Leipzig / Halle Airport
|Leipzig / Halle Airport
|ICAO code||EDDP, until 1995: ETLS|
|Height above MSL||135 m (443 ft )|
|Distance from the city center||16 km northwest of Leipzig ,
22 km southeast of Halle (Saale)
bus route 207
|operator||Leipzig / Halle Airport GmbH|
|Air freight||1,238,343 t (2019)|
( PAX per year)
|Employees||6233 (of which 677 at the operator) (2013)|
|08L / 26R||3600 m × 45 m concrete|
|08R / 26L||3600 m × 60 m concrete|
The Leipzig / Halle Airport , also Schkeuditz airport called and with the aim of improving the worldwide marketing only as the end of 2008. Leipzig / Halle Airport firmierend, located between the cities of Leipzig and Halle (Saale) in the field of city Schkeuditz in Saxony in the metropolitan area Leipzig-Halle . The airport opened on April 18, 1927.
The airport is of international importance , especially in the area of air freight traffic . In terms of the number of passengers, the airport ranks 11th in Germany (2018). In the freight sector, it ranks second in Germany after Frankfurt am Main , fifth in Europe and 26th worldwide (as of 2013). The airport is the home base of the cargo airlines Aerologic and the DHL Hub Leipzig together with European Air Transport Leipzig . It is also the home airport of the umbrella association for DHL cargo airlines, DHL Aviation .
While the air freight business was expanded with extensive government subsidies , the number of passengers in passenger traffic has stagnated since the mid-1990s. The operating company is Mitteldeutsche Flughafen AG .
Location and transport links
Leipzig / Halle Airport is located 16 kilometers north-west of Leipzig and 22 kilometers south-east of Halle (Saale) around the Kursdorf am Schkeuditzer Kreuz site on land in the town of Schkeuditz in the northern Saxony district on the border with Saxony-Anhalt . It is connected to the A 14 and A 9 motorways. The sections of the A 14 and A 9 tangent to the airport are links in the large central German motorway ring ( Central German loop ) . Furthermore, the federal highway 6 leads directly past the airport.
With the completion of the Leipzig City Tunnel in December 2013, the station was integrated into the network of Central Germany's S-Bahn . The S5 S-Bahn and the S5X express S-Bahn Zwickau Hbf - Altenburg - Leipzig Hbf - Leipzig / Halle Airport - Halle Hbf run daily from 4:00 a.m. to 1:00 a.m., alternating at 30-minute intervals.
Leipzig / Halle Airport belongs to the network area of the Central German Transport Association (MDV) and is in its tariff zone 163.
In long-distance traffic, the airport is connected to the cities of Halle (Saale) and Leipzig by the InterCity line 55 . From February to the beginning of December 2016, however, Leipzig / Halle Airport was not served by intercity trains. With this, Deutsche Bahn wanted to improve its punctuality and reliability around the transport hubs Magdeburg, Halle and Leipzig. Intercity trains have been stopping at Leipzig / Halle Airport as scheduled since December 11, 2016. Since the timetable change in 2017, the airport train station is no longer connected to the ICE network, only ICs operate.
The bus line 207 runs every hour Monday to Friday and provides a direct connection between the city of Schkeuditz and the airport.
Furthermore, various long-distance bus lines go to the airport and connect it with destinations all over Germany.
In cooperation with local transport companies, Leipzig / Halle Airport also operates an “airport shuttle” (ie a bus line) that transports passengers around the clock and within a 45-kilometer radius around the airport.
The first aviation events in the region took place on February 21, 1784 in Leipzig and on September 29, 1845 in Halle, when a hot air balloon took off there. Civil aviation only began in the 20th century when airships first visited Leipzig in 1909 . In 1911 a first civilian airfield was opened in Lindenthal , where a flight school was also located. The Deutsche Flugzeug-Werke had three hangars there , which were used for aircraft construction until the First World War . In 1913, the city of Leipzig built another airfield with Leipzig-Mockau Airport , which also housed a 160-meter-long airship hangar for up to three airships and Germany's first airport hotel. During the First World War , one of the largest German military airfields at the time was opened in Mötzig , north of Halle. With the Halle-Nietleben airfield, the first real civil airfield was opened in 1925.
