from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Backnang
Map of Germany, position of the city of Backnang highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 57 '  N , 9 ° 26'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Stuttgart
County : Rems-Murr district
Height : 271 m above sea level NHN
Area : 39.4 km 2
Residents: 37,253 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 946 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 71522, 71570
Area code : 07191
License plate : WN, BK
Community key : 08 1 19 008
City structure: Core city and 5 districts

City administration address :
Am Rathaus 1
71522 Backnang
Website :
Lord Mayor : Frank Nopper ( CDU )
Location of the city of Backnang in the Rems-Murr district
Allmersbach im Tal Allmersbach im Tal Althütte Auenwald Backnang Backnang Burgstetten Fellbach Großerlach Kaisersbach Kaisersbach Kaisersbach Kaisersbach Kirchberg an der Murr Leutenbach (Württemberg) Leutenbach (Württemberg) Leutenbach (Württemberg) Murrhardt Oppenweiler Plüderhausen Plüderhausen Plüderhausen Rudersberg Schorndorf Schwaikheim Spiegelberg Sulzbach an der Murr Waiblingen Waiblingen Waiblingen Weissach im Tal Welzheim Winnenden Winterbach (Remstal) Aspach (bei Backnang) Berglen Berglen Weinstadt Kernen im Remstal Urbach (Remstal) Alfdorf Alfdorf Korb (Württemberg) Remshaldenmap
About this picture

Backnang is a city in Baden-Württemberg , about 30 km northeast of Stuttgart . It belongs to the Stuttgart region and the European metropolitan region of Stuttgart . It is the fourth largest city in the Rems-Murr district and a medium-sized center for the surrounding communities. Until 1973 it was the seat of the district of the same name, which was dissolved as part of the district reform .

The population of Backnang exceeded the 20,000 mark in 1953, so that when the Baden-Württemberg municipal code came into effect on April 1, 1956, the city received the status of a major district town . With the communities Allmersbach im Tal , Althütte , Aspach , Auenwald , Burgstetten , Kirchberg an der Murr , Oppenweiler and Weissach im Tal , the city of Backnang has entered into an agreed administrative partnership.


Geographical location

Backnang has a share in the natural areas of the Swabian-Franconian Forest Mountains and Neckar Basin . It is located on the eastern edge of the Neckar Basin in the Backnanger Bay , which is traversed by the Murr . Coming from the northeast, this crosses the urban area, turns downriver to the southwest, flows through the city center in several turns and leaves the urban area in the southwest. The old town of Backnang lies south in one of the Murr-Bogen. In the east of the urban area the Weißach flows into the Murr.

Neighboring communities

In the northeast, Oppenweiler and Sulzbach an der Murr border on Backnang, in the east Auenwald and Weissach im Tal, in the southeast Allmersbach im Tal, in the south Winnenden and Leutenbach , in the southwest Burgstetten, in the west Kirchberg an der Murr and in the northwest Aspach (all Rems- Murr-Kreis).

City structure

Backnang consists of the core town , the municipality of Steinbach in the northeast , which was incorporated in 1941, and the four municipalities of Strümpfelbach in the north and Heiningen , Maubach and Waldrems in the south , which were incorporated as part of the territorial reform of the 1970s . These five incorporated municipalities form localities within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code, each with its own local council.

In the area of ​​the city of Backnang there are 21 separately located residential spaces with their own names:

To Backnang include the city Backnang, the place Steinbach, the hamlet Germannsweiler, Mittelschöntal, Oberschöntal, Saxony Weiler, Seehof, Stiftsgrundhof, Ungeheuerhof, Unterschöntal, the courtyards and Rötleshof Staigacker and the living space Neuschöntal.

To Heiningen alone the village belongs Heiningen.

To Untermaubach include the village Untermaubach and the living space schoolhouse (Old School).

To Strümpfelbach include the village Strümpfelbach and lock and residential space Katharinenhof .

To Waldrems include the village Waldrems, the hamlet Horbach and the living space Ebni.

The abandoned village of Hagenbach is located in the area of ​​the core city . The field name "Weiler" near Steinbach suggests another desert. The Walke residential area was opened up around 1870 in Backnang. After 1936 the Spinnerei residential area in Steinbach opened up.

