Johannes Schultze (historian)
Johannes Schultze (born May 13, 1881 in Großkrausnik ; † October 2, 1976 in Berlin ) was a German historian and archivist . Through his work, Schultze is considered to be the Nestor of Brandenburg-Prussian regional history.
Johannes Schultze grew up as the son of a country pastor in Wulkow since 1883 . Schultze attended the Saxon State School Pforta . He studied history, German and geography in Freiburg and Berlin. In Berlin he made contacts with Edmund Stengel , Ernst Perels , Fedor Schneider and Mario Krammer . With Michael Tangl he was in June 1905 with a study of the document system Lothar III. PhD. Influenced by his academic teacher, he renounced the state examination for the higher teaching post and opted for the Prussian archive service. Schultze worked as an archivist at the state archives in Koblenz, Magdeburg and Marburg. In 1909 he married. In 1914 he returned to the Secret State Archives in Berlin. After the Second World War , Schultze worked hard to revive the Association for the History of Berlin . Since 1949 he has been an honorary professor of historical auxiliary sciences and the history of the Mark Brandenburg region at the newly created Free University of Berlin .
He was a member of the Brandenburg Historical Commission and since the 34th volume has been the editor of research on Brandenburg and Prussian history for 20 years . Since 1922, Schultze was also secretary of the Märkisches Historisches Verein . He founded the Association of Brandenburg History Societies . Schultze presented an edition of the Landbuch der Mark Brandenburg from 1375 . One of Schultze's students was Werner Vogel , who later became director of the Secret State Archives.
In 1940, Schultze became an honorary member of the Niederlausitz Society for History and Archeology and an honorary member of the Association for the History of Berlin. A commemorative publication was dedicated to him in 1971. Two years later he was awarded the Cross of Merit 1st Class of the Federal Republic of Germany.
He is buried in the Dahlem forest cemetery. His grave is dedicated to the city of Berlin as an honorary grave .
Several monographs and numerous smaller essays have been published by Johannes Schultze.
- Lehnin. 750 years of monastery and local history with previously unknown views of the 18th century. Bernburg 1930.
- The Landbuch der Mark Brandenburg from 1375. Ed. Johannes Schultze (= publications of the historical commission for the province of Brandenburg and the imperial capital Berlin VIII, 2 = Brandenburg land books 2). Berlin 1940. ( digitized version )
- Research on Brandenburg and Prussian history. Selected essays. (= Publications of the Historischen Kimmisiin zu Berlin. Volume 13) Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1964. ( Google book ),
- The Mark Brandenburg. 5 volumes, Berlin 1961–69 (2nd rev. Edition in one volume 1989).
- History of the city of Neuruppin. 4th edition, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-428-13727-5 .
- Gerd Heinrich : Johannes Schultze (1881–1976). The life and work of a Brandenburg state historian [obituary]. In: Yearbook for the History of Central and Eastern Germany 26, 1977, pp. 452–467.
- Lothar Treder-Schmidt: Johannes Schultze, the great archivist and historiographer of Brandenburg, on his 130th birthday. In: Niederlausitz Studies. Issue 37, Cottbus 2011, pp. 111–116 (with picture)
- Wolfgang Ribbe : Johannes Schultze (1881–1976). Prussian state archivist and Brandenburg state historian. In: Friedrich Beck and Klaus Neitmann (eds.): Life pictures of Brandenburg archivists and historians. State, local and church archivists, state, regional and church historians, archaeologists, historical geographers, regional and folklorists of the 19th and 20th centuries. be.bra Wissenschaft verlag, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-937233-90-1 , pp. 97–102.
- Ulf Heinrich (edit.): Bibliography Johannes Schultze. In: Johannes Schultze: Research on Brandenburg and Prusian history. Selected essays. (= Publications of the Historical Commission for Berlin. Volume 13.) Walter der Gruyter, Berlin 1964. pp. 298–305
- Literature by and about Johannes Schultze in the catalog of the German National Library
- Bibliography Regesta Imperii
- Short biography and information on the work of Johannes Schultze at Literaturport with photo
- ↑ Peter Bahl : Obituary for Gerd Heinrich. In: Jahrbuch für Brandenburgische Landesgeschichte 63 (2012), pp. 352–360, here: p. 357. Wolfgang Ribbe: Johannes Schultze (1881–1976). Prussian state archivist and Brandenburg state historian. In: Friedrich Beck and Klaus Neitmann (eds.): Life pictures of Brandenburg archivists and historians. State, local and church archivists, state, regional and church historians, archaeologists, historical geographers, regional and folklorists of the 19th and 20th centuries. Berlin 2013, pp. 97-102, here: p. 101.
- ^ Announcements from the Association for the History of Berlin, Volume 4, April 1, 1966.
- ↑ Announcement of awards of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. In: Federal Gazette . Vol. 25, No. 43, March 9, 1973.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German historian and archivist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 13, 1881|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Großkrausnik|
|DATE OF DEATH||2nd October 1976|
|Place of death||Berlin|