Calendar overview 1506
Albrecht IV of Bavaria
regulates the indivisibility of the Duchy of Bavaria .
|red tower in Halle an der Saale is completed.|
|St. Peter's Church is laid.|
|1506 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||954/955 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||13th house - Matlactli omey Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 12th Feuerstein - Matlactli omome Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||2049/50 (southern Buddhism); 2048/49 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||868/869 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3839/40 (2-3 October)|
|Islamic calendar||911/912 (turn of the year 23/24 May)|
|Jewish calendar||5266/67 (September 18-19)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1816/17 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1817/18 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1562/63 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- May 22 : The expedition of the Grand Duchy of Moscow against the renegade Khanate of Kazan ends in failure. The Russian troops are defeated. In the vicinity of Arsk a victory against the Tatars succeeds on June 22nd when the Russians celebrate their victory, however Khan Moxammat Amin returns and defeats them devastatingly. Although this victory of the Tatars is one of the greatest victories in recent decades, Moxammat requests peace for unknown reasons and pays Grand Duke Vasily III. a war indemnity.
- August 19 : After the unexpected death of the Polish king and Lithuanian grand duke Alexander , his Moscow brother-in-law Vasily III. , supported by his sister and a Lithuanian group around Prince Michail Lwowitsch Glinski , hopes for a successor in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania . They are nullified with the election of Sigismund I , Alexander's brother, as ruler of the entire Polish-Lithuanian Union on October 20th .
- January 22nd : The first mercenaries of the Swiss Guard under the leadership of their captain Kaspar von Silenen arrive in Rome and are blessed by Pope Julius II .
- July 8th : With the Primogeniture Act , Duke Albrecht IV of Bavaria regulates the future indivisibility of the Duchy of Bavaria . The firstborn son inherits everything alone, other offspring are financially secure.
- October 7th : Pope Julius II puts Giovanni II Bentivoglio , city lord of Bologna, under the ecclesiastical ban. In the next few weeks the city is conquered by papal troops, supported by French units, and becomes part of the Papal States . Giovanni Bentivoglio flees to Busseto . Julius II triumphantly entered the city on November 10th .
- The dukes Nicholas VI died within a short time . and Johann IV , whereupon the youngest brother Valentin from the Opava branch of the Přemyslids becomes the sole Duke of Opava-Ratibor .
- March 22nd : 16 months after the death of Isabella I of Castile , her husband Ferdinand II of Aragón marries Countess Germaine de Foix , daughter of Jean de Foix , comte d'Etampes, vicomte de Narbonne in Dueñas .
- September 25th : After the death of King Philip I of Castile, his wife Johanna is said to be falling into madness. It may also be an intrigue to keep them out of power. Allegedly because of her condition, she is imprisoned in the fortress of Tordesillas under the care of the nuns of the Santa Clara Monastery . Joan's father Ferdinand II of Aragón takes over the reign of the kingdom.
- October: Cesare Borgia , who has been in Spanish captivity for two years, manages a spectacular escape from the prison tower of La Mota in Medina del Campo . He succeeds in traveling unrecognized to his brother-in-law Jean d'Albret , the King of Navarre , in Pamplona , where he allies himself with him.
Portugal and its colonies
- 16 / March 17 : In a sea battle before Cannanore wins a Portuguese fleet under Lourenço de Almeida, the son of Indian Viceroy Francisco de Almeida on the Prince of Calicut, thereby consolidating the Portuguese influence on the Malabar Coast . The Bolognese Ludovico de Varthema , who takes part in the battle, reports about it in detail in his travelogue ( Itinerario ).
- April 19 : In a massacre against so-called " crypto Jews " in Lisbon , around 2,000 new Christians ( Jews forcibly baptized ) die. The massacre by the royal troops of Manuel I only ended after three days . The main perpetrators are punished and the new Christians are given some concessions.
- The Portuguese admiral Tristão da Cunha sets off with 15 ships for Portuguese India . On the trip he discovered three volcanic islands in the South Atlantic , one of which - Tristan da Cunha - was later named after him.
- Tristão da Cunha and Afonso de Albuquerque conquer the Ilha de Moçambique .
- Portugal occupies the island of Mogador off Essaouira in Morocco and begins building port facilities and a fortress. At Souira Kedima , too , with the Castelo de Aguz, a fortress building in the Algarve begins on the other side of the sea .
science and technology
- The Contarini-Rosselli map , the first printed map of the world to show the New World , is drawn by Giovanni Matteo Contarini and engraved by Francesco Rosselli in Florence or Venice . The map already takes into account the curvature of the earth by means of stereographic projection .
- March 15 : Pope Julius II approves the establishment of the Viadrina University in Frankfurt an der Oder . Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg opens the university on April 26th . The building was erected on top of a synagogue that was destroyed in a pogrom.
- The University of Urbino is founded.
- July 24th : The Red Tower on the market square in Halle an der Saale is completed 88 years after the start of construction.