In the core city, further residential areas with their own names are sometimes distinguished, the names of which have emerged in the course of history due to the development and which are usually not precisely delimitable. These include, for example, the Plattenwald settlement, the Robert Kaess settlement and the Plaisir settlement.

Spatial planning

Backnang is a medium-sized center in the Stuttgart region , the regional center of which is the city of Stuttgart.

The central area of ​​Backnang also includes the city of Murrhardt and the following communities in the northern part of the Rems-Murr district: Allmersbach im Tal, Althütte, Aspach, Auenwald, Burgstetten, Großerlach , Kirchberg an der Murr, Oppenweiler, Spiegelberg , Sulzbach an der Murr and Weissach in the valley.

Backnang is a member municipality of the Murrtal water association . He is responsible for flood protection.

Division of space

According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.


Early history and first settlement

Settlements and grave sites from the Neolithic and Hallstatt periods have been found in the area around Backnang . At the time of the Romans, the area around Backnang was in the Roman province of Upper Germany from the advancement of the Limes in 155 AD . On the Backnang district there were buildings and grave fields that are assigned to the nearby cohort fort in Murrhardt . Today's settlement probably goes back to the Alemanni , who pushed the Romans back between the Rhine and Danube around 260 AD. The oldest settlement was probably founded in today's Heiningen district , from where the entire Backnang Bay was opened up. Around 500, the Backnang Bay came under the control of the Franks , who secured their territory through systematic settlement ( Franconian land grabbing ). After 600 a castle was built on today's Sulzbacher Brücke to protect the crossing over the Murr, which is important for historical long-distance routes. Today's Backnang goes back to this castle, where the first Romanesque church was built around 890.

First mentioned in 1067 and foundation of the choir monastery in 1116

Backnang was first mentioned in 1067 as Baccananc . This is reflected in the name of the residents for their city as Baggana to this day. At that time Backnang was in the possession of the Hessonen , who belonged to the immediate vicinity of the emperor and to the most distinguished high nobility in Germany at that time. Through the marriage of Hesso's daughter Judith von Backnang to Margrave Hermann II , Backnang passed to the Margraves of Baden in 1111. Hermann and his wife founded an Augustinian canon monastery , which was papally confirmed and privileged in 1116. Hermann's son Hermann III. von Baden expanded the complex and, after the old church was reserved for the monastery, built the Michaelskirche as the new church for the place. The monastery became the burial place of the Margraves of Baden for five generations.

City law in the 13th century

The place was probably expanded to a city around 1220 by the margraves of Baden. A fragmentary document from 1230 allows conclusions to be drawn about a town charter that already existed at the time. 1235, the city fell into the clashes between the German King Henry (VII.) And his father Emperor Frederick II. ; it was destroyed by Heinrich von Neuffen, lord of Winnenden Castle . During the subsequent reconstruction, the city was walled, so that the city elevation was later erroneously dated to this construction of the city wall in 1237 and Backnang celebrated a 750-year city anniversary in 1987. The first documented mention of the town as a city dates back to 1245. This document also shows that at that time, in addition to the two churches of St. Pancratius and St. Michael, there were also three mills, a hospital and a courtyard called a mountain (probably today's area of ​​the district court ) were available.

Backnang came to Württemberg around 1300

By 1300 Backnang was the marriage of Irmengard , daughter of the Margrave Rudolf I of Baden , with Count Eberhard the Illustrious of Württemberg as a dowry of Württemberg . In the imperial war of Emperor Henry VII against Eberhard in 1311/12, the city surrendered to the empire on August 28, 1312, but returned to Württemberg in 1316. Backnang became the seat of a Württemberg bailiwick in the 14th century .

In 1477 the Canon Regular was converted into a free worldly monastery . From 1500 the city was part of the Swabian Empire . During the Peasants' War in 1525 , the city was stormed and the monastery plundered. Later, Backnang suffered several fire disasters, for example in 1635 during the Thirty Years War and in 1693 under French siege.

