Military aviation is aviation for military purposes like that
- Use of military aircraft for offensive, defensive and supportive air war operations .
- the reconnaissance and surveillance as well
- Transport of personnel and material,
The aircraft , which had only just been invented, were used as early as the First World War . In the Second World War , air superiority already influenced decisions; in the Gulf War , large parts of the warfare are carried out from the air.
See also: Air War
The successful use of combat aircraft can make it possible to achieve the air superiority of a war zone. This, or even absolute control over the airspace of a war zone, is of crucial importance because it enables both effective reconnaissance of the locations, strength and operations of the enemy, as well as targeted and effective attacks.
The US Air Force is now able to position large groups of bombers at a safe height over a target area, whose target-controlled bombs or precision-guided ammunition can be steered from the ground to the desired targets. This gives your own ground forces maximum support and reduces their losses.
A distinction is made between different types of deployment of the Air Force -
- Lockdown from the air / Air Interdiction AI
- Gefechtsfeldabriegelung / Battlefield Air Interdiction BAI
- Close air support / Close Air Support CAS
Transport aircraft enable the quick transport of personnel and material even to remote areas, as well as their flight out in the event of retreat . Helicopters serve the same purpose with lower range and flight speed . Aircraft carriers bring large numbers of carrier-based aircraft over long distances into the vicinity of a combat zone and are at the same time their supply base. Special devices are used by many military aircraft to refuel in the air .
Types of aircraft
- Reconnaissance aircraft
- Tanker aircraft for aerial refueling
- Carrier-based aircraft
- Whiz kid
- During World War II dive bombers and battle planes