While most of the species of fish have now been identified, the biology and behavior of fish are still largely unexplored.
The fish poem Halieutika by Oppian is one of the first fish-related texts of antiquity . The first scientific illustrations with ichthyological illustrations were created in Paris by Pierre Belon in the middle of the 16th century . Shortly afterwards, the "Fish book" of appeared Conrad Gessner , who in 1557 also Fischbuch of Gregor Mangolt had published.
The most important ichthyologists include:
- Louis Agassiz
- Pieter Bleeker
- Marcus Élieser Bloch
- Eugenie Clark
- Josef Fiebiger
- Jacques Géry
- Hans Hass
- Bruno Hofer
- David Starr Jordan
- Wolfgang Klausewitz
- Rudolf Kner
- Franz Steindachner
- Günther Sterba
- Claus Nissen: The zoological book illustration I. Stuttgart 1966, No. 301 f.
- Heinrich Grimm: New contributions to the "fish literature" of the XV. to XVII. Century and through their printer and bookkeeper. In: Börsenblatt for the German book trade - Frankfurt edition. No. 89, November 5, 1968 (= Archive for the History of Books. Volume 62), pp. 2871–2887, here: pp. 2871, 2877 and 2884.
- Conrad Gessnber: Historia animalium lib [er] IV, qui est de piscium et aquatalium natura. Zurich (Christoph Froschauer) 1558; German translations: Perfect Fish Book […], translated […] by Georgium Horstium […]. I-II, Frankfurt am Main (Wilhelm Serlin) 1670; Reprint Hanover 1994; Fish book, that is a detailed description […]. Translated by Forrer. Frankfurt am Main 1598.
- Welt online, accessed on March 16, 2011 https://www.welt.de/vermischtes/weltgeschehen/article12843535/Japans-Kaiser-Akihito-bricht-sein-Schweigen.html