Wuerttemberg official city

Backnang 1686 in the Kieser forest inventory book
Tanner's houses in Backnang around 1910

The Oberamt Backnang was established in 1758 from the Württemberg bailiwick in Backnang . In the course of the upheavals during the coalition wars and the establishment of the Kingdom of Württemberg in 1806 , the Oberamt Backnang was significantly enlarged until 1813.

The late 18th and early 19th centuries were marked by crop failures, billeting and famine. After the end of the Napoleonic Wars, which were full of privation, Württemberg was particularly hard hit by the effects of the year without a summer in 1816 . The circumstances led to several waves of emigration to America and Russia.

Around 1820 city walls and gates were torn down and the city grew beyond its medieval settlement core. At the same time, in 1819, various villages and farms were incorporated. The most important handicraft branches in the city around 1800 were tannery and weaving , which gained further boom through industrialization . After the weaving mill fell into a crisis and went under due to the shortage of cotton due to the American Civil War from 1861, the tannery became the main occupation of the population. In 1897 there were 102 master tanners with 456 journeymen and 97 apprentices in the city. The tannery in Backnang only lost its importance after the Second World War . In the late 19th century mechanical engineering companies and other industries also settled here. In 1875 an industrial school was opened, in 1876 Backnang was connected to the rail network of the Württemberg railway with the inauguration of the Murrbahn .

Backnang in the 20th century

During the First World War , 334 people were killed in action. In 1919 and 1923 there were major riots in the city. During the Nazi era, the building of the teachers ' college , which was inaugurated in 1909, was used as the Napola school in today's Mörikeschule . By the administrative reforms during the Nazi era in Württemberg in 1934 from the chief official of Backnang Backnang county , which in the district reform in the extended to some areas in 1938 County Backnang was converted.

During the Second World War, the city was hit several times by air raids, with numerous deaths and serious damage. During the entire course of the war, 447 dead and 309 missing were registered in Backnang. In 1945 Backnang came into the American zone of occupation and thus belonged to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Baden , which was incorporated into the current state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.

In 1956 Backnang became a large district town and in the early 1970s it was considerably enlarged by incorporating four neighboring communities. During the district reform on January 1, 1973 , Backnang lost its function as a district town when the Backnang district was combined with the Waiblingen district to form the new Rems-Murr district. Waiblingen became the seat of the new district.

The first autonomous youth center in Germany was founded in Backnang in 1971 .


The following communities or parts of the community were incorporated into the city of Backnang:

  • 1936: Sachsenweiler (Unterweissach municipality)
  • 1941: Steinbach
  • July 1, 1971: Maubach
  • January 1, 1972: Heiningen and Waldrems
  • March 20, 1972: Strümpfelbach

Population development

Population development of Backnang.svgPopulation development of Backnang - from 1871
Population development of Backnang according to the adjacent table. Above from 1500 to 2018. Below an excerpt from 1871

The population figures are estimates, census results (¹) or official updates from the respective statistical offices ( main residences only ).

year Residents
1500 approx. 2,000
1618 2,500
1803 4,100
1823 3,980
1849 4,464
December 1, 1871 4,472
December 1, 1880¹ 5,736
December 1, 1890¹ 6,767
December 1, 1900 ¹ 7,650
December 1, 1910¹ 8,676
June 16, 1925 ¹ 8,811
June 16, 1933 ¹ 10,069
May 17, 1939 ¹ 11.601
1946 15,412
September 13, 1950 ¹ 18,189
year Residents
June 6, 1961 ¹ 23,725
May 27, 1970 ¹ 27,755
December 31, 1975 29,614
December 31, 1980 29,149
May 25, 1987 ¹ 30,244
December 31, 1990 31,687
December 31, 1995 33,882
December 31, 2000 34,562
December 31, 2005 35,761
December 31, 2010 35,395
December 31, 2015 36,266
December 31, 2016 36,633
December 31, 2017 36,893
December 31, 2018 37,253

