|Nickname : The Old Pueblo|
|Location of Tucson, Arizona|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Pima County|
|Time zone :||Mountain Standard Time ( UTC − 7 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|530,706 (as of 2016)
1,016,206 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||1,052.6 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||505.3 km 2 (approx. 195 mi 2 ) of
which 504.2 km 2 (approx. 195 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||728 m|
|Area code :||+1 520|
|GNIS ID :||0043534|
|Mayor :||Jonathan Rothschild ( D )|
Tucson [ ˈtuːsɑn ] is a city in the US state of Arizona . The city is the county seat of Pima County . The population is around 530,000 (2016 estimate, US Census Bureau ); More than 1 million people live in the metropolitan area of Tucson. Tucson is the largest city in southern Arizona and the second largest in Arizona after Phoenix .
The name Tucson comes from the language of the Tohono-O'Odham Indians. Your name of the area, Chuk Shon , means "at the foot of the black mountain" (based on Sentinel Peak near downtown Tucson).
Tucson was already around 12,000 BC. Settled by Paleo-Indians. The remains of a village have been found near today's city center, which lived here around 1000 BC. Chr. Stood. Between 1200 BC The area around Tucson was used for agriculture in 150 BC and 150 AD. The city is one of the longest continuously populated places in the USA . The residents of that time built irrigation canals to cultivate the corn and bean fields. The Hohokam culture settled in this area between AD 600 and 1450 . The Mission San Xavier del Bac was founded near what is now Tucson in 1699 by the Italian Jesuit missionary Father Eusebio Francisco Kino . The city was finally founded on August 20, 1775 with the construction of a presidio (fortress) under the direction of Hugo O'Conor by the Spaniards. After Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821, Tucson became part of Mexico. With the purchase of Gadsden in 1853, the city fell to the United States. From 1867 to 1877, Tucson was the capital of the Arizona Territory . The University of Arizona was founded here in 1885 . Many former soldiers settled here after World War II, and with the advent of air conditioning, more and more people moved to Tucson. The population grew from 8,000 (1880) to 120,000 (1950) and 220,000 (1960).
¹ 1980–2010: census results;
The city is located on a plateau surrounded by five mountain ranges up to 2880 m high, the Santa Catalina Mountains and Tortolita Mountains in the north, the Santa Rita Mountains in the south, the Rincon Mountains in the east and the Tucson Mountains in the west. The city is located on the Santa Cruz River, which, apart from rainy weeks, dried up during the summer monsoons .
The closest major cities are Phoenix (Arizona) to the north, El Paso (Texas) to the east, the sister cities of Nogales (Arizona) and Nogales (Sonora) in the south, and San Diego ( California ) in the West.
In addition to the University of Arizona, the city's most important employers are the county and city authorities, the electronics industry, the defense and aerospace industries, and the service and tourism sectors.
The largest private employers in Tucson include Raytheon Missile Systems, Texas Instruments , IBM , Intuit Inc., America Online , Universal Avionics , Misys Healthcare Systems and Bombardier . Since July 6, 2007 there is also a branch of the "Solon America Corporation". The company's stated goal is to transform the state of Arizona into the "Solar Valley" of the United States.
The 3.5 million tourists annually bring in income of about 2.2 billion US dollars.
The unemployment rate was 8.6% in June 2010, after it was 3.7% in 2007. In 2007 the average per capita income was $ 26,732.
Tucson is connected to New Mexico or El Paso ( Texas ) in the east via the I-10 freeway and to Phoenix or Los Angeles and San Diego ( I-8 ) in the west . Interstate 19 leads south to Nogales , ( Arizona / Mexico ) or Hermosillo ( Sonora , Mexico).
The city has an international airport, Tucson International Airport , which is used by around 1.7 million passengers annually (2012).
In Tucson there was a historic streetcar, the Old Pueblo Trolley , which on weekends connected the University of Arizona campus with the 4th Avenue pubs.
