Calendar overview 1459
defeated the Yorkists
at the Battle of Ludlow .
in a document Vlad III. Drăculeas
|Fra Mauro designs a world map .|
|1459 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||907/908 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||5th rabbit - Macuilli Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 4th house - Nahui Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2002/03 (southern Buddhism); 2001/02 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||821/822 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||863/864 (turn of the year October 27-28)|
|Jewish calendar||5219/20 (29/30 August)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1769/70 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1770/71 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1515/16 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- April 25th : The Treaty of Eger defines the Saxon- Bohemian border in the Ore Mountains and on the Elbe (south of Schandau ). Elector Friedrich and Duke Wilhelm of Saxony and the Bohemian King Georg von Podiebrad agree that cities, castles, markets and villages that are in the crown area of Bohemia this side of the forest ( Brüx , Riesenburg Castle and Dux including all spiritual and secular team, all pensions, Interest, duties, etc.), belong to Bohemia, whereas the estates and castles on the other side of the forest in Thuringia , in Vogtland and in Meißen are to remain with the Saxon dukes. The contract is sealed on November 11th with the marriage of Georg's daughter Sidonie of Böhmen to the son of Elector Friedrich of Saxony, Albrecht the Courageous .
- December 4th : After the death of Count Adolf VIII of Holstein, as Adolf I also Duke of Schleswig, there are no heirs, so nobody has a right to the Duchy of Schleswig and the County of Holstein . The knighthood comes together for the election of a new duke . Even after several ballots, there is no result until 1460 .
- During the Bavarian War , Margrave Albrecht Achilles from the House of Hohenzollern , who at that time already united the Principalities of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Brandenburg-Ansbach in his hand, and Ludwig the Rich as Duke of Bavaria-Landshut from the House of Wittelsbach , who are both eager to expand their principalities.
Wars of the Roses in England
- September 23 : In the Battle of Blore Heath in the Wars of the Roses , the House of York triumphs over the House of Lancaster and then marches on Worcester, where it is, however, exposed to a three-fold superiority. On October 12, after the flight of their general Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York , his two sons and Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, they were defeated in the Battle of Ludlow against the army of Henry VI.
- April 1 : Stjepan Tomašević , son of the Bosnian King Stjepan Tomaš , marries Helena Branković , the daughter of the Serbian despot Lazar Branković, who died the previous year . Then he deposed Lazar's brother Stefan Branković and ascended the Serbian throne himself. However, his government in the state threatened by the Ottomans is only brief.
- June 20 : With the handover of the capital Smederevo by the last ruling despot Stjepan Tomašević , Serbia becomes part of the Ottoman Empire after decades of defensive struggle . The conquerors under Sultan Mehmed II dissolve the independent despotate of Serbia and found the Sanjak Smederevo . Tomašević and his wife flee to the Bosnian court.
- September 20 : In one of the voivodes and general Vlad III. Drăculea , Bucharest is mentioned for the first time in a document , only a few years later elevated to the status of the prince's seat of Wallachia .
- April 22nd : David Komnenos succeeds his deceased brother John IV as the last ruler in the Empire of Trebizond .
- The Bauhütten amalgamated on the basis of the Strasbourg order .
- The Göss brewery in the Göß Abbey near Leoben is first mentioned in a document.
science and technology
- The Venetian monk Fra Mauro designs a world map.
- When printing the Rationale divinorum officiorum , Peter Schöffer first used the Gotico-Antiqua typeface he developed .
Date of birth saved
- January 25 : Paul Hofhaimer , Austrian composer († 1537 )
- February 1 : Conrad Celtis , German poet and humanist († 1508 )
- March 2 : Adriaan Floriszoon, as Hadrian VI. Pope († 1523 )
- March 6 : Jakob Fugger "the rich", German merchant, coal and steel entrepreneur and banker († 1525 )
- March 22nd : Maximilian I of Habsburg, Duke of Burgundy and Holy Roman Emperor († 1519 )
- May 15 : Johann I , Count Palatine and Duke of Simmern († 1509 )
- July 18 : Wok II. Von Rosenberg , Bohemian nobleman from the Rosenbergs († 1505 )
- October 6 : Martin Behaim , German cosmographer († 1507 )
- December 7th : Diego Ramírez de Villaescusa , Bishop of Málaga and Cuenca, confessor of Joan of Castile († 1537 )
- December 23 : Cem Sultan , Ottoman prince and poet († 1495 )
- December 27 : Johann I Albrecht , King of Poland († 1501 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Lorenz von Bibra , Prince-Bishop of Würzburg († 1519 )
- Andrés Gutiérrez de Cerezo , Spanish humanist and university professor († 1503 )
- Charles de Valois , Count of Angoulême († 1496 )
- Bernardino Corio , Milanese historian and humanist († around 1519 )
- Niklas Graf Salm the Elder , German general († 1530 )
- Sixtus Tucher , Nuremberg patrician († 1507 )
Born around 1459
Date of death secured
- January 6th : Thomas Ferrers , English knight
- February 14th : Stefan , Count Palatinate and Duke of Pfalz-Simmern-Zweibrücken (* 1385 )
- April 22nd / 23rd : Walter Devereux , English knight and politician (* 1411 )
- May 2 : Antoninus of Florence , Italian theologian, prior and archbishop (* 1389 )
- May 5th : Anton von Rotenhan , Bishop of Bamberg (* around 1390 )
- May 6th : Dietrich Schenk von Erbach , Archbishop of Mainz (* 1390 )
- May: Giovanni Aurispa , Italian humanist (* 1376 )
- June 9 : Shōtetsu , Japanese poet (* 1381 )
- September 6th : Katharina von Nassau-Beilstein , Countess von Hanau
- 18 / October 19 : Johann VIII of Heinsberg. , Bishop of Liege (* around 1396 )
- October 27 : Giannozzo Manetti , humanist of the Italian Renaissance (* 1396 )
- October 30th : Poggio Bracciolini , humanist of the Italian Renaissance (* 1380 )
- November 5 : John Fastolf , English knight and military leader (* 1380 )
- December 4 : Adolf VIII , Count of Holstein and Duke of Schleswig, without heirs (* 1401 )
- December 20 : Petrus II. Vältl , Bavarian Benedictine
Exact date of death unknown
- Akşemseddin , Islamic scholar, Sufi, poet and physician (* around 1389 / 1390 )
- Erik VII , King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (* around 1382 )
- Gregory III. Mammas , Patriarch of Constantinople
- Fra Mauro , Venetian monk and cartographer (* around 1385 )
- John IV Comnenus , Emperor of Trebizond (* 1403 )