University of Greifswald
|University of Greifswald|
|motto||Knowledge beckons. Since 1456|
|founding||October 17, 1456|
|Rector||Johanna Eleonore Weber|
|Students||10.019 (WS 2019/20)|
|Employee||6,243 (2019, including university medicine )|
|including professors||191 (2018)|
|Annual budget||47 million euros (2018)|
|Networks||Network of medium-sized universities|
The University of Greifswald (1933–2018 Ernst Moritz Arndt University Greifswald ) is a university based in the Hanseatic city of Greifswald . It was founded in 1456 and is one of the oldest universities in Central Europe. It is the fourth oldest continuously existing university in the Federal Republic of Germany and at the same time the second oldest in the Baltic Sea region ; Due to the changing territorial affiliation of Western Pomerania , it was temporarily also the oldest university in Sweden (1648–1815) and Prussia (1815–1947).
Due to its wide range of subjects, it is a comprehensive university . Around two thirds of the around 10,400 students come from outside Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania to study in Greifswald, including many Erasmus and other foreign students from over 90 countries.
In the vicinity of the university, through institutes, start- ups and company settlements, clusters of business and research in areas of cutting-edge technology such as biotechnology (BioCon Valley) and nuclear fusion ( Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics ) have settled.
In its first three and a half centuries, the University of Greifswald or Universitas Gryphiswaldensis - Academia Gryphiswaldensis / Alma Gryphiswaldensis Universitas - Pomeranorum Universitas - Academia Gryphica - Academy of Greifswald - Royal Academy of Greifswald . It was not given an official name until 1815 in the Prussian province of Pomerania .
- Royal University of Greifswald (1815)
- Prussian University of Greifswald (1921)
- Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald (1933–2018)
After 1945, the university tacitly renounced the Ernst-Moritz-Arndt name affix, given in 1933 . On August 15, 1954, the State Secretariat for Higher Education informed the university that it had never canceled the name “Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald” and that it did not need to be given a formal name to continue it. Now the university again carried the full name Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität .
Ernst Moritz Arndt was highly respected in the GDR public and as the namesake of the university. In the period after German reunification , Arndt's critical evaluation, which had already begun in West Germany in the 1960s, also reached Greifswald. In 2009, this prompted the university's senate to set up a commission to deal with the question of abandoning or retaining the name Ernst Moritz Arndt in order to submit a proposal for a decision to the senate. Applications to change the university name have been rejected several times by the university committees, most recently in 2010 in a ballot among the students (voter turnout 23 percent, 49.9 percent of which for retention, 43.4 percent for discarding a name) and in the academic senate of the university ( 36 votes, 22 for retention and 14 for abandonment).
On January 18, 2017, the Academic Senate decided with an exact two-thirds majority that the university should drop the name Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald . In the future the name should be University of Greifswald again . The decision was met with public protests and legal objections in Greifswald. Chancellor Angela Merkel also criticized the Senate's decision in a speech a few days after the vote.
On March 7, 2017, the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Ministry of Education refused to give the required approval to the name change because the voting process was not in accordance with the State University Act.
In an opinion poll on the university name, which the university organized from November 27, 2017 to December 8, 2017, 48.66 percent of the participants voted for the name "Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald" and 34.38 percent for the name "University of Greifswald". A compromise solution was rejected by 57.18 percent of those surveyed, while 29.82 percent agreed. 32.7 percent of the 15,149 eligible participants had expressed their opinion. Regardless of this, the Academic Senate decided on January 17, 2018 again to drop the name Ernst Moritz Arndt, whereby, according to a compromise formula, the name of the previous patron of the official name of the University of Greifswald can be added on certain occasions . The change required the approval of the Ministry of Education.
On April 19, 2018, the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture confirmed the name change approved by the University's Senate. With the announcement to the public at the university and the entry into force of the 12th statute for the amendment of the constitution on June 1, 2018, the university is now called the University of Greifswald. The addition to the name “Ernst-Moritz-Arndt” may hardly be used in practice.
The university was founded on October 17, 1456 as Academia Gryphica . Academic teaching had been taking place in Greifswald since 1436. The reason for this was the imposition of the imperial ban on the city of Rostock , whereupon the university there had to move to neighboring Greifswald until 1443.
The foundation took place on the initiative of the local mayor, and later the first rector, Heinrich Rubenow after approval by Emperor Friedrich III. and Pope Kalixt III. and under the protection of the Pomeranian Duke Wartislaw IX. .
The foundation ceremony took place under the Camminer Bishop Henning Iven in Greifswald Cathedral St. Nikolai , where university events such as the annual enrollment ceremony still take place today. First the four classical faculties : Theology , Philosophy , Medicine and Law were established.
After Rostock (1419) and before Uppsala (1477) and Copenhagen (1479), the university became the second university in Northern Europe and the Baltic Sea area. In today's Germany there are only three universities that are older and have existed to this day without interruption: the University of Heidelberg (1386), the University of Leipzig (1409) and the University of Rostock .
Until 1648: Pomeranian State University
Due to its location and the fact that the city is part of the Hanseatic League , intensive relationships with its northern neighbors in Scandinavia and the Baltic States developed in the early days of the university . Up to the introduction of the Reformation (1526), 476 Scandinavians studied here; 22 Northern Europeans are among the university professors and six among the rectors of this time. With Johannes Bugenhagen the university counts an outstanding personality of the Reformation time and close confidante of Martin Luther among its graduates.
