|Height :||122 m|
|Incorporation :||March 1, 1974|
|Postal code :||31174|
|Area code :||05123|
Ottbergen is a district of the community Schellerten in the district of Hildesheim , Lower Saxony and is located in the Hildesheim Börde on the Vorholz ridge below the Heidelbeerenberg (221 m above sea level). The village is known as a place of pilgrimage . The name "Ottbergen", the spelling of which has changed over the centuries, is difficult to interpret. Perhaps the interpretation of the first syllable Ott or Od as the good applies ; then Ottbergen would mean nothing more than “good that lies on the mountains”.
Prehistoric finds indicate a very early settlement. The oldest surviving document that mentions Ottbergen dates from June 3, 1154, a donation from Henry the Lion to the Riechenberg Abbey near Goslar . A Berthold von Ottbergen , written Othberch , is one of the numerous witnesses when this donation was sealed .
The place is dominated by Catholicism and the Reformation was not introduced. During the Thirty Years War , Swedish troops camped in Steinbrück near Marienburg and burned the village down in 1633. In 1700 the St. Nikolaus parish church was built.
Ottbergen was an independent municipality until the municipality reform , which came into force on March 1, 1974.
Local mayor is Jörg Bokelmann. The local council has six more members.
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the Knights of Tossum , who donated the baptismal font in the parish church, three horizontal bars, and the coat of arms of the Knights of Bortfeld , two crossed lilies, adorn the coat of arms of Ottbergen.
Culture and sights
The Ottberger song, which is often sung in good company, is about the beautiful village on the edge of the Harz Mountains. The melody is "Do you know mother, what I've been dreaming". It also contains a folk etymological interpretation of the place name:
- Greetings from days gone by
- a Saxon village from the mountainside,
- may bear Emperor Otto's name,
- whose fame penetrated all worlds.
- His father Heinrich, Duke of Saxony,
- he already knew the beautiful place
- and only because of the royal crown
- he pulled away from the flock of birds.
Kreuzberg and cruise pilgrimage
The Ottberger pilgrimage tradition on the feast of the Exaltation goes back to the 17th century vision of the Cross end of a shepherd. Today's Kreuzberg chapel dates from 1726. The neo-Romanesque vestibule with the pulpit extension on the east side and the 25 m high tower on the west side was added in 1905 by Christoph Hehl . The fourteen Stations of the Cross on the avenue leading from the foot of the mountain to the chapel were redesigned in the 1950s. Especially in the time of Bismarck's Kulturkampf and again during the time of National Socialism , the Ottberg pilgrimage became a demonstration of faith.
In 1836 Pope Gregory XVI gave a cross relic to the pilgrimage site, which has since been carried in procession from the parish church to the Kreuzberg chapel on the pilgrimage day , where the Eucharist follows.
A Lourdes grotto is located a little below the Kreuzberg chapel, on the edge of the processional path. It was built in 1911 by the Hildesheim dentist Alexander Schreiber (1858–1925); According to oral tradition as an atonement after a patient was no longer awakened from anesthesia . It was inaugurated on August 15, 1911, the Feast of the Assumption . Alexander Schreiber's tombstone is still standing on St. Nicholas' Church today.
In 1868, at the request of Hildesheim Bishop Eduard Jakob Wedekin, three Franciscans from the Thuringian Franciscan Province founded a branch there, which was elevated to a convent in 1892 . In 1946 the Thuringian Province left the monastery to the Silesian Franciscan Province , which had lost its monasteries in Silesia as a result of the expulsion; In 1986, however, the monasteries of this order province were assigned to the Saxon Province , which merged into the German Franciscan Province in 2010 . In Ottbergen there was a school with boarding school, which the Silesian Province had to close in 1971 due to a lack of staff. The premises were used for youth work and retreats. The Franciscans were active in several parishes in the area from their monastery. As part of the structural changes due to a lack of offspring and obsolescence, the Saxon Province had already put the monastery on the list of eleven branches in 1992 that could or should be closed at short notice (in three to nine years); however, the German Franciscans stayed until 2012. Polish Minorites have been living in Ottbergen since 2012, taking care of the pilgrimage.
The monastery church was built in 1900/01 in the neo-Romanesque style by the Hildesheim builder Richard Herzig from red brick. It has a ridge turret instead of a tower. The nave is around 10 m high, 16 m wide and 29.5 m long to the apse .
The Catholic parish church of St. Nicholas has an approximately 32 m high Romanesque, square west tower with a side length of 8 × 8 m, the walls of which are 1.5 m thick on the ground floor. The lantern hood of the tower dates from the Baroque period . A sandstone baptismal font with flat reliefs from around 1600 is noteworthy at the entrance to the tower. The nave with vaults, buttresses and a gable roof is 26 m long, 9.5 m wide and 7.5 m high. It was completed around the middle of the 18th century. The interior of the church was significantly changed after the liturgical reform of the Second Vatican Council. The confessional from 1768, the pulpit and the organ loft from 1789 date from the 18th century. The organ was built in 1892, it has 2 manuals and 19 stops. The oldest pieces of equipment in the church include a Pietá from the 2nd half of the 16th century and a colored wooden relief with a crucifixion group from the 1st half of the 17th century. In the cemetery next to the church is the tombstone of Alexander Schreiber, the builder of the Lourdes grotto.
The parish of St. Nikolaus also includes the church in Farmsen, as well as the churches in Bettmar, Dingelbe, Dinklar, Nettlingen and Wöhle since November 1, 2014.
- Well-preserved farmhouses and half-timbered houses are worth seeing in various places in the old town center of Ottbergen.
- A memorial stone in the main street commemorates the first documented mention of Ottbergen in 1154.
- In Ottbergen there is the Richard-von-Weizsäcker secondary school, which is on the other side of the Kappellenberg and is on the edge of the forest.
- Wolf-Günter Wiesel (* 1947), soccer referee and sports official
- P. Heribert Griesebeck: The churches in Ottbergen . Munich 1990.
- Schrader, Hans-Georg: The monastery at Ottbergen . Ottbergen 2012.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 209 .
- KirchenZeitung No. 22/2015 of May 31, 2015, p. 16
- Dieter Berg (Ed.): Traces of Franciscan History. Chronological outline of the history of the Saxon Franciscan provinces from their beginnings to the present. Werl 1999, p. 487.513.577.609.623.
- Jürgen Werinhard Einhorn: Education and training, science, school and pastoral care from the Kulturkampf to the present. In: Joachim Schmiedl (Ed.): From Kulturkampf to the beginning of the 21st century. Paderborn 2010, pp. 633-786, here p. 737.833
- Joachim Schmiedl: From the Second Vatican Council to the beginning of the 21st century. In: Joachim Schmiedl (Ed.): From Kulturkampf to the beginning of the 21st century. Paderborn 2010, pp. 787-929, here p. 828.
- Georg Dehio (ed.): Handbook of German Art Monuments , Volume Bremen, Lower Saxony . Edited by Gerd Weiss. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Berlin and Munich, greatly expanded edition 1992, p. 1073.