|Bundesstrasse 6 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||503 km|
|Earlier start of Reichsstrasse 6 in Cuxhaven|
The national road 6 (abbreviation: B 6 ) is a shortened and interrupted German federal road . As Reichsstraße 6 it led from Cuxhaven via several large cities such as Bremen , Hanover , Leipzig , Dresden and Breslau to Groß Wartenberg . In terms of traffic strategy, it thus corresponded to the American line . Today it leads through the states of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen , Lower Saxony , Saxony-Anhalt and Saxony to Görlitz on the Polish border . Many sections have been replaced by motorways or rededicated .
On January 17, 1932, the new system of long-distance roads with the abbreviation FVS or F was introduced to “improve orientation in the German Reich”. The new network was limited to marking routes for long-distance traffic. The first nine numbers - the single-digit numbers - were assigned to the streets that run through Germany. A connection from Wesermünde beginning via Bremen , Hanover , Aschersleben , Halle (Saale) , Leipzig , Dresden , Görlitz to the then German-Polish border was designated, which was given the number 6 (F 6). It continued from Görlitz via Hirschberg and Schweidnitz to Breslau and from there via Oels to the then Polish border at Groß Wartenberg. Between Leipzig and Görlitz this connection largely follows the historical course of the Via Regia (with the exception of the arch over Meißen, Dresden and Bischofswerda) .
In the area of the German Democratic Republic , the section of the R 6 located there was again called trunk road 6 (F 6) after 1949. In the vicinity of this street, within the Dresden urban area, there was an operational building of the VEB Tabakkontor Dresden, which is now again referred to as Yenidze . This gave rise to the legendary, however incorrect, that the street was also the namesake for the cigarette brand “ f6 ”.
The north bypass in Goslar was opened on June 22, 1969 and was initially dedicated as Bundesstraße 248 .
With the opening of the A 27 between Cuxhaven and Bremen- Burglesum in the mid to late 1970s , the B 6 was replaced by the A 27 as a federal trunk road. Until then, the B 6 linked the two cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven in the state of Bremen and established the connection to Cuxhaven.
The route between Goslar and Bad Harzburg was built between 1981 and 1987 and was an advance payment for a north Harz motorway A 36 , which was originally supposed to lead from Hameln over the A 7 to the then inner-German border. The Bad Harzburg triangle was supposed to fulfill a function as a motorway junction for the A 369 coming from Vienenburg in its old variant as a northern route to Braunschweig . The old route through Oker via Göttingerode through the Bad Harzburg urban area to Eckertal was rededicated to the B 498 or downgraded to the L 501.
Between 1987 and 2001 the B 6 was formally separated from its "eastern part", as the section between the AD Bad Harzburg and AD Vienenburg represented the end of the A 395 and the B 6n was built to the north at a point indicated by the numbering was not intended ago. This had been anticipated on October 2, 2001 with the graduation of this section to the section of the B 6.
The former course in Cuxhaven from the beginning (intersection Poststraße / Deichstraße ) with the exception of Rohdestraße to the junction of the motorway feeder at the Altenwalde junction was rededicated to the B 73 after the construction of the A 27 . With the exception of a short stretch in Bremerhaven, the rest of the route to Bremen became Landesstrasse 135.
The course in Bremerhaven was downgraded in 2013 to the 300 meter section between the confluence of the B 71 n / Frederikshavner Strasse into Weserstrasse and the city limits to the municipal road.
For the federal motorway 36 (earlier planning) it was originally planned to use a new section of the B 6. However, it was only completed between Goslar (B 82) and the B 4 north of Bad Harzburg in 1983 and 1987 .
2017 has been known that the existing, commonly bundesstraße 6n -mentioned four lanes developed motorway-like part of the B 6 from the A 395 at Vienenburg to junction to A 14 to the motorway 36 is to be promoted. The reallocation was completed on January 1, 2019. At the same time, the planned upgrade of the four-lane section of the B6 between the Vienenburg motorway triangle and the Bad Harzburg triangle to form the 369 federal motorway was implemented.
Bremerhaven - Bremen
The B 6 begins in the urban area of Bremerhaven at the confluence with Frederikshavner Straße (start of the B 71 ). It leads in two lanes in a southerly direction, after about 300 meters passes the state border with Lower Saxony and leads to the Bremerhaven-Süd junction of the A 27. From there, the B 6 leads past Hagen im Bremischen to the Ihlpohl junction of the A 27 as the second option To reach Bremen-Nord from the direction of Bremerhaven.
Bremen - Nienburg - Hanover
After the section between Bremen-Nord and Bremen has been replaced by the A 27, the B 6 only continues at the Bremen-Überseestadt junction (formerly Bremen-Freihäfen) via the freeway slip road Bremen-Freihäfen / -Überseestadt, Flyover Utbremer Kreisel, Utbremer Tunnel and north-west node Bremen in the direction of Bremen-Mitte (formerly intended as A 282 ). In the course of the Stephanibrücke (Weserquerung Bremen) the B 6 is one of the busiest federal highways in Germany with around 100,000 vehicles per day (road traffic census from 2005). In the further course between the connection B 75 and Bremen-Kattenturm it is expanded to four lanes. Since it is extremely prone to congestion here, it is currently being replaced by a new building on the A 281 (Ring Bremen).
From the Bremen-Kattenturm exit, it splits into Bundesstraße 6 and the B 6n , which as a motorway-like offshoot leads in four lanes and without intersections to the A 1 (AS Bremen-Arsten). The B 6 leads to the southern outskirts of Bremen, where it now acts as a bypass around the suburb of Stuhr- Brinkum, which was previously characterized by long traffic jams. In the further course it leads via Syke , where a bypass road is also planned, but no construction is currently in sight.
