|Height :||79 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||11.71 km²|
|Residents :||1033 (December 31, 2012)|
|Population density :||88 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||December 29, 2007|
|Postal code :||39221|
|Area code :||039297|
Location of Eickendorf in Bördeland
Eickendorf is located in the Magdeburger Börde not far from the cities of Calbe (Saale) and Schönebeck (Elbe) on an extremely productive loess soil , which, with the soil value number 100 in the soil estimate , was determined to be the best soil in Germany. The surrounding undulating landscape drops from south to north from 84 m to 75 m and from west to east to 96 m to 71 m. The vineyard ( ), three kilometers east of the village as the crow flies, towers over the landscape by about 30 meters. Eickendorf is about 20 km from Magdeburg .
The place was first mentioned in 1176 in a document not specified by the chroniclers as Hekenthorp. As early as 1240, the place name with Eikendorp had approached the current name. At the time it was first mentioned, Eickendorf was under the control of the County of Mühlingen, which was ruled by the Ascanians under Margrave Otto the Bear . Later the county was fiefdom of the families Dornburg (until 1240) and Arnstein (until 1282). They were followed for a long time by the Counts of Barby . Conradus de Eikendorp , the progenitor of the noble family von Eichendorff , who lived here until the middle of the 15th century and whose descendant is the poet Joseph von Eichendorff (1788-1857), was mentioned in a document as Ministeriale in Eikendorp Castle in 1237 .
In 1538, Count Wolfgang I von Barby introduced the Reformation to Eickendorf, among others. During the Thirty Years' War Eickendorf suffered considerable damage and the population was drastically decimated. After the Counts of Mühlingen and Barby died out in 1659, the fief of the former Archdiocese of Magdeburg was withdrawn for the county. The largest part, including Eickendorf, came under the rule of the Duchy of Magdeburg .
18th and 19th centuries
It was not until 1750 that life in Eickendorf normalized to such an extent that the residents could start building a new church. It was inaugurated on November 11, 1751. During the time of Napoleon's foreign rule , Eickendorf belonged to the Kingdom of Westphalia from 1806 to 1813 and was administered by the Canton Groß-Salze. After Napoleon's expulsion, Eickendorf came to the newly formed Prussian district of Calbe in 1816 .
The industrial revolution in the middle of the 19th century only affected the village indirectly. In 1857 Eickendorf received a train station on the Schönebeck – Güsten railway line , the roads to Biere and Großmühlingen were expanded, and the opening of the nearby lignite mines opened up new employment opportunities. Initially, only one industrial company, a chicory factory , settled in the village itself . The population of the still agricultural village increased from 649 to 1490 between 1835 and 1893.
With the Tischmeyer screw factory, another industrial company settled in Eickendorf in 1925, which had over 50 employees in the 1930s. In 1934, Eickendorf became known through the soil appraisal carried out in Germany to create uniform tax bases. The Eickendorf farm of the widow Elisabeth Haberhauffe was chosen as the most profitable agricultural enterprise as the benchmark for the soil evaluation, for which the highest land value number 100 was set. This evaluation basis is still valid today. In 1936 there were 17 farms with 1630 inhabitants with more than ten hectares, Heinrich Engel had the largest with 108 hectares. At the end of the Second World War , Eickendorf was occupied by American troops on April 12, 1945. After a brief interlude with English occupation, Eickendorf belonged to the Soviet zone of occupation from July 1, 1945 . In 1946 there were five retail stores, three bakeries and two restaurants in the village. Due to the influx of bombed-out families, the population had increased to 2197 at this point in time. After the GDR was founded in 1949 , Eickendorf was incorporated into the newly formed Schönebeck district as part of a district reform. After the GDR government decided to set up agricultural production cooperatives (LPG) in 1952, 30 people from Eickendorf founded the LPG "Edwin Hörnle" on August 5, 1952 by bringing in 229 hectares of land. It was the first LPG to be established in the Schönebeck district. A year later, the Haberhauffe farm run by Willy Jäger gave up because it was subject to a credit ban due to its size. The farm was leased to LPG. Under pressure from the authorities, all other farms followed him until 1960. Over the years, LPG has specialized in breeding German noble pigs . In 1964 Eickendorf had 1,799 inhabitants, a decrease of 18 percent compared to 1946.
After German reunification in 1990 , the Eickendorfer population continued to decline. As early as 1993, only 1370 inhabitants lived in the village. Of the LPG, which had already relocated its headquarters to Biere in the 1980s, only the technology department of the Biere-based agricultural and productive cooperative Bördeland survived in Eickendorf. The "Hasenwinkel" industrial area, which covers 26 hectares, was developed, the old screw factory was taken over as a branch by the North Rhine-Westphalian Daniel Schrauben GmbH and Eickendorfer Metallververarbeitung GmbH was founded as a further industrial company. Despite these employment opportunities, Eickendorf only had 1033 inhabitants in 2013. The Museum of Soil Estimation was set up in 1993 on the grounds of the Haberhauffe Hof as a scientific and tourist attraction . With effect from December 28, 2007, Eickendorf became a part of the newly formed municipality of Bördeland.
Coat of arms, flag
The Eickendorfer coat of arms was designed in 1995 by the municipal heraldist Jörg Mantzsch and approved on June 11, 1996 by the Magdeburg Regional Council. The blazon reads "In gold a black rooted oak with silver acorns." The text for the documentation of the approval process has the following wording:
- “Eickendorf had a previously unapproved coat of arms that showed a green tree on a silver shield. The town has had this image in its municipal seal since the end of the last century. It was the wish of the municipality of Eickendorf to keep this image of the oak that has been used for generations in the new coat of arms. The oak is a so-called peace oak, which extends widely in the middle of the village in an open space. Since many German places have such oaks and z. Sometimes they also appear in coats of arms and seals, the black and gold tinctures were chosen to avoid confusion. The black, silver contoured oak bears several clearly visible silver acorns. "
The flag is striped black and yellow with the applied municipal coat of arms.
The district road 1292 leads through Eickendorf, via which Schönebeck (Elbe) (9 km) and Calbe (Saale) (14 km) can be reached. District road 1293 begins in the village and connects Eickendorf with the northern neighboring villages of Biere and Welsleben . The federal autobahn 14 ( Magdeburg - Halle ) runs east of Eickendorf, whose junctions 7 Schönebeck (8 km) and 8 Calbe are eight and seven kilometers away. The Eickendorfer Bahnhof, located in the village, is on the Magdeburg – Schönebeck – Güsten line .
- Changes in the municipalities of Germany StBA, see 2007
- K. Stahr, E. Kandeler, L. Herrmann, T. Streck: Soil science and location theory . 2nd Edition. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart 2012, ISBN 978-3-8252-3704-2 , pp. 242 .
- Official topographic maps. Saxony-Anhalt - State Office for Land Surveying and Geoinformation; CD 2003
- State Archives Magdeburg, Halberst. Domin. 53, in the document book of the city of Halberstadt 7 a 35
- 2013, Bördeland falls below the 8000 mark . In: Volksstimme Schönebeck , January 5, 2013
- The coat of arms of the municipality of Eickendorf, documentation on the approval process , deposited in 1996 in the Magdeburg State Main Archive