The Dehio Handbook (also: "The Dehio") is a directory ( art guide ) of the most important art monuments and their furnishings in German-speaking countries created by the German art historian Georg Dehio on the occasion of the Monument Preservation Day in 1900 . The selection of the German volumes (unlike in Austria, where the “Dehio” is referred to as a memorial inventory) is qualitatively based on the upper third of the canon of all architectural monuments . The edition of the first, five-volume edition began in 1905. The non-building-related works of the visual arts are included insofar as they are not in museumsand galleries are located. The monuments are dealt with in territorially delimited individual volumes and there with the locations in alphabetical order. A strongly regional subdivision of the individual volumes, which differed in later editions, has now been abandoned in favor of the original, alphabetical order. Contemporary buildings have also been included since the 1980s. The Dehio manual is intended to be both a reference work and a handy companion on excursions and trips, according to the program of the manual that is still valid today.
Behind the collective term Der Dehio are the series Georg Dehio - Handbuch der Deutschen Kunstdenkmäler (since 1905, first editor: Georg Dehio), Dehio-Handbuch - Die Kunstdenkmäler Österreichs (since 1933/1953) and Dehio-Handbuch der Kunstdenkmäler Poland (since 1993 ).
History of the manual
In 1899, the German art historian Georg Dehio had the idea for a handbook of German monuments. In 1900 he wrote a “Program for a Handbook of German Monuments” and presented it to the first German Day for Monument Preservation , which met in Dresden that same year . After its positive vote, Dehio was commissioned by a commission consisting of Cornelius Gurlitt , Hugo Loersch and Adolf von Oechelhaeuser to create a handbook of German art monuments. At least the publication of Volume I, Central Germany , was funded by the Imperial Disposal Fund.
In the first edition prepared by Georg Dehio, which was published between 1905 and 1912, the territory of the German Reich was divided into five sub-areas, for each of which a volume was published (see: Overview of all published editions). Reprints and revisions of these volumes appeared between 1914 and 1944. The Dehio-Handbuch was published by Verlag Ernst Wasmuth until 1928 and then by Deutscher Kunstverlag . The Dehio Association had been responsible for maintaining the manual since 1941 , after Georg Dehio had died in 1932.
The Dehio manual has also been published for Austria since 1933. Initially, Dagobert Frey and Karl Ginhart were in charge of the Austrian volumes . For the Austrian volumes, the title of the 1933–1938 series was “Georg Dehio. Handbook of German Art Monuments ”, 1938–1941“ Georg Dehio. Handbook of German Art Monuments in the Ostmark ”, 1943“ Handbook of Art Monuments in the Danube and Alpine Gau ”and since 1945“ Dehio Handbook. The art monuments of Austria ”. The volumes are published by Berger Verlag (formerly Anton Schroll & Co. ). They have been published by the Austrian Federal Monuments Office since 1953 .
Between 1935 and 1964 Ernst Gall published newly edited volumes ("Dehio Gall volumes"). Gall, whom Dehio had proposed as the successor to lead the project, moved away from a strictly alphabetical listing of the locations and grouped the material in the individual volumes according to regions in order to be able to plan excursions more easily.
After Gall's death in 1958, the Dehio Association was re-established. In the subsequent revisions of the Dehio Handbook, which have been published since 1964 and continued to this day, it was based on the federal states and returned to the alphabetical listing of the places. Here too, new editions usually appear at irregular intervals. Sometimes the editing area of the volumes was cut again.
From 1965 to 1988, in agreement with the Dehio Association and with the approval of the German Art Publishing House for the GDR area - with the exception of the no longer completed volume on the districts of Erfurt , Gera and Suhl - six volumes were published by Akademie-Verlag Berlin , edited by the department for art history at the Academy of Sciences , later the Institute for Monument Preservation of the GDR . The first new editions of the manual were published for the new federal states in 1996–2003.
Volumes for the formerly German-speaking area of Poland have been published since 1993. "Dehio Handbook of Art Monuments of Poland" was chosen as the series name.
From 2001 to 2008 the Dehio-Handbuch was supported by an editorial board made up of the Dehio Association, the Association of State Preservationists in the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Foundation for Monument Protection . In 2009 the German Foundation for Monument Protection withdrew from the editorial board in order to be able to devote more of its time to its main tasks.
Currently (2012) a total of 24 volumes cover the entire area of the Federal Republic of Germany. The volumes are regularly revised and, if necessary, rewritten.