Planning, construction and start of operations
Shortly after the opening of the airfield in Nietleben, it became clear that the airfield was not sufficient for the suddenly rapidly increasing flight movements. The Ministry of Transport aimed at the same time a new structure of the central German airspace. This led to the idea of building an airport jointly for the Leipzig-Halle conurbation in the middle between the two cities. Despite great opposition, especially from Leipzig, this idea finally caught on. In 1926, the city of Halle bought 400 acres of suitable land near the then Prussian town of Schkeuditz at a price of two million Reichsmarks by resolution of the municipal authorities in order to be able to advance the Halle / Leipzig airport project together with the city of Leipzig. Paul Thiersch was in charge of planning the airport buildings . The airfield, which was modern at that time, ensured that you could take off and land ideally, depending on the wind direction. The groundbreaking ceremony took place on September 1, 1926, and the opening took place eight months later on April 18, 1927. At that time the airport consisted of an airfield, a hangar and an administration building, which was only provisional.
In 1928 a 400 meter long runway was laid out and the previous name Flugplatz Schkeuditz was replaced by the new name Flughafen Halle / Leipzig . The old Leipzig-Mockau Airport was mainly supported by Junkers Luftverkehr AG , which was incorporated into Deutsche Luft Hansa in 1926 , which moved to the new major airport.
Expansion in the 1930s with an abrupt end
The airport's new restaurant building was opened in May 1931. The “Glass Palace” built by Hans Wittwer , which stood out for its modern and functional architecture, became a popular excursion destination among the population and passengers. A reception building that was completely glazed on the air side, also planned by Wittwer, was not implemented due to a lack of financial resources. The previous provisional administration building was only replaced by a representative terminal building built in 1936/1937 in the style of National Socialist architecture.
In 1937, Halle / Leipzig Airport was fourth in the ranking of the busiest airports in Germany with more than 40 take-offs per day. This development ended abruptly with the beginning of the Second World War . Civil air traffic was severely restricted, and the airport, including its facilities and workshops, was taken over by the German Air Force and used for military purposes. Among other things, equipment for military use was manufactured in the Lufthansa workshops on the square. The Siebel Flugzeugwerke , based in Halle , set up a branch. On April 16, 1944, Allied bombers destroyed a large part of the facility, including the restaurant building.
New start after the Second World War
After the end of the war, parts of the aircraft industry continued to work in the production facilities, from which, after a few detours, the VEB Maschinen- und Apparatebau Schkeuditz emerged in 1947 . During this time the airfield was only used as a works airfield . Ambitious projects to develop air traffic in the GDR led to the construction of a 2500 meter long runway between 1957 and 1960. Since aircraft construction was not worthwhile, it was stopped at the airport immediately, which meant that the runway was initially hardly used. At the beginning of the 1960s, Leipzig-Mockau Airport, which was used as a trade fair airport , was less and less able to meet the technical requirements, so it was decided to move air traffic to the newly built and rarely used runway in Schkeuditz. From 1963, the airfield was used twice a year as the Leipzig trade fair airport and served by the GDR's state airline, Interflug . Until 1966, provisional handling systems were set up and dismantled every season. On August 30, 1968, a new, single-storey terminal building (now part of Terminal A) was put into operation, which had a unique double function: for four weeks a year it served as the reception building of the exhibition center, the rest of the time as a motorway service station.
In the following years, the facility was expanded and expanded in small steps, so that on May 19, 1972, Leipzig Airport was able to start operating all year round as a commercial airport. Despite financial and capacity bottlenecks and economic difficulties in the following years, the airport was expanded bit by bit and air traffic control systems were built in order to cope with the ever increasing passenger numbers, which had increased tenfold from 1972 to 1988 to around 550,000 per year. The terminal building, built in 1968, was expanded to include a new entry hall, which was completed on August 30, 1984 after a four-month construction period. On August 30, 1985, a reconstructed departure hall was put into operation.
