from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Murrhardt
Map of Germany, position of the city of Murrhardt highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 59 '  N , 9 ° 35'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Stuttgart
County : Rems-Murr district
Height : 291 m above sea level NHN
Area : 71.13 km 2
Residents: 14,033 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 197 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 71540
Primaries : 07192, 07184Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : WN, BK
Community key : 08 1 19 044

City administration address :
Marktplatz 10
71540 Murrhardt
Website :
Mayor : Armin Mößner
Location of the city of Murrhardt in the Rems-Murr district
Allmersbach im Tal Allmersbach im Tal Althütte Auenwald Backnang Backnang Burgstetten Fellbach Großerlach Kaisersbach Kaisersbach Kaisersbach Kaisersbach Kirchberg an der Murr Leutenbach (Württemberg) Leutenbach (Württemberg) Leutenbach (Württemberg) Murrhardt Oppenweiler Plüderhausen Plüderhausen Plüderhausen Rudersberg Schorndorf Schwaikheim Spiegelberg Sulzbach an der Murr Waiblingen Waiblingen Waiblingen Weissach im Tal Welzheim Winnenden Winterbach (Remstal) Aspach (bei Backnang) Berglen Berglen Weinstadt Kernen im Remstal Urbach (Remstal) Alfdorf Alfdorf Korb (Württemberg) Remshaldenmap
About this picture
Aerial photo of Murrhardt
Murrhardt town hall
Murrhardt town church
Walterich Church
Murrhardt market square
Detail of the door decorations of the Walterich Chapel
Albino animal preparations in the Carl-Schweizer-Museum

Murrhardt is a small town in the Rems-Murr district , about 40 kilometers northeast of Stuttgart in the heart of the Franconian-Swabian forest on the idyllic street , the Waiblingen-Schwäbisch Hall railway . It belongs to the Stuttgart region (until 1992 the Middle Neckar region ) and the European metropolitan region of Stuttgart . The town on the upper reaches of the Murr is the seat of the Swabian-Franconian Forest Nature Park Center .


Geographical location

The urban area of ​​Murrhardt is part of the natural areas of the Swabian-Franconian Forest Mountains and Schurwald and Welzheimer Forest . The focus of the settlement is in the central small town of Murrhardt in the broad valley axis of the Murrtal , to which the southern part of the Mainhardter Wald (" Vorderer Mainhardter Wald ") connects to the north and the Murrhardter Wald , named after the small town, to the south, and the Kirnberger Wald in the eastern part . all four are sub-areas of the Swabian-Franconian Forest Mountains.

Neighboring communities

Starting from the south, Kaisersbach , Althütte , Auenwald , Sulzbach an der Murr , Großerlach and in the Schwäbisch Hall district of Oberrot and Fichtenberg and Gschwend in the Ostalb district border clockwise .

Height information

Murrhardt station: 289  m above sea level NN , Murrhardt sewage treatment plant: 279  m above sea level NN , Fornsbach train station: 320  m above sea level. NN , Waldsee Fornsbach: 350  m above sea level NN , Riesberg: 490  m above sea level NN , church in Kirchenkirnberg: 450  m above sea level. NN , Hoblersberg: 539  m above sea level NN , Steinhäusle: 550  m above sea level NN .

City structure

Districts are Murrhardt, Fornsbach and Kirchenkirnberg .

There are 76 separate districts (villages, hamlets, farms and houses) in the area of ​​the city of Murrhardt.

