|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||54 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||156.2 km 2|
|Residents:||19,143 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||123 inhabitants per km 2|
39343 (Hundisburg, Süplingen) ,
39345 (Gut Detzel, Hütten, Satuelle, Detzel Castle, Uthmöden, Wedringen)
|Area code :||03904|
|License plate :||BK , BÖ, HDL, OC, OK, WMS, WZL|
|Community key :||15 0 83 270|
|LOCODE :||DE HLH|
|City structure:||3 districts, 6 districts and 7 residential spaces|
City administration address :
|Mayoress :||Regina Blenkle (independent, suspended since February 2017)|
|Location of the district town of Haldensleben in the Börde district|
The city is located between Magdeburg Börde , Colbitz-Letzlinger Heide and Elbaue. The Ohre River flows through Haldensleben, and the Beber flows into the Ohre near the Wedringen district . Haldensleben has an inland port directly on the Mittelland Canal . Neighboring communities are Calvörde , Westheide , Niedere Börde , Hohe Börde , Altenhausen , Flechtingen and Bülstringen .
Expansion of the urban area
The place has its greatest extent in north-south direction and rises in the southwest to over 90 meters height.
The city of Haldensleben is divided into three districts:
- Haldensleben I (formerly Neuhaldensleben)
- Haldensleben II or Althaldensleben (colloquially "Olln")
- Haldensleben III
The following districts are identified:
The following are designated as places to live in the city:
Surprisingly, more than 130 patinated flint artefacts, mainly cuttings , have been plowed out of a field near Haldensleben since 2017 . They were located in layers of sand that were formed on moraines when glaciers melted and show features of old and middle Paleolithic tools. Since they can be assigned to the Saale glaciation, their age is between 400,000 and 130,000 years; they are likely to be assigned to one of the warm phases in which people, possibly Neanderthals , visited the area otherwise made uninhabitable by ice masses.
First mention, old and new Haldensleben
Haldensleben was first mentioned in a document in 966. It appears as “hahaldeslevo” in a document in which Emperor Otto I enfeoffed a certain Mamaco with the county of Haldensleben . Neuhaldensleben was a merchant settlement of the Burgwartfeste Althaldensleben in Northern Thuringia , which was granted market rights in 1150 . The city was destroyed in 1181 after a long siege by Archbishop Wichmann of Magdeburg . The siege was only successful because the attackers dammed up their ears and flooded the city. Since 1215 Haldensleben belonged to the Archdiocese of Magdeburg . In 1223 the reconstruction of the city of Neuhaldensleben began. The Cistercian convent Althaldensleben was founded in Althaldensleben in 1228 , a foundation by Archbishop Albrecht I. In 1277 the first city council was formed in Neuhaldensleben. In 1526 the market rights were granted again and in 1541 the Reformation was introduced. In 1636 the plague claimed over 2,000 victims, and in 1661 a major fire destroyed 60 houses.
Since 1680 Neuhaldensleben, as a so-called Immediatstadt, was directly subordinate to the Brandenburg-Prussian Duchy of Magdeburg and was in the Holzkreis until 1807 . During this time (1701–1703) the construction of the town hall, which was later converted into a classicistic style, also fell. Under Napoleon, the area of the Duchy of Magdeburg west of the Elbe was assigned to the Kingdom of Westphalia of his brother Jérôme , with Halberstadt becoming the seat of the Saale department . In 1810 the monastery was abolished. The buildings were sold to Johann Gottlob Nathusius , who drove the industrialization of the villages of Althaldensleben and Hundisburg. The ceramics industry and agricultural machinery were founded, and a sugar factory , the second in Germany to produce sugar from beetroot , was built. After the Congress of Vienna Neuhaldensleben became Prussian again, from then on it belonged to the newly created Province of Saxony and in 1816 became a district town.
time of the nationalsocialism
In 1938, after the Mittelland Canal went into operation , Alt- and Neuhaldensleben were merged to form Haldensleben. During the National Socialist era , the doctors and nurses at the regional hospital took part in the National Socialist murders , which killed 41 patients between 1941 and 1945. On April 10, 1945, around 1,600 concentration camp prisoners from the Mittelbau-Dora camp were driven through the city in two marching blocks towards Bülstringen . On April 13, 1945, units of the United States Army occupied the city. In the course of this, three canal bridges were blown up. The US flag fluttered over the town hall. After the American occupation had been replaced by the British military administration on June 1, 1945 , the Red Army entered Haldensleben on July 1, 1945.
