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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Emperor Friedrich III.
Friedrich III. is crowned as the last emperor of
the Holy Roman Empire
in Rome .
Penitential preacher Johannes Capistranus
Johannes Capistranus has games burned
in Nuremberg
Empire of the black mutton
The empire of the black mutton conquered large parts of Iran .
1452 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 900/901 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1444/45
Aztec calendar 11. Tubes - Matlactli ozce Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 10th Rabbit - Matlactli Tochtli )
Buddhist calendar 1995/96 (southern Buddhism); 1994/95 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the water monkey壬申 ( at the beginning of the year metal sheep 辛未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 814/815 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 830/831
Islamic calendar 855/56 (turn of the year 22/23 January)
Jewish calendar 5212/13 (September 13-14)
Coptic calendar 1168/69
Malayalam calendar 627/628
Seleucid era Babylon: 1762/63 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1763/64 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1490
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1508/09 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

Wartislaw IX.
  • January 2nd : Duke Wartislaw IX. von Pommern-Wolgast grants the cities of Stralsund , Greifswald , Demmin and Anklam certain rights in the Golden Privilege . These include the right to form alliances with one another, the free jurisdiction of the cities against crimes to the detriment of the cities on public land and waterways, safe conduct for city citizens within the country even in times of war, freedom from customs duties and taxes within the country, exclusion the Duke's jurisdiction over the townspeople, the confirmation of protection for property, life and limb of the residents, the right to arbitrary land acquisition by the towns, the Duke's intervention against his own servants in the event of abuse of power against the towns and the guarantee of privileges even in the event of violations , Omissions or other denials towards the sovereign.
  • March 9 : Friedrich III. is crowned as the last emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in Rome . The coronation is carried out by Pope Nicholas V.
  • May 18th : Modena and Reggio are taken over by Emperor Friedrich III. constituted as a duchy in favor of Borso d'Este .

Ottoman Empire

The Eastern Mediterranean around 1450

Other events in Europe

Portuguese voyages of discovery


City rights and first documentary mentions

  • Muskau in Upper Lusatia receives city rights.


Culture, religion and society

Library of Congress's Gutenberg Bible


Date of birth saved

Joan of Portugal
Leonardo da Vinci's birthplace in Anchiano near Vinci

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1452  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files