Before the community reform

  • In addition to the city itself, the hamlets of Eulenhöfle, Gaisbühl, Harbach, Hasenhof, Hausen , Hinterbüchelberg, Hintermurrhärle, Hördthof, Hoffeld, Käsbach, Karnsberg, Kieselhof, Klingen, Köchersberg, Lutzensägmühle, Sauerhöfle, and Schwammhof belonged to the city of Murrhardt in the territorial status of June 30, 1971 , Siebenknie , Siebenknie , Siegelsberg, Steinberg, Vordermurrhärle, Vorderwestermurr, Wacholderhof, Waltersberg and Wolkenhof, the farms Berghöfle, Braunhalde, Ebene, Gutmachhof, Hördter Mühle, Klettenhöfle, Raithöfle, Schwarzenmühle, Spechtshof and Winterhaus, the residential areas Alm-Siedlung, Eisenschmiedmühle, Deer cellar, deer sawmill, Hohenstein, Jägerhof, lamb farm, summer house, Untere Schafscheuer, Wahlenmühle, Westermurrer Mühle and Westermurrer Sägmühle.
  • The former municipality of Fornsbach included the village of Fornsbach, the hamlets of Harnersberg, Hinterwestermurr, Mettelberg, Neuhaus and Schloßhof as well as the residential areas Am Waldsee, Beilsbach, Mettelberger Sägmühle and Schloßhöfer Sägmühle.
  • The former municipality of Kirchenkirnberg included the village of Kirchenkirnberg, the hamlets of Gänshof, Gärtnershof, Göckelhof, Mettelbach (sometimes a distinction is made between Ober- and Untermettelbach), Oberneustetten, Spielhof, Täle , Tiefenmad, Untersteustetten, the Mutzenhof and Schloßmühle farms and the Leukers, Marxenhof residential areas , Reute, Vögelesreute and Wiesenhof.

See also: List of places in the Rems-Murr-Kreis with recognizable minor changes in the stock at the city limits to Kaisersbach .


In the west of the Fornsbach district lies the abandoned town of Hunnenburg. On the parish of Kirchenkirnberg lies the abandoned town of Bullmertshütte and, not with certainty, the Mettelbachhof. The lost places Blindweiler, Obere Schafscheuer, Rollhof, Schollenhof , Streitweiler, Walkmühle and Walksägmühle are in the Murrhardt district.

Division of space

According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.


Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Murrhardt
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature ( ° C ) -0.8 0.4 3.5 7.3 11.7 15.0 16.7 15.9 13.0 8.5 3.5 0.0 O 7.9
Precipitation ( mm ) 104.3 86.3 92.9 87.7 108.6 113.1 96.6 100.1 75.1 84.4 97.3 109.0 Σ 1,155.4
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Primeval times and prehistoric finds

In the Murrhardter Wald, a part of the Württemberg Keuperbergland , which begins south of the city, five fossilized turtles of three different species, 200 million years old, were discovered in former quarries . One of them, "Murrhardtia staeschei", founded a new genus that was named after the place where it was found. The species is most likely the first representative of the Australochelidae in the Palearctic .

Around the time of the Second World War, the "Murrhardt Dinosaur " was found in the district of Köchersberg , which was shown for the first time as a preparation at the Stuttgart state exhibition "Saurians - Success Story of Evolution" in 2007. It is the first and so far only specimen of a species of the Aetosaurus that reaches a length of almost two meters.

Etymology of the city name

The oldest known name of the city is "Murrahart"; it means "pasture forest on the Murr". The name of the river Murr comes from a word for bog, morass, marshland.

The Romans in Murrhardt (Vicus Murrensis)

The beginnings of the city of Murrhardt date back to Roman times , when the Roman imperial border was moved eastwards from the Neckar valley to the still inhospitable heights of the Swabian Forest in AD 161. The Roman fort foundations were the nucleus of numerous new settlements such as Lorch , Welzheim , Mainhardt , Öhringen and Murrhardt. At that time Roman auxiliary troops monitored the wide border corridor through the untouched jungle from numerous watchtowers between the forts.

" Vicus murrensis" - the Latin name for the village on the Murr at the time - belonged to the Roman province of Germania superior as part of the Decumatenland and was mostly populated by a Celtic-Germanic mixed population.

The Limes - UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2005 - runs through the middle of the city. The Roman fort of the 24th cohort of Roman legions (XXIIII COH VCR) has been found in the southeast of the old town, but is no longer visible due to the overbuilding (area of ​​the former Losch family home). Roman forts always had to be built 30 meters above a river.

During excavation work in September 2010, the remains of a Roman building were discovered on the eastern edge of what is now the city center. The excavated remains of the bathing facility are about 10 meters lower than the fort of the 24th cohort. Hypocausts indicate a bathing facility . One cohort corresponds to a current battalion = 4 companies with 150 men. The construction work was suspended until November 2010 so that the site could be thoroughly examined and documented by archaeologists.