- Baden-Württemberg I. The administrative districts of Stuttgart and Karlsruhe. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-422-03024-7 .
- Baden-Württemberg II. The administrative districts of Freiburg and Tübingen. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-422-03030-1 .
- Bavaria I. Franconia. 2nd Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-422-03051-4 .
- Bavaria II. Lower Bavaria. 2nd Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-422-03122-7 .
- Bavaria III. Swabia. 2nd Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-422-03116-6 .
- Bavaria IV. Munich and Upper Bavaria. 3. Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-422-03115-4 .
- Bavaria V. Regensburg and the Upper Palatinate. 2nd Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-422-03118-0 .
- Berlin. 3. Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-422-03111-1 .
- Brandenburg. 2nd Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-422-03123-4 .
- Bremen, Lower Saxony. 2nd Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1992, ISBN 3-422-03022-0 .
- Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein. 3. Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-422-03120-3 .
- Hessen I. Administrative districts of Giessen and Kassel. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-422-03092-3 .
- Hesse II. Darmstadt administrative district. 1st edition. the revision. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-422-03117-3 .
- Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. 2., revised. and exp. Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2016, ISBN 978-3-422-03128-9 .
- North Rhine-Westphalia I. Rhineland. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-422-03093-X .
- North Rhine-Westphalia II. Westphalia. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2011, ISBN 978-3-422-03114-2 .
- Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland. 2nd Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1984, ISBN 3-422-00382-7 .
Saxony I. District of Dresden. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-422-03043-3 .
- Dresden (special volume). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-422-03110-3 .
- Saxony II. Administrative districts Leipzig and Chemnitz. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1998, ISBN 3-422-03048-4 .
- Saxony-Anhalt I. District of Magdeburg. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-422-03069-7 .
- Saxony-Anhalt II. Administrative districts Dessau and Halle. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-422-03065-4 .
- Thuringia. 2nd Edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-422-03095-6 .
- Central Germany. Reprint of the 1905 edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-422-03023-9 .
- Dehio Burgenland . ISBN 3-7031-0493-7 (1976/1980/2011).
- Dehio Lower Austria - north of the Danube . ISBN 3-7031-0652-2 (2010).
- Dehio Lower Austria - south of the Danube . ISBN 3-85028-364-X (2003).
- Dehio Upper Austria (1956).
- Dehio Upper Austria - Volume I - Mühlviertel . ISBN 978-3-85028-362-5 (2003).
- Dehio Upper Austria - Volume II - Linz . ISBN 978-3-85028-483-7 (2009).
- Dehio Salzburg . ISBN 3-7031-0599-2 (1986).
- Dehio Styria - Graz . ISBN 3-7031-0475-9 (1979).
- Dehio Steiermark (excluding Graz) . ISBN 978-3-85028-422-6 (1982/2006).
- Dehio Carinthia . ISBN 3-7031-0712-X (2001).
- Dehio Tyrol . ISBN 3-7031-0488-0 (1980).
- Dehio Vorarlberg . ISBN 3-7031-0585-2 (1983).
- Dehio Vienna - I. District Inner City . ISBN 3-85028-366-6 (2007).
- Dehio Vienna - II.–IX. and XX. District . ISBN 3-7031-0680-8 (1993).
- Dehio Vienna - X. – XIX. and XXI.-XXIII. District . ISBN 3-7031-0693-X (1997).
- Silesia. Edited by Ernst Badstübner , Dietmar Popp , Andrzej Tomaszewski and Dethard von Winterfeld , Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich / Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-422-03109-X .
- West Prussia and East Prussia. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-422-03025-5 .
Overview of all published editions of the Dehio manual series
German Empire, German Switzerland and Alsace-Lorraine 1905 to 1944
The first “Dehios”, edited by Georg Dehio.