City extensions (1950, again from 1991)
In 1950 the city was expanded to include industrial areas in the east and residential areas in the south. In 1963 Albertine Plock, granddaughter of Wilhelm Grimm , left part of the estate of the Brothers Grimm to the district museum (see Grimm exhibition in Haldensleben ).
The city expanded through the incorporation of Wedringen (1991), Satuelle (1992), Uthmöden (1992) and Hundisburg (1994). In 1992/93 the industrial area Haldensleben Ost was completed. The city won gold in the 2005 competition Our city is blossoming . In 2006 and 2008, Haldensleben was also voted the most family-friendly municipality in Saxony-Anhalt and in 2011 “Municipality of the Year” in Saxony-Anhalt. On January 1, 2014, Süplingen was incorporated with its district of Bodendorf.
Mayor Regina Blenkle has been suspended since February 2017. Deputy Mayor Sabine Wendler works as the incumbent mayor.
The city council consists of 28 members and the separately elected mayor. The local elections on May 26, 2019 with a turnout of 47.63% (2014: 35.62%) led to the following result:
|Party / list||Seats||+/-||Share of votes||+/-% p|
|CDU||7th||- 2nd||23.53%||- 8.52|
|AfD||4th||+ 3||14.82%||+ 12.61|
|The left||4th||- 1||12.79%||- 5.75|
|SPD||2||- 1||8.85%||- 1.85|
|Green||2||+ 1||6.77%||+ 1.95|
|FDP||1||± 0||1.94%||- 3.74|
|Free Independent Voting Community (FUWG)||1||- 2nd||5.17%||- 4.70|
|Citizens for citizens Haldensleben||2||± 0||7.98%||+ 1.86|
|Community of voters Pro Althaldensleben||1||- 1||4.87%||+ 0.40|
|Citizens' movement HDL||4th||+ 4||13.28%||+ 13.28|
The CDU and FDP have formed a parliamentary group with a total of eight seats. The Free Independent Voting Community, Citizens for Citizens and the Pro Althaldensleben Voting Community together form the citizens' group with four mandates. The other groups each form their own parliamentary groups.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on September 8, 1995 by the Magdeburg Regional Council.
Blazon : “In gold a blue castle with two four-window towers with red pointed roofs and knobs, connected by a tinned wall with an open black gate and golden gate wings; between the towers is an upright black key with a beard to the right. "
This coat of arms, which was later included in the council seal, probably dates from the time when Haldensleben received city rights from Heinrich the Lion . While the castle points to the fortifications and defenses of the city, perhaps also to Haldesleva Castle, which was already mentioned in a document by Emperor Otto I , the key probably indicates the location between Altmark and Magdeburg Börde: Haldensleben is the key between Altmark and Börde.
The coat of arms was designed by the Magdeburg municipal heraldist Jörg Mantzsch .
The flag of the city shows the colors blue / yellow with the applied city coat of arms.
Culture and sights
Historic old town with medieval town center and almost completely preserved, 2.1 kilometer long town wall, Bülstringer and Stendaler gate towers (both 13th century) and the classicist town hall of Haldensleben . In front of it are the Haldensleber Roland and the Breite Stein , a stone presumably historically used for judicial purposes. Only small remains of the Hagentor , which used to be part of the medieval defense system , have survived. Other sights include the Kühnesche Haus , a magnificent half-timbered building from 1592, and other historic half-timbered buildings such as the Repssche Haus and the Behrendssche Haus . The Templar House from 1553 is the oldest preserved half-timbered house in the city; it was the city courtyard of the Knights Templar in the 13th and 14th centuries. The oldest preserved building in the city is the Bülstringer Gate Tower, which was built between 1240 and 1269. In addition, are remarkable: St. Mary's Church (13th century), Kreismuseum with partial remission of the Brothers Grimm in the Grimm exhibition Haldensleben , synagogue Haldensleben that Grüttefiensches house on the market that Schinkel simultaneous church Althaldensleben that as vocational School used former Cistercian monastery Althaldensleben, the landscape park Althaldensleben-Hundisburg with rare plant species, the largest large stone burial ground in Northern Europe with numerous large stone graves in the Haldensleber forest , baroque castle Hundisburg with baroque garden and concert barn, technical monument Hundisburg brickworks (production of historical bricks. Museum), monument for the victims of fascism in the old city cemetery , memorial plaque in the forest cemetery for the victims of the T4 campaign , honorary cemetery on Magdeburger Strasse with graves of 87 forced laborers and prisoners of war from different nations, memorial stone for the Jewish victims of the Shoah on the former Jewish en cemetery on the Trendelberg ; Graves in the cemetery of the Wedringen district for unknown concentration camp prisoners and forced laborers.