During the landing approach on September 1, 1975, a Tu-134 of the Interflug coming from Stuttgart with 34 occupants (28 passengers and 6 crew members) crashed because the flight altitude was below the minimum. The machine flew below the glide path and collided with an antenna mast at a height of 2 to 3 meters. The left wing was damaged and the left engine torn off. The Tupolev turned on its axis and hit about 1,000 meters from the runway. 24 passengers and 3 crew members were killed.
To Leipziger Messe one coming from Paris landed on 18 March 1986 for the first time Concorde of Air France in Leipzig. It was followed two days later by a British Airways Concorde , which was to remain an exception, because in the following years there were only Concorde flights from Paris to Leipzig during trade fairs. Leipzig / Halle Airport holds the record in Germany with a total of seven Concorde landings (six Air France and one British Airways).
The civil new beginning
After German reunification , the airport administration had to adjust to the enormous structural changes resulting from the economic upheaval, and on September 17, 1990, the Treuhandanstalt founded the provisional Flughafen Leipzig GmbH i. G. was founded, which, thanks to the help of some West German airports, was able to maintain operations and begin the first construction work to modernize the existing facilities. First of all , from January 7th to May 24th 1991 the terminal A building from 1968/84 was modernized and expanded.
After the local government elections in March 1990 and the state elections in October 1990, the Treuhandanstalt invited to a shareholders' meeting with the commissioning of the converted terminal on May 24, 1991, in which the local authorities (the surrounding districts ) and the states of Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt a first supervisory board was appointed. On the same day, the latter decided to rename the company to Flughafen Leipzig / Halle GmbH . On July 16, 1991, the federal states signed the takeover agreement. In September 1991, the Supervisory Board decided on extensive immediate measures for the further renovation of the airport facilities, such as the introduction of all-weather suitability according to ILS-CAT III b , the renovation of the flight operations areas and the improvement of the roadside connection to the airport together with the construction of new parking spaces.
Also in 1991, the airport's former Minol tank operation was transferred to Turbo Fuel Services Sachsen (TFSS) . Since 2008, the TFSS has also been the operator of the Post's own tanker fleet, which is required to operate the DHL hub .
At the end of 1992, the first million passengers were handled. In order to be able to handle the large number of passengers on charter flights operated by tour operators, the “holiday maker” Terminal C was opened on May 12, 1993 . The number of passengers rose by more than 500,000 within a year, which is why on May 16, 1994 the foundation stone was laid for a new terminal building (Terminal B) , which was designed to handle 3.5 million passengers. It was inaugurated on March 3, 1996. When it went into operation, Terminal C was closed to passenger traffic at the same time. It continued to be used for handling mail and freight traffic, for example for the post office subsidiary DHL until its new “hub” was put into operation as a gateway .
In 1993, the Free State of Saxony expected an increase in the number of passengers to around 3 million in 2000.
After a four-year planning phase, the foundation stone for a new 3600 meters took place on 7 May 1998 long and 45 meter wide runway 08L / 26R north of the motorway A 14. On March 24, 2000 one day after commissioning of the new Towers of Germans Flugsicherung GmbH , the new intercontinental runway was inaugurated, which means that Leipzig / Halle Airport can handle large-capacity aircraft without any problems . Not far from the new runway, a visitor park with a viewing hill was opened on June 1, 2001, from which the entire airport area can be seen.
At the beginning of the 2003 summer season, the check-in and service area of the new intermodal central terminal was opened. Among other things, this central terminal integrates a shopping arcade ( mall ) and a check-in area with the airport car park and is connected to Terminal B, where passengers go to the security check and to the waiting rooms for departure. On June 30, 2003, the central terminal was officially opened when the airport train station was integrated into the Deutsche Bahn long-distance network. With its completion, the first stage of expansion at Leipzig / Halle Airport was completed, and around one billion euros were invested in its realization. The new central terminal has an annual capacity of 4.5 million passengers. Thanks to its modular structure and its central location between the two runways, the central terminal offers the possibility of increasing the annual capacity to seven million passengers by expanding the existing terminal building.
