Magdeburg Börde

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Magdeburg Börde
surface approx. 949 km²
Systematics according to Handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany
Greater region 2nd order 533, 52, 51, 50, 46, 45, 44 (without 441) →
Main unit group 50 →
Central German black earth region
4th order region
(main unit)
504 →
Magdeburger Börde
Geographical location
Coordinates 52 ° 3 '38.2 "  N , 11 ° 26' 43.1"  E Coordinates: 52 ° 3 '38.2 "  N , 11 ° 26' 43.1"  E
Magdeburg Börde (Saxony-Anhalt)
Magdeburg Börde
Location Magdeburger Börde
circle Borde district , Salzlandkreis , Magdeburg
state Saxony-Anhalt
The landscapes north of the Harz Mountains with the Magdeburg Börde in the northeast

The Magdeburg is one of their profitable Schwarzerden known Börde countryside just west of Magdeburg in Saxony-Anhalt and is part of the planning region Elbe-Börde-Heide .


To the north, east and south, the Magdeburg Börde is relatively sharply delimited by river valleys. In the north it is the Ohre on the southern edge of the Colbitz-Letzlinger Heide , in the east the Elbe valley near Magdeburg in the Middle Elbe biosphere reserve along with the mouth of the Saale and in the south the Bode valley .

In the west it was always considered undisputed that the Hohe Holz already preceded the neighboring landscape to the west, the later so-called East Brunswick hill country , in which bordering landscapes with wooded ridges, the greatest of which is certainly 323  m above sea level. NHN high Elm , replace. Also were Oschersleben (Bode) in the west and Haldensleben in the northwest as a rough boundary points.

The first attempt to establish a binding western border north of the tall wood took place in 1954 as part of the work on the handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany during the first mapping 1: 1,000,000. This extended the western border of the Magdeburger Börde, starting from the Hohen Holz, to the northwest to the beginning of the Lappwald , whereby the Upper Aller was still part of the landscape to around Alleringersleben . The more recent mapping of the handbook from 1960 modified this boundary insofar as it already excluded the Allertal from the hill country of East Brunswick. In the 6th edition of the manual (1959) the area stated was 931 km².

A finer breakdown was made on the single sheet 1: 200,000 87 Braunschweig , which just reached east into the Börde, by Theodor Müller in 1962. Müller followed Oskar August's text in the 1959 handbook on an alternative demarcation according to geomorphological aspects - so not the one year younger map - and placed the western border north of the Hohe Holz on a damming moraine , what he called the Druxberg range of hills , which follows the Elbe-Weser watershed to the north-northeast immediately from southeast of the Hohen Holz . It begins at the unwooded Kniel ( 205.3  m above sea level ) northwest of Schermckes , flanked Seehausen to the west, passes the eponymous Druxberge and reaches its end on the Wartberg ( 178.4  m ). From the eastern slope of this terminal moraine, the border continues north-northeast to Nordgermersleben and from there always remains east of a side valley, finally the actual valley of the Beber up to its confluence with the Ohre.

The Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN), based on sheet 87 Braunschweig in the west, has determined an area of ​​949 km², which, however, leaves out the small part that falls into the Magdeburg agglomeration. The Ministry of Spatial Planning, Agriculture and the Environment and the State Office for Environmental Protection of Saxony-Anhalt , which in 2001 published a breakdown of the state into so-called “landscapes”, delimit the Magdeburg Börde very similarly to Müller. Like Müller - and in this a little different from the BfN - this structure sees the Bodeufer immediately north of the mouth of the Great Graben near Oschersleben as the westernmost point of the Börde.

Natural classification

The Magdeburger Börde is part of the Lössbörden , a natural spatial region of the 2nd order , which stretches north of the low mountain range from Lübbecker Loessland north of the eastern Wiehengebirge on German soil to Upper Lusatia and, in addition to the Magdeburg Börde, well-known landscapes such as the Hildesheimer Börde further west and the Erzgebirge Basin further to the southeast. It belongs to the main unit group Central German Black Earth Region (50) and forms main unit No. 504.