Museum Haldensleben , community and communication center culture factory with Alstein Club with around 20 events per month, city and district library. "Kids & Co", youth café "Senfkorn" (sponsor: YMCA ), youth leisure center "Der Club", five youth clubs in the districts, music and special needs school "Musikus" (private school), music school of the district, district and city archives, exhibition on City history in the Bülstringer Tower, district adult education center, baroque palace Hundisburg with concert barn and restaurant / café, house of the forest.
There are eight churches in the city area:
In Haldensleben itself, near the market square, the historic St. Mary's Church , its parish of the same name belongs to the Haldensleben-Wolmirstedt parish of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany . As well as the Catholic St. Liborius Church on Gerikestraße from 1938/39, it belongs to the parish of St. Christophorus in the Stendal deanery .
In Althaldensleben as part of the Schinkel-Simultan-Kirche there is the Evangelical Luther Church and the Catholic Church of St. Johannes Baptist, in the Satuelle district there is the Evangelical St. Petrus Church, in the Uthmöden district an Evangelical church , in the Hundisburg district the Evangelical St. Andreas Church and in the Wedringen district the Evangelical Church of Our Dear Women .
sport and freetime
The sports club Haldensleber SC is based in Haldensleben. Founded in 1910 as Sport-Club Viktoria in Neuhaldensleben in 1910, the sports club survived a dissolution, several renaming and mergers. In 2005, the Althaldensleber sports club, which was only merged in 1998, split off from HSC in order to re-establish itself under the name ISV Haldensleben at its old venue on Lindenallee.
Haldensleben also has the Rolli-Bad sports and leisure pool, as well as two skate facilities and a BMX facility.
The old town festival takes place on the last weekend in August. In 2001 the Saxony-Anhalt Day was held at the same time . Other events with a supraregional reputation are the international SommerMusikAkademie Schloss Hundisburg in July / August, Grimm / Museum Day and art symposium in June, market spectacle on the second weekend in October, regular events at Schloss Hundisburg, star market from 2nd Advent, Whitsun festival, and a Children's festival in May.
Economy and Infrastructure
Haldensleben is on the B 71 Magdeburg - Salzwedel - Uelzen and the B 245 Halberstadt - Haldensleben. Oebisfelde , the B 1 and the B 189 can be reached via state roads . In addition, the nearby federal motorways have 2 and 14 exits to Haldensleben. There are also plans to build the new B 245n as a south-western bypass and access road for the Südhafen industrial park, which was newly developed in 2009, as well as the new construction of Bundesstraße 71 as a bypass for the Wedringen district and feeder for the planned A 14 north extension (Magdeburg - Schwerin ).
The following railway lines run through Haldensleben:
- Oebisfelde – Magdeburg
- to Weferlingen (freight traffic only)
- to Eilsleben (closed)
- to Gardelegen (partly freight traffic, partly shut down)
Regional trains on the Magdeburg - Haldensleben - Oebisfelde - Wolfsburg line stop at the station every hour (between Haldensleben and Wolfsburg every one to two hours). The station is also used for freight traffic.
- Line 100: Magdeburg ↔ Haldensleben ↔ Gardelegen ↔ Klötze ↔ Salzwedel
- Line 600: Haldensleben ↔ Rottmersleben ↔ Dreileben ↔ Seehausen ↔ Oschersleben
- Line 601: Haldensleben ↔ Wedringen ↔ Hillersleben ↔ Samswegen ↔ Wolmirstedt
The urban and regional bus transport is carried out by the BördeBus Verkehrsgesellschaft .
Commercial, industrial and manufacturing companies (selection)
- Primary school Gebrüder Alstein
- Elementary school Otto Boye
- Erich Kästner primary school
- St. Hildegard Primary School
- Secondary school "Marie Gerike" (until 2015: "Karl Liebknecht")
- Evangelical secondary school Haldensleben
- Professor-Friedrich-Förster-Gymnasium (since 2008, previously "Heinrich-Heine-Gymnasium" or "Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Gymnasium")
- Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi School for people with learning disabilities
- Johanne Nathusius School
- Ear school
- Vocational schools in the Börde district
- Borde district, Haldensleben district adult education center
- State Institute for Agriculture and Horticulture
- House of the Forest eco school
In 2013, Ameos took over the Ohre Klinikum, a basic and standard care hospital with around 270 beds, from Sana . It has a prostate cancer center certified by the German Cancer Society in 2010. The clinic offers consultation hours in Wolmirstedt and operates an ophthalmologist center in Magdeburg.