In May 2006, the people of Tucson approved the city government's proposal to build a modern tram network. The new tram route runs for 6.3 kilometers from downtown via 4th Avenue and the university to the university hospital. Regular operations began on July 25, 2014. The operation of the historic Old Pueblo Trolley was discontinued with the construction of the new tram in October 2011 after more than 18 years. The operating company Old Pueblo Trolley, Inc. is negotiating with the city of Tucson about a possible parallel operation of historic vehicles with the new tram.
The Suntran company operates a relatively dense bus network.
There is also the Pima Community College with around 75,000 students, which offers two-year courses.
Tucson is home to the Arizona Opera Company, the Tucson Symphony Orchestra, the Southern Arizona Symphony Orchestra, the Tucson Boys Chorus, the Tucson Girls Chorus, and the Civic Orchestra of Tucson.
There are three theaters, the Arizona Theater Company, the Invisible Theater, and the Gaslight Theater. Laff's Comedy Club is the only cabaret in town.
The most important museums in the city include the Arizona Historical Society, the Tucson Museum of Art with 6,000 exhibits from pre-Hispanic times, the University of Arizona Art Museum with works of art by u. a. Franz Kline , Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko , the Center of Create Photography and the Museum of Contemporary Art.
Outside of town is the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum , the Pima Air Museum, and the Titan Missile Museum.
One of the highlights of Tucson's annual calendar is the "Fiesta de los Vaqueros" (the celebration of the cowboys), also known as the Tucson Rodeo. Prize money of several hundred thousand euros will be awarded for the event, for which the conquerors fight in front of tens of thousands of visitors from all over the country every day. The Tucson Rodeo first took place in 1925 and is now considered one of the top competitions in professional rodeo.
The student nightlife mainly takes place in the bars on University Boulevard, right at the main entrance to the campus. Live music is also often played here. Tucson's pub mile is 4th Avenue, which is accessible from the university by tram. If you follow 4th Avenue towards the city center, you come to Congress Street, where there are other pubs and clubs, such as the Club Congress. Finer establishments can be found mainly in the foothills, for example in the La Encantada Shopping Mall.
There are numerous cinemas in the city that usually show blockbuster films. The Loft Cinema on the Speedway a few kilometers east of the university specializes in alternative and international films. An international film festival takes place every April.
Information on current events can be found in the free Tucson Weekly, which is available in most bars and restaurants.
- The Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum in the northwest of the city is a zoo and botanical garden. It is home to almost all plants and animals found in the Sonoran Desert .
- Affiliated to Davis-Monthan Air Force Base is the 309th Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group (AMARG), in whose area around 4,200 military aircraft of all kinds are mothballed or recycled through spare parts extraction.
- The publicly accessible Biosphere 2 is located in the northeast of the city near Oro Valley .
- The arboretum designated campus of the University of Arizona with its numerous rare trees and plants, as well as various museums and event venues.
- The Mission San Xavier del Bac , an old Spanish mission church from the 17th century (about 16 km south of the city).
- The famous Old Tucson Studios in northwest Tucson have long been the location of many western films and television series; today they serve as a tourist attraction with daily shows and events.
- The Pima Air Museum with a variety of historical military aircraft (including Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" ). The AMARC can be visited from there.
- To the northwest and east of the city is the Saguaro National Park with its giant cacti ( Carnegiea gigantea ).
- The Titan Missile Museum is south of Tucson .