The B 6 then leads via Asendorf and Wietzen to Nienburg / Weser , where it crosses the Weser for the second time. From Nienburg to Hanover , the B 6 has been expanded to four lanes since June 2009. In Hanover, the B 6 first runs over the Westschnellweg (with Kaisergabel ), then over the Südschnellweg , and finally over the Messeschnellweg , before leaving the city in Laatzen at the beginning of the A 37 south to Hildesheim .
Hanover - Bad Harzburg
After Hildesheim, it continues in two lanes via Salzgitter to Goslar , only on the short connection between the A 7 (AS Derneburg / Salzgitter) and the A 39 (AS Baddeckestedt ) as part of the Salzgitter motorway triangle and at Salzgitter the B 6 has four lanes here. The route between west of Haverlah and south of Salzgitter-Bad up to the confluence of federal highway 248 is also four-lane, but with an expansion that is well below the motorway standard.
Between Goslar and Bad Harzburg , the B 6 is four-lane throughout and, starting at the GS-Oker junction, has hard shoulder lanes so that it is structurally designed like a motorway. It flows into the Bad Harzburg triangle near Westerode . Here it goes north into the A 369 , which in turn continues northeast into the A 36 . These sections of the route were upgraded from the B 6 on January 1, 2019, interrupting the route from Bad Harzburg to Bernburg.
Bernburg - Koethen - Wolfen
At the end of the A 36 at Kreuz Bernburg, the B 6 will be replaced by the A 14 . The B 185 continues eastwards at the Bernburg junction as a continuation of the North Harz Expressway , also as a completely new, but only three-lane federal road with intersection interruptions. The B 185 leads to the Dessau -Ost junction ( A 9 ).
Aschersleben - Halle
Here the federal road was replaced by the A 14, the old route was downgraded to state roads 85 and 50 .
Halle - Leipzig
The B 6 currently continues from Halle (Saale) to Leipzig . Here it is four-lane between the Großkugel junction of the A 9 and Leipzig-Eutritzsch (with re-routing initially north of the railway line, between Stahmeln and Möckern south of the railway line, partly in a trough) and between Leipzig-Paunsdorf and the Leipzig-Ost junction of the A 14 expanded. A two-lane relocation from the localities has been completed to Gerichshain and is being planned to Wurzen .
Leipzig - Dresden - Görlitz
Coming from Leipzig, the federal road runs east via Wurzen and Oschatz , then south of Riesa and turns north of Meißen near the village of Zehren into the Elbe valley. From then on, the B 6 runs parallel to the Elbe in the valley. In Meißen, the main road crosses all three Elbe bridges and leaves the city in a south-easterly direction. The road then leads through the districts of the municipality of Klipphausen and then meets the northwestern districts of Dresden .
From then on, the course is urban and characterized by a large number of traffic lights. From the autobahn junction Dresden-Altstadt on the A 4 , the route becomes four-lane, crosses the Flügelwegbrücke junction with Hamburger Strasse and becomes two-lane again when it joins Bremer Strasse. The main road now leads past the Dresden harbor and the Yenidze , first crosses under the B 173 at the Marienbrücke and then turns onto the Könneritzstraße (B 173). With this it runs on the Marienbrücke over the Elbe, flows into the Antonstraße , crosses the Albertplatz to the north and then leaves the urban area of Dresden in the direction of Bischofswerda as Bautzner Straße and later from the Weißen Hirsch as Bautzner Landstraße in a north-easterly direction .
In the further course it led parallel to the A4 via Göda to Bautzen . Since December 16, 2013, it has been downgraded to S 111 in this area . From Dreistern this is blocked for trucks from Bautzen. After the Bautzner city center, it leads from the intersection with the B 156 to the Auritz district to Löbau . The western section of the northern bypass around Reichenbach / OL was released in September 2005, the eastern section ten years earlier. In Görlitz it ended in the city center until the 1990s, now at the last junction of the A 4 in Germany.
- Geoportal Sachsenatlas: Course of the B 6 in Saxony
- Detailed route description of the Wietzen - Stöcken section, which was previously planned as Federal Motorway 35
- Detailed route description of the North Harz Autobahn, which was previously planned as Bundesautobahn 36
- Detailed route description of the route section near Bremen, which was previously planned as Federal Motorway 282
- Detailed route description of the route section Vienenburg - Altenau, which was previously planned as Federal Motorway 369
- http://www.bv-zukunft-machern.de/#B6 - Project bypass road B6 in Machern / Saxony
- This is what the B6n should look like on YouTube - This animation by DEGES shows what the B6n in Dresden-Cossebaude might look like one day.
- - officially
- Map of Germany's toll roads
- A 282 at autobahnatlas-online.de, accessed on January 18, 2015
- Sudmerberg: From the settlement to the district
- Order of August 28, 2013. (PDF) Senate Chancellery Bremen, archived from the original on October 17, 2013 ; accessed on August 31, 2013 .
- Ingo Kugenbuch and Kai Gauselmann: Nordharzautobahn becomes A36: New Autobahn for Saxony-Anhalt - B6 is upgraded. In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung. March 30, 2017, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- Infrastructure: B6 will be upgraded to a motorway. MDR Saxony-Anhalt, March 30, 2017, accessed on March 30, 2017 .
- Bundesstraße is upgraded: Autobahn until shortly before Bad Harzburg on live.goslarsche.de , published on January 10, 2018, accessed on January 11, 2018.