¹ census result


Backnang initially belonged to the Diocese of Speyer and was assigned to the Archdeaconate of St. Guido, Chapter Marbach. As a result of belonging to the Duchy of Württemberg, the Reformation was introduced here, as in the rest of Württemberg, from 1534 . Afterwards Backnang was a predominantly Protestant city for many centuries. At first, the parish belonged to the Superintendentur Marbach, before Backnang became the seat of its own deanery in 1695 (see church district Backnang ) within the Evangelical Church in Württemberg . Originally there was only the collegiate church of Backnang, which also uses the Totenkirchle, the former cemetery church outside the city gates, as a preaching site. When the congregation grew strongly due to immigration, the Matthew congregation (1962) and the Markus congregation with another preaching post in Schöntal were separated, which now have their own churches. All of them continue to form the Evangelical General Church Community of Backnang. Today's districts of Backnang also belonged to Württemberg in the past and are therefore predominantly Protestant. The community members of Heiningen, Maubach and Waldrems originally belonged to the Abbey Community of Backnang. In 1961 a separate parish was founded in Waldrems and a separate church (Resurrection Church Heiningen) was built. In addition to Waldrems and Heiningen, Maubach (own St. Paul's Church) also belongs to the parish. Sachsenweiler became its own parish in 1969 (with Petruskirche), to which Steinbach (with its own Stephanuskirche) also belongs. The parishioners of Strümpfelbach still belong to the neighboring parish of Oppenweiler. In addition to the parishes, there are also regional church communities in Backnang, namely the Old Pietist Community , the Church on the Road of the Bahnauer Brotherhood e. V., the Liebenzeller community and the Michael Hahn community .

There are also some free churches , including the Methodist Church (Zionskirche), the Biblical Congregation, the Evangelical Free Church Congregation ( Baptists ), a Mennonite Congregation , the popular mission of determined Christians and the Christian Congregation in Maubach.

In the 19th century, Catholics moved to Backnang again. They were initially looked after by the Ebersberg community. In 1894 a parish of its own was founded in Backnang and in the same year the Johannes Baptist church was built, which initially looked after all Catholics in the Backnang area. In the course of time, more Catholics moved in and some neighboring parishes were separated. The districts of Backnang Germannsweiler, Heiningen, Maubach, Sachsenweiler, Schöntal, Stiftsgrundhof and Waldrems are still looked after by the parish of Johannes Baptist. In 1965 a second Catholic church, the Christ the King's Church, was built in Backnang. In 1969 the Christ the King's Church was elevated to a parish church and the parish Christ King was established, to which the Catholics from Steinbach also belong. The two Catholic parishes merged in 1973 to form the Catholic General Church Community of Backnang, which is responsible for the Catholic welfare station and the Catholic kindergartens. Together with two native-speaking parishes, the Croatian parish of Sveti Ante Padovanski and the Portuguese parish of Sagrada Familia , the Catholic parishes of St. Johannes Baptist and Christ König today form the Catholic pastoral care unit Backnang, which is part of the Rems-Murr dean's office within the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese .

The New Apostolic Church and Jehovah's Witnesses are also represented in Backnang.

In addition, there is a Greek Orthodox community in Backnang and an Islamic community of DİTİB .


Municipal council

The municipality of Backnang has 26 members. The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following final result:

Parties and constituencies %
Local elections 2019
Ba. Dem.
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-6.51  % p
+ 5.43  % p
-5.92  % p
-1.60  % p
+ 8.81  % p
-1.30  % p
+ 3.43  % p
+ 2.31  % p
+1.64  % p
Ba. Dem.
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 28.79 7th 35.3 9
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 19.33 5 13.9 4th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 17.28 5 23.2 6th
BfB / FDP Citizens' Forum Backnang / Free Democratic Party 12.60 3 14.2 4th
AfD Alternative for Germany 8.81 2 - -
CIB Christian initiative Backnang 5.80 2 7.1 2
Backnanger Democrats Backnanger Democrats 3.43 1 - -
BIG Alliance for Innovation and Justice 2.31 1 - - 1.64 0 - -
Independently Independent citizens' association - - 4.6 1
total 100.0 26th 100.0 26th
voter turnout 56.22% 46.4%


At the head of the city of Backnang was a mayor , which can be traced back to 1231 for the first time. The Vogt was responsible for the supervision of the administration . Since 1819 the mayor has been called Stadtschultheiß , since 1930 mayor, and when it was elevated to a major district town on April 1, 1956, the official title was mayor . This is elected directly by the electorate for eight years. He is chairman of the municipal council. His general deputy is the first alderman with the official title of mayor .

