Calendar overview 1508
Anton II becomes
Duke of Lorraine .
|Maximilian I accepts the title of Elected Roman Emperor .|
|Gerard David paints The Baptism of Christ .|
|1508 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||956/957 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||2nd tubes - Ome Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 1st rabbit Ce Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2051/52 (southern Buddhism); 2050/51 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||870/871 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3841/42 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||913/914 (turn of the year May 1st / 2nd)|
|Jewish calendar||5268/69 (August 25-26)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1818/19 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1819/20 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1564/65 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- February 4th : Maximilian I becomes Roman Emperor . He assumed the title of Elected Roman Emperor in Trent, not in Rome. Pope Julius II gives his approval.
- February 28 : After the death of his father Philipp, Ludwig V becomes Count Palatine and Elector of the Palatinate . Because of the Landshut War of Succession , the Electoral Palatinate is under imperial ban at this time .
- March 18 : After the death of his father Albrecht IV, the Wise , Wilhelm IV becomes Duke of Bavaria . For the time being he rules under the tutelage of his uncle Wolfgang .
- May 5 : Due oppressive financial hardships Council needs of the city of Erfurt , the Wasserburg Kapellendorf to Elector Frederick the Wise and Duke Johann what occasion pledge of Saxony a year later a rebellion - the so-called Great Year is the Erfurt citizens against their advice.
- September 27 : Uriel von Gemmingen is elected Archbishop and Elector of Mainz after the death of Jakob von Liebenstein . He is thus at the head of the largest German ecclesiastical province , the ecclesiastical province of Mainz, and is at the same time Imperial Arch Chancellor for Germany and Imperial Prince .
- November 1 : Wolfgang , after the death of his father Waldemar VI. Prince of Anhalt-Koethen .
- November 13th : Philip II of Daun becomes elector and archbishop of Cologne . He succeeds Hermann von Hessen , who died on October 19 . He prevailed against Duke Erich II of Saxony-Lauenburg , who withdrew his candidacy and succeeded Conrad IV of Rietberg , who died on February 9, to become Bishop of Münster .
- Erich von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen also succeeds Hermann von Hessen as Prince-Bishop of Paderborn . He also succeeds Konrad IV von Rietberg as Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück .
Southern and Western Europe
- April 11th : Francesco Maria I della Rovere becomes Duke of Urbino after the death of his uncle Guidobaldo I da Montefeltro .
- May: After his attempt to bring Monaco into his possession has failed , the French King Louis XII. Lucien de Monaco , who had been imprisoned by him since the previous year, was released .
- June 6th : Emperor Maximilian I is defeated by Venetian troops in Friuli . He has to cede some areas to Venice , a three-year armistice is agreed.
- December 10th : Italian Wars : The League of Cambrai is formed. Officially committed to the fight against the Ottoman Turks, the alliance of several rulers and the Pope is actually directed against the Republic of Venice .
- December 10 : René II , Duke of Lorraine , dies. He is succeeded by his son Anton II on the throne.
Central and Eastern Europe
- September 19 : A Lithuanian embassy comes to Moscow and signs an "eternal peace". The personal union Poland-Lithuania renounces all of Ivan III on the basis of the armistice of 1503 . lost areas.
- July 23 : Spaniards under the command of Pedro Navarro conquer the island of Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera , which is defended by Mediterranean pirates . The Spanish exclave on Morocco's coast is now a disputed territory.
- October: Pedro Navarro conquers the city of Mers-el-Kébir in North Africa for Spain .
- July 31st : Na'od I , Negus of Ethiopia , is killed in a campaign against the Sultanate of Ifat . He is succeeded by David II , who wants to limit the influence of the Portuguese in his empire.
- March: Lourenço de Almeida, son of the Indian viceroy Francisco de Almeida , is killed in a defeat against an Egyptian-Arab-Indian fleet supported by Venice.
- Under Afonso de Albuquerque the construction of the São Sebastião fortress on the Ilha de Moçambique begins .
- A Portuguese flotilla under Afonso de Albuquerque destroys the Arab trade base Qalhat in what is now Oman .
- December 6 : The new governor-designate of Portuguese India , Afonso de Albuquerque , reaches his destination, but is not recognized by his predecessor Francisco de Almeida and is instead imprisoned.
European voyages of discovery
- On behalf of King Henry VII of England, Sebastiano Caboto undertakes a journey in search of the Northwest Passage , which may lead him north to Hudson Bay and south to Chesapeake Bay .
science and technology
- September 12 to October: Leonardo da Vinci writes Manuscript F of his Paris manuscripts . The main subjects of the manuscript are water, optics, geology and astronomy , like the nature of moonlight .
- Amerigo Vespucci is appointed first piloto mayor of the Spanish Casa de Contratación . He is primarily responsible for updating the Padrón Real , the map on which all new discoveries are recorded.
- February 21 : Michelangelo completes the bronze statue of Pope Julius II in Bologna and is then called back to Rome by him, but not, as he assumed, to finish the Pope's tomb, but to paint the Sistine Chapel , an undertaking which Michelangelo only accepts with reservations and little enthusiasm.
- Albrecht Dürer made one of his most famous works as a sketch for the Heller Altarpiece : Praying Hands .
Literature and theater
- March 5 : The comedy La cassaria of Ludovico Ariosto has its world premiere at the court of Ferrara. It is the first major comedy in Italian .
- The Low German satire Bruder Rausch appears for the first time in High German.
- Poeta laureatus Heinrich Bebel writes Proverbia Germanica .