- Volume 1: Central Germany , 1st edition 1905, 2nd edition 1914, 3rd edition 1924, unaltered reprints 1937, 1938, 1943
- Volume 2: Northeast Germany , 1st edition 1906, 2nd edition 1922, 3rd edition 1926, unaltered reprints 1930, 1940, 1943
- Volume 3: Southern Germany , 1st edition 1908, 2nd edition 1920, 3rd edition 1925, unaltered reprints 1934, 1936, 1940
- Volume 4: Südwestdeutschland , 1st edition 1911, 2nd edition 1926 (supplemented by German-speaking Switzerland and Alsace-Lorraine ), unchanged reprints (excluding German-speaking Switzerland and excluding Alsace-Lorraine) 1933, 1935, 1937, 1942
- Volume 4b: Alsace-Lorraine, unchanged reprints from the 1926 edition of Volume 4, 1940, 1942
- Volume 5: Northwest Germany , 1st edition 1912, 2nd edition 1928, unaltered reprints 1941, 1944
- Carinthia, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol and Vorarlberg, 1933, 1938
- Vienna, Lower Austria, Upper Austria and Burgenland, 1935
- Vienna and Lower Danube, 1941
- Upper Danube, 1941
- Salzburg, Tyrol and Vorarlberg, 1938, 1943
"Dehio Gall Volumes" 1935 to 1964
Edited by Ernst Gall .
- Lower Saxony and Westphalia, 1st edition 1935, unaltered reprint 1949
- The Rhineland, 1st edition 1938, unaltered reprint 1949
- Hessen-Nassau, 1st edition 1942
- Rheinfranken, 1st edition 1943
- Pfalz and Rheinhessen (part of the volume "Rheinfranken" on the left bank of the Rhine), 1st edition 1951, unaltered reprint 1961
- Northern Hesse, 1st edition 1950, unchanged reprints 1955, 1960
- Southern Hesse, 1st edition 1950, 2nd edition 1955, unaltered reprint 1961
- Upper Bavaria, 1st edition 1952, 2nd edition 1956, unaltered reprints 1960, 1964
- Eastern Swabia, 1st edition 1954
- Western Swabia, 1st edition 1956
- Teutonic Order of Prussia, 1st edition 1952
Austria since 1953
- Burgenland, 1976, 1980
- Graz, 1979
- Carinthia, 1976, 1981, 2001
- Lower Austria, 1953, 1955, 1962, 1973, 1976
- Lower Austria: 3 volumes, 2003–2010 (1990)
- Upper Austria, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1971, 1977
- Upper Austria: so far 2 volumes, 2003–2009
- Salzburg, 1954, 1963, 1986
- Styria (excluding Graz), 1982, 2006
- Tyrol, 1960, 1973, 1980
- Vorarlberg, 1983
- Vienna, 1954, 1960, 1973, 1981
- Vienna: so far 3 volumes, 1993–2007
West Germany 1964–1992
- Baden-Wuerttemberg, 1964, 1979
- Franconia, 1979
- Bavaria 2: Lower Bavaria, 1988
- Bavaria 3: Swabia, 1989
- Bayern 4: Munich and Upper Bavaria, 1990
- Bavaria 5: Regensburg and Upper Palatinate, 1991
- Bremen, Lower Saxony, 1977
- Bremen, Lower Saxony, 2nd, revised and greatly expanded edition, 1992
- Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, 1971
- Hessen, 1966, 1975, 1982
- North Rhine-Westphalia 1: Rhineland, 1967, 1978
- North Rhine-Westphalia 2: Westphalia, 1969, 1977, 1986
- Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, 1972, 1984
GDR or New Federal States 1965–1993
- The districts of Dresden, Karl-Marx-Stadt, Leipzig, 1965, 1990
- The districts of Neubrandenburg, Rostock, Schwerin, 1968, 1980, 1990
- The Magdeburg district, 1974, 1990
- The Halle district, 1976, 1990
- The districts of Berlin and Potsdam, 1983, 1988, 1993 (East Berlin and Potsdam)
- The districts of Cottbus and Frankfurt / Oder, 1987
Germany from 1993
- Baden-Württemberg I: Stuttgart and Karlsruhe administrative districts, 1993
- Baden-Württemberg II: Freiburg and Tübingen administrative districts, 1997
- Bavaria I: Franconia. The administrative districts of Upper Franconia, Middle Franconia and Lower Franconia, 2nd, reviewed and supplemented edition, 1999
- Bavaria II: Lower Bavaria. Landshut, Passau, Straubing, 2008
- Bavaria III: Swabia. Augsburg, Allgäu, Bodensee, 2nd revised edition, 2008
- Bayern IV: Munich and Upper Bavaria, 1996 (Munich only),
- Bavaria IV: Munich and Upper Bavaria, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Rosenheim, Berchtesgadener Land, 3rd revised and supplemented edition, 2006
- Bavaria V: Regensburg and the Upper Palatinate. 2nd, revised and supplemented edition, 2008
- Berlin, 1994
- Berlin, 2000
- Berlin, 3rd, revised and supplemented edition, 2006
- Brandenburg, 2000
- Brandenburg, reviewed and expanded, 2012
- Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, 1994
- Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, 2009
- Hessen I: The administrative districts of Gießen and Kassel, 2008
- Hessen II: The Darmstadt District, 2nd, revised and supplemented edition, 2008
- Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, 2000
- Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, 2nd, revised and expanded edition, 2016
- North Rhine-Westphalia I: Rhineland, revised, 2005
- North Rhine-Westphalia II: Westphalia, 2011
- Saxony I: The administrative district of Dresden, 1996
- Saxony II: The administrative districts of Leipzig and Chemnitz, 1998
- Saxony-Anhalt I: Magdeburg district, 2002
- Saxony-Anhalt II: Dessau and Halle administrative districts, 1999
- Thuringia, 1998
- Thuringia, 2003
- Dresden, 2005 (special volume)
- Central Germany, reprint of the first edition from 1905, 2005
Poland from 1993
- West Prussia and East Prussia, 1993
- Silesia, 2005
Digital version of the modern editions
A digital version of the modern editions of the Dehio handbook on the federal states of Germany, with an integrated image database, is being prepared at the Photo Archive Photo Marburg - German Documentation Center for Art History in cooperation with the Dehio Association as the group of editors.