From 1527 to 1539 the university had to temporarily cease teaching because the previous beneficiary economy collapsed with the Reformation and many students also emigrated. In 1539 it was reopened and financially refurbished by Duke Philip I of Pomerania as a Protestant state university. Among other things, she received the secularized Greifswald Dominican Monastery (Black Monastery) and the income from the likewise secularized Eldena Monastery . The professorships of the theological faculty were personally linked to the pastors of the Greifswald parish churches, whereby the holder of the first theological professorship as pastor of St. Nikolai was also general superintendent of Pommern-Wolgast . The connection between the university and the early modern state continued in the other faculties: the lawyers were employed at the court, the physicians as ducal personal physicians and the artists as prince educators . In addition to the dukes, the estates also acted as sponsors of the university, for example by donating scholarships and free meals for students.
Philipp's successor, Ernst Ludwig , initiated the construction of a college building named after him, which was not completed until after his death and on whose foundation walls today's main building stands. The last Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast, Philipp Julius , gave the university a precious bicycle coat, which until the recent past was worn by the rectors on ceremonial occasions.
In 1604, the Greifswald University Library was set up, the first university library in Germany. For several decades there was a purchase agreement for 2,000 guilders with a Wittenberg book printer. The contract only ended at the end of the 17th century. The book inventory includes manuscripts and early prints by renowned writers and printers such as Johannes Gutenberg , Thomas Thorild and others. v. a.
In 1634, Duke Bogislaw XIV bequeathed the office of Eldena to the university at the gates of the city with around 14,000 hectares to settle outstanding professorial salaries , making it the largest landowner among German universities for a long time.
1648–1815: Swedish times
As a result of the division of Pomerania by the Peace of Westphalia , Greifswald was in Swedish Pomerania from 1648 . Apart from a temporary Danish occupation (1715–1720) in the Great Northern War , the university was from then until 1815 shaped and generously funded by Swedish science policy. In the late 18th century in particular, it gained new importance as a cultural bridge between Sweden and Germany: more than 1,500 Swedes studied or worked here as scientists, including the Swedish philosopher Thomas Thorild (1759–1808) and the theologian and Scandinavian Jakob Wallenius .
The most visible evidence of the “Swedish era” is the representative main building in Domstrasse, which was built from 1747 to 1750 by the Greifswald mathematician Andreas Mayer in the style of the North German late baroque. Today's auditorium , formerly used as a library, is considered a special gem of this architectural style and gave the name to the famous novel by the GDR writer Hermann Kant .
In 1815, Swedish Pomerania and the University of Greifswald passed into Prussian ownership, making it the oldest university in Prussia. The university was named Royal University of Greifswald . For the 400th anniversary of the university, the Rubenow monument was inaugurated in 1856 in the presence of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia. It is still in its place in front of the main building and was extensively restored in 2006 for the 550th anniversary of the establishment.
Especially in the second half of the 19th century, the university developed into a modern research university . In addition to medicine , the faculties of law and theology, ancient studies and philologies flourished . The Historical Institute was founded in 1863 as the first in Prussia and the fourth oldest in Germany. The law faculty was expanded in 1905 by adding an economics department (today the business administration department) to the law and political science department. In 1912 the German Palaeontological Society was founded on the initiative of the Greifswald paleontologist Otto Jaekel . During the Weimar Republic , the spectrum of the university was expanded by several new institutes (Nordic Institute, Gustaf Dalman Institute for Palestine Studies , Victor Schultze Institute with Christian-archaeological collection, biological research institute on the island of Hiddensee ). After the end of the monarchy, the university was officially named the Prussian University of Greifswald in 1921 .
1933–1945: National Socialism and World War II
On May 16, 1933, at its own request, initiated by theology professor Walther Glawe , the then Prussian Prime Minister Hermann Göring gave the university the name " Ernst Moritz Arndt ". Arndt had once studied theology in Greifswald and, with interruptions, taught as a historian from 1800 to 1811. From here he published his socially critical work “An attempt at a history of serfdom in Pomerania and Rügen”, his work “Germania and Europe” and the first part of “The Spirit of Time”.
From 1933 onwards, for racial and other reasons, a number of university professors were expelled from their place of work by the Nazi regime , including the geographer Gustav Braun (rector of the university in 1930), the legal scholars Fritz Klingmüller and Paul Merkel , as well as the classical philologist, former dean and Rector Konrat Ziegler . The psychiatrist and neurologist Edmund Forster took his own life after unjustified denunciations. In total, the university lost 20 professors, around 12% of the teaching staff, due to the National Socialist cleansing policy. National Socialists were now predominantly appointed to vacant positions, but professors also joined the NSDAP . In the summer semester of 1939, 66 of the 116 members of the close faculty belonged to the party (56.9 percent). The newly appointed professors included the economists Theodor Oberländer and Peter-Heinz Seraphim , the chemist Gerhart Jander , the art historian Kurt Wilhelm-Kästner and the English scholar Reinhard Haferkorn . Lecturers and professors now increasingly dealt with ideologically motivated research, for example on folklore, religious studies and police law. With the appointment of Carl Engel , who redesigned the archaeological museums in the occupied Baltic States from 1941, the university received a chair for prehistory for the first time. In the course of realigning science for the coming war, the university also made a name for itself in the natural sciences. The physical institute was declared an armaments factory, members of the geological institute mapped the mineral resources of Pomerania and were later active in the occupied territories. Several researchers looked at the warfare agent mustard gas . The chemical institute examined the behavior of the substance as an aerosol . In the pharmacological and physiological institute, the effectiveness of various substances in healing lost wounds was examined. While these experiments were carried out on volunteers, mostly members of the student companies, the head of the Dermatology Clinic Wilhelm Richter tried the material on patients without their knowledge. It is controversial whether the attempts by university members with the foot-and-mouth disease virus in the Reichsforschungsanstalt Insel Riems were offensive or defensive.
