|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||50 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||54.29 km 2|
|Residents:||11,441 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||211 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||39326 (Elbeu, Farsleben, Glindenberg, Mose, Wolmirstedt)|
|Area code :||039201|
|License plate :||BK , BÖ, HDL, OC, OK, WMS, WZL|
|Community key :||15 0 83 565|
|LOCODE :||DE QWS|
|City structure:||5 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayoress :||Marlies Cassuhn (independent)|
|Location of the city of Wolmirstedt in the Börde district|
In addition to the core town of Wolmirstedt, the following districts are shown:
Deutsche Post distinguishes between the following locations:
- 39326 Farsleben
- 39326 Glindenberg
- 39326 Moses
- 39326 Wolmirstedt, with the Elbeu district
The annual precipitation is 472 mm and is therefore extremely low, lower values are registered at only one percent of the measuring stations of the German Weather Service . The driest month is February, with the most rainfall in June. In June there is 1.8 times more rainfall than in February.
The first documentary mention came from the year 1014. Thietmar von Merseburg reported in his chronicle of an event that had occurred five years earlier in Wolmirstedt. He referred to anno 1009.
Heinrich the Lion was overthrown as Duke of Saxony in 1180 and died in 1195. This gave the Ascani the opportunity to include the area west of the Elbe in their territorial formation . One of the measures taken by Albrecht II , Margrave of Brandenburg (1205–1220) was the expansion of Wolmirstedt Castle in 1208. According to the margrave chronicle, it was directed against the Archbishopric of Magdeburg . Armed conflicts between the two did not come down to us until later times, it was about the supremacy in the Elbe- Oder region . The troops of Wilbrand , Archbishop of Magdeburg (1235–1253) and Heinrich III. , Margrave of Meißen (1221–1288) incinerated Wolmirstedt in the summer of 1243.
The area around Wolmirstedt was called Grafschaft Billungshöhe, which u. a. had a Dingstätte near Dahlenwarsleben and was temporarily administered by the Counts of Falkenstein on behalf of the Margraves . On June 11, 1316, Waldemar , Margrave of Brandenburg (1308-1319) sold the county of Billungshöhe for 2,260 marks with the right of repurchase to the Archbishopric of Magdeburg. Wolmirstedt and Elbeu were excluded . Waldemar pledged the former town and probably also the neighboring village south of the Ohre three years later to the archbishop for 12,000 marks. Since no redemption took place, the land register of Emperor Charles IV of 1375 added the spots and the castle to the spiritual territory .
Wolmirstedt played a role in the appearance of the fake Waldemar . Arriving from Magdeburg , he presented himself to the public for the first time in August 1348. Several certificates were issued on site between August 17th and 20th, granting privileges to towns in Markbrandenburg. At the end of August, the alleged margrave rode into the march accompanied by Otto , Archbishop of Magdeburg (1327-1361), Rudolf I and Otto, dukes of Saxony-Wittenberg , Albrecht, Count von Barby and their followers . The village itself received city rights in 1590 .
In the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) it suffered severe damage. Wolmirstedt housed an imperial garrison. In July 1631 a cavalry regiment moved from her to Burgstall . The cavalry of Gustav Adolf II , King of Sweden (1611–1632) slaughtered it. In 1680 the archbishopric became the Duchy of Magdeburg in Brandenburg-Prussia , Wolmirstedt was already in the wooden circle .
In the years 1848/49 the station building was connected to the railway network. From 1850 the leather industry settled with six factories. The city has had its own power station since 1895. Later, with the Wolmirstedt substation, it became an important node in the power grid.
On April 13, 1945, US troops occupied Wolmirstedt and transferred it to the Soviet occupation zone on July 1, 1945 . 1952 Elbeu was incorporated. In the years that followed, voluntary construction work resulted in the Stadium of Peace, the open-air stage and the promenade on the Ohre. Housing construction was promoted in the 1970s. 3000 apartments were built primarily using prefabricated panels.
Wolmirstedt was the district town of the district of the same name . Until it was merged with the district of Haldensleben to form the Ohrekreis in 1994 and Haldensleben was declared the seat of the district administration and district council. On July 1, 2007, the Ohrekreis merged with the Bördekreis to form the Börde district.