City leaders since 1801:

In 2010 and 2018, Nopper was re-elected with more than 85% of the votes.

badges and flags

The coat of arms of the city of Backnang shows three black stag poles lying on top of each other in a split shield in front in silver, in the back a blue orb in black with gold fittings and cross.

The city flag is blue and yellow. The coat of arms was established on July 10, 1903.

Town twinning

Backnang maintains a city ​​partnership with the following cities :

Economy and Infrastructure


In the course of industrialization, companies in the textile industry initially gained in importance, including tannery , weaving , spinning and knitting . After weaving had initially taken off, the leather industry became the leading branch. The tannery town of Backnang is still spoken of today , although all the large factories have long since been closed or torn down.

Kaelble tractor from 1953 from Backnang

The Adolff spinning mill, among other things a manufacturer of artificial turf , drew many people to Backnang at the turn of the century and made a major contribution to the city's growth.

This was joined by mechanical engineering companies and, since 1895, the Kaelble company , a construction machinery , engine and commercial vehicle manufacturer , which became known primarily for its tractors for road scooters .

Other electrical and communications engineering companies that emerged from what was then AEG and still shape the cityscape today: Ericsson , telent and Tesat-Spacecom . However, the management of Ericsson has announced that it will partially outsource the Backnang location and possibly downsize it or close it completely.

The headquarters of FK Automotive GmbH, which is known nationwide for car accessories, is also located in Backnang. Has also Kerling International Hair Factory , the European market leader for wigs in Backnang its headquarters. WIRmachenDRUCK GmbH, an online printing company for digital and offset printing, is located in the Waldrems district .


Road traffic

First reception building of the Backnang train station (around 1900)

Bundesstraße 14 Stuttgart– Nuremberg runs through the city of Backnang . It is developed as a bypass road and leads west around the core city. The intersection with Stuttgarter Straße and an approximately 700-meter-long section at the level of the Lerchenäcker industrial area have four lanes so that, on the one hand, slower vehicles can be overtaken without any problems and, on the other hand, the backlog in front of the traffic lights is not too long.

The next junction to the federal motorway 81 is Mundelsheim on the Stuttgart- Heilbronn route . You can get there via the easily navigable, largely straight state road L 1115.

Rail and bus transport

In Backnang which opens route from Ludwigsburg to -Schwäbisch Hall Waiblingen Hessental railway one. The Backnang station is the start station of the line S3 (Backnang- Waiblingen -Stuttgart- Airport ) and since December 2012, the S4 (Backnang- Marbach - Stuttgart-Schwabstraße ) of the S-Bahn Stuttgart .

Another stop on line S3 in the Backnang city area is Maubach.

City traffic is provided by Omnibus-Verkehr Ruoff (OVR). Together with the Regiobus Stuttgart, these two transport companies form the so-called BK-Bus.

All lines operate at uniform prices within the Stuttgart Transport and Tariff Association (VVS).

Long-distance cycle routes

Backnang is a node in the basic network of cycle paths in Baden-Württemberg . In the city, the routes to Beilstein via Aspach, Sulzbach, Rudersberg, Waiblingen and Steinheim via Maubach are signposted.

Air traffic

The Backnang-Heiningen airfield is located in the Heiningen district .


In Backnang, the Backnang district newspaper appears as a daily newspaper and the Backnang weekly newspaper as a weekly newspaper on Thursdays.

Court, authorities and institutions

Backnang has a local court that belongs to the regional court and higher regional court district of Stuttgart, also a tax office , an employment office , a TÜV test center , the agricultural office for the Rems-Murr district and a branch of the Rems-Murr district district office.

The city is also the seat of the Backnang church district of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg and the Backnang deanery of the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese , which is part of the Rems-Murr deanery association.

One of the two Rems-Murr local branches of the technical relief organization is also based in Backnang .

Mörikeschule in Backnang, main building.