How much the university collections and the library profited from looted property can no longer be traced. However, the library was included in the centrally organized book exchange and received works from France, Norway and Poland. Due to the destruction of files, the extent of the employment of prisoners of war can no longer be exactly reconstructed. The university employed around 60 prisoners of war on the Koitenhagen estate, which it managed itself, and in the forests. The arboretum of the botanical garden was laid out with the help of prisoners of war. A work command from the Greifswald prisoner-of-war camp ( Stalag II C) also set up the extinguishing water ponds at the mental hospital and on the new east site near the ear clinic. In the clinics, prisoners of war were used as nurses and assistants.
At the end of the war, professors contributed to the peaceful surrender of the city of Greifswald, including Rector Carl Engel and the internist Gerhardt Katsch , who negotiated the terms of surrender with the Soviet commanders in Anklam.
Although all former members of the NSDAP were dismissed in 1945, in 1949 17.9 percent of the professorships and teaching positions were again occupied by former National Socialists. In the Federal Republic of Germany another 35 former National Socialists found positions of responsibility as professors or chief physicians. In the GDR there were 14.
1945–1990: post-war period and GDR
The university closed after World War II and reopened on February 15, 1946. The Free German Youth published the monthly young university from 1949–1954 . The faculties have been restructured:
The law and political science faculty was largely closed. A new agricultural faculty was created in 1946 from the former Agricultural Academy Eldena . It was moved to the University of Rostock in 1950 and later reintegrated into the University of Greifswald as an institute. 1946–1955 there was a pedagogical faculty to train new teachers . The “Martin Andersen Nexö” Faculty of Workers and Peasants established in 1949 was intended to break the “bourgeois educational privilege” and develop a new “socialist intelligentsia”. It was closed in 1962. A social science institute was established for the Marxist-Leninist education required for all students from 1951 . It was renamed the Institute for Marxism-Leninism in 1960 and in 1969 (until 1990) the "Marxism-Leninism Section".
Also in 1951, the natural sciences were spun off from the Philosophical Faculty and transferred to a separate Mathematical and Natural Science Faculty. In the 1950s a new institute complex was built on Jahnstrasse. A conversion of the medical faculty into a military medical academy intended by the GDR leadership was averted by a student strike in 1955. However, the military medical section at the University of Greifswald as the service of the National People's Army had to be added . It was dissolved in 1989 and transferred to a private hospital by Dietmar Enderlein .
The third university reform in the GDR (1967–1972) increased the control of science by the Socialist Unity Party of Germany . It brought about the replacement of the faculties with 16 "sections" and the "field of medicine".
Since 1990: all of Germany
The sometimes serious interventions in the Greifswald university structure were largely reversed after German reunification and freedom of teaching and research restored. The faculties, which were dissolved in 1969, were newly established and in 1991 the Faculty of Law and Political Science was reopened. In a transition process that took years to complete, the entire teaching staff was checked and the professors and staff were no longer employed.
Since the late 1990s, the university has made a name for itself in the Bologna Process . In 1999 it was one of the first universities in Germany to start converting its courses to consecutive Bachelor and Master courses. The now so-called Greifswald model of graded courses of study at the Philosophical Faculty has meanwhile also been followed by many subjects in the other faculties, e.g. B. Physics and Geography. Furthermore, in the winter semester 2000/2001, the University of Greifswald was the first university in Germany to introduce a modularized legal course leading to a Bachelor of Laws degree . The non-consecutive state examination courses (teaching, medicine) will continue to exist for the time being. The Faculty of Law and Political Science has decided to continue studying business administration as the only one in Germany with a diploma and argues actively and publicly against Bachelor's and Master's degrees.
In 2000 the Alfried-Krupp-Wissenschaftskolleg Greifswald was founded, which aims to improve the international networking of the university by awarding guest grants for senior and junior fellows as well as promoting and organizing lectures and conferences.
In 2006 the university celebrated the 550th anniversary of its founding. The highlights of the numerous events for the university anniversary were the festive event in the cathedral and the reopening of the restored auditorium in the baroque main university building by Federal President Horst Köhler and Queen Silvia of Sweden .
The university has undergone major structural changes since German reunification : On the one hand, numerous historic university buildings in the old town, including many clinic buildings from the 19th century, have been extensively renovated and restored. On the other hand, a completely new campus was built in the east of the city, which primarily accommodated the university clinic and natural sciences as well as the new university library. Between 1991 and 2007, a total of around 417 million euros went into the restoration of historic buildings and new construction.
At the beginning of the 1990s the number was only 4,000. It had doubled by 2002, and in 2011 it rose to a peak of around 12,500 students.
The third-party funds raised for research rose from around 10 million euros annually in the 1990s to 40 million euros in 2010. In 2012 and 2016, more than 45 million euros were spent, with university medicine making up about half of this and tends to increase.
As a result of the state's austerity measures, the number of professorships and employee positions had to be continuously reduced since the end of the 1990s. In order to focus on internationally competitive research and teaching, other courses and institutes had to be reduced or closed, especially in the fields of chemistry, sport, education, Romance studies and antiquity.