A reconstructed Roman tower is located 5 km north of the city near Grab , several remains of the Limes can be seen in the vicinity (Gewann Linderst). Remains of the vicus date back to 162 AD (wooden well). On the Walterichsberg, on which the Walterichskirche is located today, there was a temple in Roman times in honor of Mithras , a god often revered by Roman soldiers (originally a Persian sun god), as well as a Jupiter column. Some remains of this monument have survived, including the only representation of the Capitoline she-wolf with Romulus and Remus found north of the Alps . This is now in the Carl-Schweizer-Museum .

The Limes, a demonstration of Roman power and drawn straight through the landscape, served to secure the Roman trade route in the Rems Valley, which connected Mainz and Augsburg. In 233, parts of the fortifications were destroyed for the first time in an attack by the Alemanni (breakthrough at Siegelberg), but then rebuilt. Around 260 AD the Alemanni overran the entire area on the right bank of the Rhine and also destroyed the Limes fortifications in Murrhardt.

After the victory of the Franks over the Alemanni in the Battle of Zülpich , Murrhardt belonged to the Franconian Empire as a crown property from 496 .

middle Ages

Under the rule of the Franconian Merovingian king Theuderich IV. And the house manger Karl Martell , the wandering monk Pirmin built the original church of the city with the name “St. Maria". In its place stands today the Walterichskirche, which was given its new name in 1534 during the Reformation period.

The former Benedictine monastery of St. Januarius ( Murrhardt Monastery ), which shaped the history of the city for 1000 years, also dates back to the 8th century. The Frankish King Pippin founded the original cell of St. Trinity around 750; In 788, the monk cell "cellula Murrahart" was first mentioned as a small monastery or prior post in a document issued by Charlemagne as owned by the bishops of Würzburg. In 816/817 Abbot Walterich , supported financially by Emperor Ludwig the Pious , son of Charlemagne, founded the monastery during the great Carolingian church reform; it was perhaps not a start-up. Today's town church Murrhardt goes back to the monastery church of the 9th century. A village developed next to the monastery.

The monastery had its own right to mint, the so-called Murrhardter Pfennigs were minted here (1130). Around 1200 the village received market rights . 1288 Murrhardt were monastery Vogt Albrecht von Loewenstein-Schenkenberg the city rights awarded. The population lived meagerly. In addition to agriculture and small crafts, numerous glassworks later developed around Murrhardt. Wood processing was traditionally the economic focus, which is why the area around Murrhardt was popularly known as "Klämmerlesgäu".

In 1372 Murrhardt was also hit by the plague , as an inscription in the Walterichskirche attests.

Württemberg rule

In 1388, the city and bailiwick rights came through the monastery through purchase to the Counts of Württemberg .

In 1525 the town and monastery suffered severely from the Peasants' War . A halls of Limpurgian farmers forced their way into the monastery library and destroyed a large part of the valuable holdings.

In 1534 Duke Ulrich von Württemberg joined the Reformation. He initially granted the monasteries a special arrangement with the retention of the abbot, parts of the convent and the administration. The Murrhardt monastery was closed, only the abbot and prior remained in the function of ducal officials to manage the property.

His son, Duke Christoph , was considered a kind father of the country and introduced compulsory schooling. A statue of this duke crowned a fountain in the monastery courtyard for almost 250 years and was moved to the market fountain in 1790. In 1556, Christoph dissolved the monasteries in the whole country with the "monastery order". As in other monasteries, a monastery school was set up in Murrhardt. The former monastery pharmacy is one of the oldest pharmacies in Württemberg, today it is called Sankt-Walterich-Apotheke.

Murrhardt 1686 in the Kieser forest inventory book

From 1556 to 1634 there was an evangelical monastery office. The Protestant "abbots" carried the title of prelate and were officials of the duke . The monastery bailiff was at their side as financial administrator; he was now the most powerful person in town and monastery. In 1574 the most famous monastery bailiff, Jakob Hofsess, was publicly executed by beheading for embezzlement of 7,000 guilders.

After the Battle of Nördlingen in the Thirty Years' War , the monastery came back into the possession of the Catholic Benedictines in 1635 under the famous "historian of the Peace of Westphalia" Adam Adami , who had to vacate it again in 1648 after the Peace of Westphalia . The Protestant monastery office was restored and continued until the secularization in 1806.

