|battle on the Kulikowo Pole , Moscow's Grand Duke Dmitri Donskoy wins over the Golden Horde .|
|Charles VI becomes king of France .|
|1380 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||828/829 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||4th tubes - Nahui Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 3rd rabbit - Jei Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1923/24 (southern Buddhism); 1922/23 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||742/743 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||781/782 (turn of the year April 6/7)|
|Jewish calendar||5140/41 (August 31 / September 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1690/91 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1691/92 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1436/37|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- May 24th: The county of Berg becomes a duchy under Wilhelm I von Berg .
- August 12th: After the end of the big shift , the ban on Braunschweig is lifted after five years.
- In the battle of Sörenberg , Entlebuch wins over Obwalden .
- around 1380: In the Bregenzerwald a self-government of the peasantry develops , the so-called forest republic .
- September 16: 12-year-old Charles VI. after the death of his father V. Charles King of France . The government of the dukes ruled during the king's immaturity in France .
- June 24th: Troops of the Republic of Venice under Vettor Pisani succeed in recapturing Chioggia from the Genoese in the war of the same name after months of siege . As a result, the Genoese fleet can also be driven out of the Adriatic.
Eastern Europe and Western Asia
- September 8: In the battle on the Kulikowo Pole , the cavalry of the Golden Horde cannot develop, which brings the Russian armed forces under the Moscow Grand Duke Dmitri Donskoy to victory.
- Timur Lenk begins the campaigns against Persia , Georgia , Russia , Central Asia , Hindustan , Egypt , Damascus and Baghdad .
- 1380/1381: In the battle of Dubravnica the troops of the Serbian prince Lazar Hrebeljanović under the general Crep Vukoslavić win over an army of the Ottomans , whose general is unknown today.
First documentary mentions
- Ferden is first mentioned in a document.
- Around 1380: The large Ravensburger trading company is founded by merchants from the Humpis families from Ravensburg , Mötteli from Buchhorn and Muntprat from Constance . The company, which was originally founded primarily to market domestic cloth such as linen and fetch , developed into one of the most important European trading companies of the late Middle Ages.
Technology and culture
The wooden ceiling in Palazzo Chiaramonte in Palermo will be completed after three years. Because of its painting, the ceiling is of great value. Even if the craftsmanship does not go beyond the usual level of craftsmanship , the image content is one of the most remarkable compilations in Sicily in the 14th century, as it is also reflected elsewhere in Norman-Arabic-Byzantine art . The wooden ceiling of the upper floor has a roof structure with exposed roof beams.
- around 1380: The Bremer Kogge found in 1962 is built.
Date of birth saved
- February 11: Poggio Bracciolini , humanist of the Italian Renaissance († 1459)
- February 24th: Maria von Geldern , Duchess of Jülich and Geldern († between 1428 and 1434)
- March 18: Lidwina von Schiedam , Dutch Catholic saint († 1433)
- September 8: Bernardine of Siena , Italian saint († 1444)
- November 27: Ferdinand I , King of Aragon († 1416)
Exact date of birth unknown
- September: Johannes Schiltberger , participant in the Nicopolis crusade († after 1427)
- Antoinette de Turenne , Vice Countess of Turenne († 1416)
- Gjon Kastrioti I , Albanian prince († around 1442)
- Huitzilíhuitl , ruler of Tenochtitlán († 1417)
- Itzcóatl , ruler of Tenochtitlán († 1440)
- Jacob II , Count of Urgell († 1433)
- John III von Asel , Bishop of Verden († 1472)
- John Fastolf , English knight and military leader († 1459)
- John Kemp , Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor († 1454)
- Johann Tiergart , Bishop of Courland and priest of the Teutonic Order († 1456)
- Konstantin Kostenezki , Bulgarian writer and historian († after 1431)
- Haupt II. Von Pappenheim , Reichsherbmarschall and diplomat († 1438)
- Nguyễn Trãi , Vietnamese Confucian scholar, politician, strategist and poet († 1442)
- Prosdocimus de Beldemandis , Italian astronomer, mathematician and music theorist († 1428)
- Guillem Sagrera , Spanish sculptor, builder and architect († 1456)
Born around 1380
- Juan de Cervantes , Spanish cardinal († 1453)
- Bartošek z Drahonic , Bohemian chronicler († around 1443)
- Jens Jakobsson , Bishop of Oslo and Norwegian Chancellor († 1452)
- Gisbert Schairt , late Gothic builder from the Lower Rhine region († 1452)
- João Gonçalves Zarco , Portuguese navigator and rediscoverer of Madeira († around 1467)
- Thomas von Kempen , German mystic († 1471)
Date of death secured
- January 14: Albrecht von Sternberg , Bishop of Schwerin, Bishop of Leitomischl and Archbishop of Magdeburg (* around 1333)
- March 21: Heinrich von Spiegel zum Desenberg , Prince-Bishop of Paderborn and Prince Abbot of Corvey
- March 25th: Augustin Mintmaster of Breisach , Bishop of Seckau
- April 10: Manuel Kantakuzenos , Byzantine despot of Morea (* around 1326)
- April 25: Margaret of Brabant , Countess of Flanders (* 1323)
- April 29th: Catherine of Siena , Italian mystic and doctor of the church (* 1347)
- July 13: Bertrand du Guesclin , French general (* around 1320)
- July 26: Kōmyō , Japanese pretender to the throne (* 1322)
- August 6th: Konrad Rehlinger , Augsburg city clerk (* 1330)
- September 16: Charles V , King of France (* 1338)
- October 3rd: Agapito Colonna , Cardinal of the Catholic Church, Bishop of Lisbon
- November 19: Albert III. von Winkel , Prince-Bishop of Passau
- December 17th: Johann II , Count of Habsburg-Laufenburg and Neu-Rapperswil
- December 24th: Johannes von Neumarkt , Chancellor of Emperor Charles IV and writer (* around 1310)
- December 29: Elisabeth of Poland , Queen of Hungary and Croatia and Regent of Poland (* 1305)
Exact date of death unknown
- End of February: Guillaume II. Roger , French nobleman (* 1290)
- before July 12th: Blanche of Lancaster , English noblewoman (* 1305)
- Benedictus de Alevelde senior , first councilor and military leader of the Danish king
- Håkon VI. , King of Norway and co-king of Sweden (* around 1341)
- Vettor Pisani , Venetian Admiral (* 1324)
- Ulrich IV. , Lord of Hanau (* between 1330 and 1340)
- Heinrich Vritzen , citizen of Brandenburg and lay brother of the Benedictine order
- Walram , Count of Sponheim (* around 1305)