The groundbreaking ceremony for the replacement of the old 2500 meter long and 45 meter wide runway 10/28 took place on August 31, 2005. At the same location, the new 60-meter-wide, 3600-meter-long southern runway 08R / 26L was built in a different direction with a center distance of 2120 meters parallel to the north runway. It went into operation on July 5, 2007 with the parallel landing of a Boeing 757 from DHL and a Boeing 747-400 from Lufthansa. The redundant runway system created in this way has enabled all types of aircraft to take off and land simultaneously on both runways without payload restrictions since 2007. With the new runway, according to the old criteria, the airport would have been one of the few that can handle the Airbus A380 , but in the same month EASA and FAA allowed the A380 to operate - previously only allowed on 60 meter wide runways - also on take-off and runways Runways with a width of only 45 meters, which are additionally supplemented on both sides by 7.5 meters wide “shoulders”. This means that the A380 can take off and land at many more airports, including the 45-meter-wide north runway at Leipzig / Halle Airport.
The construction costs for the railway, taxiways and apron conversions amounted to approx. 350 million euros plus 48 million euros for land purchase and approx. 18 million euros for noise protection measures. DHL received permissible subsidies from the Free State of Saxony in the amount of 28% of the total gross investment (70.8 million euros) in its facilities. The European Commission announced on November 22, 2006 that it was investigating the construction of the runway for covert subsidies. In particular, the European Commission wants to ensure "that DHL does not receive any further state aid for its new hub at Leipzig / Halle Airport beyond the regional investment aid already approved by the Commission". With the ruling of the European Court of Justice on December 19, 2012, it was finally determined that there was hidden state aid that must be recovered.
From October 24th and 25th, 2006, the Federal Administrative Court in Leipzig started hearing the lawsuits against the expansion and night flight operations. Here it was necessary to decide whether the residents affected by the night aircraft noise would receive the same protection as the residents at Berlin-Schönefeld Airport , which this court had ordered. A night flight ban between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. was established there. On November 9th, the court issued an unrestricted night flight permit for express goods. On June 29th, the regional council handed over the plan amendment decision, which u. a. contains a night flight ban for passenger planes between 11:30 p.m. and 5:30 a.m. (with the possibility of exceeding / falling below the limit of up to 30 minutes in the case of late / early landings). On July 24, 2008, the Federal Administrative Court finally confirmed the plan approval supplementary decision of the Leipzig Regional Council by dismissing the complaints from residents. Nothing stood in the way of expansion. The first reaction to this was the further construction of a third aircraft taxiway bridge (E7), for which the preparatory work had already started in 2006. The bridge to the west of the taxiway bridge east (E8) is 191.5 meters long and 63.5 meters wide, and since April 2011 it has also connected the northern runway with the southern one.
The expansion of the airport and the new night flight noise regulation created the conditions for the operation of the international air hub of the post freight subsidiary DHL, which DHL Hub Leipzig GmbH and European Air Transport Leipzig GmbH jointly operate, from July 2007 . The Leipzig / Halle Airport replaced the Brussels-Zaventem Airport . The hub, in which DHL invested around 300 million euros, has been in operation since the end of March 2008. The official opening ceremony took place on May 26, 2008.
On December 4, 2007, the Delitzsch District Office at the airport put the only veterinary border control point in the Free State of Saxony into operation in order to be able to clear animal and vegetable goods in accordance with the applicable EU guidelines.
The airport has been operating internationally as Leipzig / Halle Airport since the end of 2008 , which also resulted in a change of logo.