Management and committees
The rector manages the university with the help of his guideline competence and represents it externally, for example to the ministry, scientific societies or sponsors. The Rector is elected by the Senate and is supported by two Vice Rectors. Psychologist Johanna Eleonore Weber has been the rector since January 2013 - the first woman in this position . Vice-rectors are the microbiologist Katharina Riedel (since April 1, 2017) and the economist Steffen Fleßa (since November 17, 2016). The Chancellor directs the administration of the university internally. Wolfgang Flieger was Chancellor from 2009 to December 31, 2017. He was re-elected by the Senate on June 15, 2016 for a second, unlimited term of office in accordance with the amended State University Act, but left the university on January 1, 2018 to the HAW Hamburg . On July 18, 2018, the University's Senate elected Dr. Frank Schütte, Department Head for University Development and Chancellor Representative at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf. After being appointed by the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, he took office on February 1, 2019. In the meantime, the Head of Human Resources and Finance, Dr. Juliane Huwe, this post provisionally.
The academic senate is composed of professors, academic staff, students and other staff in a ratio of 12: 4: 4: 2 (“narrower Senate”) or 12: 6: 12: 6 (“extended Senate”).
Until the end of 2011 there was a university council at the university. According to the current constitution of the University of Greifswald, this is no longer provided. The state higher education law Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania does not prescribe such a requirement.
The appointment as " Honorary Senator " of the Alma Mater Gryphiswaldensis is a special honor. a. the following persons:
- 1956: Rudolf Petershagen , former city commandant of Greifswald, who on April 29, 1945 saved the city from destruction by handing it over to the Red Army without a fight
- 1991: Berthold Beitz , Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Foundation
- 1993: Reinhard Glöckner , Lord Mayor of the Hanseatic City of Greifswald a. D.
- 1998: Norbert Kleinheyer, managing director of the Sparkassen- und Giroverband Hessen-Thüringen
- 2000: Michael Otto , Chairman of the Supervisory Board and former CEO of the Otto Group
The student self-administration is divided into the student parliament (StuPa), the general student committee , the student media moritz.medien and the student councils. Every student at the university has passive and active voting rights for the StuPa and the student council in which they are studying. The StuPa elects the members of the AStA and members of various committees and working groups.
The university consists of five faculties , which in turn are divided into institutes or clinics. The faculties are headed by a dean as well as a vice dean and a dean of studies. At the Philosophical and Medical Faculties the dean is supported by a second vice dean. In addition, there are the faculty councils, which are composed of university lecturers, academic staff, students and other staff.
Faculty of Theology
The Faculty of Theology is the smallest faculty in Greifswald and offers courses in Protestant theology (graduation from church exams, diploma), Protestant religion (teaching at grammar school or regional school) and Protestant religious education (postgraduate course).
A special feature of Greifswald's theology course is the institute for research into evangelism and community development , which is operated in cooperation with the Pomeranian Evangelical Church District of the Northern Church and the EKD Missionary Services Working Group . It is devoted to questions of mission and the practical preaching of the gospel .
According to its own statements, the Gustaf Dalman Institute houses "an internationally unique collection of the highest scientific interest and level". The Victor Schultze Institute has a collection of late antique and medieval originals.
Faculty of Law and Political Science
Practically the only faculty in Germany, the Law and Political Science Faculty (RSF) will not abolish the business administration course with the degree in business administration in favor of a corresponding bachelor's degree, but will keep it permanently.
Due to a reform of the state government, the training of lawyers in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania will in future only take place in Greifswald. The corresponding law faculty in Rostock has been reduced to a minimum.
The faculty offers the subjects of law ( state examination , LL.M. ) and business administration (degree in business administration). As part of the BA course, which is actually part of the Philosophical Faculty, you can study the sub-subjects of public law , private law and economics . In addition, a master's degree in "Health Care Management" is offered as a postgraduate course . In 2010, the students were able to enroll for the first time in the newly offered Bachelor's degree in Law, Economics and Personnel (RWP) at the university.
Medical Faculty (University Medicine)
Medical training in Greifswald is one of the most popular in Germany. In 2007 Greifswald was in Berlin at the Central Office for the Allocation of Study Places, now the Foundation for University Admissions (SfH), the second most frequently mentioned study request for prospective medical students among 34 study locations in Germany. The medical faculty of the University of Greifswald is one of the most selective in the world. In Germany, places in medicine and dentistry are usually awarded by the SfH, but the University of Greifswald selects some of its students every year in its own application process. In 2008, there were around 2,100 applicants for 95 human medicine study places (admission rate 4.5 percent) and around 400 applicants for 29 dentistry study places (admission rate 7.25 percent).
The courses offered are human medicine and dentistry . The teaching and training hospital of the Medical Faculty is the University Medical Center Greifswald , formerly University Hospital Greifswald. The University Medical Center Greifswald was created on January 1st, 2011 through the merger of the University Hospital and the Medical Faculty; The legal form is a corporation under public law (KdÖR). The new building of the hospital complex on Berthold-Beitz-Platz is largely complete. The construction project should be completed by 2014. This means that University Medicine has one of the most modern hospitals in Germany.
The Philosophical Faculty (formerly Artist Faculty ) is one of the founding faculties from 1456. The research focus of the Philosophical Faculty lies in Northern Europe and Eastern Europe , especially the languages and cultures of the Baltic Sea region . This research focus is also expressed in teaching, so some of the subjects such as Fennistik , Slavistik , Baltic studies or Scandinavian studies are only offered at a few other universities apart from Greifswald. In addition, there are also the large, “classic” subjects such as English, German, history, political science, communication studies, art and music.