From west to south it merges into further bordering landscapes, namely to the west into the East Brunswick hill country (512, to 51 Northern Harz foreland ; in the Saxon-Anhalt subdivision: Börde-hill country ) with the Elm , which goes south through the Große Bruch (511 ) at the Großer Graben is separated from the Harzrandmulde (510) with the Huyberg .
To the south of the Magdeburger Börde, separated in the southwest by the lowland (503) extending to the east , the north-eastern Harz foreland (502) joins with the hook .

To the east borders the Elbe-Elster-Tiefland (881, to 88 Elbe-Mulde-Tiefland ), behind which the Fläming (group 85) rises, to the northeast the Letzlinger Heide (863, to 86 Wendland and Altmark ) and to the northwest the East Brunswick lowlands ( 624 1 , to 62 Weser-Aller-Flachland ).


Traditional costume of the Magdeburger Börde on a GDR postage stamp from 1966

The Magdeburg Börde is divided into the Hohe Börde in the west and the smaller Niedere Börde in the east, which rises only a little above the Elbe valley. Between the two, especially in the north, there is a clear step in the terrain, which is close to the 100 m height line and roughly follows the line from Groß Ammensleben in the north to Altenweddingen in the south, both of which are still part of the Lower Börde. The poorly forested landscape on the Hohen Börde is flat and undulating and in both parts consists largely of unconsolidated moraine material from the Saale Ice Age . In some cases, older solid rock also comes to light. At Wellen , at Groß Ottersleben , at Soles and to the west of Calbes , four terminal moraine arches open to the northeast are placed on the marl plateau, which are attributed to the Rehberger stage of the Saale Ice Age and which locally enliven the relief considerably.

A blown loess blanket covers the older solid and loose rock over a large area . It has fertile soils (partly black earth ) on which sugar beet and wheat are grown . In 1934 the soil in the former municipality of Eickendorf (today Bördeland ) was given the soil value number 100, making it the most fertile soil in Germany and until the end of the Second World War in 1945 it was used as a basis for comparison for Germany's soils. The sugar beet still contributes to the prosperity of the Börde.

The Magdeburg Börde lies in the rain shadow of the Harz Mountains and is therefore one of the driest areas in Germany, but not the warmest or sunniest. The highest point on the Magdeburg Börde is the Great Wartberg near Niederndodeleben at 145.7 m .

Bördeplatt is often still spoken in the Magdeburg Börde .

From 1976 until the 1991/92 annual timetable, the pair of city ​​express trains 141/146 ran Börde .

Transport links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Magdeburger Börde landscape profile of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
  2. a b c d Emil Meynen , Josef Schmithüsen (editor): Handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany . Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Remagen / Bad Godesberg 1953–1962 (9 deliveries in 8 books, updated map 1: 1,000,000 with main units 1960).
  3. Oskar August did not want to set this limit as binding, as he emphasized in the following section that the area around the places Emden , Erxleben , Eilsleben and Eggenstedt - with Müller on sub-units of 512.5 Eilsleben loess plates , which to the southeast with complete the Druxberg range of hills - corresponds to the quality of the Magdeburg Börde.
  4. ^ Reference number 512.53 on the Braunschweig sheet
  5. ^ Theodor Müller : Geographische Landesaufnahme: The natural space units on sheet 87 Braunschweig. Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Bad Godesberg 1962. →  Online map (PDF; 4.8 MB)
  6. With the BfN it should be noted that although this institution largely follows the boundaries of the individual sheets in its landscape profiles, its structure in natural spatial regions according to SSymanck mostly only shows the boundaries of the manual map from 1960. Therefore, apart from the knee, the terminal moraine is still in the central German black earth region, to which the Magdeburg Börde belongs.
  7. a b The landscape structure of Saxony-Anhalt (as of January 1, 2001) - Ministry for Regional Planning, Agriculture and Environment and State Office for Environmental Protection Saxony-Anhalt (PDF; 2.6 MB)
  8. GeoViewer of the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Raw Materials ( information )


Web links

Commons : Magdeburger Börde  - Collection of images, videos and audio files