Georg Dehio

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Georg Dehio

Georg Gottfried Julius Dehio (born November 10th July / November 22nd  1850 greg. In Reval , † March 19, 1932 in Tübingen ) was a German art historian . It is considered to be formative for the perception of art and highly influential on the concepts of modern monument preservation .


Georg Dehio studied in Dorpat and in Göttingen , where he received his doctorate under Georg Waitz . In the period that followed, the historian concentrated his work on German and European art history. In 1883 he began teaching at the Albertus University in Königsberg and at the local art academy. His son Ludwig Dehio was born in Königsberg in 1888 . In 1892 he was appointed to the Art History Institute in Strasbourg , where he worked as a professor until 1919.

Around 1900, like Alois Riegl , Dehio turned against the purifying construction of old monuments (such as the Gothic cathedral ) that was common in the 19th century . He castigated the necessary destruction as restoration vandalism, was committed to the motto “Conserve, not restore!” And demanded that old and new should be clearly differentiated in the case of additions. Dehio had a decisive influence on the currently dominant conceptions of monument protection , as codified in the Venice Charter .

Nonetheless, Dehio decided to support the reconstruction of lost or damaged architectural monuments, as in the case of the Hamburger Michels, which burned down in 1906 and then reconstructed until 1912 .

In his later years Georg Dehio represented a strongly nationalistic view of art history. He died in Tübingen in 1932 at the age of 81 and was buried in the local cemetery in the university district.


Georg Dehio was married from 1884 to Charlotte Friedländer (1859-1932), daughter of the philologist and antiquarian Ludwig Friedländer (1824-1909) and Laura Gutzeit.

His son was the historian and archivist Ludwig Dehio (1888–1963). His daughter Katharina (1885–1974) married the archaeologist August Frickenhaus (1882–1925).

His cousin was the internist and rector of the University of Dorpat Karl Dehio . His niece Dora Dehio was the mother of the biologist Erich von Holst , founding director of the Max Planck Institute for Behavioral Physiology .


Georg Dehios grave in the city ​​cemetery of Tübingen

At Dehio's suggestion, the Day for the Preservation of Monuments held in Dresden in 1900 decided to publish a manual of German art monuments . The first volume was available in September 1905. Dehio has been published by Deutscher Kunstverlag since 1929 . To this day, even after the division of Germany, revisions of the volumes of Dehio appear at longer intervals.

The Dehio Association is responsible for the scientific continuation of the manual . Since 2001, the manual has been supported by an editorial board made up of the Dehio Association, the Association of State Preservationists in the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Foundation for Monument Protection . The editors have set up a joint office at the Monument Protection Foundation in Bonn.

In Austria, the Dehio has been published by the Federal Monuments Office since 1933 .

Awards and honors

Fonts (selection)

  • Hartwich von Stade, Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen (= Bremisches Jahrbuch Nr. 6, 1871). Printed by Diercksen & Wichlein, Bremen 1872, OCLC 312461468 (inaugural dissertation University of Göttingen 1872, 122 pages).
  • History of the Archdiocese of Hamburg-Bremen up to the end of the mission, by Georg Gottfried Julius Dehio, W. Hertz, Berlin 1877 (habilitation thesis 1876).
  • History of ecclesiastical architecture in the West. together with Gustav von Bezold 1884–1899.
  • Handbook of German Art Monuments. 5 volumes. 1905-1912 (1st edition).
  • What will become of the Heidelberg Castle? Strasbourg, 1901 digitized version (HEIDI)
  • Art history essays. Munich / Berlin 1914.
  • History of German Art. 1919-1925.

See also


Web links

Wikisource: Georg Dehio  - Sources and full texts
Commons : Georg Dehio  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Baltic Historical Commission (ed.): Entry on Dehio, Karl. In: BBLD - Baltic Biographical Lexicon digital
  2. ^ Gothaisches Genealogisches Taschenbuch der Nobeligen houses. Part B 1928. Justus Perthes Verlag, Gotha 1928, page 265.
  3. Georg Dehio's membership entry at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences , accessed on January 24, 2017.
  4. ^ Members of the previous academies. Georg Dehio. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences , accessed on March 13, 2015 .
  5. Dehio, Georg . In: East German Biography (Kulturportal West-Ost)
  6. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 66.