Calendar overview 1478
Giuliano di Piero de 'Medici
is murdered in the
Pazzi conspiracy .
becomes Doge of the
Republic of Venice .
|1478 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||926/927 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||11th house - Matlactli ozce Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 10th Feuerstein - Matlactli Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||2021/22 (southern Buddhism); 2020/21 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||840/841 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||882/883 (turn of the year April 3rd / 4th)|
|Jewish calendar||5238/39 (August 28-29)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1788/89 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1789/90 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1534/35 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
The Pazzi Conspiracy in Florence
- April 26th : With the Pazzi conspiracy of the Florentine nobility, the ruling Medici family is supposed to be disempowered as de facto rulers of Tuscany through the murder of their head Lorenzo il Magnifico and his brother and co-regent Giuliano di Piero de 'Medici . They are to be replaced by Francesco de 'Pazzi and Girolamo Riario , a nephew of Pope Sixtus IV . The attack failed, Giuliano fell victim to the attack on Easter Sunday during high mass in the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore , but Lorenzo escaped injured. The angry Florentines then kill the conspirators they can seize. Jacopo de 'Pazzi is pushed out of a window, pushed naked through the streets of the city and thrown into the Arno . The Pazzi family were stripped of their Florentine possessions and every trace of their name was erased. Co-conspirator Francesco Salviati , although Archbishop, is hanged on the walls of the Palazzo della Signoria . Lorenzo manages to save Cardinal Raffaele Riario , a nephew of the Pope who almost certainly had nothing to do with the conspiracy, as well as two relatives of the conspirators. The escaped participants are chased across Italy. However, one of the main bombers, Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli , managed to escape to Constantinople.
- Florence is placed under Interdictum by the Pope for killing the Archbishop , so reading Mass and Communion is forbidden. Sixtus obliges the Pope's traditional military arm to attack the King of Naples , Ferdinand I , Florence. With no help from his usual allies, Bologna and Milan , Lorenzo is forced to save himself through the day with skillful diplomacy. He sails to Naples and falls into the hands of Ferdinand, who holds him prisoner for three months before he releases him with presents.
Other events in the Holy Roman Empire
- June 12th : After the death of Luigi III. Gonzaga becomes his son Federico I. Gonzaga Margrave of Mantua .
- June 25th : Big peasant uprising in Carinthia / Austria . Around six hundred peasants oppose the Ottoman horsemen at Arnoldstein and are defeated.
- December 28th : As part of the Ennetbirgischen campaigns , the battle of Giornico takes place . A total of around 600 people from Uri and locals were able to flee an army of several thousand men in Milan . The Leventina is then ruled permanently from the Canton of Uri .
Republic of Venice
- May 6th : Andrea Vendramin , 71st Doge of the Republic of Venice , dies. Giovanni Mocenigo is elected as his successor . At this point in time, Venice was in a protracted war with the Ottoman Empire .
- The Novgorod Republic is after a long siege of the capital of the Grand Duchy of Moscow defeated and connected to this. This ends the tradition of the Wetsche in the city.
- After repeatedly conspiring against his brother Edward IV , George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence , is charged with high treason, sentenced to death and on February 18 in the Tower of London - allegedly at his request by drowning in a barrel with malvasia wine - executed.
- November 8th : After the death of negus Ba'eda Mariam , his seven-year-old son Eskandar is hastily placed on the Ethiopian throne. The reign is led by his mother Romne and two other regents.
- January 6th : Uzun Hasan , ruler of the Turkmen Aq Qoyunlu , dies of an illness. He will be succeeded by his son Yakup Bey .