In order for the plant fire the category 10 of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) - the highest safety category for airports with two runways - to ensure, took place from 2009 to 2010 as part of a new fire protection concept of the construction of the new fire stations east and west of 9 or 10 large fire-fighting and special vehicles. Both fire stations were put into operation in mid-2010. The Fire Training Center , which was handed over on June 7, 2010 and is currently the only such training facility in Germany, is located in the former fire station north built by Rüdiger Sudau in 2000 . The EUR 3.5 million training center built by Dräger has a gas-fired Boeing 747 fire simulator.
A new vehicle and equipment technology complex was put into operation in 2011. The 231 × 36 meter hall complex has 60 parking spaces for vehicles of various sizes for the airport's winter service fleet, as well as a car wash and a company filling station.
In 2012, the airport built an additional apron in the vicinity of the tower with an area of 130,000 m² with a 95 × 95 meter maintenance hangar for the Volga-Dnepr Airlines .
Since October 2012 there has been a freight transshipment point at the Schkeuditz West S-Bahn station , which facilitates deliveries to the southern freight center.
In 2014 and 2017 the airport was voted “European Cargo Airport of the Year” by a symposium of the Asian air cargo industry.
As part of the SALIS project , the Leipzig / Halle Airport has been used by NATO since March 23, 2006 as the home airport of two Russian Antonov An-124 transport aircraft to carry out the fast transport of oversized cargo . Two more machines are ready within six and another two machines within nine days, so that a total of six machines are available as part of SALIS. These six An-124s are ready to provide strategic military air transport capacities for the armed forces, but also for humanitarian missions and relief operations such as B. the earthquake relief for China in June 2008. The Leipzig / Halle airport as loading, unloading and reloading point will be the exception according to the Federal Ministry of Defense .
The Ruslan SALIS GmbH since 17 January 2007 has a maintenance building in the south area of the airport for the machines stationed there.
Since May 23, 2006, the US Army has also had passenger flights operated via Leipzig / Halle Airport for regular troop exchanges in Iraq and Afghanistan . Up to 80 troop transport flights with around 1,600 soldiers per day were handled in Terminal A, which is not open to the public. By the beginning of 2009, 450,000 soldiers are said to have flown into combat missions via Leipzig / Halle. In 2009, every fourth passenger is said to have been a US soldier. The commissioned charter airlines Miami Air International and Omni Air International (until the beginning of 2008 ATA Airlines , until 2013 Ryan International Airlines and until 2014 World Airways and North American Airlines ) have the machines refueled at Leipzig / Halle Airport and carry out crew changes. However, with the withdrawal of US troops from crisis areas in the Middle East, the number of transit passengers has been falling since 2010.
The airport served as one of the locations for the film The First Avenger: Civil War , the recordings were made in August 2015. Before that, it was the location for the films Flightplan - Without any trace and Unknown Identity .
Various airlines connect Leipzig / Halle Airport mainly with holiday destinations in the Canary Islands , the Balearic Islands as well as in Greece , Bulgaria , Malta , North Africa and Turkey . In Germany, Düsseldorf , Cologne / Bonn and Stuttgart are served by Eurowings and Frankfurt and Munich by Lufthansa .
The majority shareholder of the airport with 94% is the Mitteldeutsche Flughafen AG (word mark: Mitteldeutsche Airport Holding ), which also holds the majority stake in Dresden Airport . The shareholders of Mitteldeutsche Airport Holding are exclusively local authorities , namely the Free State of Saxony with 77.29%, the State of Saxony-Anhalt with 18.54%, the city of Leipzig with 2.1%, the city of Dresden with 1.87% and the City of Halle (Saale) with 0.2% (as of August 2014). The district of North Saxony , in which the airport is located, and the city of Schkeuditz each own 0.25% of the airport, and the Free State of Saxony has a direct 5.5% stake in Flughafen Leipzig / Halle GmbH.
Subsidies and Economic Loss
The Free State of Saxony subsidized the establishment of DHL with around 71 million euros. In July 2008, the European Commission declared a guarantee from the Free State of Saxony for the operation of Leipzig / Halle Airport in the amount of 500 million euros to be inadmissible. The Free State had promised DHL that it would pay up to 500 million euros in damages if Leipzig / Halle Airport does not meet certain conditions - such as the option of night flights. The public investment of 350 million euros for the new runway south of the airport, however, classified the competition authorities as permissible state aid.