In 1867 the Protestant parish received the former monastery church from state property. After extensive renovation work, it has since been called the “City Church”. In contrast, the Walterich Chapel is still state-owned today.

In 1765 a fire broke out in Murrhardt, which quickly spread over the wooden balustrade of the old city wall. Since the residents were mostly at the market in Ilsfeld after the harvest, the fire had devastating consequences. The rebuilding of Murrhardt under Duke Carl Eugen von Württemberg and Prelate Friedrich Christoph Oetinger , partly in the Baroque style, still shapes the city today. The “baroque zest for life” is expressed, among other things, in the colored painting of the “Traube” restaurant, which still exists today. Oetinger, who came to town in 1766, a representative of Württemberg pietism, took part in the then busily but unsuccessful search for natural resources in the area.

Murrhardt was the official seat of Württemberg at the time. The upper office of the Duke of Württemberg, in representative baroque style, was located opposite the town hall. Madame Jacobina Schippert, a "friend" of Napoleon III, once lived in the same house. After her return from Paris, she led a lonely life in the city as the wealthy owner of the Paris horse-drawn tram.

In 1803 the philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling married Caroline Böhmer-Schlegel in Murrhardt .

Murrhardt as a place of pilgrimage

Walterichskirche on a drawing by Margret Hofheinz-Döring , 1984
Mount of Olives from 1512 at Walterichskirche

Walterich, the founder and first abbot of the monastery, belonged to the Franconian nobility and came to Murrhardt around 796. Historical research partly assumes that he was the illegitimate son of Emperor Charlemagne and thus a half-brother of Louis the Pious. Walterich played an important role during Ludwig's reign as a participant in imperial embassies and imperial assemblies. He is also said to have been the emperor's confessor. After his death in 840 he was buried in Murrhardt in St. Marien. Legends have grown up about Walterich: that he was a miraculous man and that he was able to heal many diseases. As a result, his reputation spread widely. After Walterich's death there was a pilgrimage to his grave in the church, with pilgrims from near and far. This pilgrimage took place every year in Holy Week and brought the town to a large “tourist” population as early as the Middle Ages.

Walterich was venerated by the people as the protector of the infirm. The monastery bailiff, Count Berthold von Wolfsölden, carried out his beatification, which took place around 1226/27. However, he was never canonized.

As part of the Reformation in 1534, the Leutkirche of the monastery was renamed Walterichskirche and continued to be used as a cemetery church, as St. Maria now sounded too Catholic. In 1612 the "miraculous" grave slab was smashed and the parts were used to make an offering box that is built into the wall next to the main entrance of the Walterichskirche. The old belief in miracles jumped over to the new offering box. In 1801 the then prelate had the fragments of the grave slab removed and the grave covered in order to finally put an end to the “Catholic” pilgrimage.

The Good Friday pilgrimage, now evangelical since the Reformation, existed until the 1950s. In order to recreate the Passion of Christ, one climbed the church hill on the knees on the "penitentiary stairs". It was removed in the middle of the 20th century.

The wood-carved Passion depiction "The Mount of Olives" from 1512 is of great importance and can still be viewed at Walterichskirche today, always from Good Friday to Easter.

The church is the station of the Way of St. James (see Paths of the Pilgrims of St. James # Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg )

Since industrialization

Postcard from Murrhardt from 1911

At the beginning of the 19th century, the economic conditions in the newly established Kingdom of Württemberg were still poor. The Napoleonic Wars weighed heavily on the population because of troops passing through and taking quarters in the city. In 1806 the monastery office was dissolved and Murrhardt was subordinated to the Oberamt Backnang . In 1838 the last supra-regional authority, the Kameralamt (tax office), was also moved to Backnang . The public institutions, i.e. monasteries and ducal offices, which had stimulated the city's economy in earlier times, no longer existed. Still the population grew; around 1830 it exceeded 2000; trade, handicrafts and trades developed more and more.