sons and daughters of the town
- Dietrich († 985), second Margrave of the Nordmark
- Bernhard I († around 1018), Margrave of the Nordmark
- Bernhard II. († after 1044), Margrave of the Nordmark
- Wilhelm († 1056), Margrave of the Nordmark
- Simon Schard (around 1535–1573), lawyer, bibliophile and historian
- Esaias Wilhelm Tappert (1666–1738), teacher of Johann Joachim Winckelmann in Stendal
- Friedrich von der Trenck (1727–1794), Prussian officer and adventurer
- Ernst Christoph Helle (1759–1826), factory owner, merchant and local politician
- Johann August Wilhelm Frantz (1769–1852), Prussian and Westphalian civil servant
- Peter Wilhelm Behrends (1773–1854), pastor and historian
- Friedrich Carl August Rücker (1773–1837), bookseller and publisher in Berlin
- Philipp von Nathusius (1815–1872), publicist and founder of the Neinstedter Anstalten
- Hermann Robolsky (1822–1901), educator and publicist
- Wilhelm Carl Ferdinand Munte (1827–1905), master bell founder
- Karl Parey (1830–1902), Prussian civil servant, lawyer and member of the Reichstag
- Ernst August Leopold Grüttefien (1837–1890), architect and master railroad builder
- Philipp von Nathusius, jun. (1842–1900), journalist and politician
- Arnold Hesse (1838–1908), Reich judge
- Martin von Nathusius (1843–1906), theologian and university professor
- Philipp Wegener (1848–1916), linguist and grammar school director
- Heinrich Schnee (1871–1949), Governor of German East Africa, President of the German Colonial Society, member of the Reichstag
- Ewald Dietrich (* 1881; † after 1946), politician (LDP) and member of the state parliament in Saxony-Anhalt and city councilor in Haldensleben
- Bernhard Uffrecht (1885–1959), educator
- Alexander Kolde (1886–1963), painter
- Arthur Heitschmidt (1893–1963), politician, State Minister of Saarland
- Wilhelm Mehl (1893–1940), local history researcher
- Rudolf Hübener (1898–1963), painter
- Friedrich Förster (1908–1999), physicist, namesake of the high school in Haldensleben
- Erich Deppner (1910–2005), SD and BND official
- Heinz Finke (1915–2007), photographer, photo reporter and chronicler
- Erhard Reis (* 1928), television presenter and author of children's books
- Gerhard Öhlmann (* 1931), chemist, professor, science manager and industrial consultant
- Joachim Trümper (* 1933), astrophysicist
- Dieter Miosge (* 1934), lawyer
- Erhard Franz Kaleta (* 1939), veterinarian
- Reinhild Solf (* 1941), actress
- Gerhard Ruden (* 1946), politician
- Reinhard Höppner (1948–2014), politician, Prime Minister of Saxony-Anhalt (1994–2002)
- Hans-Jürgen Wolf (1950–2018), voice actor, actor and radio play speaker
- Uwe Siemann (1957–1976), victim on the inner-German border
- Regina Blenkle (* 1961), member of the state parliament, mayor of the city of Haldensleben since 2015
- Mathias Koch (* 1962), long jumper
- Guido Henke (* 1964), politician and member of the state parliament of Saxony-Anhalt
- Jens Weinreich (* 1965), journalist
- Heiko Bonan (* 1966), soccer player
- Phil Hubbe (* 1966), cartoonist
- Kevin Schlitte (* 1981), soccer player
- Matthias Schlitte (* 1987), arm wrestler
- Antje Lauenroth (* 1988), handball player
- Tomas Tulpe , musician
The editorial office of the Haldensleber Volksstimme, a local edition of the regional daily newspaper Volksstimme, is located at Magdeburger Straße 10 .
- State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
- Ch. Waldenheim, Th. Weber: Paleolithic finds from the ice? , in: Archeology in Germany 06 | 2019, p. 65.
- Slavenchronik Arnold von Lübeck II, p. 11
- Solveig Grothe: I haven't done anything wrong. One day, accessed on December 27, 2017
- Database census 2011, Haldensleben, city, age + gender
- Result of the census in the GDR 1970; State Central Administration for Statistics (ed.): Population statistics yearbook of the GDR 1983. Published September 1984
- Stadtanzeiger Haldensleben dated June 11, 2019 - Announcement of the final election results of the 2019 city council election
- 145 years of consumption “Optimal-Kauf” eG, Haldensleben, Chronicle 1872–2017, published by the Heinrich Kaufmann Foundation of the Central Association of German Consumer Cooperatives, Hamburg 2017