The Kneipp medicine or Kneipp therapy is an after pastor Sebastian Kneipp includes called treatment process (1821-1897), the water applications, plant extracts exercise and nutritional recommendations. These can be used both preventively (preventive) and to treat existing diseases (curative). Efficacy has not been proven, but as a cure for a few symptoms such as varicose veins , there are indications of alleviating the symptoms. A clinical study showed that regular Kneipp applications can improve the quality of life for bronchitis patients, although this study was carried out on a small number of patients (20 patients).
In December 2015, Kneipp was included as a cultural form in the nationwide register of intangible cultural heritage by the Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs . On March 11, 2016, the award took place within the meaning of the Convention for the Conservation of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO .
Elements of Kneipp medicine
Kneipp's approach is based on five "pillars":
- The hydrotherapy uses water to. The best known applications are Kneipp pouring and treading water .
- The nutritional therapy provides versatile whole foods to the forefront.
- During exercise therapy, restrictive clothing should be avoided. Kneipp recommended walking barefoot as an intensive form of movement and a simple hardening method.
- The herbal medicine uses the possibilities of medicinal plants .
- With the order therapy , Kneipp suggested a way to a conscious, health-preserving lifestyle.
Kneipp medicine should be based on the active principle of a "stimulus reaction", which means that those natural reactions of the body that can be stimulated with the above-mentioned methods are used therapeutically. The Kneipp therapy can or should be combined with other medical procedures. Thus, Kneipp medicine does not see itself as a contrast to scientific medicine , but as a complement to it.
The Kneipp cure is a medical measure that is usually carried out over a period of three to four weeks at a recognized Kneipp spa . It includes the elements named after Sebastian Kneipp Kneipp medicine, represented by the Kneipp Medical Association , and is used for the prevention or treatment of existing disease. Indications are cardiovascular diseases , orthopedic diseases, immune system weaknesses and vegetative disorders.
Some elementary components of a Kneipp cure can also be carried out independently outside of a spa stay, such as walking barefoot in shallow water ( treading water ), on dewy meadows (dew step) or in the snow ( snow walking ).
- Krista Federspiel, Vera Herbst: The Other Medicine . Stiftung Warentest , Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-937880-08-9 . To the press release
- K. Goedsche, C. Uhlemann, C. Kroegel: Controlled clinical study on the influence of hydrotherapy on the immune system of patients with chronic obstructive bronchitis (COPD). In: Phys Med Rehab Kuror. 12, 2002, pp. 215-234.
- Press release of the Standing Conference
- Press release of the German UNESCO Commission , accessed on March 21, 2016.
- Arnd Krüger : History of movement therapy. In: Preventive Medicine. Springer loose leaf collection, Heidelberg 1999, 07.06, 1 - 22.
- Robert Bachmann, German Schleinkofer: Naturally healthy with Kneipp. 5th, revised. Edition. Trias Publishing House, 2013, ISBN 978-3-8304-6571-3 .
- Sebastian Kneipp : My water cure, tested and written for more than 35 years to cure diseases and maintain health. Kempten / Bavaria 1886.
- Sebastian Kneipp: Water treatment and plant atlas. Kösel, Kempten 1894 and 1892. (Reprint: Holzminden 2004, ISBN 3-8262-1111-1 )
- Albert Schalle: The Kneipp cure: the cure of success. 11th edition Munich 1948.
- Bernhard Uehleke , Hans-Dieter Hentschel: Live healthy with Kneipp. Ehrenwirth Verlag, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-431-03525-6 .
- Mathäus Fehrenbach: Kneipp from A to Z. Ludwig Auer Verlag, Donauwörth 2006.