Murrhardt old town in 2006

Even then, there were citizens of Murrhardt who were free and democratic, the best known and most famous being the master locksmith Ferdinand Nägele (1808–1879). In March 1848 he was elected as the only craftsman to be a member of the National Assembly in Frankfurt's Paulskirche , the first parliament in Germany to be elected by the people. When the Murrhardts elected him city mayor in 1853 after the failure of the German Revolution , Nägele was not allowed to take office at the behest of the royal Württemberg Ministry of the Interior. Nevertheless, he continued to fight for an important goal that was achieved shortly before his death: the connection of Murrhardt to the route network of the Württemberg railway , a landmark of the "beginning of the new era".

Until then, Murrhardt was poorly connected to the traffic routes. Only in September 1843 was a postal expedition set up at Gasthof Sonne - since then it has been called the Sonne-Post. The goods were mostly transported on horse-drawn carts. The residents of the Murrtal had to wait until 1878 for the connection to the network of the Württemberg State Railways , when the Murrtalbahn finally reached Murrhardt, a turning point in the city's economic history. The wood, the main product of the area, became competitive again thanks to the cheap transport by rail.

On December 22nd, 1934, a serious railway accident occurred between Murrhardt and Sulzbach near Schleißweiler due to a signal error. Two trains collided on the single-track line and ten people died. In 1996 the line was electrified. A possible connection to the Stuttgart S-Bahn network has not yet been implemented for cost reasons. In October 2005, because of a line closure near Fichtenberg, S-Bahn trains ran to Murrhardt for two days .

Due to its proximity to the tanner's town of Backnang, the well-known leather production company Schweizer developed in the area at the end of the 19th century, whose industrial building still shapes the cityscape today. After production in Backnang was stopped in the 1970s, this happened in 2002 in Murrhardt - because of the foreign competition that produced at lower costs.

The Soehnle company , manufacturer of the well-known Soehnle scales, was founded at the end of the 19th century by the local family of the same name (formerly Epstein). The company brought the so-called “Reformwaage” (baby scales) onto the market in the 1930s and developed into an industrial company after the Second World War. With production sites in Murrhardt and Switzerland, it remained in family ownership until 2002, before it was sold to Leifheit AG in Nassau through an emergency sale . For cost reasons, the production of household and personal scales was given up in Murrhardt in 2005 and relocated to Nassau, so that only the brand name survives. Due to a management buy-out, however, the manufacture of scales for industry, trade, commerce and medicine under the name Soehnle Professional GmbH & Co. KG initially remained in the city; In 2008, however, it was relocated to Backnang.

During the Nazi era , the main street was renamed “Adolf-Hitler-Straße”, swastika flags were raised on public holidays, and “brown battalions” held parades.

During the district reform in Württemberg during the Nazi era , Murrhard came to the Backnang district in 1938 .

During the Second World War , Murrhardt and its suburbs were attacked several times, with the railway systems being particularly affected. At the end of 1944, the Württemberg Ministry of the Interior moved into the Murrhardter Stadthalle. In April 1945, when the Americans occupied Württemberg, it became a field hospital. With the invasion of the Americans on April 19, 1945, Murrhardt's Second World War came to an end. Before that, the innkeeper and master butcher Wilhelm Mauser prevented the city from being destroyed. He was able to disarm a Volkssturm man and his Hitler Youth. As a former imperial marine in Tsingtau / China, he had war experience. The reason for his intervention was the previous almost complete destruction of Fornsbach (neighboring town) by the American artillery and air force after a defensive attempt by German troops.

In 1945 Murrhardt became part of the American zone of occupation and thus belonged to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Baden , which was incorporated into the current state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.

Gasthof Sonne-Post 1965

In the 20th century, the “Sonne-Post” inn was known far beyond the district with its upscale gastronomy. On June 20, 1945, immediately after the end of the Second World War, the so-called District Councilor's Conference took place in this restaurant , a meeting of the district administrators of North Württemberg from the American-occupied zone. It is seen as the beginning of the new democratic order in Württemberg. During the 1974 World Cup , the Polish national soccer team took quarters in Murrhardt in the "Sonne-Post", as they played two of their three first-round matches in the Neckar Stadium in Stuttgart . Their training ground was the Murrhardt Trauzenbach Stadium. In 1994 the “Sonne-Post” inn was bought by the city of Murrhardt. In addition to the Bofingersaal, which is used for municipal council meetings, numerous clubs were housed in the building. The building is currently being rebuilt in a historical guise in connection with a residential complex for assisted living in the district.