In 2009 the city celebrated "1000 years of Wolmirstedt".
Elbeu was incorporated on July 1, 1950. Moses joined on January 1, 1993. On January 1, 2009, the previously independent community of Farsleben was incorporated. The urban area increased from 31.76 km² to 38.88 km². With the incorporation of Glindenberg on July 1, 2009, the urban area increased to 54.29 km².
Since the local elections on May 25, 2014 , the city council has 28 members. The turnout was 39.1 percent. The choice brought the following result:
|2014||13 seats||5 seats||4 seats||2 seats||1 seat||2 seats||1 seat|
Since the local elections on May 26, 2019 , the city council has 28 members. The turnout was 43.3 percent. The choice led to the following result:
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU)||25.5%||7 seats|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||17.0%||5 seats|
|Alternative for Germany (AfD)||16.8%||5 seats|
|The left||10.1%||3 seats|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||2.3%||1 seats|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens (Greens)||4.9%||1 seat|
|KWG Börde||12.3%||3 seats|
Another member of the city council and its chairman is the mayor. Martin Stichnoth was elected mayor on February 17, 2013. In the first ballot, he got 54.0 percent of the vote and thus made a runoff unnecessary. The turnout was 48.0 percent.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on June 20, 1997 by the Magdeburg Regional Council.
Blazon : “In silver, Saint Catherine in a red robe with golden hair and a golden nimbus, in her right hand an overturned silver sword with a golden quillons and golden hilt, in the left a broken golden wheel with five spokes and four points; a blue shield with a silver lily at her feet. "
The colors of the city are blue - silver (white).
The city flag is divided diagonally into two fields, blue in the upper left field and white in the lower right field. In the middle it contains the coat of arms of the city.
Wolmirstedt has a partnership with Wunstorf in Lower Saxony.
Culture and sights
- The Wolmirstedt Museum was founded in 1927 on the initiative of the teacher Hans Dunker. His building, a reconstructed quarry stone barn, is located in the middle of the castle domain . It houses several permanent exhibitions on the city's history, natural history and geological exhibitions and three historical workshops (wheelwright, blacksmith and saddlery).
- The pharmacy museum uses the first floor of the 300 year old Adler pharmacy (Friedensstraße 48). It is publicly accessible by appointment. This includes a herb garden with numerous medicinal plants. The museum director is Konrad Riedel.
- Memorial at the St. Katharinen cemetery for six unknown concentration camp prisoners who were murdered on Haidberg near Lindhorst in April 1945, initially buried there and buried here in 1946. You probably belonged to a death march from the Dora-Mittelbau concentration camp .
- Graves in the same cemetery for 32 named men and women from different nations who were abducted to Germany during the Second World War and victims of forced labor in agriculture and the sugar factory of the large landowner Loß.
- The most notable architectural monuments are Wolmirstedt Castle and the historic castle chapel as evidence of the brick Gothic . Locally known as the castle domain, the castle is now the seat of the branch of the Haldensleben district court. In the 16th century, the future Elector Joachim Friedrich von Brandenburg lived as administrator at the castle at that time. During this time it became a representative Renaissance residence (similar to Bernburg Castle). The castle later fell into disrepair, and many parts were demolished at the end of the Thirty Years' War to rebuild the destroyed city. In the 18th century the castle was given its current form in the simple baroque . Since then, the castle has been used by the Prussian state as an agricultural domain . Today preserved buildings are the castle with chapel, the manor house (18th century), gatehouse, stables (today library) and field stone barn (district museum). The first documented mention in 1014 describes an attack in 1009 on the eastern wall of the upper castle. This wall has been preserved in fragments until recently and was the oldest building in the city. In 2007 the fragments of the wall were torn down to create parking spaces for the 1000th anniversary in 2009.
The notable buildings in the historic city center include:
- the old town hall , originally from the 16th century, today a residential and commercial building,
- the Kurfürst-Joachim-Friedrich-Gymnasium , built in 1995 for 30 million marks as well
- an arcade house in August-Bebel-Straße 49, built in the 18th century.