Comparable national and international works (examples)
Art guide through Switzerland
For the territory of Switzerland has been published since 1934, repeatedly revised editions of the art guide through Switzerland , the first by Hans Jenny has been processed and is now in five volumes in new version (ff 2005th) from the Society for Swiss Art History is published . Like the Dehio Handbook, it provides an essential basis for general art topography.
The Buildings of England
From 1951 to 1974 by the art historian was Nikolaus Pevsner justified, according to counties articulated architectural guide series The Buildings of England (The buildings of England) in the Penguin publishing house published. The series, which began with an initial print run of 30,000 copies, reached 46 volumes. After the first titles appeared in paperback format, hardbacks with dust jackets followed later. In the late 1970s, the series was supplemented with arrangements for Scotland, Wales and Ireland. While Wales was completed with the volume for Gwynedd in 2009 and Scotland with the volumes for Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire in November 2016, no final revision has yet been made for Ireland, the first volumes of which were published in 1979; started the necessary research. Most of the volumes received follow-up editions, most of which were written by other authors. The volumes are now published by Yale University Press .
Le Guide du Patrimoine
In France, the Hachette publishing house publishedfive volumes between 1992 and 1996 (Île-de-France, 1992; Paris, 1994; Center - Val de Loire, 1995; Champagne Ardenne, 1995; Languedoc-Roussillon, 1996) of the under led by Jean-Marie Perouse de Montclos published Guide du Patrimoine released.
Reclam's Art Guide
Between 1957 and 1994, the Reclam publishing house, modeled on Dehio, published the series of Reclam's Art Guide, comprising several volumes . In contrast to the Dehio handbook, this art guide also covered numerous neighboring countries, such as France, Austria, Italy and Switzerland. The individual volumes also contained illustrations.
The architectural and art monuments in the GDR
From 1978 to 1990, the Henschelverlag published the series Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmale in der DDR ,published by the Institute for Monument Preservation of the GDR , which contained a high proportion of b / w photos. In principle,avolume should be devotedto each district , sortedby district , for Berlin by city district; for Berlin, however, there was a two-volume edition (1983/1987). The last volume was published in 1990 under the title Mecklenburg Coastal Region. With the cities of Rostock and Wismar . The series thus only reached five titles in six volumes and thus only covered the northern districts of the GDR; its south had to remain untreated due to reunification.
- Dehio Handbook on the Dehio Association website
- Dehio manuals on the website of the Federal Monuments Office Austria
- Dehio manual. In: arch INFORM .
- State Office for Monument Preservation Hessen: DEHIO Hessen is being revised
- Georg Dehio: Handbook of German Art Monuments. Volume I. Central Germany . Berlin 1905, p. III
- Information on dehio.org
- 2nd edition 1914. E-Text on Project Gutenberg
- 2nd edition 1914. Digitized
- Gmünd. In: 3rd edition 1925. , on Wikisource
- See the website The Penguin BUILDINGS OF ENGLAND Series for the cover drafts and edition descriptions ( accessed on August 30, 2013).
- Further information can be found in the explanations in the English language Wikipedia: Pevsner Architectural Guides .