Incorporation and district reform

On July 1, 1971, as part of the community reform, the previously independent communities Fornsbach and Kirchenkirnberg were incorporated into the community of Murrhardt.

In 1973 the district reform took place in Baden-Württemberg , when Murrhardt came to the Rems-Murr district.


The residents are around 54% Protestant and around 23% Roman Catholic.

The comparatively high proportion of Catholics did not develop until after the Second World War through the admission of many refugees from the former German eastern regions; in 1870 there were only 20 Catholics in Murrhardt. The Catholic community, previously part of Oppenweiler , has been independent since 1957. The new Catholic church, which was inaugurated in 1969, was consecrated to St. Mary like the Mainhardt's main church from the 8th century .


Place of diversity

On September 23, 2008, the city received the title “ Place of Diversity ” awarded by the federal government .


On July 17, 2011, Armin Mößner (CDU) was elected mayor in the first ballot with 66.42% of the vote. The current incumbent candidate Dr. Gerhard Strobel received 28.90% of the vote. Hans-Joachim Rosenthal received 3.94% of the vote. On July 21, 2019, Armin Mößner was re-elected with 83.7% of the votes cast.

Municipal council

The municipality council in Murrhardt has 18 members. The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following final result:

Parties and constituencies %
Local elections 2019
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
+0.53  % p
+ 4.39  % p.p.
+ 4.84  % p.p.
-9.77  % p
CDU-FWV Christian Democratic Union of Germany / Free Electoral Association 33.17 6th 32.64 6th
UL Independent list 27.82 5 23.43 4th
MD / AL Murrhardter Democrats / Alternative List - Alliance 90 / The Greens 25.01 4th 20.17 4th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 14.00 3 23.77 4th
total 100.0 18th 100.0 18th
voter turnout 53.85% 45.37%

coat of arms

The blazon reads: "In silver on green ground a green fir tree, on the trunk of which a black wolf stands up on either side with its head turned away."

Town twinning

Murrhardt has had a partnership with the municipality of Château-Gontier in north-western France since September 24, 1966 . The partnership agreement was signed with Frome in England in 1983, and Rötha in Saxony followed in 1990 after reunification . In 2008 the twin towns of Château-Gontier, Frome and Murrhardt established the connection to the new town of Rabka-Zdrój in the south of Poland. On July 17, 2009, the twinning between the four cities was officially sealed at a meeting in Poland.

Population structure

The proportion of foreigners is 11.8%.


Walterichskirche with "Mount of Olives"
Show as spherical panorama
Portal of the Walterich Chapel at the city church
  • The town church (former monastery church) dates back to the 9th century and is of great interest in terms of architecture and art history. The attached Walterich Chapel is one of the most important examples of late Romanesque architecture in southwest Germany.
  • Walterichskirche, former pilgrimage church and Leutkirche of the former monastery, with a carved altar from 1512 on the outside wall of the church. The altar is only open to the public during Holy Week up to and including Easter ; it is closed throughout the year.
  • The old town is characterized by half-timbered buildings.
  • The private Carl-Schweizer-Museum brings together zoological and historical collections (especially on Roman times and the history of the monastery).
  • The Villa Franck , built between 1904 and 1907 by the architects Paul Schmohl and Georg Staehelin , surrounded by a 7 hectare park by the art gardener Albert Lilienfein Vater & Sohn, is one of the most beautiful and best preserved Art Nouveau villas in Germany; today the seat and venue of the " Stuttgarter Saloniker ".
  • Municipal art collection with works by Heinrich von Zügel , Reinhold Nägele, Carl Obenland , Heiner Lucas.
  • The nature park center on the market square in Murrhardt houses the nature park office and an information center as well as an adventure and nature show.
  • Rümelinsmühle, a water mill that is still in operation and built in 1799 as a monastery mill. The water wheel, which was renewed in 2007, drives the roller mills that have been preserved.

Natural monuments

  • The Hörschbach Gorge natural monument is a jungle-like gorge with two waterfalls.
  • Another natural monument is the Felsenmeer, a landslide area with a dump of sandstone blocks up to several cubic meters in size.

