|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Bad Hönningen|
|Height :||65 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||20.09 km 2|
|Residents:||6009 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||299 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||53557|
|Area code :||02635|
|License plate :||NO|
|Community key :||07 1 38 004|
|Association administration address:||Marktstrasse 1
53557 Bad Hönningen
|City Mayor :||vacant|
|Location of the city of Bad Hönningen in the Neuwied district|
Bad Hönningen is a town and spa in the Neuwied district in Rhineland-Palatinate , on the right bank of the Middle Rhine . It is the administrative seat of the association of the same name , to which it also belongs. According to state planning, Bad Hönningen is designated as a basic center.
The bathing and wine resort is located on the right bank of the Rhine between Koblenz in the south and Bonn in the north in the Rhine-Westerwald Nature Park . The district town of Neuwied is approx. 10 kilometers southeast of Bad Hönningen. The promenade along the Rhine is 1.5 kilometers long, the city forest offers 60 kilometers of hiking trails. The Hönninger Schlossberg is nine hectares of the largest contiguous vineyard in the Middle Rhine.
The districts of Ariendorf , Girgenrath and Reidenbruch also belong to Bad Hönningen .
Relics from Roman and Franconian times were found in the construction of buildings in the 19th and 20th centuries . Today's city of Bad Hönningen was north, in the immediate vicinity of the Limes . Based on the finds from Roman times, it can be assumed that people settled here around 1,800 years ago.
Middle Ages and early modern times
In a deed of donation from Emperor Heinrich II. And his wife Kunigunde to the Bamberg Cathedral Chapter , Hönningen was first mentioned in 1019 as the property "Hohingen im Ingerisgowe" ( Engersgau ). Until the beginning of the 15th century, this property was “St. Georgenhof ", called" sand (Sankt) Jürgenhoff "according to other sources. This courtyard stood at the point where the “ High House ” was later built. In 1422 (according to other sources 1424) the Bamberg cathedral chapter sold this property to Archbishop Otto von Trier for 1,500 guilders. The widow Gerbrich, a sister of Count Otto von Hammerstein , gave the Archbishop Poppo of Trier a second estate at “Hoinga” in 1041 . He gave it to the then newly founded St. Simeonsstift in Trier .
In 1204 the "Parish Hönningen" was first mentioned, which was a joint foundation of the Bamberg monastery and the Trier Simeonsstift . Before that, in 1135, there had been disputes between Bamberg and Trier about the distribution of the tithe . Pope Hadrian IV confirmed in 1155 the tithe to "Hoinga" to the Simeon pen. The parish of Hönningen extended on the Rhine from the brook in Ariendorf in the north to the former course of the Limes on the border to Rheinbrohl . On the first heights of the Westerwald , the Reidenbruch farm belonged to the parish and the Girgenrath farm beyond the watershed to the Wied . With the exception of a minor correction of the boundary in the 20th century, the parish corresponds to today's urban area of Bad Hönningen.
The Trier Elector and Archbishop Raban von Helmstatt had the "High House" built around 1438. At that time, Hönningen belonged to the Arenfels rule. During the Thirty Years War , Hönningen burned down to twelve houses in 1632. In 1670 the Arenfels fiefdom was transferred to the von der Leyen house with all its property and rights .
In 1209 the Mönchshof, which still partially exists today, was built.
Today's Arenfels Castle goes back to the castle built by Gerlach von Isenburg in 1258 and 1259 (west wing and keep) . In 1848, Imperial Count Ludolf Friedrich von Westerholt acquired Arenfels Castle. He had it rebuilt in a neo-Gothic style by the Cologne cathedral builder Ernst Friedrich Zwirner .
Arenfels Castle is owned by Antonius Freiherr Geyr von Schweppenburg .
Development into a spa and bathing town
In 1894 the first carbonic acid spring was drilled. More sources followed, and in 1895 the first bathhouse was built. In 1950 the municipality received the title "Bad" from the state government of Rhineland-Palatinate. On July 12, 1969 Bad Hönningen received city rights.
Artus mineral fountain
The Artus Mineralbrunnen GmbH was a company that was founded from the 1896/97 business Hubertus bubble and Arienheller carbonic acid plant was built. The springs were drilled in 1894 by the Breisig citizen Peter Lang. The Hubertus spring has a depth of 294, the Arienheller spring a depth of 380 meters.
In the early 1970s, the company also took over the well in Bornheim-Roisdorf . Mineral water is said to have been promoted there since Roman times . Artus has been in bankruptcy proceedings since 2002 . The company closed on May 31, 2008.
The development of the population of Bad Hönningen, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The city council in Bad Hönningen consists of 22 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the city council:
Guido Job has been city mayor since 1997, the last time he was confirmed in office in May 2014. On May 26, 2019, Ulrich Elberskirch (independent) was elected as his successor with 52.06%. However, he resigned in the summer of 2020 for health reasons, so that the office will be held provisionally by the 1st alderman Diana Göttes until the new election.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "In silver two red bars, covered by a curved and entwined green vine with two green leaves and two blue grapes."|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The two bars, the ancestral coat of arms of the noble lords of the lower county of Isenburg , indicate that Hönningen had been the Isenburg bailiwick since the 11th century and subsequently the capital of the Isenburg-Arenfels rulership until 1664. The Burgundy vine refers to the traditional Hönninger red wine cultivation. The coat of arms in this form - the shield, however, pointed - appears in the Hönninger Schöffensiegel from 1346.|
The town twinning between Bad Hönningen and Saint-Pierre-lès-Nemours in France was established in 1980.
Culture and sights
- Arenfels Castle : built 1849–1855 by the Cologne cathedral builder Ernst Friedrich Zwirner . The castle emerged from an Arenfels castle built by Gerlach von Isenburg in 1259 .
- Ariendorf Castle in the Ariendorf district : In 1840 Ludwig von Loch had the neo-Gothic building built by the Cologne cathedral builder Zwirner (in place of a demolished medieval courtyard house, which was acquired in 1706 by the Trier Elector Johann Hugo von Orsbeck from the Nivellen monastery).
- The "Hohe Haus", a late Gothic residential tower made of local quarry stone: built in 1438 by the Archbishop of Trier Raban von Helmstatt , reconstruction and installation of a spiral staircase and the "Cologne ceiling" in 1617 under Count Ernst von Isenburg, acquired by the Heimatverein in 1996, since May 2000 Local museum. According to some legends, there should have been a secret tunnel from the aforementioned castle to the high house.
- Tempelhof: owned by the Templar Order in 1225 , taken over by the Order of St. John in 1317 , after the secularization from 1817 changing owners (Baron von Salis , Marquis von Villers, Baron Geyr von Schweppenburg ).
- Burghaus am Rhein: Built in the Renaissance style at the beginning of the 17th century by the Electorate of Cologne Vice Chancellor Christoph von Wintzler, it contained the first Hönninger post office in 1844.
- Catholic parish church of St. Peter and Paul from the 18th century
- Old city winery (formerly the farm building of the winegrowers' association founded in 1888 ).
- On the Rhine, in the immediate vicinity of the city limits, lies the beginning of the Upper Germanic-Raetian Limes , which runs from the neighboring municipality of Rheinbrohl to Regensburg and was built in the 1st to 3rd centuries AD to protect the Roman Empire against Germanic attacks. On July 15, 2005, this ground monument was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO .
- "Geological information path of the course of the Rhine": 17 large stones from mountains along the course of the Rhine in the Rhine systems of the city.
- Carnival events (garden bivouac with prince proclamation, grand ceremonial meeting, children's and youth carnival, violet Tuesday procession, etc.) of the Hönninger Karnevalsgesellschaft 1891 e. V.
- “Matjes in May” - traditional matjes festival in the Neustrasse of Bad Hönningen
- "Medieval Whitsun Spectaculum" in the Rhine area with a medieval market and knight games.
- " Wine Blossom Festival " - at the beginning of June on the market square, the first annual wine festival on the Middle Rhine .
- “Hop Festival” - mid-June in the city center and in the pedestrian zone.
- "St. Peter and Paul Fair " - at the end of June with festive parades of the bachelor club through the city.
- “Antik Trödelmarkt ” - at the beginning of July in the Rheinanlagen.
- "Summer Night Festival" - at the end of July in the Rhine facilities, the traditional "Festival of a Thousand Lights" with large fireworks over the Rhine.
- Open Monument Day in the House; ... on the 2nd Sunday in September.
- "Federweißefest" - at the beginning of November, fresh Federweißer and onion cake with live entertainment on the old school square.
- “Nostalgic Christmas Market” - in early December in the city center.
In terms of sport, Bad Hönningen is known nationwide mainly for the handball club HSG Römerwall , whose 1st senior team won the West German championship in 2001 and thus broke through to the professional field.
Economy and Infrastructure
Tourism is a key economic factor in the region . Despite structural changes in the classic bathing system in the 1990s, combined with less approved spa therapy measures and declining visitor numbers until 2005, health tourism is becoming increasingly important again due to demographic change .
- Carbon dioxide plant in Germany, founded in 1912
- Bad Hönninger Fruchtsaft GmbH, family-owned since 1912
- Solvay GmbH , formerly Kali-Chemie
Bad Hönningen is located directly on the B 42 and has a connection to the A 48 ( exit Bendorf (no. 11)) and A 59 ( Bonn- East motorway junction (no. 42)). Landesstraße 257 connects Bad Hönningen directly with the Wiedtal and the Westerwald . The B 9 in Bad Breisig on the left bank of the Rhine can be reached with a car ferry on the border with Rheinbrohl . A passenger ferry connects Bad Hönningen with Bad Breisig.
The German Limes Road begins in Bad Hönningen and ends after 700 kilometers in Regensburg on the Danube. The Rheinische Sagenweg , which begins in Düsseldorf and ends in Mainz , also leads through Bad Hönningen .
Bad Hönningen station on the Cologne - Koblenz railway line on the right bank of the Rhine is served every half hour, both the RE 8 (Koblenz - Neuwied - Bonn-Beuel - Köln Messe / Deutz - Köln Hbf - Mönchengladbach) and the RB 27 (Koblenz - Neuwied) - Bonn Beuel - Cologne / Bonn Airport - Cologne Exhibition Center / Deutz - Cologne Hbf) stop in Bad Hönningen. The RB 27 connects the city directly to Cologne / Bonn Airport every hour . Since Bad Hönningen is located in the Neuwied district, the tariff of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Mosel (VRM) applies , the tariff of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Sieg (VRS) applies as a transitional tariff , provided the start / destination station is in the VRS area.
In the summer months, Bad Hönningen is also approached by the ships of the "White Fleet" and the ships of the Cologne-Düsseldorfer .
Biking and hiking trails
- Hiking trails
- Bike paths
As the state government confirmed in February 202, a she-wolf with five young animals was recorded by a wildlife camera at the end of August 2019. This is the first confirmed wolf offspring in Rhineland-Palatinate after Germany's re-colonization with wolves.
Born in Bad Hönningen
- August Schoop (1858–1932), historian
- Karl-Heinz Thielen (* 1940 in the Ariendorf district), national soccer player
Associated with Bad Hönningen
- Willi Fischer (1920–1991), politician; 1958 to 1963 mayor of Bad Hönningen
- Hermann Ilaender (* 1933), politician, administrative officer and forestry association official, 1983 to 1999 mayor of the association's community
- Heinz Schwarz (born July 24, 1928 in Leubsdorf), former Minister of the Interior of Rhineland-Palatinate
- Bernd Knopp (* 1965), radio presenter and book author
- Jakob Weiler: Bad Hönningen. Chronicle of a Young City 1019–1969 , Bad Hönningen, self-published, 1969.
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved July 6, 2020 .
- Marx, Thielen, Volk: History of the parishes of the deaneries Trier, Konz and Engers . Ed .: Matthias Schuler. 1932, p. 446 ff . ( dilibri ).
- Manfred Niemeyer (ed.): German book of place names . De Gruyter, Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-11-018908-7 , pp. 277 .
- Bernd Willscheid: Arenfels Castle and its residents. For the 750th anniversary on September 4, 2009. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Landkreis Neuwied 2011. ISBN 3-9809797-8-4 , pp. 79–89.
- Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 186 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
- Artus mineral springs close in May. In: Rhein-Zeitung. February 22, 2008, accessed July 6, 2020 .
- SR Bad Hönningen 2019. Retrieved on July 6, 2020 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections.
- Guido Job is old and new mayor of Bad Hönningen. In: Blick aktuell. May 27, 2014, accessed July 6, 2020 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Direct elections 2019. In: Municipal elections 2019 - District Neuwied. Retrieved May 28, 2019 .
- Diana Göttes 1st alderman Bad Hönningen. Retrieved August 6, 2020 .
- Bad Hönningen's city mayor resigns: Much respect for Elberskirch's difficult step. Retrieved August 6, 2020 .
- Parish Church of St. Peter and Paul in Bad Hönningen. Retrieved June 7, 2020 .
- Geological course of the Rhine. Verbandsgemeinde Bad Hönningen, accessed on July 6, 2020 .
- Tourism in the Rhineland-Palatinate spas ( Memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 806 kB). Website of the State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate. Retrieved on August 8, 2015, pp. 260 ff.
- Bad Hönningen. In: Guest Landscapes Rhineland-Palatinate. Rhineland-Palatinate Tourism, accessed on July 6, 2020 .
- SWR Aktuell - More wolves and lynxes in Rhineland-Palatinate confirmed. Retrieved February 7, 2020 .