Backnang has two high schools ( Max-Born -Gymnasium, Gymnasium in der Taus), two Realschulen ( Max-Eyth- and Schickhardt-Realschule), three primary and secondary schools with Werkrealschule (GHS in der Taus, Mörikeschule and Heiningen-Waldrems Valley School) , a special school (Pestalozzischule), a Waldorf school and four primary schools (Plaisir-GS, Schillerschule , GS Maubach and GS Sachsenweiler).

The Rems-Murr's school boards of three Professional Schools : commercial school, among other things, a technical school , Eduard-Breuninger-school (business school, among other things, commercial high school ) and the Anna Haag-school, general practitioners and agricultural school.

The two private schools ( Free Waldorf School Backnang eV and Evangelical School for Elderly Care Staigacker of the Backnang and Wildberg Foundation ) round off the school offerings in Backnang.

In the area of adult education Backnang seat is adult education Backnang, which also supplied the surrounding area and operates ten branches.

Culture and sights


In the Backnang community center there are opera and drama performances as well as balls and conferences. The Bandhaus Theater Backnang has been under the direction of Jasmin Meindl and Juliane Putzmann since summer 2013. Since then, contemporary theater and civic theater have been practiced there. Successful productions were most recently a version of the Bürgerertheater of William Shakespeare's play “Was ihr wollt” and currently the play “Can you keep silent? Me too ”, which deals with the murder of Backnang citizens in 1940 in the Grafeneck killing center .


The blacksmith's museum on Burgplatz in a former blacksmith's shop is a craft museum that shows how the blacksmith works and lives. In Backnanger city tower can be seen a city history exhibition. The Museum-Scheuerle in a former barn shows, among other things, agricultural tools and machines as well as an old shoemaker's workshop and a loom. The “Manfred von Ardenne” radio museum is a private collection of the Burgel family on the history of radio. The Hungarian German Museum of Local History shows the culture, history and way of life of the expelled Hungarian Germans. The graphics cabinet features important engravings by Lucas Cranach the Elder and Albrecht Dürer . Contemporary art can be seen in temporary exhibitions in the Backnang City Gallery in the tower school building. Including such well-known artists as: Neo Rauch , Ilya Kabakov , Tim Eitel , Eberhard Bosslet , Markus Oehlen . The Technikforum Backnang is a museum that is housed in the former production hall of the Kaelble company, which was built from 1938 to 1939. It describes the industrial history of the city of Backnang in terms of communication technology, tannery, spinning and the Kaelble company.


A self-governing youth center that has existed for more than 40 years regularly organizes independent and punk rock concerts . The metal band Totenmond , founded in 1984, comes from Backnang. The singer Vanessa Mai was born in Backnang and lives there.


View into the monastery courtyard: on the far left the band house, behind it the city tower, on the right the collegiate church and on the far right the district court
District court, former ducal castle

The Protestant collegiate church of St. Pankratius forms an ensemble with the city tower. From the Romanesque church of the Augustinian canons founded in 1116 from the 12th century, the choir flank towers and the late Gothic choir have been preserved. The church was the burial place of the Margraves of Baden from the beginning of the 12th century until around 1240. The nave was rebuilt in a simpler form after a fire in 1693 in 1697. A historic church bell from 1739 is placed in front of the church. The collegiate church has been the main church of the Protestant parish since the Reformation; to the west of it is the so-called Freithof .

The city ​​tower is the remainder of the former parish church of St. Michael. The Gothic choir contains a terrifying sheet mask over the wild boar capital . The 45 meter high choir tower was built in the 13th century and was supplemented by two half-timbered floors and a roof hood after the fire of 1693. In addition, the so-called tower school building in half-timbered construction was built on Markgrafenhof in 1816/17. Both now serve as the gallery of the city of Backnang.

The abbey courtyard adjoining the collegiate church to the east is the widow's seat of the house of Württemberg, built around 1600. The main building at the Stiftshof was once the ducal palace, after the fire in 1693 it served as a fruit box and today as a district court. Also located on the former Stiftshof Stiftskellerei , which was also rebuilt on fire in 1693 following served as Kameral- and tax office after 1806 and now houses parts of the city administration. The former ducal kitchen was later an official prison and now also houses administrative rooms. There is still an ornate well box from 1713 on the monastery courtyard.