The other sacred buildings besides the castle church are:
- the Protestant Sankt-Katharinen-Kirche in the center of Wolmirstedt; the city is the seat of the parish of Haldensleben-Wolmirstedt in the Evangelical Church in Central Germany ,
- the so-called New Abbey a little east of St. Katharina,
- the Catholic Sankt-Josef-Kirche in Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 18, built in 1936, today belongs to the parish of St. Christophorus with its seat in Haldensleben ,
- a New Apostolic Church on Friedensstrasse; the parish dates back to 1905 and
- The services of the Pentecostal parish Wolmirstedt take place in the community center on the castle domain; it belongs to the Federation of Free Church Pentecostal Congregations .
West of the city center are:
Economy and Infrastructure
In Wolmirstedt there is a large 380 kV substation , the Wolmirstedt substation . During the GDR era, an HVDC close coupling with a transmission capacity of 600 megawatts was to be built on the area of this substation , but this plan was abandoned after German reunification in 1990 because it was decided to synchronize the power grids of East and West Germany, see also the German electricity network . The converter hall was completed (coordinate: ). The 380 kV line leading from the Wolmirstedt substation to the decommissioned Lubmin nuclear power plant was the longest power line in Germany.
Wolmirstedt station is on the Magdeburg – Stendal – Wittenberge line and is used by regional express trains on the RE20 (Magdeburg – Stendal – Uelzen) and S1 (Schönebeck-Salzelmen – Magdeburg – Stendal – Wittenberge) S-Bahn Mittelelbe Served every half hour. Until 1965, the place was also the starting point of the Wolmirstedt – Colbitz small railway .
The Mittelland Canal crosses the Elbe near Wolmirstedt . The city can be reached via the Magdeburg-Zentrum junction of the federal highway 2 , the Wolmirstedt junction of the federal highway 14 and the federal highway 189 .
- Bodelschwingh House Wolmirstedt e. V., social diaconal institution
- Education and leisure center
- Kurfürst-Joachim-Friedrich-Gymnasium , over 70 teachers teach around 1200 students in the main building and the branch
- Secondary school Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
- All-day school Johannes Gutenberg
- Diesterweg primary school
- School for the mentally handicapped Gerhard Schöne
- Kreisvolkshochschule Ohrekreis branch Wolmirstedt
- Technical school for social education at the Bodelschwinghhaus
- Anna Katharina von Brandenburg (1575–1612), Queen of Denmark
- Johann Georg von Brandenburg (1577–1624), Duke of Jägerndorf
- Christian Wilhelm von Brandenburg (1587–1665), Margrave
- Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten (1706–1757), theologian at the Friedrichs University in Halle
- Julius Bremer (1828–1894), co-founder of the Magdeburg workers' movement
- Wilhelm Noeldechen (1839–1916), poet doctor
- Friedrich Robert Kretschmann (1858–1934), ear specialist
- Friedrich Schrader (1865–1922), journalist and writer
- Hans Schmidt (1877–1953), theologian
- Otto Schellert (1889–1975), General of the Infantry
- Jürgen Volkmann (1929–2017), judge at the Federal Social Court
- Gerold Adam (1933–1996), biophysicist
- Elisabeth Eichholz (* 1939), racing cyclist
- Rüdiger Kipke (* 1942), political scientist at the University of Siegen
- Gerd Domhardt (1945–1997), composer
- Heinz Oelze (1947–2017), football player
- Hartmut Eichel (* 1952), soccer player
- Bernd Lindner (* 1956), rowing coach
- Günther Schliwka (* 1956), weightlifter
- Katrin Kunert (* 1964), politician (Die Linke)
- Steffen Wesemann (* 1971), racing cyclist
- Carlo Westphal (* 1985), racing cyclist
- Ilka Wolf (* 1986), singer
- Benjamin Schroeder (* 1986), actor
- State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
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- Eckart Roloff , Karin Henke-Wendt: A paradise for eyes, noses and palate (The Pharmacy Museum Wolmirstedt). In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 1, Northern Germany. Verlag S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, ISBN 978-3-7776-2510-2 , pp. 230-231.