- January 14th : In his vineyards on the Esquiline in Rome, the winemaker Felice de Fredi discovers the marble group of Laocoon figures by the sculptors Hagesandros , Polydoros and Athanadoros , created around the birth of Christ .
- Albrecht Dürer paints one of his few altarpieces, The Rosary Festival, as an altarpiece for the Church of San Bartolomeo in Venice . The picture, which also includes a self-portrait , suddenly made Dürer, who up until this point had mainly created graphics and drawings, famous.
- May 4 : The printer Lucantonio Giunta produces one of the earliest known printed miniature books on parchment in Venice , the Officium Beatae Mariae Virginis secundum consuetudinem romane curie .
- The book printer Hans Dorn produces the book Dath boke der Hilgen Ewangelien. Lectures. Profecien unde Episteles… . It is the oldest book printed in Braunschweig and still preserved today.
- March 18 : Pope Julius II decides that the relic of the Assumption head, stolen from St. Stephen's Church in Mainz in 1500 , may remain in Düren .
- April 18 : Pope Julius II lays the foundation stone for the new St. Peter's Church in Rome. The first draft for the new building comes from Donato Bramante , who is the first construction manager of the project. In contrast to the long-held view, his first considerations do not concern a plan over a Greek cross , but are developed over the floor plan of the old basilica with a view to a longitudinal building .
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- February 15 : Juliana zu Stolberg , ancestor of the older and younger line of the House of Orange († 1580 )
- February: George Buchanan , Scottish humanist philosopher and historian († 1582 )
- March 9 : Ash-Shahīd ath-Thānī , Twelve Shiite legal scholar and theologian († 1559 )
- April 7th : Francisco de Xavier , Spanish Jesuit and saint, Apostle of India and Japan († 1552 )
- April 8 : Jachiam Tütschett Bifrun , Swiss Reformed Bible translator († 1572 )
- April 13 : Peter Faber , one of the companions of Ignatius of Loyola and co-founder of the Jesuits († 1546 )
- July 1 : Ludwig II , King of Bohemia and Hungary († 1526 )
- September 13 : John Leland , English clergyman and librarian of King Henry VIII († 1552 )
- October 31 : Niklaus Zurkinden , Swiss politician († 1588 )
- December 8 : Veit Dietrich , German theologian and Lutheran reformer († 1549 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi , ruler in the East African sultanate of Adal († 1543 )
- Marcantonio Amulio , Cardinal of the Catholic Church († 1572 )
- Chakkraphat , King of the Siamese Kingdom of Ayutthaya († 1569 )
- Nikolaus Federmann , German-Spanish commercial agent, discoverer and conquistador of the Welser († 1542 )
- Johann I , non-ruling Count of East Friesland († 1572 )
- Diego García de Paredes , Spanish conquistador († 1563 )
- Ruprecht , Count of Veldenz († 1544 )
- Stefan IV. , Prince of Moldova († 1527 )
- Tansen , Indian musician († 1589 )
Date of death secured
- January 21 : Johann IV. Roth , Bishop of Lavant and Prince-Bishop of Breslau (* 1426 )
- March 21 : Hans Haunold , Silesian wholesaler, councilor of Breslau and governor of the Bohemian hereditary principality of Breslau (* 1445 )
- May 2 : Johann Steinwert von Soest , German singer, poet and doctor (* 1448 )
- May 15 : Johannes Burckard , master of ceremonies at the Roman Curia (* around 1450 )
- May 20 : Christopher Columbus , Genoese navigator and explorer in Castilian service (* 1451 )
- July 1 : Matthias Rejsek , Czech stonemason, sculptor, builder and architect (* around 1445 )
- July 26th : Anne de Foix-Candale , French countess from the House of Grailly and Queen of Bohemia and Hungary (* 1484 )
- August 15 : Alexander Agricola , Franco-Flemish composer, singer and instrumentalist (* 1446 )
- August 16 : Dietrich Arndes , Bishop of Lübeck (* 1442 )
- August 19 : Alexander , Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland (* 1461 )
- August 26 : Sesshū Tōyō , Japanese Zen monk and painter of the Muromachi period (* 1420 )
- August 28 : Johannes von Thun , Bishop of Schwerin (* before 1450)
- September 13 : Andrea Mantegna , Italian painter and engraver (* 1431 )
- September 25 : Philip I , Duke of Burgundy and King of Castile and León (* 1478 )
- September 29 : Juan de Castro , Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church (* 1431 )
- October 20 : Adolf von Limburg-Styrum , German nobleman (* around 1450 )
- November 20 : Yeonsangun , tenth king of the Korean Joseon dynasty (* 1476 )
- November 28 : Jörg Kling , stonemason, architect and master builder of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna (* around 1450 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Georg Fugger , German businessman (* 1453 )
- Chödrak Gyatso , 7th Karmapa of the Karma Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1454 )
- Riccardo Quartararo , Neapolitan-Sicilian painter (* 1443 )
- Marcantonio Sabellico , Italian historian and librarian (* around 1436 )