was not implemented.
Last army version with runners, with some minor improvements in the area of ​​the drive compared to the AH.Mk.5, 12 newly built and 107 converted AH.Mk.1, decommissioned in 2015
Airborne combat helicopter based on the Super Lynx 100 is again significantly more powerful in terms of system technology and drive side
The Battlefield Lynx is the British Army's version of the Super Lynx . In contrast to its predecessors for land use, it now also has wheels instead of skids (16 newly built and 8 converted AH.Mk.7)
By 2014, all 22 AH.9s were equipped with, among other things, new CTS800-4N engines (with 37% more power) and a four-blade tail rotor, which improves operation under hot-and-high conditions and increases the payload capacity by one ton. The first modernized Lynx AH Mk.9A for the British Army had its maiden flight on September 16, 2009; the first four helicopters entered service on January 19, 2010. The decommissioning took place on January 16, 2018.

The export versions began with the series number 21; usually each customer was given a new version number. In the following only the series for the German Navy is listed:

Mk.88 / Mk.88A
The 22 German aircraft that are still stationed at Nordholz Air Base today consist of Mk.88 (83 + 03 to 83 + 19) that have been upgraded to the Mk.88A standard. Originally there were 19 Mk.88s, with a fourth batch of seven newly built Mk.88A models (83 + 20 to 83 + 26). The Mk.88 essentially corresponded to the HAS.Mk.2. Until the beginning of 2009, the machines were equipped with new 12.7 mm machine guns of the type M3M from the Belgian company FN Herstal , which were specially developed for helicopters and are characterized by a large continuous fire range of up to 600 rounds. In September 2014 the German Navy declared all of its 22 Mk.88s to be "not ready to fly" due to technical problems (cracks on the stern). Since January 2015, the helicopters have been allowed to take off again in restricted flight operations and since January 2017 in full flight operations.
AW159 Wildcat

The latest development so far is the former "Future Lynx", which is now referred to as the AW159 "Wildcat". This further development of the helicopter with many changes - including Rolls-Royce CTS800-4N engines - is classified as a new type, with the versions starting again with the series ( Mark ) 1 (in this case AH Mk.1).

Technical specifications

Dimensions of the Mk3
Dimensions of the Mk8
Data Lynx AH.Mk.7 Lynx HMA.Mk.8 Lynx AH.Mk.9
Rotor diameter 12.80 m 12.50 m 12.80 m
Length (over rotating rotors) 15.24 m (hull length: 12.24 m) 15.24 m (hull length: 12.33 m or 10.85 m when folded) 15.24 m (hull length: 12.24 m)
height 3.60 m (rotor running) 3.20 m (folded) 3.73 m (folded)
drive 2 × Rolls-Royce Gem 41 (850 HP continuous power each) 2 × Rolls-Royce Gem BS 360-07-26 (900 HP continuous power each) 2 × Rolls-Royce Gem 42-1 (1000 HP continuous power each)
Top speed 330 km / h 295 km / h 324 km / h
Operating speed 232 km / h 259 km / h 256 km / h
Range 885 km 545 km / 1045 km with additional tanks 528 km
Rate of climb 600 m / min 660 m / min 756 m / min
Maximum weight 4763 kg 5330 kg (4400 kg empty) 4876 kg


User states

With around 180 copies, the UK is the largest user of the Lynx. The following countries also use the Lynx: Algeria ( Navy ), Argentina ( Air Force ), Brazil ( Navy ), Denmark ( Danish Air Force ), Germany , France ( Aéronavale ), Qatar ( Qatar Emiri Air Force ), Malaysia ( Royal Malaysian Navy ), Netherlands ( Koninklijke Marine ), Nigeria ( Air Force ), Norway ( Luftforsvaret ), Oman ( Air Force ), Portugal ( Air Force ), South Africa ( South African Air Force ) and South Korea ( Air Force ). The most commonly exported variant is the Sea Lynx .

Station locations in Germany



In 1972 Roy Maxam set the world speed record over 15 and 25 km in a Lynx WG.13 with 331.74 km / h.

On August 11, 1986, Trevor Egginton set a new world record for helicopters in a Lynx AH MK.1 of the British Army with 400.87 km / h over a distance of 15 km and 25 km. However, the G-LYNX was modified with components from a Westland 'Model 30'. The partially restored aircraft can be viewed in the Museum of Army Flying (Middle Wallop, Hampshire ).

On September 15, 2010, the record was set at least unofficially by the Sikorsky X2 helicopter . A speed of 463 km / h was reached.


Movable armament installed in the door

Gun load of 550 kg on two gun carriers

Air-to-ground guided missiles

  • 2 × tube starters for 4 × Raytheon BGM-71 TOW each - wire-guided anti-tank guided missile

Anti-ship missiles and torpedoes

Unguided air-to-surface missiles

  • 2 × FN Herstal FZ321 rocket launch containers, each with 12 unguided air-to-ground missiles, caliber 70 mm

Depth charges

External container

See also

Web links

Commons : Westland Lynx  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Bid farewell to the Lynx Mk7 aircraft, British Army, July 31, 2015
  2. FliegerRevue March 2010, p. 8, British Lynx modernized
  3. ^ British Army poised to retire last Lynx, Janes, January 11, 2017
  4. Christoph Hickmann: Navy helicopters have to stay on the ground. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung . September 22, 2014, accessed on September 22, 2014 : “Of all 22 Sea Lynx Mk.88A helicopters in the Navy, not a single one is currently“ ready to fly ”. This emerges from a document from the Ministry of Defense, which is available to the Süddeutsche Zeitung. The failure also affects the participation in the EU mission "Atalanta" in the Horn of Africa. "
  5. ^ T. Wiegold: Marine lifts flight restrictions for SeaLynx helicopters after 28 months. augengeradeaus.net, January 18, 2017, accessed July 29, 2017 .
  6. Sopheartith Moeng: Military Aircraft. Airlife Publishing Ltd, Shrewsbury, ISBN 1-85310-537-6 , p. 126.
  7. ^ Westland Lynx takes world speed record. flightglobal.com, August 23, 1986, accessed June 7, 2011 .
  8. Stephen Trimble: Sikorsky X2 sets unofficial helicopter speed record. flightglobal.com, July 26, 2010, accessed September 22, 2014 .
  9. Sikorsky X2 reaches a record speed of 463 km / h. FLUGREVUE, September 16, 2010, accessed May 7, 2011 .