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Spa is in the German-speaking towns with medical facilities for spa procedures , allocated predicate for specialized spas . In Germany , the quality standards for the rating of health resorts, recreation areas and healing fountains are established by the Deutscher Heilbäderverband e. V. established and updated. Kneipp health resorts , climatic health resorts and seaside baths are not medicinal baths unless they have medicinal springs or mud baths .

Predication, recognition, disqualification

According to the predication , therapeutic baths may have the designation bath , therapeutic bath (e.g. Heilbad Heiligenstadt ) or Seeheilbad (e.g. Heiligendamm ) in the place name, but not all do this (such as Aachen ). The following requirements should be met for the medicinal bath grade level :

  • Occurrence of a natural, scientifically recognized remedy in the soil that has proven itself through experience (such as mineral, thermal or brine springs and mud baths),
  • a situation and weather climate that is regularly checked by means of a climate analysis and that is conducive to opportunities for recovery and relaxation,
  • Facilities that use the remedy (spa facilities),
  • a place or townscape character corresponding to the health resort, z. B. Presence of a spa park ,
  • scientifically recognized and published forms of therapy and
  • Presence of medical personnel specialized in the indication.

The legal basis for the award of the state-recognized spa rating is the health resort law of the Federal Republic of Germany, which is regulated in the individual federal states by corresponding legal provisions . This regulates the right to designate (type designation of the spas), the commissioning, maintenance and monitoring of health resorts and recreational areas as well as the local natural remedies of the soil, the sea and the climate. Species names such as B. Heilbad, Seeheilbad are awarded by state sovereign acts as so-called favorable administrative acts .

From a legal point of view, spas are favored in many countries primarily by the fact that the otherwise restrictive provisions of the respective shop closing act on the number of Sundays open for sale do not apply to them, or only to a limited extent. In addition, the suffix "Bad" is an effective advertising aid for the city ​​marketing of the respective location.

The right to use the name affix “bath” can be withdrawn from a location certified as a spa. This presupposes that, according to the law of the respective country, authorities have a margin of discretion which allows them to take this measure if the requirements for the predicate are no longer applicable. However, the state authorities concerned mostly rate the measure as disproportionate. In some countries there is grandfathering for places which at a certain point in time had the addition of “bathroom” to the name. Even if there are no spa facilities at all, these places are legally guaranteed to continue to call themselves "Bad" for an unlimited period of time.

Therapeutic baths according to therapeutic means

Depending on the type of treatment, a distinction is made among other things:

Medicinal baths with treatments that are no longer in use today

Up until the beginning of the 20th century, various, predominantly organic, therapeutic agents were used that are no longer used to designate therapeutic baths:

  • Milk cure (from cow, sheep, goat and donkey milk)
  • Kumyskur (horse milk )
  • Kefir cure
  • Whey cure
  • Grape cure
  • Herbal juice treatment

such as

See also


  • Spa Almanac. Communications baths, climatic health resorts and sanatoriums in Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the neighboring areas - for doctors and those in need of treatment , Berlin 1907, 534 pp.
  • Werner Käß and Hanna Käß: Deutsches Bäderbuch , Stuttgart 2008, 1232 pages, ISBN 978-3-510-65241-9

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Definitions and criteria for the rating of health resorts, recreation areas and healing wells, including annotated versions. German Spa Association , accessed June 1, 2012.
  2. ^ Günther Schmitt: Bad Bodendorf remains Bad Bodendorf . . September 27, 2013
  3. ^ Law on recognition as a health resort and recreation area in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Health Resort Act). In the version of the announcement of August 29, 2000. § 10 Paragraph 4 . Service portal Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
  4. The type designation of spas in Germany differs from state to state in accordance with the valid health resort law
  5. ↑ Species name of spas in Germany , accessed on January 11, 2019