The town hall is a half-timbered building from 1716, which was built on the old base from 1599 and which has a characteristic bell tower on the gable side facing the city tower. One of the three old town hall fountains is still located on the market square. The historic Backnang town house , also a half-timbered building, was once the seat of the Württemberg bailiff. The old town school is one of the town's distinctive half-timbered buildings. The city center is also rich in other half-timbered buildings. Backnang is a station on the Deutsche Fachwerkstrasse .

The Totenkirchle was built in 1452 as a cemetery church. There is nothing to be seen of the former cemetery, due to the growth of the city, the church, which was once outside the city walls, is now in the inner city area.

The Roman Catholic town church St. Johannes was built in the neo-Gothic style in 1893/94 and the interior was renovated in 1946.

In Backnang there are two historical school buildings, the central school building from 1891 (extended in 1914) and the former teachers' college , built between 1906 and 1909.

Remains of the city ​​wall from the 13th century have been preserved in various places .

In the 1960s, the Catholic Christ the King Church and the Protestant Matthäuskirche were rebuilt in the area of ​​the new districts of Plaisir, Taus and Plattenwald.


The Annonay garden was built between 2016 and 2017 on the site of the former indoor swimming pool . This is a park with recreational and play facilities.


The TSG Backnang has approximately 4,350 members of the largest local sports club.

Leisure and recreational opportunities

The Murrbäder Backnang Wonnemar , which opened on December 10, 2012, is located in the east of the city near the eponymous river. The Wonnemar offers, among other things, a large swimming pool, a tube slide and a children's area ("Wonni-Land"). A spa and a large sauna area with log cabin and earth sauna, steam bath and Kneipp basin are connected . In the immediate vicinity is the Backnang mineral swimming pool, which is connected to the adventure pool via a pedestrian bridge.

Regular events

Christmas market 2010
  • Backnang New Year's Eve Run - December 31, since 1985
  • Spring Festival Backnanger Tulip Spring - campaign of the city marketing association with Sunday shopping on the first weekend in April, since 1999
  • City Triathlon Backnang - end of April / beginning of May, since 2012 (formerly Backnanger City Duathlon )
  • Backnang Street Festival - The oldest and largest street festival in Baden-Württemberg, on the last full weekend in June, Friday to Monday, since 1971
  • Young talent festival Talents to the microphone - as part of the street festival, since 1971
  • Juze Murr regatta at the youth center Backnang - two weeks after the street festival, since 1985
  • International cultural market - end of July, since 1984
  • Backnang wine village - end of August, since 2003
  • Backnanger Gänsemarkt - Sunday shopping with a cultural program and various event stages, always on the last Sunday in October, since 1986
  • Backnang Christmas market - on the first weekend in Advent, since 1981


Honorary citizen

The city of Backnang has granted the following people honorary citizenship:

  • 1867: Gottlob Friedrich Moser, Dean
  • 1874: Friedrich von Dillenius , Privy Councilor, President of the Württemberg Railway Directorate
  • 1892: Christian von Kalchreuter, Dean
  • 1911: Eduard Breuninger , businessman
  • 1911: Eugen Adolff , manufacturer
  • 1919: Fritz Häuser , manufacturer
  • 1921: Hermann Eckstein, Stadtschultheiß 1901–1921
  • 1930: Karl Friederich, council clerk and then city administrator
  • 1930: Robert Kaess, leather manufacturer and member of the state parliament
  • 1952: Carl Kaelble , senior boss of the engine and machine factory Kaelble
  • 1952: Albert Rienhardt, Lord Mayor
  • 1954: Walter Gross, doctor
  • 1964: Karl Krische, chief physician
  • 1966: Walter Baumgärtner, Lord Mayor
  • 1976: Daniel Aimé, Mayor of the twin town Annonay
  • 2000: Martin Dietrich (1929–2012), former Lord Mayor

