Hildesheimer Börde

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Hildesheimer Börde
Alternative names Hildesheim Loessbörde
Systematics according to Handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany
Main unit group 52 →
Lower Saxony stock exchanges
4th order region
(main unit)
520 →
Braunschweig-Hildesheimer Loessbörde
5th order region 520.3 →
Hildesheimer Börde
Geographical location
Coordinates 52 ° 11 '37 "  N , 10 ° 1' 50"  E Coordinates: 52 ° 11 '37 "  N , 10 ° 1' 50"  E
Hildesheimer Börde (Lower Saxony)
Hildesheimer Börde
The location of Machtsum as a central location
circle Hildesheim district
state Lower Saxony

The Hildesheimer Börde is a region in the northern district of Hildesheim in Lower Saxony , which is characterized by its exceptionally good black earth - loess soils . It is the most south-westerly and best-known part of the approximately 1000 km² natural spatial main unit of Braunschweig-Hildesheimer Lößbörde .


The Hildesheimer Börde in its natural boundaries extends between the core city of Hildesheim in the southwest, Sarstedt in the west, Algermissen in the northwest, Groß Lobke in the north, Hohenhameln in the northeast, Ahstedt in the east and Wendhausen in the southeast.

To the south, the Hildesheimer Börde is sharply delimited by the forewood (up to 243  m ), to the west by the Giesener Berge (south part up to 234  m , north part separated by the gate from Himmelsthür up to 181  m above sea level ). The north-western border to the Gödringer Mountains between Sarstedt and Algermissen , which can be reached to just over 100  m, can also be defined fairly sharply, while the transitions into the northern transitional Börden landscapes and the Ilseder Börde in the east are fluid.

If one defines the Hildesheimer Börde as the intersection of the large landscape Braunschweig-Hildesheimer Lößbörde with the district of Hildesheim , then it has, in addition to the natural Hildesheimer Börde (520.3), in the east from Schellerten to Hoheneggelsen and Söhlde also shares in the Ilseder Börde (520.4), from Nettlingen to south of Söhldes on the Nettlinger Ridge (520.5) and to the south-east of it minimally on the Lebenstedter Börde (520.6). In the north, north of the line from Sarstedt to Algermissen, it has shares in the Gödringer Mountains (520.1) near Bledeln and Lühnde . See the spatial structure of the large landscape .

View of the Hildesheimer Börde from the motorway service station of the same name on the BAB 7 in north direction. In the foreground the B 6 as an avenue . On the left in the picture above the 3rd visible group of trees on the avenue, two potash heaps near Sehnde 20 km away in the Kirchroder Hügelland (520.0), above the 6th tree interval the white sugar factory Clauen, about 13 km away in the north of the Hildesheimer Loessbörde (520.3) , above the 9th tree interval, the gray Mehrum power plant around 20 km away in
the Mehrum Bördenrand (520.2).


Black earth near
Harsum , in the background the Borsumer Holz as one of the few German forests on black earth

The area of ​​the Hildesheimer Börde is almost completely covered by a veil of Ice Age loess up to two meters thick. The soils are the most fertile in Germany. They have been used in agriculture for over 4000 years. Today, the Bördoels ensure record harvests for the local agriculture . This means that demanding crops such as sugar beets and wheat can be grown. An average of 0.8 kg of wheat or 5.5 kg of sugar beet are harvested per square meter. The dark soil color increases the temperature of the soil. This extends the period of annual plant growth.


The area is a gently undulating landscape with a hilly relief. It is used extensively as an agricultural landscape. Forests are rare in the Börde area because of their intensive agricultural use. One can therefore also speak of a wheat or beet steppe. There are mostly only isolated trees. Shrubs and hedges along paths and streams help loosen up the landscape. The settlements are mostly clustered villages . Their houses were built close together so as not to waste valuable farmland. However, the settlements are usually only a few kilometers apart. The eponymous and only city in this Börde grew in the 20th century through settlement construction and incorporation a few kilometers further into the Hildesheimer Börde. The small town of Sarstedt, located in the neighboring Calenberger Börde (more precisely in the Sarstedter Talung), today has a small area of ​​land in the northeast corner of the landscape. But this area is almost entirely in the Gödringer Mountains. The innermost flows north on the western edge. The Bruchgraben is created in the far east of the Hildesheimer Börde natural area (520.3) and crosses it to the westernmost point, where it flows into the innermost part.

Soil quality value

After the Second World War , the agricultural operation in Eickendorf in the Magdeburger Börde, in which the reference soil value was set in 1934, was no longer available for comparative studies in West Germany due to the division of Germany . Therefore, an agricultural enterprise in Harsum , district of Machtsum , located within the Hildesheimer Börde, was set up as a federal straightening company for soil quality . This is rated with the agricultural reference number (LVZ) 100. Machtsum is ten kilometers northeast of Hildesheim . In later measurements an even higher value with the LVZ of 102.8 was found for Mölme . It is the highest value ever measured in Germany. Mölme is located about 20 km east of Hildesheim in the Ilseder Börde and is part of the municipality of Söhlde .


The BAB 7 and the Hildesheim branch canal cross the Hildesheimer Börde in its western area. The elevated motorway service station Hildesheimer Börde a few kilometers southeast of Hildesheim offers an approximately 20 km wide view to the north over the landscape. The B 6 runs along the long southwestern edge of the Hildesheimer Börde . The Hildesheim – Braunschweig railway , the B 1 and B 494 federal highways and the Lehrte – Nordstemmen railway cross it from Hildesheim in an easterly to northerly direction.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Sofie Meisel: Geographical land survey: The natural space units on sheet 86 Hanover. Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Bad Godesberg 1960. → Online map (PDF; 4 MB)


  • Sofie Meisel: Geographical land survey: The natural spatial units on sheet 86 Hanover. Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Bad Godesberg 1960. → Online map (PDF; 4 MB)
  • Hildesheim and Kalenberger Börde. Nature and landscape in the Hildesheim district. Communications from the Paul Feindt Foundation, Hildesheim 2005, ISBN 3-8067-8547-3 .
  • Gerhard Meier-Hilbert: "Geographical structures. The natural potential." - In: F. Brinkmann u. a. (Ed.): Hildesheim: City and country between Börde and Bergland. (= Series of publications by the Lower Saxony State Center for Political Education, Volume 5). Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 2001, ISBN 3-8067-8584-8 , pp. 7-41.

Web links