|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Puderbach|
|Height :||317 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||11.26 km 2|
|Residents:||1526 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||136 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||56317|
|Area code :||02684|
|License plate :||NO|
|Community key :||07 1 38 074|
|Community structure:||2 districts|
|Association administration address:||Hauptstrasse 13
|Mayoress :||Brigitte Hasenbring|
|Location of the local community Urbach in the Neuwied district|
The place is located southwest of Puderbach in the Rhine-Westerwald Nature Park . Urbach consists of the two districts Urbach-Kirchdorf and Urbach-Überdorf. Until the formation of the municipality of Urbach on June 7, 1969, these districts were independent municipalities. The Urbach-Kirchdorfer Bach flows eastwards to the Holzbach and is dammed here in a pond between the two districts . The municipality, the northern and central section of which is taken up by the Urbacher Wald , extends in the southwest to the Märkerwald . There it reaches its lowest ground point, while the highest ground point is almost near the source of the Urbach, which gives the municipality its name, in the west of the municipality.
From the ending "-bach" in the name it can be assumed that Urbach was founded in the period after the Great Migration , probably at the end of the 6th century.
The oldest documentary mention dates from the year 1204, when the General Chapter of the Premonstratensian Order regulated the responsibilities of the Rommersdorf and Sayn Abbeys in an arbitration award . Dierdorf and Urbach were assigned to Rommersdorf.
It is not known when the first church was built. The oldest part of today's church is the steeple. The design of the tower indicates that it was built towards the end of the 12th century. In the document from 1204, Urbach was named as a branch of the Dierdorf parish church (since the middle of the 16th century the Evangelical Church ). At the beginning of the 19th century, the nave and choir of the church fell into disrepair. According to a plan by the building inspector Ferdinand Nebel from Koblenz , today's octagonal nave was rebuilt between 1825 and 1830.
Urbach is first mentioned in a document as a high court in 1323. According to this document, the High Court "Hohe Veste Urbach" was established by the Counts of Wied . The court office was located "in the village under the linden tree intgen the churchyard". Since many people came together on the court days, a market also developed here.
In 1366 a Grebeneck castle is mentioned in Urbach . The information on this is sparse, more precise statements are not yet possible.
The Urbacher Märkerwald had a special meaning for the parish of Urbach. In 1716 there was a legal dispute over this forest with Count zu Wied, which was only settled in a settlement in 1793 under Prince Karl zu Wied . It lists the places belonging to the parish and the authorized users: Urbach-Kirchdorf (21 Märker ), Urbach-Überdorf (22), Dernbach (21), Linkenbach (17), Harschbach (16) and Niederhofen (8).
The first school in Urbach already existed around 1600. There were a total of 42 school-age children in the parish, 12 of them from Urbach (Kirchdorf), 9 from Überdorf, 5 from Linkenbach, 4 from Harschbach, 3 from Niederhofen and 9 from Dernbach and Steinebach. In what form and to what extent the lessons took place is not known. A schoolhouse was built around 1700 or shortly thereafter. The schoolhouse stood next to the church at the northern entrance to the churchyard. Since the second half of the 18th century, classes took place not only in the winter months, but also in the rest of the year. The school attendance itself was irregular, under threat of a punishment a "failure due to pigs" and the like was no longer allowed. In 1797 the following were given as subject matter: "Singing, prayer, reading and spelling, writing, arithmetic and natural phenomena".
- Population development
The development of the population of Urbach, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
Brigitte Hasenbring became the local mayor of Urbach in 2004. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, she was confirmed in office for a further five years with a share of 71.52% of the votes.
coat of arms
Blazon : "In the divided shield above on a blue background a silver sword, crossed diagonally with a silver scale, below in the silver field a green forest hook ( wolf tang )."
The coat of arms has been legally valid since April 16, 1974.
|Justification of the coat of arms: The scales symbolize the Count of Wied High Court in Urbach, which has been recorded since 1323, for the "Upper County" and the market rights associated with the court. The forest hook is the symbol for the Märkerwald , joint property of the five communities in the parish of Urbach.|
Culture and sights
The center of the village is the Evangelical Church with a Romanesque tower.
- See also the list of cultural monuments in Urbach
- The metal festival "Field Invasion Festival" has been held annually since 2006, with local and underground bands performing. The festival was started by locals and is growing every year. In 2016, the number of visitors rose to over 500 for the first time.
Economy and Infrastructure
Urbach has a primary school with the “Märkerwaldschule”, as well as a kindergarten.
The next motorway junction is Dierdorf on the A 3 in the direction of Frankfurt / Main and the Neuwied junction in the direction of Cologne. The nearest ICE - station is Montabaur on the high-speed line Cologne-Rhine / Main .
TSG Urbach-Dernbach was founded as early as 1920. Today the association has almost 1000 members and is therefore one of the largest associations in the region. The TSG offers its members in the gymnastics, table tennis and soccer departments a variety of opportunities to do sports. Starting with parent-child gymnastics to senior gymnastics , the club offers a wide range of sporting activities.
- Herbert Aufderheide, Gerhard Ebbinghaus, Ernst Zeiler: History of the parish Urbach. A Westerwald homeland book. Winters, Wissen 1987.
- Website of the local community Urbach im Westerwald
- Ortgemeinde Urbach on the website of the Verbandsgemeinde Puderbach
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 180 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
- Philipp de Lorenzi: Contributions to the history of all parishes of the Diocese of Trier. Episcopal General Vicariate, 1887, p. 530.
- R. Bauer: Heimat-Blatt and historical chronicle for the former Wied'schen and Nassauische Lande ... In: Supplement of the Neuwieder Zeitung . 1929 ( dilibri.de ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved July 11, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- Brigitte Hasenbring wants to remain mayor. NR-Kurier, April 24, 2014, accessed on March 20, 2020 .
- The State Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Puderbach, Verbandsgemeinde, penultimate line of results. Retrieved March 20, 2020 .
- Field Invasion Festival. Retrieved September 14, 2017 .