|Charles the Bold of Burgundy is killed in the Battle of Nancy .|
|Burgundian Wars end.||Maximilian marries Maria of Burgundy .|
|1477 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||925/926 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||10. Feuerstein - Matlactli Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 9th pipes - Chicuhnahui Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||2020/21 (southern Buddhism); 2019/20 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle
Year of the Fire Rooster 丁酉 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Monkey 丙申)
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||839/840 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||881/882 (turn of the year April 14/15)|
|Jewish calendar||5237/38 (September 7/8)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1787/88 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1788/89 (turn of the year October)
|Bikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1533/34 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Burgundy / Habsburg Lands / Confederation
On January 5 falls Charles the Bold of Burgundy in the Battle of Nancy against Duke Réné of Lorraine and the Confederation . This ends the Burgundian Wars , which had been going on since 1474 . The Burgundian lands are inherited by Mary of Burgundy , the daughter of Charles the Bold. On February 11, it guaranteed the Dutch provinces extensive freedoms in the Grand Privilege .
But France's King Louis XI. makes claims and takes the Burgundian cities in Picardy , Artois , Flanders , Hainaut and the Duchy of Burgundy as an open fiefdom . He did not achieve any further territorial gains, because on August 19th Maria Maximilian I married , who thereby acquired territories in the Netherlands and France for the House of Habsburg .
After the battle, returning soldiers from Uri and Schwyz, who were dissatisfied with the distribution of booty , found the so-called Society of Real Life , which set out for western Switzerland to claim the plundering sum that had been promised from Geneva. Soldiers from other parts of Central Switzerland also join the so-called Saubannerzug along the way. The number of those involved in the train is estimated at 1,700 people. Bern and the other federal locations as well as the cities of Geneva, Basel and Strasbourg, which are currently in negotiations with France and Savoy, send envoys to the insurgents, who succeeded on March 4th , the train that has already reached Payerne and Lausanne is to stop. Geneva must immediately pay off part of the money owed. The rest are held hostage. After the move, Geneva entered into first castle rights with Bern and Friborg in order to protect itself from further troops. The resulting conflict between town and country towns was only resolved by the Stans Decree of 1481 .
- Matthias Corvinus , King of Hungary , invades the Habsburg hereditary lands again. He conquered the Styria , but must on August 14 began siege of Vienna on December 20 to cancel.
- On October 13, the cantons of Zurich, Bern, Solothurn and Lucerne closed the first Swiss legacy with Duke Sigismund von Tirol . In the treaty, the territorial status quo is recognized and Sigismund renounces all former Habsburg possessions in Switzerland . But this is of Emperor Friedrich III. , the head of the Habsburg house, not recognized.
With the end of the Ōnin war , the Sengoku period began in Japan , a nearly one hundred year epoch in which the shogunate lost its importance and there was no central power. The era is also known as the Warring States Period . With the end of central rule in this time a new type of feudal lord occurs Shugo - daimyo .
science and technology
- February 27th : In a bull addressed to Archbishop Jakob Ulfsson , Pope Sixtus IV gives his consent to establish a studium generale in Sweden. The Swedish Imperial Council approves the plans on July 2 and so begins by Jakob Ulfsson and the Swedish regent Sten Sture the Elder founded university in Uppsala on October 7 with the knowledge to students.
- March 11th : Count Eberhard V. von Württemberg-Urach founds the University of Tübingen with papal approval under the influence of his mother Mechthild von der Pfalz . Eberhard's confidante Johannes Nauclerus , who played a major role in founding the university, becomes the first rector . Teaching starts in October.
- As Archbishop and Elector of Mainz, Diether von Isenburg founds the University of Mainz approved by Pope Sixtus IV .
- The Counts of Schaunberg found a monastery in Pupping in Upper Austria around the centuries-old St. Othmar Chapel and invited the Franciscan Order to manage it.
- September 27th : The first Cosmas and Damian floods hit the North Sea coast. In East Frisia, the storm surge destroyed some dikes. Several localities in the Rheiderland have to be abandoned. In Zeeland, the town of Arnemuiden is devastated and Hellenburg Castle near Baarland is badly damaged.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 5 : Girolamo del Pacchia , Italian painter († after 1533 )
- January 14th : Hermann V. von Wied , Archbishop of Cologne († 1552 )
- January 25 : Anne de Bretagne , Queen of France († 1514 )
- July 4 : Johannes Aventinus , German chronicler († 1534 )
- July 21 : Christoph von Baden , Prince of Baden and Canon († 1508 )
- August 9 : Laurentius Zoch , German lawyer and jurist († 1547 )
- September 21 : Matthäus Zell , Lutheran theologian and reformer († 1548 )
Exact date of birth unknown
Date of death secured
- January 5th : Charles the Bold , Duke of Burgundy (* 1433 )
- January 15 : Adriana von Nassau-Dillenburg , Countess of Hanau-Münzenberg (* 1449 )
- March 9 : Heinrich IV. , Duke of Mecklenburg (* 1417 )
- April 3 : Guy de BRIMEU , Burgundian aristocrat and diplomat (* 1433 / 34 )
- April 19 : Andreas Geverdes , Mayor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck
- June 27th : Adolf von Egmond , Duke of Geldern (* 1438 )
- 4th August : Jacques d'Armagnac , Count of Pardiac and Duke of Nemours (* 1433 )
- August 7 : Lorenz Spenning , builder and head of the Fabric of St. Stephen's Cathedral (* around 1400 / 10 )
- November 3 : Richard Fowler , English Chancellor of the Exchequer (* around 1425 )
- December 12th : Pier Candido Decembrio , translator and politician in Milan (* around 1399 )
Exact date of death unknown
Died around 1477
- Turn of the year 1476/1477 : Vlad III. Drăculea , voivode of the Principality of Wallachia (* around 1431 )