The faculty is divided into eleven institutes:
- Institute for English and American Studies
- Institute for Baltic Studies
- Institute for Education
- Caspar David Friedrich Institute , named after Caspar David Friedrich, who was born in Greifswald ( visual arts and art history )
- Institute for German Philology, among other things, responsible for the Wolfgang Koeppen Archive and the Pomeranian Dictionary
- Institute for Fennistik and Scandinavian Studies , co-organizer of the Nordic Sound cultural festival
- Historical Institute ( History )
- Institute for Church Music and Musicology , including "University Music Director "
- Institute for Philosophy
- Institute for Political and Communication Science
- Institute for Slavic Studies , co-organizer of the polenmARkT cultural festival
With the foreign language and media center and university sports, the faculty also performs tasks for the entire university. Several cultural festivals such as polenmARkT (November / December), the Greifswalder Bachwoche (May / June) and the Nordic Sound (May) are organized by the staff and students of the Philosophical Faculty .
There are two subject-related research centers at the faculty: the interdisciplinary Middle Ages Center and the Interdisciplinary Center for Gender Studies (IZFG).
The Greifswald University Library is a Germany-wide collection library for books on the Baltic States and a coordinating participant in the DFG project Vifanord (virtual specialist library for Northern Europe and the Baltic Sea region).
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences was founded on July 28, 1951 and emerged from the Faculty of Philosophy. The approximately 60 professorships there are divided between the following institutes:
- Department of Biology (Institute for Botany and Landscape Ecology , Institute for Microbiology , Zoological Institute and Museum, Interfaculty Institute for Genetics and Functional Genome Research )
- Institute of Biochemistry
- Institute for Geography and Geology
- Institute for Mathematics and Computer Science
- Institute of Pharmacy
- Institute for Physics
- Institute for Psychology
Since 2007, the Institute developed the physics with other German institutions and banks in Switzerland, Japan, Australia and the Czech Republic space weather - Telescopic MuSTAnG (Muon Space Weather Telescope for Anisotropies at Greifswald), the part is to be a global network of telescopes. With the help of this network, the more precise forecast of solar activities should be made possible. The project was co-initiated by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the German Aerospace Center .
There is also the Greifswald observatory . There are also numerous overlaps and collaborations with non-university research institutions such as the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics , the Leibniz Institute for Plasma Research and Technology eV and the Friedrich Loeffler Institute .
The Hiddensee Biological Station , like the Hiddensee ornithological station , emerged from the Hiddensee Biological Research Institute , which was founded in 1930 as one of the first ecological research institutions in Germany. They still belong to the university today.
In the foreign language and media center you can learn foreign languages (e.g. Swedish, Spanish, French, English, Russian) and how to use modern media while studying. The university sports offers students and staff at the University of different sports courses.
The University Computing Center (URZ) is responsible for the university's internal network and its connection to the Internet. In addition to the faculties and institutes, the student residences are also connected to the Internet via the university network. The network also has several W-LAN spots. The URZ also provides computer workstations, printers and, with special permission, the media laboratory for use on site.
The University Library of Greifswald with the locations Zentrale UB, Alte UB, departmental library downtown and magazine library is there for students, scientists and the interested public.
The clinics and institutes of the university medicine are teaching and training facilities of the university. The University Medical Center Greifswald has one of the most modern hospitals in Germany.
Locations and architecture
There are essentially four central locations.
The old town campus mainly includes the "book studies", i. H. the theological, the philosophical and the law and political faculties. These are divided into two campuses, the historic campus around Rubenowstrasse and Domstrasse and the new Loefflerstrasse campus on Ernst-Lohmeyer-Platz . The institutes and facilities of the Philosophical Faculty were spread over several mostly historically significant buildings in Greifswald's old town. Most of them (with the exception of German Philology, History and Philosophy) moved into the completely renovated historic brick buildings of the former university clinics on Friedrich-Loeffler-Straße (Loefflerstraße campus) in 2018.
The architectural competition advertised by the BBL MV placed the demand for a pre-design combined new building including a departmental library especially for the humanities as well as the use of alternative energies and the consideration of the urban appearance. Overall, the campus has a main usable area of 5840m² (lecture halls 1087m², departmental library 3066m², cafeteria 1473m², ancillary rooms 214m²). Construction began on December 2, 2013 with the laying of the foundation stone for the departmental library. The individual completions took place in 2015 (library), 2016 (central lecture hall building) and 2018 (cafeteria and philosophy faculty). Overall, the costs amounted to EUR 26.5 million. The departmental library in the north-eastern corner has a usable area of 3198m² and a volume of 17507m³. Furthermore, the building has a shelf capacity of 11568 running meters and work and reading places for 185 people. The canteen, which was newly built in 2017, has 473 seats (canteen 362, cafeteria 111). The existing building at Hunnenstrasse 4/5 was supplemented by an extension on the courtyard side and enables up to 1700 meals to be served daily.
The further planning provides for a conversion of the former inner station in the front area of the campus.
Typical of the old town are the typical brick buildings with the striking gables and the powerful building design. During the renovation, the main architectural challenge was to adapt to the historic cityscape. Furthermore, the clinic is subject to monument protection and the street layout of Friedrich-Loeffler-Straße was not allowed to be influenced.
In the old town there is also the baroque main university building with the historic auditorium, which was renovated in 2006, as well as numerous university administration buildings.