- Count Edzard I. gives the place empty , the market law . Since then, the Gallimarkt has been held there, now the largest folk festival in East Frisia .
- Johannes Pfefferkorn , who converted to Christianity, writes the Judenspiegel , a polemical work with which he wants to lead the Jews "to the true Christian faith".
- Thomas Cajetan becomes Order General of the Dominicans .
- The branch church Kleinsöding is built.
Date of birth saved
- March 6 : Humayun , Mughal Mughal of India († 1556 )
- March 16 : Sebastian von Heusenstamm , Archbishop of Mainz, Imperial Arch Chancellor († 1555 )
- April 4 : Ercole II. D'Este , Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio, son of Lucrezia Borgia († 1559 )
- April 23 : Georg Sabinus , German founding rector of the University of Königsberg († 1560 )
- June 9 : Primož Trubar , Protestant preacher; is considered the founder of Slovenian literature († 1586 )
- July 24th : Andreas von Barby , Danish politician and Bishop of Lübeck († 1559 )
- September 1 : Franziskus Joel , Hungarian pharmacologist and physician († 1579 )
- September: Sebastian Aitinger , Secretary of the Schmalkaldic Federation († 1547 )
- November 23 : Franz , Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, youngest son of Duke Heinrich the Middle of Lüneburg-Celle († 1549 )
- November 30th : Andrea Palladio , the most important architect of Mannerism in Northern Italy († 1580 )
- December 9th : Gemma R. Frisius , Flemish medic, astronomer, mathematician, cartographer and instrument maker († 1555 )
- December 21 : Thomas Naogeorg , German theologian and writer († 1563 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Bertram Graf von Ahlefeldt , lord of the noble estate Lehmkuhlen († 1571 )
- Paolo Antonio del Bivi , Italian composer († 1584 )
- Jerónimo Cardoso , Portuguese Latinist, Romanist, Lusitanist and lexicographer († 1569 )
- Pankraz von Freyberg zu Hohenaschau , Bavarian entrepreneur, politician and supporter of the Reformation († 1565 )
- Kamiizumi Nobutsuna , Japanese swordsman († 1577 )
- Ștefan Lăcustă , Prince of Moldova († 1540 )
- Bernardo Salviati , Florentine nobleman, cardinal of the Catholic Church († 1568 )
- Petar Zoranić , Croatian writer († around 1569 )
Born around 1508
- Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley , English nobleman, military leader, diplomat and politician († 1549 )
First half of the year
- January 25 : Heinrich III. von Schauenburg , Bishop of Minden
- February 4 : Conrad Celtis , German poet and humanist (* 1459 )
- February 9 : Conrad IV of Rietberg , Bishop of Osnabrück and Münster
- February 15 : Giovanni II Bentivoglio , Italian nobleman and despot (* 1443 )
- February 24 : Georg von Ehingen , Swabian imperial knight, diplomat and traveler (* 1428 )
- February 28 : Philip the Noble , Count Palatine and Elector Palatinate (* 1448 )
- March 13 : Dietrich Brömse , councilor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck (* 1470 )
- March 18 : Albrecht IV , the Wise , Duke of Bavaria, (* 1447 )
- March 29 : Christoph von Baden , titular Margrave of Baden, Canon of Strasbourg and Cologne (* 1477 )
- April 11th : Guidobaldo I da Montefeltro , Duke of Urbino (* 1472 )
- April 26 : Georg Zingel , German Catholic theologian (* 1428 )
- May 7 : Nil Sorski , Russian starling (* 1433 )
- May 13 : Martial d'Auvergne , French writer (* 1430 )
- May 21 : Giles Daubeney, 1st Baron Daubeney , English nobleman, military man and statesman (* 1451 or 1452)
- May 27 : Ludovico Sforza , Duke of Milan (* 1452 )
- June 6th : Ercole Strozzi , Italian courtier and poet, (* 1471 )
Second half of the year
- July 31 : Na'od I , Emperor of Ethiopia (* before 1494)
- August 30 : Hieronymus Biechelberger , abbot of the Imperial Abbey of Ochsenhausen (* 15th century)
- September 15 : Jakob von Liebenstein , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz, German Arch Chancellor (* 1462 )
- September 23 : Beatrix of Aragón , Queen of Hungary and Bohemia (* 1457 )
- September 27th : Simone del Pollaiuolo , Italian architect of the Renaissance (* 1457 )
- October 8 : Martin von Weißenburg , abbot of the Reichenau monastery (* around 1470 )
- October 10 : Johann I. Thurzo , Hungarian patrician, merchant and mining entrepreneur (* 1437 )
- October 19 : Hermann IV of Hesse , Archbishop of Cologne and Prince-Bishop of Paderborn (* around 1450 )
- November 1st : Waldemar VI. , Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (* 1450 )
- November 25 : Ursula von Brandenburg , Duchess of Münsterberg and Oels and Countess von Glatz (* 1450 )
- December 10 : René II , Duke of Lorraine (* 1451 )
- December 16 : Heinrich the Younger zu Stolberg , governor of Friesland (* 1467 )
- December 22nd : Erich II , Duke of Mecklenburg (* 1483 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Isaak Abrabanel , Jewish Bible commentator and philosopher, politician and financier in the service of the kings of Portugal, Spain and Naples and the Doges of Venice (* 1437 )
- Johann Bere , councilor of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck (* before 1460)
- Wolfgang Katzheimer , German painter and graphic artist (* around 1450 )
- Nephon II , Patriarch of Constantinople and Orthodox Saint