sons and daughters of the town

Other personalities

  • Michael Mästlin (1550–1631), deacon in Backnang from 1576, deepened his scientific knowledge here before he became professor and teacher of Johannes Kepler and u. a. calculated the golden ratio for the first time
  • Heinrich Schickhardt (1558–1635), master builder, designed the tower of the Michaelskirche and the castle, which remained unfinished compared to the design and which now houses the district court
  • Johann Kaspar Schiller (1723–1796), father of Friedrich Schiller , surgeon in Backnang
  • Alfred Klemm (1840–1897), Protestant theologian and archaeologist
  • Christian Hämmerle (1843–1916), architect, master builder
  • Albert Giesa (1887–1971), painter
  • Alfred Wais (1905–1988), painter, member of the Stuttgart New Secession
  • Oskar Kreibich (1916–1984), painter, sculptor and writer
  • Edgar Rabsch (1928–1990), organist, choir director and composer in Backnang and at the Ulm Minster
  • Frieder Bernius (* 1947), conductor and choir director (Classical Philharmonic and Baroque Orchestra Stuttgart)
  • Robert Antretter (* 1939), member of the Bundestag from 1980 to 1998, state manager of the SPD
  • Wool Kriwanek (1949–2003), singer and musician, lived in Backnang for decades, where he also died and was buried
  • Frieder Nögge (1955–2001), clown, actor, theater manager (Nögge-Atelier-Theater, school for improvisational theater)
  • Peter Wark (* 1961), journalist and writer, mainly crime fiction
  • Torbjörn Blomdahl (* 1962), Swedish carom player and multiple world and European champion (since 1994)
  • Lisa and Lena (* 2002), web video producers and influencers


  • Württemberg city book ; Volume IV Sub-volume Baden-Württemberg Volume 2 from the German city book. Handbook of urban history - on behalf of the working group of historical commissions and with the support of the German Association of Cities, the German Association of Cities and the German Association of Municipalities, ed. by Erich Keyser. Stuttgart 1961.
  • Burkhart Oertel : Ortssippenbuch of the Württemberg district town Backnang. Volume 1: For the core city 1599–1750. Self-published by the author, Neubiberg 1999 (= Württembergische Ortssippenbücher 40)
  • Burkhart Oertel: Ortssippenbuch of the Württemberg district town Backnang. Volume 2: For the core city 1751-1860. Self-published by the author, Neubiberg 2001 (= Württembergische Ortssippenbücher 41)
  • Burkhart Oertel: Ortssippenbuch of the Württemberg district town Backnang . Volume 3: For the sub-locations Heiningen, Maubach, Waldrems with Horbach 1599–1920 . Self-published by the author, Neubiberg 2004 (= Württembergische Ortssippenbücher 60)
  • Backnang in the Topographia Sueviae ( Mathäus Merian )
  • Backnang in the description of the Oberamt Backnang from 1871

Web links

Commons : Backnang  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Backnang  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. Natural areas of Baden-Württemberg . State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart 2009.
  3. ^ Main statutes of the city of Backnang from July 23rd
  4. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume III: Stuttgart District, Middle Neckar Regional Association. Kohlhammer Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2 , pp. 498-502
  5. Water Association Murrtal on
  6. State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Backnang.
  7. Martin Tschepe: 40 Years Juze Backnang - Das organized Chaos , Stuttgarter Zeitung from April 6, 2011, accessed on August 2, 2017.
  8. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 446 .
  9. ^ Election information from the Stuttgart municipal data center .
  11. ^ Backnang town twinning
  12. Backnang is threatened with bloodletting again - management wants to outsource part of the Ericsson business . In: Stuttgarter Nachrichten , June 5, 2007
  13. ^ Works council: Ericsson dismantles the research department in Backnang . heise online , March 11, 2008
  14. Mörikeschule Backnang. Retrieved August 23, 2017 .
  15. Martin Tschepe: New Park in the middle of Backnang. Stuttgarter Nachrichten, April 8, 2016.
  16. "Annonay Garden: Mistakes ironed out, grant secured" ( Memento from December 27, 2017 in the Internet Archive ). Press release from the city of Backnang, August 31, 2017.
  17. Description of the Gänsemarkt on
  18. " The super break keeps what it promises ", article in the Stuttgarter Zeitung on August 5, 2018, viewed on June 28, 2019