To the west of the old town in the Fettenvorstadt are the botanical garden and the buildings for the "Botanical" as well as the future zoological institutes and facilities (Soldmannstrasse campus).
On and around the campus at Beitzplatz , the locations of the Medical Faculty and the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, which consist of newer buildings, are mostly grouped. The central university library , the university computer center, a workshop and the University Medical Center Greifswald are also located there. The university arboretum is located near the university library . On October 29, 2012, the new canteen with cafeteria was opened on Beitzplatz. The new canteen will also take care of the hospital.
Research and Teaching
According to the target agreement with the state for the years 2016 to 2020, the University of Greifswald has five main research areas that are to be continuously developed:
- Proteomics and protein technologies in infection biology, environmental microbiologist and biotechnology
- Community Medicine and Individualized Medicine
- Plasma physics
- Cultures of the Baltic Sea Region
- Environmental Change: Responses and Adaptation
Collaborative Research Centers
The university is involved in three special research areas or transregios funded by the DFG:
- TRR 24: Basics of Complex Plasmas (Spokesman Jürgen Meichsner, with the participation of the University of Kiel)
- TRR 34: Pathophysiology of staphylococci in the post-genome era (spokeswoman Barbara Bröker, with the participation of the Universities of Münster, Tübingen and Würzburg)
- CRC 652: Strong correlations and collective phenomena in the radiation field: Coulomb systems, clusters and particles (Spokesperson: Karl-Heinz Meiwes-Broer, University of Rostock)
Research Training Groups
There are currently five graduate schools at the university, including four funded by the DFG:
- IRTG 1540: Baltic Borderlands: Shifting Boundaries of Mind and Culture in the Borderlands of the Baltic Sea Region (with participation of the universities of Lund (Sweden) and Tartu (Estonia))
- GRK 1870: Bacterial respiratory tract infections - general and specific mechanisms of the adaptation of pathogens and the immune defense
- GRK 1947: BiOx - Biochemical, Biophysical, and Biomedical Effects of Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species on Biological Membranes
- GRK 2010: Biological RESPONSEs to Novel and Changing Environments (biological reactions to new and changing environmental conditions)
- HEPP - International Helmholtz Graduate School for Plasma Physics (joint project with Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics and TU Munich)
According to the target agreement with the state for the years 2016 to 2020, the university offers courses in the following subjects or teaching units free of charge in the first degree:
Linguistics and cultural studies
- English / American studies
- Baltic studies
- German studies
- Church music and musicology
- Scandinavian and Fennistic Studies
- Slavic Studies
Law, economics and social sciences
- Business administration / economics
- Political and Communication Science
Mathematics, natural sciences, computer science
- Biology including human biology as well as landscape ecology and nature conservation
- Geology and geography
- Mathematics and computer science
Medicine / Health Sciences
- Human medicine
- Fine arts / art history
- Alfried Krupp Science College Greifswald
- Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics , Leibniz Institute for Plasma Research and Technology and the Wendelstein 7-X nuclear fusion research reactor
- Clinics including the University Medicine Greifswald , the BDH Clinic Greifswald and the Karlsburg Clinic
- Friedrich Loeffler Institute (Federal Research Institute for Animal Health), Riems Island
- Technology Center Vorpommern, Biotechnikum Greifswald and Technology Park
- Siemens , Public Networks Division
- Research Institute for Diabetes , Karlsburg near Greifswald
- German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE)
The university maintains a wide variety of contacts with renowned universities in Europe and the world. These contacts are regulated on the one hand at the university level through partnership agreements with partner universities, on the other hand at the faculty and institute level through cooperation between the chairs and through the ERASMUS program. The regional focus of European cooperation decided by the university lies in Northern Europe and Eastern Europe.
The university has partnership agreements with the following institutions in Europe (selection):
- Aarhus University , Denmark
- University of Tartu , Estonia
- University of Eastern Finland , Finland
- University of Padua , Italy
- University of Latvia ( Riga ), Latvia
- Vilnius University , Lithuania
- University of Klaipėda , Lithuania
- Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan , Poland
- some universities in Szczecin , Poland
- Saint Petersburg State University , Russia
- University of Aberdeen , Scotland / United Kingdom
- Lund University , Sweden
- Masaryk University , Czech Republic
Australia, America and Asia
The university has partnership agreements with the following institutions in Australia, America and Asia (selection):
- University of Newcastle , Australia
- University of South Australia , Australia
- Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Brazil
- University of Manitoba , Canada
- University of Saskatchewan , Canada
- Kyoto Sangyo University , Japan
- National University of Singapore , Singapore (Humanities)
- University of California, Berkeley , California, USA (humanities)
- University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Illinois, USA
The various chairs, institutes and faculties maintain numerous other contacts beyond the official partner universities, which serve the scientific exchange and / or the student exchange as part of the ERASMUS program. There are contacts with the universities of Barcelona , Bergen , Gothenburg , Graz , Helsinki , Copenhagen , Lancaster , Lund , Lucerne , Stockholm , Southampton , Uppsala and Utrecht , among others .
Collections and other property
Various collections and possessions of the university are available to both researchers and the public, including e. B. the three medically oriented stocks.
Until 1945, the university was the one with the largest property (more than 14,000 hectares) in Germany. The real estate comes from the transfer of secularized monastery property to the university as a replacement for outstanding patronage payments from the Pomeranian duke. This made it one of the wealthiest universities in Germany and financially independent well into the 19th century. Some art treasures still bear witness to the wealth, such as the Croÿ carpet , a large picture knitting with a pictorial representation of the Reformation from 1554, or an original 36-line Gutenberg Bible (1458), which the university in the 19th century from the St. Petri community in Wolgast , as well as various other centuries-old valuable books.