On June 15, 2011, the European Commission initiated a new investigation into state subsidies. Specifically, it is examined whether loans and equity injections for infrastructure projects such as noise protection measures, the construction of taxiways and a new terminal are compatible with EU state aid rules . According to the EU Commission, Germany has so far not been able to prove that the funding, which covers 100 percent of the total investment costs, is justified and proportionate. In particular, the aid could give the airport an unfair advantage over competitors in Germany and Europe.
With a decision of December 19, 2012, the European Court of Justice combined several proceedings and finally decided that u. a., inadmissible state aid existed.
In 2007, the airport posted a loss of 38 million euros, around half of its turnover. In 2010 the loss was 62.4 million euros, with sales of 92.7 million euros. Between 2006 and 2011, the airport made a loss of around 300 million euros. The losses are borne by the states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and the cities of Leipzig, Halle and Dresden. The result from ordinary business activities in 2014 was EUR -37.27 million. In the 2013 financial year, the loss was 48.82 million euros.
Expansion of the airport
Due to the lack of a night flight ban for cargo flights in Leipzig / Halle, resistance arose, for example from the Association for the Environment and Nature Conservation Germany or the interest group night flight ban Leipzig / Halle. They try to activate the population through information campaigns, but this did not succeed due to the lack of support from the same and from most of the parties. The attempt to prevent further expansion and night flights through legal action failed recently before the Federal Administrative Court and the Federal Constitutional Court .
An aircraft noise commission was formed from representatives of state authorities, airport users and municipalities. Even after the incorporation of the north-western districts, the city of Leipzig only has one seat, which means that the affected residents are clearly underrepresented.
There is also criticism that the objectives contained in the planning approval, such as an even track distribution, are far from being achieved. More than 90 percent of all night take-offs and landings take place on the southern runway. A new approach procedure has also enabled 31 landings per hour instead of the previous 28 since mid-2018.
Resistance against the military use of the airport was formed by citizens' initiatives and peace organizations such as the NATO-Free Airport Action Group . This calls for greater restrictions on air traffic and the cessation of military use of the airport.
The management then stated that the use as a hub for US troop transports had saved a company kitchen with 65 employees from being closed, and that around 200 jobs were now attached to the transports.
|Year of operation||Passenger volume||Air freight [ t ]||Flight movements|
|4th||Palma de Mallorca||109.060||-20.81%||137.715||663||-25.08%||885|
|8th||Cologne / Bonn||45,880||-2.45%||47.032||1,480||8.42%||1,365|
|20th||Moscow-Vnukovo||19,212||Route new||0||115||Route new||0|
|24||Dubai-Jebel Ali||13,846||Route new||0||65||Route new||0|
|25th||Kerkira / Corfu||12,803||27.46%||10,045||74||42.31%||52|
|This statistic only includes starts. (No landings)|
|12||United Arab Emirates||13,846||552.81%||2.121||326||17.69%||277|
|This statistic only includes starts. (No landings)|
- On September 1, 1975, a Tupolev Tu-134 from Interflug from Stuttgart fell below the minimum altitude on its approach, collided with an antenna mast and hit the ground after rotating around its longitudinal axis. 27 inmates were killed.
- On August 9, 2013, an auxiliary turbine caught fire while an AN-12 operated by the Ukraine Air Alliance was taking off. The crew was able to save themselves after an unsuccessful attempt to extinguish the fire; the plane burned down completely, the 49,000 chicks loaded died. The airport fire brigade did not reach the scene of the incident until four minutes after the alarm, as the specific target of the incident had to be inquired after the alert. In its final report at the beginning of 2017, the Federal Bureau of Aircraft Accident Investigation spoke of this type of alerting as "unfavorable". In 2015, the alarm system was changed.
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