- Ted De Grazia Gallery on Sun Swan Street
- John Charles Fremont House in Downtown Tucson
- Trikala , Greece
- Sulaimaniyya , Iraq
- County Roscommon , Ireland
- Almaty , Kazakhstan
- Ciudad Obregón , Mexico
- Guadalajara , Mexico
- Segovia , Spain
- Pécs , Hungary
- Fiesole , Italy
sons and daughters of the town
- Chris-Pin Martin (1893–1953), actor
- Robert McBride (1911–2007), composer
- Lalo Guerrero (1916–2005), singer, guitarist and songwriter
- Zenna Henderson (1917-1983), writer
- Ulysses Kay (1917–1995), composer
- Robert Abernathy (1924–1990), science fiction writer
- Bill Cheesbourg (1927–1995), racing car driver
- William Docker Browning (1931-2008), federal judge
- Barbara Eden (born 1931), actress
- Dennis DeConcini (* 1937), politician
- Keith Vreeland (1937 / 38–2018), jazz musician and university professor
- Larry Pine (born 1945), actor
- Linda Ronstadt (* 1946), singer
- Raúl Grijalva (* 1948), politician
- Tom Udall (* 1948), politician
- Thad W. Allen (* 1949), Admiral
- Ken Hom (* 1949), cook and author
- Mark Udall (* 1950), politician
- Rico Saccani (* 1952), conductor
- W. Hugh Woodin (* 1955), mathematician
- Scott M. Lanyon (* 1956), ornithologist
- Raymond Pettibon (born 1957), artist
- Douglas J. Cuomo (* 1958), composer
- Brad Johnson (born 1959), actor
- Chris Cacavas (* 1961), singer and songwriter
- Anthony James Corcoran (* 1963), Catholic religious and apostolic administrator of Kyrgyzstan
- Jim Grabb (born 1964), tennis player
- Tony Malaby (born 1964), musician
- Sean Elliott (born 1968), basketball player
- Gabrielle Giffords (* 1970), politician
- Savannah Guthrie (* 1971), journalist and television presenter
- Sharon Leal (born 1972), actress
- Tiffany Lott-Hogan (* 1975), track and field athlete, heptathlete
- Taryn Manning (* 1978), singer and actress
- Angélica Celaya (* 1982), American-Mexican actress
- Cate Hall (born 1983), poker player
- Lacey Nymeyer (* 1985), swimmer
- Ryan Kalil (born 1985), football player
- Kaylee DeFer (born 1986), actress
- Mika Boorem (* 1987), actress
- Martin Spanjers (* 1987), actor
- Brooks Reed (* 1988), American football player
- Will Claye (* 1991), long and triple jumper
- Dominic Janes (* 1994), actor
- Amanda Benson (born 1995), volleyball player
Famous residents of the city
- Harley Brown (* 1939), portrait painter and illustrator; Member of the Tucson 7
- Duane Bryers (1911–2012), painter and illustrator; Member of the Tucson 7
- Noam Chomsky (* 1928), linguist and philosopher, professor at the University of Arizona
- Don Crowley (born 1926), painter and illustrator; Member of the Tucson 7
- Rich Hopkins (* 1958), guitarist and songwriter
- Otto Krayer (1899–1982), doctor, pharmacologist and university professor
- Robert "Bob" Kuhn (1920–2007), painter and illustrator; Member of the Tucson 7
- Paul McCartney (* 1942), musician and singer, member of the Beatles
- Lute Olson (* 1934), successful basketball manager
- Howe Gelb , musician with ancestors from Austria; mastermind from Giant Sand
- Ken Riley (1919–2015), painter and illustrator; Member of the Tucson 7
- Gordon Tullock (1922–2014), professor of law and economics, economist
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Tucson, Arizona
- City of Tucson
- University of Arizona
- Tucson International Airport
- Tucson event magazine
- San Xavier del Bac Mission
- Arizona Sonora Desert Museum - Zoo and Botanical Gardens near Tucson, Arizona
- PIMA Air Museum
- Michael F. Logan: Desert Cities: The Environmental History of Phoenix and Tucson. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh 2006, ISBN 978-0-8229-4294-8 .
- Manfred Braunger: USA, the Southwest , page 334. ISBN 3-7701-7646-4 , accessed on August 19, 2011
- Overview of passenger numbers at US airports in 2012 , accessed on May 11, 2014
- Sun Link - Tucson Tramway Operator's website , English; accessed on May 11, 2014
- Old Pueblo Trolley, Inc. - Operator of the historic tram in Tucson , English; accessed on May 11, 2014
- Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed November 24, 2018.
- Tucson Rodeo: Arizona's Wild West , Travel Exclusiv magazine website, accessed December 16, 2014.