The university's wealth in land ownership ended with the land reform in the Soviet occupation zone . Some of the land that was expropriated during the land reform has now been returned to the university. However, they hardly throw more money than they need for maintenance and they are often contaminated with legacy. The university is demanding further property returns from the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in an ongoing court case. The University of Greifswald also owns its own university forest , which is managed by its own "university forester". It has large agricultural and forestry land holdings, some of which are jointly owned by the Peter Warschow Collective Foundation in Greifswald. Associated with the property was the church patronage over the churches of the Office Eldena in Dersekow (with the Alt Pansow chapel ), Görmin , Hanshagen , Kemnitz , Levenhagen (with Alt-Ungnade chapel), Neuenkirchen , Weitenhagen , Wieck as well as Groß Kiesow , Züssow and Behrenhof . The Alt Ungnade chapel , which has now been used as a depot, has remained the property of the university to this day.
As one of the oldest universities in Germany, the university has numerous academic collections and museums like hardly any other German university. In particular, the 17 scientific collections with a total of around 5.7 million objects represent a rich cultural heritage:
- Anatomical collection
- Archaeological Study Collection
- Botanical garden and arboretum of the University of Greifswald
- Christian archaeological collection
- Obstetric and gynecological collection
- State geological collection
- Graphic collection with the Greifswald professors' gallery
- Gustav Dalman Collection (Theology)
- Historical map collection
- Medical history collection
- Coin collection
- Pathological collection
- Physical device collection
- Computational collection
- Collection of prehistoric antiquities
- Zoological Museum
The university is a member of the following organizations:
- Conference of Baltic University Rectors (CBUR)
- German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)
- German Research Foundation (DFG)
- European University Association (EUA)
- University Rectors' Conference (HRK)
- State Rectors' Conference of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
- Association of North German Universities
Alumni network, university support company
The university has been actively rebuilding the alumni network itself since mid-2011 . Aumni work is affiliated with the press and information office. A larger group of former students has come together on the social network XING . The Society of Friends and Supporters of the Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University Greifswald e. V. was founded in 1918. In 1945 the association initially did not resume its activities. Only in December 1990, after the old tradition was revived, the new work began. The purpose of the funding company is to promote scientific research and teaching through close cooperation with the university. For example, annual prizes are awarded for the best dissertations , the revival of traditions (e.g. alumni festivities) is maintained and scientific, local and artistic events and projects are supported. Maintaining the network of alumni - students as well as university employees - and other university-related sponsoring associations is also part of the sponsorship company's activities. Those who feel connected to the alma mater gryphiswaldensis and the region can maintain contacts by becoming a member of the University Promotion Agency, receive current information from the university or take part in regular events. The society's president is Egbert Liskow (CDU) , a member of the Greifswald state parliament .
Another unlikely grouping is the Greifswald University Club e. V., which has set itself the goal of increasing the university's international research activity and financing selected projects. It is under the patronage of Prime Minister Erwin Sellering (SPD). The GUC , more than the funding company, focuses on cooperation between science, politics and business.
Members of the university can take advantage of the university's own university sports, which provide a variety of sporting opportunities for development, for example aerobics , American football , dragon boat , soccer , fencing , handball , judo , karate , canoe , lacrosse , rugby , windsurfing , taekwondo , diving , tennis , Table tennis , volleyball , golf or yoga .
Since the late 19th century, water sports have established themselves as a firm tradition among Greifswald university members. The university sports and the ASV Greifswald and the HSG Uni Greifswald operate surfing, rowing, canoeing, dragon boat and sailing sports centers on the river Ryck or in the districts of Wieck or Eldena on the Greifswalder Bodden . The area around Greifswald is one of the most popular canoeing and sailing areas in Germany. A very popular place for water sports, especially rowing , is the Ryck River, which flows through the city from west to east. The Baltic Sea , in particular the beach baths on the nearby islands of Usedom and Rügen - one of the most popular holiday regions in Germany - are popular places for summer sports such as beach volleyball, Frisbee or swimming. In Greifswald-Ladebow, the student regatta association founded and run by students in 2007 is located. This offers its members a wide range of boat classes, such as Star , J / 24 , Vaurien , OK-Jolle , Europe , H-Jolle and Nacra 5.0, in order to take part in national and international regattas. In 2006, the Association for the Promotion of Student Sailing succeeded in securing and restoring the former flagship of the Academic Sailing Association. The Wiking III has been actively sailed again since 2011 .
There are also numerous sports clubs frequented by students, e.g. B. the university sports association University of Greifswald e. V., the Hanseatic Golf Club Greifswald e. V. or the local sports clubs like Greifswalder FC in general .
During the annual “Greifswalder City Run” over 10 km, which is organized by the University Sports Association Uni Greifswald e. V. (HSG) , many student individual, group and relay runners also start. The Danish cradle of the Greifswald Bodden is crossed once when swimming in the Bodden .
There are groups of all kinds on site, such as political (e.g. Jusos , SDS , LHG or RCDS ), religious (e.g. the two church groups ESG and KSG as well as the interdenominational university SMD) or otherwise linked interest groups (e.g. B. Environmental Protection). There is the possibility to actively participate in the AStA , a student council or in the student parliament (StuPa) and thus get involved for students and the university as a whole.