- November 1st : Pope Sixtus IV approves the establishment of the Inquisition in the Kingdom of Castile . His papal bull, Exigit sincerae devotionis , became the starting point for the Spanish Inquisition.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 15 : Ashikaga Yoshizumi , 11th Shogun of the Ashikaga Shogunate in Japan († 1511 )
- February 3 : Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham , English nobleman († 1521 )
- March 14 : Anastasia von Brandenburg , Countess von Henneberg († 1534 )
- March 26 : Hieronymus Emser , German theologian and opponent of Luther († 1527 )
- April 17 : Giorgione , Italian painter († 1510 )
- May 26 : Giulio de 'Medici, under the name of Clement VII Pope († 1534 )
- June 28 : John of Aragon and Castile , Prince of Asturias, only son of the Catholic Kings († 1497 )
- July 2 : Ludwig V , Elector Palatinate († 1544 )
- July 15 : Barbara of Poland , Duchess of Saxony († 1534 )
- July 22nd : Philip I , King of Spain († 1506 )
- December 6 : Baldassare Castiglione , Italian author and diplomat († 1529 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Elisabeth of Bavaria , Duchess of Bavaria-Landshut († 1504 )
- Katharina von Zimmer , Abbess of the Fraumünster Monastery in Zurich († 1547 )
Born around 1478
- Francisco Pizarro , Spanish conqueror († 1541 )
- Sebastian von Rotenhan , German knight, cartographer and humanist († 1534 )
First half of the year
- January 6th : John VIII of Bourbon , Count of Vendôme (* 1428 )
- January 6 : Uzun Hasan , ruler of the Turkmen (* 1423 )
- February 1st : Cristoforo della Rovere , Archbishop of Tarentaise and Cardinal (* 1434 )
- February 18 : George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence , Prince of England, executed for high treason (* 1449 )
- February 19 : Marco Zoppo , Italian painter (* 1433 )
- April 13th : Günther Zainer , German printer of the incunable period
- April 14th : Ulrich Schwarz , councilor and city clerk in Augsburg (* 1422 )
- April 26th : Giuliano di Piero de 'Medici , Florentine patrician and co-regent of his brother Lorenzo il Magnifico, victim of the Pazzi conspiracy (* 1453 )
- April 26 : Francesco de 'Pazzi , leading Pazzi conspirator (* 1444 )
- April 26 : Francesco Salviati , Archbishop of Pisa, leading Pazzi conspirator (* 1443 )
- April 28 : Jacopo de 'Pazzi , Florentine banker, leading Pazzi conspirator (* 1423 )
- May 6th : Andrea Vendramin , 71st Doge of Venice (* around 1393 )
- May 20 : Regula von Lichtenthal , nun in the Cistercian convent Lichtenthal
- June 12 : Luigi III. Gonzaga , Margrave of Mantua (* 1412 )
Second half of the year
- August 1st : Matthias von Rammung , Bishop of Speyer (* 1417 )
- 4th August : Schwickart the Younger from Sickingen , bailiff of the Electoral Palatinate office of Bretten
- August 23 : Johannes Pullois , Franco-Flemish composer and singer (* before 1430 )
- August 28 : Donato Acciaiuoli , Italian philologist (* 1428 )
- August 28 : Jolande of France , regent of Savoy (* 1434 )
- September 1 : Markus von Baden , canon in Liège (* 1434 )
- October 17th : Ruprecht von Pfalz-Simmern , Bishop of Strasbourg (* 1420 )
- October 17th : Wartislaw X. , Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast (* around 1435 )
- October 25 : Katarina Kosača-Kotromanić , Queen of Bosnia (* 1424 )
- November 8th : Ba'eda Mariam , Negus of Ethiopia (* 1448 )
- December 12th : Johannes Mentelin , German printer and bookseller (* around 1410 )
- December 20th : Johann V von Venningen , Bishop of Basel
Exact date of death unknown
- Dietrich VI. , Count of Limburg-Broich
- Georg Gmünder , Swiss Mayor (* 1391 )
- Lorenz Grove , German sculptor, ore and gunsmith
- Weiprecht III. von Helmstatt , Imperial Knight and Vogt (* 1392 )