Edmund Ernst Stengel

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Edmund Ernst Stengel (born December 24, 1879 in Marburg ; † October 4, 1968 there ; full name: Edmund Ernst Hermann Stengel ) was a German historian and diplomat .


Edmund Ernst Stengel was a son of the Romanist Edmund Max Stengel and the older brother of the cultural historian Walter Stengel . From 1898 he studied modern history and philology in Lausanne . He moved to Greifswald and Berlin , where he received his doctorate in 1902. Stengel's teacher in Berlin, Michael Tangl , introduced him to research into the immunity privileges of the Saxon and Salian kings. The immunity certificates of the German kings from the 10th to the 12th century became his first research focus, both his dissertation and his habilitation dealt with this topic, in which he combined diplomatic methods and questions of constitutional history.

In 1903, Stengel began the preparatory work for the edition of the Constitutions of Charles IV as part of the Leges department of the MGH . In 1907 he completed his habilitation in Marburg and in 1914 became professor for middle and modern history, especially for the historical auxiliary sciences . In 1922 he created the major institute for medieval history, historical auxiliary sciences and historical regional studies at the University of Marburg. Seven years later he founded the photo archive of older original documents in Marburg . From 1908 he was a member of the Historical Commission for Hesse , 1919–1929 its treasurer and 1929–1939 and 1942–1954 its chairman.

After the seizure of power of the Nazis he was on 11 November 1933 the signatories to the commitment of the professors at German universities and colleges to Adolf Hitler and the Nazi state . In 1937 he became a member of the NSDAP . He left Marburg in the same year when he was appointed President of the Reich Institute for Older German History by Adolf Hitler , which included the management of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica (MGH) and the German Historical Institute in Rome . From 1936 he was a corresponding member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences .

Stengel transferred the photo archive from Marburg to Berlin in order to be able to continue working on a table for forging documents . In March 1941 he was an invited guest at the opening of Alfred Rosenberg's pseudoscientific and anti-Jewish institute for research into the Jewish question in Frankfurt. In 1942, Stengel returned to Marburg with the photo archive.

In 1946, Stengel retired. In 1948 he was elected a corresponding member, and in 1950 a full member, of the Central Management of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Stengel only stepped down from the management of the various research institutions. In 1963 he handed over the management of the photo archive to Heinrich Büttner . Until 1964 he published ten volumes in the Archives for Diplomatics, History of Writing, Seal and Heraldry (AfD). He also worked as the editor of Nova Alamanniae , Rudolf Losse's estate . Stengel's estate is kept as a deposit in the Hessian State Archives in Marburg (inventory 340 Stengel).


  • The certificate of immunity from Ludwig the Pious for Inden Monastery (Cornelimünster) , in: NA 29 (1904), pp. 375–393.
  • A German doctrine of documents from the thirteenth century. A contribution to the history of the reception of canon law , in: NA 30 (1905), pp. 647-671.
  • To assess the OI 86 diploma for Trier. A reply , in: NA 30 (1905), pp. 710-713.
  • About a certificate from Lothar III. for Einsiedeln , in: NA 31 (1906), pp. 715–720.
  • Diplomacy of the German immunity privileges from the 9th to the end of the 11th century , Innsbruck 1910 (ND Aalen 1964).
  • Fuldensia, part I. The forgery of documents by Rudolf von Fulda , in: AUF 5 (1914), pp. 41–152.
  • Fuldensia, Part II. About the Carolingian cartules of the Fulda Monastery , in: AUF 7 (1921), p. 1 ff.
  • Edited with Klaus Schäfer: Nova Alamanniae. Documents, letters and other sources, especially on German history in the 14th century , 2 volumes, Berlin a. a. 1921-1976.
  • Germany, France and the Rhine. A historical parallel , Langensalza 1926 (= writings on political education , 5, 2).
  • The emergence of the imperial privilege for the Roman church , in: HZ 134 (1926), pp. 216–241.
  • Central office for the photographs of older documents on German soil , lecture at the 21st German Archives Day in Marburg, in: Korrespondenzblatt des Gesamtverein der deutschen Geschichts- und Altertumsvereine 77 (1929), pp. 206 ff.
  • Programmatic information on the photo archive of older original documents in Marburg , in: Minerva 6 (1930), p. 34 ff.
  • Avignon and Rhens. Research on the history of the struggle for the right to the Reich in the first half of the 14th century , Weimar 1930.
  • Karl Widmers Pfäverser Fälschungen , in: Leo Santifaller (Ed.): Festschrift for Albert Brackmann presented by friends, colleagues and students , Weimar 1931, pp. 591–601.
  • About the donation of Breitungen to the Reichsabtei Hersfeld , in: MIÖG 49 (1935), p. 439 ff.
  • About Ludwig the Pious, alleged donation from Urspringen to Fulda , in: Das Thüringer Fähnlein 5 (1936), p. 210 ff.
  • Charles III lost privilege for Amorbach and the Italian origin of its version , in: QFIAB 32 (1942), pp. 1–12.
  • The fake founding privilege of Charlemagne for the Spessart monastery Neustadt am Main , in: MIÖG 58 (1950), p. 1 ff.
  • Fuldensia, Part III: Fragments of the lost cartulars of Hrabanus Maurus , in: AfD 2 (1956), p. 116 ff.
  • Zwentibold's documents of Lorraine and Otto the Great on the 'forest' south of the Moselle , in: AfD 3 (1957), p. 20 ff.
  • with Oskar Semmelmann: Fuldensia , Part IV: Investigations into the early history of the Fulder monastery archive , in: AfD 4 (1958), p. 120 ff.
  • Document book of the Fulda monastery. 1. The time of the abbots Sturmi and Baugulf , Marburg 1958 (= publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse and Waldeck , 10.1).
  • Treatises and investigations on medieval history , Cologne a. a. 1960.
  • Treatises and studies on Hessian history , Marburg 1960 (= publications of the historical commission for Hesse and Waldeck , 26).
  • Fuldensia , Part V: The fake tithe privileges of the ninth century , in: AfD 8 (1962), pp. 12–67.
  • Heinrich the dove (with 1 plate), in: MIÖG 71 (1963), p. 76 ff.


Web links


  1. a b c Ernst Klee : The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945 . Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, second updated edition, Frankfurt am Main 2005, ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 , p. 601.
  2. ^ Members of the previous academies. Edmund Stengel. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities , accessed on June 20, 2015 .
  3. Overview of the "Stengel estate"  inventory (HStAM inventory 340 Stengel). In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), status: 2003.