Several internationally known events take place in Greifswald, in which students can participate. The Nordic Sound Festival introduces the German public to the cultures of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. A festival with the thematic focus on Poland is the so-called “ polenmARkT ”, which is organized annually by students, citizens and university staff. The so-called Greifswald International Students Festival (GrIStuF) brings students from different countries to Greifswald every summer and is largely organized by students. In the Greifswald area, the “ Fusion Festival ” in Lärz, the “ Immergut Festival ” in Neustrelitz and the “Transit Festival” in Klempenow Castle are popular diversions from everyday student life among Greifswald students.
At the university, students are involved in several journalistic projects.
The moritz.medien includes a television, print and online editorial team , the financing of which is guaranteed by the Greifswald student body.
radio 98eins broadcasts four hours of programming on workdays and is legally a branch of the Neubrandenburg Open Channel NB-Radiotreff 88.0 . The local broadcaster receives financial support from the state broadcasting center in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
A special feature of Greifswald's nightlife are the student clubs , which are run by students for students, the Mensaclub , Geographenkeller , Geologenkeller , Club 9 and Kiste . These are mostly run as associations and are not aimed at maximum profits, but at fun for students.
In addition to the locations run directly by students, there is a diverse pub scene typical of a small student town, as well as private discos. There are also many film clubs directly at the university that offer films in German, English or e.g. B. show the Scandinavian languages.
numbers, data, facts
The university currently has 10,179 (WS 18/19) students, of which around 5,704 (56.04%) are female and 4,475 (43.96%) are male. The proportion of students who come from outside the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania was 69% in the summer semester of 18, ie around two thirds of the students came to Greifswald from another state.
In the winter semester 18/19 744 foreign students were enrolled in Greifswald, 393 (52.82%) of them are female and 351 (47.18%) are male, which corresponds to a total of 7.31% of the student body. The largest groups of foreign students came from the Syrian Arab Republic (84 students), Poland (54 students) and China (53 students).
The university offers 103 courses, one third of which are Bachelor, Master and State Exam courses. In addition, a master’s degree (theology) and three diploma degree programs (business administration, church music, pharmacy) are offered.
According to the university ranking in Die Zeit , the university comes off in the top group of German universities in some subjects, for example in pharmacy (2019), psychology (2019), dentistry (2019) .
In the field of human medicine, the University of Greifswald, with 2,430 applicants, was the third most popular place to study after the University of Hamburg (2,963) and the University of Tübingen (2,833). In addition, Greifswald has topped the ranking list among dentists for years as the first preferred location (293 candidates in 2018).
In terms of student satisfaction with their university, the good contact with the teachers, the generally good study conditions and the good quality of life in Greifswald stand out. According to the Study Quality Monitor (SQM) 2016 of the university information system, 78.2 percent of the 371 Greifswald students surveyed (national average 77.7%) “like” or “very much” at the university and 70.5% of the Greifswald respondents liked their study conditions overall “satisfied” or “very satisfied” (national average 63.8%).
In the Times Higher Education Ranking 2019, Greifswald University ranks among the top 500 (Note: place in the ranking is given as 401-500) universities. All universities in the world are compared in the ranking.
In a nationwide comparison of the oldest universities in Germany, Greifswald ranks 6th when it was founded in 1456.
The university is connected to generations of well-known personalities from science, politics and society, some of whom belong to its former students and some to its former teachers.
These include the two Nobel Prize -carrier Johannes Stark ( Nobel Prize in Physics 1919) and Gerhard Domagk ( Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1939) and the winner of the Right Livelihood Award Michael Succow (Right Livelihood Award 1997). Otto von Bismarck ( Chancellor 1871–1890) was a guest student at the University of Eldena Agricultural Academy during his military service in Greifswald. Bernhard von Bülow (Chancellor 1900–1909) spent part of his studies in Greifswald. From 1942 the doctor and human geneticist Widukind Lenz was a student at the university and received his doctorate here in 1943. Through his research in 1961, he brought the scandal-triggering background for the drug "Contergan" to the public.
The former Greifswald student Johannes Bugenhagen spread the Reformation in large parts of northern Germany and Scandinavia and Thomas Thorild , a Swedish poet, also studied here. At the end of the 19th century, the well-known classical philologist Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff , the ancient historian Otto Seeck and the theologian Julius Wellhausen taught in Greifswald . Alfred Gomolka (Member of the European Parliament) was a university lecturer in Greifswald, as was Bernhard Windscheid (one of the fathers of the BGB ). Ferdinand Sauerbruch , Theodor Billroth and Friedrich Loeffler helped medicine to gain new knowledge. The poet Hermann Löns had just as much a connection to Greifswald as Carl Schmitt , one of the most influential political theorists. From the natural sciences, the names Gustav Mie , Werner Rothmaler and Felix Hausdorff stand out among many others . The painter Caspar David Friedrich , one of the most important representatives of Romanticism and namesake of today's Caspar David Friedrich Institute , received his first art lessons from the university building and drawing master Johann Gottfried Quistorp . Another student of Quistorp was the painter Wilhelm Titel . Various state politicians studied in Greifswald, for example Heike Polzin (SPD), Christian Ebene (SPD), Patrick Dahlemann (SPD; without qualification), Sebastian Ratjen (FDP), Beate Schlupp (CDU; without qualification) or Peter Ritter (Die Linke) .
The honorary doctorates of the University of Greifswald include Jacques Delors (former President of the European Commission) as well as Hannelore Kohl , the now deceased wife of the former Chancellor Helmut Kohl .
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