Josef Fiebiger

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Josef Fiebiger (born February 2, 1870 in Odrau , † April 9, 1956 in Vienna ) was an Austrian veterinarian , parasitologist and ichthyologist .


Fiebiger was born as the son of the married couple Josef Fiebiger and Klementine Hanke. His father was a teacher in Odrau and later in Vienna. Josef Fiebiger attended the Franz-Josef-Gymnasium in Vienna up to the Matura in 1888. He then studied at the Medical Faculty in Vienna , was a demonstrator of anatomy during his studies and received his doctorate in medicine in 1894 (Dr. med. Univ.). After working as an assistant for 3 years, he studied at the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna , graduating in 1900 as an academic veterinarian . At that time he was active in various institutes at the university and qualified as a professor in 1903 for biology and pathology of fish . In 1906 he received a teaching position for general zoology and parasite science as an associate professor . In 1914 he became a private lecturer in parasitology at the Medical Faculty of the University of Vienna and a real associate professor for biology and pathology of fish at the University of Veterinary Medicine, and in 1916 he was entrusted with the management of the chair for histology and embryology .


He devoted the greater part of his more than 50 scientific publications to the biology and above all to the pathology of fish, and rich material was available for the preparation of a textbook on fish diseases. Fiebiger also had fish pathology worked on in his students' dissertations.

He achieved international importance in particular through two textbooks. With Alfred Trautmann he wrote the "Histology and Comparative Microscopic Anatomy of Domestic Animals", that is, the 6th to 9th edition of Ellenberger's "Outline of the Comparative Histology of Domestic Mammals" (1941-49, Polish and English translation). His second work, "The animal parasites of domestic and farm animals, as well as of humans" (1923, 4th edition 1947, Spanish translation 1942), is a teaching and manual for veterinarians and doctors.


  • Honorary member of the Helminthological Society of Washington (1928)
  • Honorary doctorate Dr. med. vet. hc (FU Berlin)
  • Commander's Cross of the Austrian Order of Merit (1937)


  • Josef Fiebiger: The animal parasites of domestic and farm animals: A teaching and manual with identification tables for veterinarians and students. Verlag Braumüller, 1912. 424 pages
  • Alfred Trautmann , Josef Fiebiger: Textbook of the histology and comparative microscopic anatomy of domestic mammals. Paul Parey, 1931, 394 pages
  • Josef Fiebiger: About coccidia in the swim bladder of Gadus species. in: Annals of the Natural History Museum in Vienna 22 (1907) pp. 124–128 online version
  • Other works include fish, fish diseases, fish farming. in: Tierheilkunde und Tierzucht, ed. v. V. Stang u. D. Wirth, III, 1927.


  • Heribert Sturm: Biographical lexicon on the history of the Bohemian countries. Munich: Oldenbourg 1974ff, Vol.?, S.?.
  • G. Günther: The Vienna University of Veterinary Medicine, its history, its institutes and facilities. 1930 (P); Viennese veterinarian Mschr. 27, 1940, p. 81 (P); J. Michalka, ibid. 37, 1950, p. 223; E. Gratzl, ibid. 43, 1958, p. 259 (P).
  • Josef Schreiber:  Fiebiger, Josef. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 5, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1961, ISBN 3-428-00186-9 , p. 139 f. ( Digitized version ).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Staff news . In:  Der Wiener Tag , May 1, 1937, p. 9 (online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / maintenance / day.