University of Uppsala
|motto||Gratiae veritas naturae|
|Students||19,900 ( FTE , 2008)|
|Employee||approx. 3,800 (2005)|
|including professors||557 (2007)|
|Annual budget||4.319 billion SEK (2007)
~ 463 million euros
The University of Uppsala ( Swedish : Uppsala universitet ; Latin : Universitas Regia Upsaliensis ) was founded in 1477 by Archbishop Jakob Ulfsson and the regent Sten Sture the Elder in Uppsala , making it the oldest still existing university in Scandinavia .
The spectrum of the university is broadly diversified with the three scientific fields humanities / social sciences, medicine / pharmacy and technology / natural sciences. The university is one of the largest in Scandinavia and regularly takes top positions in rankings. From a global perspective, the university has consistently ranked among the 100 best universities for years. A total of eight Nobel Prize winners are scientifically associated with the university.
The main library of the university is well known: Carolina Rediviva .
- Faculty of Humanities
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Languages
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Pharmacy
- Faculty of Science and Technology
- Faculty of Social Sciences
- Faculty of Theology
Foundation and Reformation period
In a bull addressed to Archbishop Jakob Ulfsson on February 27, 1477, Pope Sixtus IV gave his consent to set up a studium generale in Sweden. It should be based on the University of Bologna . The respective archbishop was designated as chancellor. The Swedish Imperial Council approved the plans on July 2, 1477, and so the university began imparting knowledge to students on October 7, 1477. The Reformation led to a crisis with prolonged interruption of teaching. However, the Synod of Uppsala decided to revive the university, which happened in 1595.
Early heyday in the 17th and 18th centuries
Between 1620 and 1780 the university experienced a great period. In connection with the great power position in the Baltic Sea region, law was promoted. Many well-known medical and natural scientists also worked.
Some of the historical books came from Germany and came to Sweden as looted art from the Thirty Years' War , including books from Würzburg libraries, outstandingly the court library of Würzburg Prince-Bishop Julius Echter , which was set up at the Marienberg Fortress . Other booty items come from the possession of Nicolaus Copernicus or from one of the Swedish-Polish wars .
Science declined in the first half of the 19th century. A well-known teacher was the historian and writer Erik Gustav Geijer .
Transitional period 1877–1945
For the anniversary in 1877, the new main university building was built. The historian Ellen Fries was the first woman in Scandinavia to receive her doctorate in 1883 . Axel Hägerström's philosophy influenced Swedish legislation and jurisprudence for a long time. Well-known natural scientists such as the Nobel Prize winners The Svedberg and Manne Siegbahn worked here again . In 1945 4500 students were registered.
By 1969 the number of students had quadrupled to 20,000. Another expansion happened in the 1990s. Classes were spread across different buildings in the city.
The Swedish crime film The Mark of the Murderer was shot in part at Uppsala University.
- Carl Didrik Ehrenpreus (1692–1760), Swedish statesman
Well-known university professors
- Maciej Klimek , mathematics
- Oleg Janowitsch Wiro , mathematics
- Joachim Daniel Andreas Müller , botanical gardener
- Andreas Heldmann , Germanist and historian
- Otto Sibum , science historian
- Anders Jonas Ångström (1814–1874), astronomer and physicist, namesake of the unit of length Ångström
- Peter Artedi (1705–1735), natural scientist, "father of ichthyology "
- Carl Michael Bellman (1740–1795), Sweden's most famous song writer, is considered a national poet
- Harald Bergström (1908–2001), mathematician
- Karin Boye (1900–1941), writer and poet
- Anders Celsius (1701–1744), astronomer, mathematician and physicist
- Gustaf Fröding (1860–1911), poet
- Dag Hammarskjöld (1905–1961), second Secretary General of the United Nations
- Andreas Heldmann (1688–1770), Transylvanian-Saxon Germanist and historian
- Salomon Eberhard Henschen (1847–1930), internist, neurologist, first person to describe dyscalculia and the athletic heart
- Carl XVI. Gustaf (* 1946), King of Sweden
- Carl von Linné (1707–1778), natural scientist, father of modern botanical and zoological taxonomy
- Håkan Nesser (* 1950), writer
- Jenny Ohlsson , diplomat, Swedish ambassador to Rwanda
- Christopher Polhem (1661–1751), scientist, on the 500 kroner banknote
- Gustaf Einar Du Rietz (1895–1967), botanist
- Olof Rudbeck the Elder (1630–1702), botanist and physician, discoverer of the lymphatic system
- Harald Sandberg (* 1950), Swedish diplomat
- Kai Siegbahn (1918–2007), physicist, Nobel Prize winner
- List of student nations in Uppsala
- Spex (theater)
- Uppsala University Coin Cabinet
- Kirsti Sparboe : "A student from Uppsala", a hit from 1969
- International Matariki University Network
- Uppsala universitet> Organization> och personal> Anställd. Retrieved September 28, 2019 .
- Högskoleverket ( Memento of February 4, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) - Statistics for 2008 (Swedish), p. 120ff. (PDF; 5.6 MB).
- Årsredovisning 2007 ( Memento from December 17, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- The Studium Generale in Lund , then Danish , was founded in 1425, but did not exist for a long time.
- Nobel Prizes Connected with Uppsala University , accessed July 17, 2014.
- Gerhard Müller (Ed.): Theologische Realenzyklopädie. ISBN 978-3-11-017388-8 , p. 403. Queryed on February 27, 2011.
- Uppsala University - a historic summary , Uppsala University (English).