Economy and Infrastructure

The economy today is determined by medium-sized companies from the trades and mechanical engineering, mostly with fewer than 50 employees. The city is a sub-center with several bank branches, self-service markets and a pedestrian shopping area. Their location on the edge of the Stuttgart region and in the narrow Murrtal sometimes proves to be a disadvantage.

The Robert Bosch GmbH operates in the city of a manufacture of home improvement equipment and is the largest employer in the city. The company emerged from the former Spintex company.

Other well-known and well-known Murrhardt companies are Friedrich Gampper KG, manufacturer of the NIL fittings, and CWS-boco , formerly Erich Schumm GmbH, which operates a large-scale laundry of endless towel rolls and floor mats. Erich Schumm was a multi-entrepreneur after the Second World War; including the inventor of Esbit and manufacturer of sweets. Erich Schumm was also the founder of the senior citizens' monastery of the same name in Murrhardt, which is considered the first of its kind in southern Germany.

Many residents commute to work in Backnang, Waiblingen and especially Stuttgart, which can be reached by train in around 40 minutes.

The debt of the municipality is 637 euros per inhabitant.

Murrhardt is a member of the Murrtal water association . Its task is flood protection.

power supply

Murrhardt is connected to the supra-regional natural gas network. Stadtwerke Murrhardt, which is owned by the city, operates the local natural gas distribution network and is also the basic supplier. The water supply, the outdoor swimming pool, the operation of local heating systems and parking are other business areas of Stadtwerke Murrhardt.

The basic supplier of electricity is Süwag Energie AG , based in Frankfurt am Main. The company is part of the RWE Group. The power distribution network in Murrhardt is operated by Syna GmbH in Frankfurt am Main, a subsidiary of Süwag Energie AG. On September 26, 2013, the municipal council awarded the Syna with four votes against to continue operating the electricity network. EnBW and Energieversorgung Schönau-Schwäbisch Hall GmbH are the losing bidders for the electricity concession. This makes Murrhardt - next to Marbach - one of the largest communities in Syna in the Ludwigsburg network area, after the decisions in Winnenden, Ludwigsburg and Backnang were made against the renewal of the concession agreements with Syna. On October 1, 2015, the newly founded network company Murrhardt Netz AG & Co.KG (51% City of Murrhardt, 49% Süwag Energie AG) acquired ownership of the power grid from Süwag Energie AG, got the concession for 20 years and leased it back to Süwag or Syna.

Murrhardt relies on wood in particular for the heat supply. The local heating network was expanded for this purpose. The Renewable Energy Agency recognized Murrhardt as an “energy municipality” for its exemplary commitment to renewable heat .


Murrhardt station

Murrhardt is on the Waiblingen – Schwäbisch Hall-Hessental railway line and has two train stations : one in the city center and one in the Fornsbach district. Murrhardt station is served every half hour from Monday to Saturday, Fornsbach station only every hour, as only the regional train stops there and not the RegionalExpress. There are direct connections to Nuremberg, Crailsheim, Schwäbisch Hall-Hessental, Backnang and Stuttgart. In Backnang there is a connection to the S4 S-Bahn to Marbach (N) and Ludwigsburg.

Local public transport is ensured by the Stuttgart Transport and Tariff Association.

Murrhardt is on Landesstraße 1066 and on several district roads . The next motorway connection is the Mundelsheim junction of the federal motorway 81 , approx. 29 km away via Sulzbach an der Murr and Großbottwar.

Long-distance cycle routes

The German Limes Cycle Route runs through the city . It follows the Upper German-Raetian Limes over 818 km from Bad Hönningen on the Rhine to Regensburg on the Danube .

Long-distance hiking trails

Murrhardt is crossed by the Limes hiking trail of the Swabian Alb Association , a section of the German Limes hiking trail . On the stage from Rothenburg ob der Tauber to Rottenburg am Neckar , the Jakobsweg crosses the city of Murrhardt.


  • Heinrich-von-Zügel-Gymnasium
  • Walterichschule, a primary and secondary school with a Werkrealschule . An all-day school has been set up there since the 2007/2008 school year.
  • Hörschbachschule, a primary school
  • Fornsbach primary school
  • Herzog-Christoph Schule, a special school
  • Bodelschwingh School, a school for mentally and physically handicapped children
  • Daniel School, an Adventist denominational school (state-approved elementary and secondary school)

A secondary school can be attended in Sulzbach. The closest technical and commercial high school is in Backnang. The nearest nutritional high schools are in Waiblingen and Schwäbisch Hall.

