Calendar overview 1376
Edward of Woodstock ,
later known as the "Black Prince", dies.
|1376 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||824/825 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||13. Tubes - Matlactli omey Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 12th Rabbit - Matlactli omome Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1919/20 (southern Buddhism); 1918/19 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||738/739 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||777/778 (turn of the year 20/21 May)|
|Jewish calendar||5136/37 (September 14/15)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1686/87 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1687/88 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1432/33|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- January 13th : The Gugler war ends with a peace treaty, Enguerrand VII. De Coucy leaves the Swiss plateau.
- February 26th : Duke Leopold III. von Habsburg holds a tournament with a large number of people at Grossbasler Münster after no suitable place for this traditional carnival event was found in Kleinbasel . For the citizens of Basel, the tournament also appears to be a challenge and a demonstration of power, and as guns and horses get into the rows of spectators, there is tumult. An incited crowd attacked the Habsburg society on the Münsterplatz and in the aristocratic rooms and killed some nobles and servants. The duke had to flee to Kleinbasel in a boat, half a hundred counts, canons , noblemen and servants fell under the control of the rioters for a short time. The city council later declares “strange people and bad boys” responsible for the “ bad carnival ” and decapitates twelve alleged ringleaders . The Duke, however, seizes the opportunity to hold the citizens accountable and to make them obedient . At his insistence, the imposing empire for breach of the peace , the night over Basel. An agreement of July 9th in Hall in Tirol between the city and Herzog finally settled the dispute, but turned out to be extremely unfavorable for Basel. From now on, Leopold had to do the same job as other Habsburg cities and pay damages of 8,000 guilders. With Leopold's power behind it, the Habsburg party dominated the city for the next ten years.
- June 10th : The 15-year-old Wenzel , the eldest son of Emperor Charles IV , is elected Rex Romanorum in Frankfurt am Main during his father's lifetime and is elected by the Archbishop of Cologne, Friedrich III. of Saar are crowned on July 6th .
- July 4th : 14 Upper Swabian imperial cities under the leadership of Ulm found the Swabian City Association for four years. Emperor Charles IV does not recognize this association and leads the imperial war against the city union, which he perceives as a rebellion .
- July 9 : Kaiser Karl overwhelmed with the consent of the electors, the citizens of Rhens on (inter nuces) in the nut trees on the Rhine "Steynen gestuel" King chair Rhens to build and repaired, for which duty-free treatment is assured them.
- After the death of Keno I. tom Brok , his son Ocko I. tom Brok becomes the new chief of the Brokmer and Auricherlands in East Frisia .
Western and Southern Europe
- March 4th : King Charles V of France and Count Amadeus VI. of Savoy sign a treaty for the mutual extradition of criminals.
- September 13th : Against resolute resistance from the French crown , Pope Gregory XI breaks . in Avignon to move the seat of the Holy See back to Rome . After 65 years, the " Avignon exile " , which had lasted since 1309, ends .
- The House of Commons in the Kingdom of England , presented by Sir Peter de la Mare as the first speaker , is suing some royal advisors of inefficiency, excessive taxes and their waste in the war against France . As a result, new advisers are appointed. Nevertheless, the resolutions of the “ Good Parliament ” are repealed in the same year and a more docile parliament is convened the following year.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Höfen an der Enz is first mentioned in a document.
- Grafenau in the Bavarian Forest ( Lower Bavaria ) receives city rights .
- Barntrup , district of Lippe , receives city rights through Count Heinrich V von Sternberg.
Science and religion
- May 23rd : In Florence the card game is banned by regulation. This is one of the first secure evidence of playing cards in Europe.
- The French King Charles V reduced the lilies on the royal coat of arms to three in honor of the Holy Trinity.
- July: Ladislaus of Naples , King of Naples, Croatian-Hungarian counter-king and titular king of Jerusalem, Prince of Taranto († 1414 )
- Giovanni Aurispa , Italian humanist († 1459 )
- Bodong Chogle Namgyel , person of Tibetan Buddhism and versatile scholar († 1451 )
- Henry VI. , Count of Gorizia († 1454 )
- Li Changqi , Chinese writer († 1452 )
- Louis I. de Bourbon , Count of Vendôme († 1446 )
- Margaret of the Palatinate , Duchess of Lorraine († 1434 )
- Martin I , King of Sicily († 1409 )
- Nicolas Rolin , Chancellor of the Duke of Burgundy († 1462 )
- Sophie of Bavaria , Queen of Bohemia († 1428 )
- Yusuf III. , Emir of Grenada († 1417 )
- Zbynko Zajíc von Hasenburg , Archbishop of Prague († 1411 )
Date of death secured
- February 19 : Heinrich Tuschl von Söldenau , wealthy knight from Lower Bavaria
- March 10 : Geoffroi de Vayrols , Bishop of Lausanne, Carpentras and Carcassonne and Archbishop of Toulouse
- March 14 : Andronikos Komnenos , despot in Trebizond (* 1355 )
- April 6 : Preczlaw von Pogarell , Bishop of Breslau (* 1299 )
- June 3 : Heinrich II, the Iron , Landgrave of Hesse
- June 8 : Edward of Woodstock , the "Black Prince", English heir to the throne (* 1330 )
- July 8th : Herbord von Bischofsroda , scholar and provost
- July 22 : Simon Langham , Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor (* around 1315 )
- August 10 : Robert de Juliac , Grand Master of the Order of Malta
- August 26th : Heinrich Beyer von Boppard , Burgrave of Boppard
- September 7th : Jean III. de Grailly , Captal de Buch and military leader in the Hundred Years War
- September 14 : John de Mohun , English nobleman and military man (* 1320 )
- September 17th : Jarosław Bogoria , Archbishop of Gniezno (* around 1280 )
- October 18 : Markwart VII von Grünenberg , abbot of Einsiedeln monastery
- November 21 : Pierre de La Jugie , Archbishop of Saragossa, Archbishop of Narbonne and Archbishop of Rouen (* 1319 )
- December 22nd / 24th : Heinrich Truchsess von Diessenhofen , cleric and chronicler (* around 1300 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Keno I. tom Brok , first chief of Brookmerland in East Friesland (* around 1310 )
- Nissim von Gerona , Spanish Talmudist (* around 1310 )
- Louis of Navarra , Count of Beaumont-le-Roger (* around 1341 )
- Reinhard von Schönau , founder of the Schönforst reign (* around 1310 )
- Johannes von Töckheim , Bishop of Gurk
Died around 1376
- Jacopo di Pietro Avanzi , Italian painter