Asbach (Westerwald)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local community Asbach
Asbach (Westerwald)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Asbach highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 40 ′  N , 7 ° 26 ′  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Neuwied
Association municipality : Asbach
Height : 275 m above sea level NHN
Area : 38.59 km 2
Residents: 7323 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 190 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 53567
Area code : 02683
License plate : NO
Community key : 07 1 38 003
Community structure: 46 districts
Association administration address: Flammersfelder Strasse 1
53567 Asbach
Website :
Local Mayor : Franz-Peter Dahl ( CDU )
Location of the local community Asbach in the district of Neuwied
Neuwied Buchholz (Westerwald) Asbach (Westerwald) Windhagen Neustadt (Wied) Rheinbreitbach Unkel Bruchhausen (Landkreis Neuwied) Erpel Vettelschoß Linz am Rhein Kasbach-Ohlenberg Ockenfels Sankt Katharinen (Landkreis Neuwied) Dattenberg Leubsdorf (am Rhein) Bad Hönningen Rheinbrohl Hammerstein (am Rhein) Leutesdorf Isenburg (Westerwald) Kleinmaischeid Großmaischeid Stebach Marienhausen Dierdorf Oberdreis Woldert Rodenbach bei Puderbach Ratzert Niederwambach Steimel Döttesfeld Puderbach Dürrholz Hanroth Raubach Harschbach Niederhofen Dernbach (Landkreis Neuwied) Urbach (Westerwald) Linkenbach Breitscheid (Westerwald) Waldbreitbach Roßbach (Wied) Hausen (Wied) Datzeroth Niederbreitbach Hümmerich Oberhonnefeld-Gierend Oberraden Straßenhaus Kurtscheid Bonefeld Ehlscheid Rengsdorf Melsbach Hardert Anhausen Rüscheid Thalhausen Meinborn Nordrhein-Westfalen Landkreis Altenkirchen (Westerwald) Landkreis Ahrweiler Landkreis Mayen-Koblenz Koblenz Marienhausen Westerwaldkreismap
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Main town Asbach, view from the southwest
Asbach (Westerwald)

Asbach is a municipality in the Neuwied district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It is the administrative seat of the Association of Asbach , to which it also belongs.


Geographical location

Asbach is located in the Niederwesterwald between the Rhine-Westerwald and Bergisches Land nature parks . The community borders the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald) and the North Rhine-Westphalian Rhein-Sieg district .

Community structure

District / living space   Residents
Altenburg 274
Altenhofen 177
Asbach 3,313
Bennau 196
Bennauermühle 2
Bush 39
Dasbach 23
Diefenau 4th
Dinspel 33
Ditscheid 10
Drinhausen 90
Ehrenstein 3
Germscheid 390
dig 4th
Hedge cock 14th
pagan 203
Hinterplag 159
Hofen 14th
Slipcovers 229
Kalscheid 49
Cold height 2
Capon mill 4th
Köttingen 73
District / living space   Residents
Ill 176
Krumbach 25th
Krumbachsmühle 3
Krumscheid 85
Limbach 459
Limberg 14th
Lohe 273
Meier soaps 8th
Niedermühlen 22nd
Oberplag 184
Pees 18th
Grouse 51
Grouse mill 5
Reeg 4th
Rindhausen 76
Schluten 3
Schöneberg 251
Sessenhausen 138
Streets 91
Thelenberg 69
Wester 16
Wilsberg 63
Zurheiden 97

As of December 31, 2009


ASBACH Nieder.svg

The annual precipitation is 952 mm. The rainfall is high. They are in the upper quarter of the values ​​recorded in Germany. Lower values ​​are registered at 82% of the measuring stations of the German Weather Service . The driest month is February, with the most rainfall in July. In July there is 1.6 times more rainfall than in February. The rainfall is distributed fairly evenly over the year. Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at 27% of the measuring stations.


The place Asbach was created during the time of the Franconian conquest between 600 and 900. This is indicated by the place name, which is still dialect today “Asbich”, and the so-called “Frankenwall”. The place name, old spelling “Aspach”, is not derived from a watercourse, but describes a settlement area that arose from the beginning in the form of a small hamlet and not from a homestead .

Asbach was first mentioned in a document after 1180. In the Miracle Book of Siegburg and in a deed of gift from Archbishop Philipp von Heinsberg of Cologne . In 1183 Philip gave the "Rottzehnt zu Elsaff in the parish of Asbach" to the St. Pantaleon Abbey in Cologne . The Rott tenth was raised on newly cleared areas.

Electoral Cologne time

In the middle of the 13th century, the parish of Asbach and others came into the possession of the Archbishopric of Cologne . The childless and widowed Countess Mechthild von Sayn gave the Archbishop of Cologne Konrad von Hochstaden lands from her maternal inheritance. The parish of Asbach was later assigned to the Office of the Electorate of Cologne, Altenwied , which also included the parishes of Neustadt and Windhagen . The parish of Asbach was divided into four monasteries and the parish of Asbach. The church village only included the district within the wall.

In the 16th century, Asbach became the seat of the district court of the Altenwied office.

After the Thirty Years' War , the Cologne Elector Maximilian Heinrich von Bayern had an inventory of the villages and farms in the Altenwied office carried out in 1660 . The following were listed for the parish of Asbach:

  • "Kirchdorf zu Aspach":
In Kirchdorf Asbach themselves were "sambt the Withumbshof five Höf sambt gardens".
  • "Elsaffter Honschaft":
There were two farms in Elsaff itself; in addition there was the farm on the Broch, the farm on the Seusen Wiesen ( Sauerwiese ?) and the farm in Diebenseiffen ( Diepenseifen ). There was only one farm in Rauenhaen ( Rauenhahn ), in Hecken ( Heckenhahn ), on the Dammich (Dammig) and on the Haedtgen. There were two farms each in Meyersseiffen ( Meierseifen ), at Limperg ( Limberg ), in Peeß , in Buchholtz , on Weddenbroch (values ​​breach), in Krautscheid and zu den Eichen. There were three farms in Wahl, in Bennau , in Rinthausen ( Rindhausen ), in Solscheid and on the Hammelshahn. There were four houses in Köttingen , Busch and Seiffen. Walgenbach had six, Büllesbach eight, Germerscheidt nine and Drinhausen and Jungeoth each had ten farms. One of the Walgenbacher Höfe belonged to the ore monastery . Then there was the Schloderhof. Some of the places and living spaces mentioned here now belong to the Buchholz community .
  • "Grießenbach honors":
There was a courtyard each in Barrich and on the Schilberg. There were two farms in Wallau, three in Irmerroth, four in Oberscheidt, five each in Mendt, Elsaff ( Elsaff ) and Hortenbach and nine farms in Greißenbach ( Griesenbach ). It is noticeable that Ellsaff is also listed in the "Elsaffter Honschaft" and Greißenbach in the "Schönenberger Honschaft". All of the places and living spaces mentioned here now belong to the Buchholz community.
  • "Limpacher Honschaft":
In Löhe there were four courtyards and the courtyard in the Tunken. In Limpach ( Limbach ) and Oberlimpach there were seven farms together. In Wester there was only the archdiocese court. In Crumbach ( Krumbach ) there was only one farm. Two yards were counted on the moat ; three in Dittscheidt , in Hausen ( Hussen ) and zur Heyden ( Zurheiden ), four in Parscheidt and eight in Sessenhausen .
  • "Schönenberger Honschaft":
In Schönenberg itself, 15 farms were counted, including an archdiocese; there was also the farm in Uckersseiffen and the farm in Diebenau ( Diefenau ). Nine farms were registered for Aldenburg ( Altenburg ), plus the farm on Kelder Höhe ( Kaltehöhe ) and the farm on Reeg . In Altenhoven ( Altenhofen ) there were five farms, to which the Niedermühlen farm was added. There were two farms each in Kranckell ( Krankel ), Dinspell ( Dinspel ) and Wielsberg , four each in Krumscheidt and Thielenberg ( Thelenberg ), five in Kalscheid and six each in Grießenbach and Plag . There was also the court at Uttgenbach .
  • "Sublordship Ehrenstein":
In addition to the castle and the monastery, there were three courtyards and a destroyed mill. Ehrenstein was an independent parish.

Wied-Runkelsche and Nassau times

In 1803 the part of the Electorate of Cologne on the right bank of the Rhine was dissolved. In the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of February 25, 1803, according to Article 21, Prince Karl Ludwig Friedrich Alexander zu Wied-Runkel was charged with the loss of the Grafschaft Kriechingen u as a result of the French Revolutionary Wars . A. the former Electoral Cologne Office Altenwied was awarded. In connection with the Rhine Confederation formed in 1806 on the initiative of Napoleon I , the Wied-Runkelschen, as well as the Wied-Neuwiedischen, areas came to the Duchy of Nassau . The now Nassau office of Altenwied and thus the parish of Asbach belonged to the newly established administrative district Ehrenbreitstein .

Prussian time

Due to the resolutions at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, substantial parts of the Rhineland fell to the Kingdom of Prussia . At the same time, Prussia received the northern Nassau region from the Duchy of Nassau in exchange for other areas, which included the Altenwied office and the Asbach parish. Asbach became part of the Prussian province of the Grand Duchy of Lower Rhine and in 1822 of the Rhine province . In 1816 Prussia rearranged the administrative structures for the state administration. The provinces were divided into administrative districts and counties , these in turn in the mayor's offices , each of which was assigned a number of municipalities. The parish village of Asbach became the administrative seat of the mayor's office of the same name , to which from 1823 the honnships and later the communities of Elsaff , Griesenbach , Krautscheid , Limbach , Rederscheid , Schöneberg and Windhagen belonged. The place and the mayor Asbach were the district Neuwied in Koblenz assigned. Because the old offices of Altenwied and Neuerburg belonged to Prince zu Wied-Runkel in 1803, this area and thus Asbach as well, together with the actual Wiedi areas, were subordinated to the princely-wied government in terms of municipal administration. The simultaneous Prussian administration was limited to sovereignty, military and tax matters. Only after Hermann Fürst zu Wied ceded his rights to the Prussian King in 1848, the Prussian administration was also responsible for communal matters.

The place Asbach, which still only consisted of the church village and a few houses during the Wiedisch-Prussian period, was initially assigned to the Honnschaft and later to the municipality of Elsaff . It was not until 1858 that the parish of Asbach and Walgenbach (until then part of the municipality of Elsaff) and Parscheid (previously the municipality of Limbach) were formed as an independent municipality.

Territory changes

Today's local community Asbach was formed on March 16, 1974 from the previously independent communities Asbach (1,106 inhabitants), Limbach (1,105 E.), Schöneberg (1,662 E.) and part of Elsaff (1,022 E.). As early as November 7, 1970, the two hamlets Dasbach and Heckenhahn from the municipality of Rott in the district of Altenkirchen were incorporated into the municipality of Schöneberg .


Municipal council

The municipal council in Asbach consists of 22 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.

The distribution of seats in the municipal council:

choice SPD CDU FDP FWG WGD total
2019 5 12 2 3 - 22 seats
2014 5 14th 1 2 - 22 seats
2009 4th 14th 1 2 1 22 seats
2004 3 17th 0 1 1 22 seats
  • FWG = Free Voting Association Asbach e. V.

Municipal Mayor

Municipality or local mayor since 1946:

  • 1946–1957: Johann Dittscheid, Asbach
  • 1957–1968: Philipp Limbach, Asbach
  • 1968–1974: Heinz Brockmann, Asbach
  • 1974–1983: Franz Winggen, Krankel
  • 1983–1990: Edmund Buchholz, Krumscheid
  • 1990–2011: Helmut Reith, Niedermühlen
  • since 2011: Franz-Peter Dahl, Altenburg

In the direct election on May 26, 2019, Franz-Peter Dahl was confirmed in his office for another five years with a share of the vote of 86.40%.

Culture and sights

St. Laurence

Parish church

In 1237 a church was mentioned for the first time on the site of today's Catholic parish church of St. Laurentius. In the 19th century, the Romanesque church had to give way to a new building because of the increase in the number of believers and because it was dilapidated. In 1866 the old church was demolished except for the tower and a neo-Gothic , three-aisled church building was erected according to plans by the Cologne architect Vincenz Statz , which was consecrated in 1871. Four windows with figurative representations were made by the Cologne-Lindenthal glass painting company Schneider and Schmolz . The building only lasted until March 1945 - it was largely destroyed by bombs and shell fire; only the Romanesque tower remained. With great effort, the church was rebuilt and consecrated in 1951.

The Romanesque baptismal font is worth seeing, as is the tower from the beginning of the 13th century, which has the shape of a chalice and is richly decorated. On the first floor of the tower there is a chapel with a groin vault originally from the construction period, which was reconstructed after the collapse in 1972. In the chapel you can see a Pietà from around the 16th century . In the gallery there is a two-manual organ with pedal and 33 stops, which was built in 1991 by organ builder G. Christian Lobback .

Cultural monuments


The RSE Museum Asbach

The only museum in Asbach is the railway museum on the Bröltalbahn . It was opened in 2000 and exhibits various vehicles (including locomotive 53), exhibits and documents about the Bröltalbahn / Rhein-Sieg-Eisenbahn (RSE) in the former locomotive shed . The community has meanwhile acquired the engine shed and housed their building yard here. While looking for a further use for the locomotive shed, she met Wolfgang Clössner († 2015), who was looking for a suitable storage space for his RSE steam locomotive 53.

With the help of the voluntary association members and the building yard of the community, an approx. 100 meter long piece of track including a level crossing was rebuilt on the former Asbach train station for maneuvering and presenting the vehicles, which was extended in 2012. In the meantime, the reception building has also been acquired and renovated by the community. The museum's various exhibitions are housed on the lower floor, while the upper floor is used as a private apartment.

The museum opens on the 2nd Saturday of the month and admission is free.


It is divided into the following sports: volleyball, soccer, badminton and popular sports.
  • Asbach tennis club
  • Table tennis friends Asbacher Land
  • SchachFreunde Asbacher Land
  • Budoclub Bushido e. V.
  • Red and white sparks Asbach

Economy and Infrastructure


There are several small shops in Asbach. However, the main business center is in the industrial park. In this industrial area there are several discounters and the “Vorteil-Center” is an independent shopping center that does not belong to any of the large retail chains . It also includes a hardware store, an electronics store, a perfumery, a fitness studio, an ice and events hall, a kart track and a cinema with 5 halls.


Station of Bröltal train on a postcard from 1901

The federal highway 8 runs north of the municipality and leads from Limburg an der Lahn to Siegburg . The next motorway junction is Bad Honnef / Linz on federal motorway 3 .

Nearest ICE - Station is Siegburg / Bonn at the high-speed line Cologne-Rhine / Main .

With the extension of the Bröltalbahn (narrow-gauge railway) Hennef - Buchholz to Asbach on August 15, 1892, Asbach received a station, which was equipped with a locomotive shed, reception building and goods shed as the end of the line. However, when passenger traffic shifted to the road in the 1950s, passenger traffic from Hennef to Asbach was also discontinued on August 1, 1956, freight traffic followed on December 1, 1956, followed by the closure of the route. After the railway ceased operations, the locomotive shed was initially used by the RSE as a regular bus depot, and the station has now been used as a private apartment, but is now owned by the municipality and is being renovated. Since the cessation of passenger traffic, only different bus routes and a. to Bad Honnef and Eitorf , at the Asbach market square there is a small bus station. In Unkel , Bad Honnef and Eitorf are now the nearest railway stations from where connections to Cologne , Koblenz (from Unkel or Bad Honnef) and victories made (from Eitorf). The locomotive shed and the station area have been used as a railway museum since 2000 (see museums).

Public facilities

The “Kamillus Clinic” is located in the village, a special clinic for multiple sclerosis patients with beds in the neurological area, a modern sleep laboratory and an internal department. The hospital is run by the Catholic women's order "Daughters of St. Camillus".



  • Local community Asbach (ed.): History of the Asbacher country . Text by Josef Schäfer. Asbach 1980.
  • Local community Asbach (Ed.): Asbach / Westerwald. Pictures and reports from the last 200 years . Druckhaus Lautz, Asbach 1990.
  • Franz Maaßen (ed.): Church and parish St. Laurentius Asbach (Westerw.) In the course of history . Verlag F. Schmidt, Siegburg 1951.

Web links

Commons : Asbach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. ^ Josef Schäfer: History of the Asbacher country. Local community Asbach (ed.), Asbach 1980.
  3. August Welker: Inventory in the Altenwied office in 1660. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Landkreis Neuwied. 1977, pp. 101-103.
  4. ^ Local community Asbach (Ed.): Asbach / Westerwald. Pictures and reports from the last 200 years. 1990, p. 558.
  5. Official municipality directory 2006 ( Memento from December 22, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (= State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 393 ). Bad Ems March 2006, p. 158, 169 (PDF; 2.6 MB). Info: An up-to-date directory ( 2016 ) is available, but in the section "Territorial changes - Territorial administrative reform" it does not give any population figures.  
  6. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections. Retrieved October 21, 2019 .
  7. ^ Local community Asbach (Ed.): Asbach / Westerwald. Pictures and reports from the last 200 years. 1990, p. 47.
  8. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Asbach, Verbandsgemeinde, first line of results. Retrieved February 21, 2020 .
  9. Kunst-Glasmalerei Schneiders & Schmolz GmbH Koeln-Lindenthal: List of a number of already executed glass paintings together with a few illustrations . Cologne 1902, p. 5 .
  10. Sankt Laurentius Asbach. Catholic pastoral care area Rheinischer Westerwald, accessed on January 19, 2018 .
  11. ^ Museum Asbach