At alternative educational institutions, there is a Waldorf kindergarten supported by an association in Weststadt and a forest kindergarten run by the city.


The Murrhardter Zeitung has been published since 1884 . The sold edition is 1861 copies. The cover section is taken over by the Stuttgarter Nachrichten , the regional section by the Backnanger Kreiszeitung , which also creates the local pages for Murrhardt, as the Murrhardter Zeitung no longer has its own editorial office. The newspaper is the city's official publicity organ.

leisure offers

  • Waldsee leisure area with year-round camping site
  • quiet city park with lake of fire and near-natural children's playground
  • Municipal art collection
  • heated outdoor pool in the Trauzenbachtal

Riesberg Tower

The Riesberg Tower is a 25 m high wooden lookout tower on the Riesberg, south-southeast of Murrhardt. It was built in 1974, burned down in 2008 and was rebuilt in 2010. The view over the city, for example, can be enjoyed from its viewing platform.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked or are working on site

The Villa Franck , seen from the Walterichskirche

Honorary citizen

The honorary citizenship of the city of Murrhardt has been awarded nine times so far. (The date of the award in brackets)


  • Dehio Manual : Baden-Württemberg I . 1993, ISBN 3-422-03024-7 , pp. 555 ff.
  • Gerhard Fritz: Murrhardt monastery in the early and high Middle Ages: an abbey and the nobility at Murr and Kocher . Sigmaringen 1982 (research from Württembergisch Franken 18), ISBN 3-7995-7617-7 .
  • Andreas Kozlik: Murrhardt Bibliography. The literature on nature, history, art and culture of the city of Murrhardt and Murrhardt personalities; from the beginning until the year 2000 . Murrhardt 2000.
  • Andreas Kozlik, Rainer Schönig: Murrhardt archive images . Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-86680-111-0 .

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. Nature area profile Swabian-Franconian Forest Mountains (108) - LUBW (PDF; 12.5) MB; Notes )
  3. Schurwald and Welzheimer Wald natural area profile (107) - LUBW (PDF; 9.1 MB; notes )
  4. Main natural areas of Baden-Württemberg (PDF; 3.1 MB), changes (PDF; 2.4 MB; pp. 55–58) - LUBW ( notes )
  5. Hansjörg Dongus : Geographical land survey: The natural spatial units on sheet 171 Göppingen. Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Bad Godesberg 1961. →  Online map (PDF; 4.3 MB)
  6. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume III: Stuttgart District, Middle Neckar Regional Association. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2 , pp. 528-534.
  7. State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Murrhardt.
  8. See Landesmuseum Joanneum , Graz.
  9. ^ Karl Bohnenberger : On the place name Murrhardt , in: Württembergische Studien. Festschrift for the 70th birthday of Professor Eugen Nägele , Stuttgart 1926, pp. 212–222.
  10. See the entries Moor and Hart in the Grimm dictionary .
  11. Roman find on the Murrhardter Ärztehaus area - agreement reached  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , posted and accessed September 28, 2010.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  12. ^ FWD house construction: Murrhardt. In: Retrieved July 12, 2016 .
  13. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 446 .
  15. Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart Germany: Election in Murrhardt: Armin Mößner remains mayor. Retrieved March 17, 2020 .
  16. ^ Election information from the Stuttgart municipal data center .
  17. Murrtal water association at .
  18. Süwag Energie AG retains the power license , accessed on November 24, 2013.
  19. City and Süwag found network company. In: Retrieved July 12, 2016 .
  20. ^ Energy commune: Murrhardt .
  21. Press release from Wilfried Klenk, Member of Parliament, from March 20, 2007 .
  22. Waldorf Kindergarten | City of Murrhardt. In: Retrieved July 12, 2016 .
  23. according to IVW , second quarter 2020, Mon-Sat ( details and quarterly comparison on )
  24. ^ Second series of draft drawings , accessed July 4, 2013.

Web links

Commons : Murrhardt  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Murrhardt  - travel guide
Wiktionary: Murrhardt  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations