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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Depiction of the Battle of Nancy in the Lucerne Chronicle by Diebold Schilling the Elder.  J.
Charles the Bold of Burgundy is killed in the Battle of Nancy .
Burgundy 1477 at the death of Charles the Bold
The Burgundy Wars end.
Maximilian and Maria (illustration from Weißkunig)
Archduke Maximilian marries Maria of Burgundy .
1477 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 925/926 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1469/70
Aztec calendar 10. Feuerstein - Matlactli Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 9th pipes - Chicuhnahui Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 2020/21 (southern Buddhism); 2019/20 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the Fire Rooster 丁酉 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Monkey 丙申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 839/840 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 855/856
Islamic calendar 881/882 (turn of the year April 14/15)
Jewish calendar 5237/38 (September 7/8)
Coptic Calendar 1193/94
Malayalam calendar 652/653
Seleucid era Babylon: 1787/88 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1788/89 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1515
Bikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1533/34 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Burgundy / Habsburg Lands / Confederation

Battle of Nancy
Maria as ruler surrounded by the coats of arms her subject areas.

On January 5th, Charles the Bold of Burgundy fell in the battle of Nancy against Duke Réné of Lorraine and the Confederation . This ends the Burgundian Wars , which had been going on since 1474 . The Burgundian lands are inherited by Mary of Burgundy , daughter of Charles the Bold. On February 11, it guaranteed the Dutch provinces extensive freedoms in the Grand Privilege .

But France's King Louis XI. makes claims and takes the Burgundian cities in Picardy , Artois , Flanders , Hainaut and the Duchy of Burgundy as an open fiefdom . He did not achieve any further territorial gains, because on August 19th Maria Maximilian I married , who thereby acquired territories in the Netherlands and France for the House of Habsburg .

The Saubanner procession in front of the city of Bern ( Berner Chronik )

After the battle, returning soldiers from Uri and Schwyz, who were dissatisfied with the distribution of booty , found the so-called Society of Real Life , which set out for western Switzerland to demand the pledged amount of loot from Geneva. Soldiers from other parts of Central Switzerland also join the so-called Saubannerzug along the way. The number of those involved in the train is estimated at 1,700 people. Bern and the other federal locations as well as the cities of Geneva, Basel and Strasbourg, which are currently in negotiations with France and Savoy, send envoys to the insurgents, who succeeded on March 4th, the train that has already reached Payerne and Lausanne is to stop. Geneva must immediately pay off part of the money owed. The rest are held hostage. After the move, Geneva entered into first castle rights with Bern and Friborg in order to protect itself from further troops. The resulting conflict between town and country towns was only resolved by the Stans Decree of 1481.

The campaigns of Matthias Corvinus 1458–1490
  • Matthias Corvinus , King of Hungary , invades the Habsburg hereditary lands again. He conquered Styria , but had to break off the siege of Vienna that began on August 14th on December 20th.
  • On October 13th, the cantons of Zurich, Bern, Solothurn and Lucerne will close the first Swiss legacy with Duke Sigismund von Tirol . The treaty recognizes the territorial status quo and Sigismund renounces all former Habsburg possessions in Switzerland . But this is from Emperor Friedrich III. , the head of the Habsburg house, not recognized.


With the end of the Ōnin War , the Sengoku period began in Japan , a nearly one hundred year epoch in which the shogunate lost its importance and there was no central power. The era is also known as the Warring States Period . With the end of central rule in this time a new type of feudal lord occurs Shugo - daimyo .


science and technology

Portrait of Johannes Nauclerus on a painting from the holdings of the Tübingen Professorengalerie



  • September 27th: The first Cosmas and Damian floods hit the North Sea coast. In East Frisia, the storm surge destroys some dikes. Several villages in the Rheiderland have to be given up. In Zeeland, the town of Arnemuiden is devastated and Hellenburg Castle near Baarland is badly damaged.

Historical maps and views

Plaque with the year 1477 at the Linzer Tor in Stein an der Donau
France 1477


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1477

Web links

Commons : 1477  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files