|Piero di Cosimo de 'Medici becomes a leading politician in Florence .||Paul II .|
Sten Sture the Elder moves into Stockholm
during the uprising
against Christian I.
|1464 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||912/913 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||10th tubes - Matlactli Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 9th rabbit - Chicuhnahui Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2007/08 (southern Buddhism); 2006/07 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||826/827 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||868/869 (turn of the year 2/3 September)|
|Jewish calendar||5224/25 (2/3 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1774/75 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1775/76 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1520/21 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Wars of the Roses in England
The Yorkists, under John Neville, 1st Earl of Montagu, defeat the Lancastrians on April 24th at the Battle of Hedgeley Moor during the Wars of the Roses . Less than a month later they also won the Battle of Hexham on May 15th, breaking the last resistance of the House of Lancaster against King Edward IV in the north of England .
- May 1 : The English King Edward IV secretly marries Elizabeth Woodville, who comes from the lower nobility . The marriage, which will only become known in September, is a humiliation for Edward's adviser Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick , who at the time was trying to negotiate a marriage for the English king in France. Elizabeth's brother Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers , previously a supporter of the Lancasters, subsequently becomes one of the king's closest advisers.
Other events in Europe
- January 9th : In Bruges , an assembly of all the estates of the Dutch provinces ( Staten-Generaal van de Nederlanden ) meets for the first time . In the course of time, the assembly actually became sovereign and its name subsequently gave rise to the German term general states as a synonym for the Netherlands .
- August 1st : After the death of Cosimo de 'Medici , his son Piero di Cosimo de' Medici becomes a leading politician in Florence .
- In Sweden a riot breaks against the rule of King I. Christians from. His predecessor, Charles VIII , is crowned King of Sweden for the second time.
- King Ferdinand I of Naples founds the Hermelin Order . The motto of the knightly order is “Malo mori quam foedari” ( “I would rather die than be defiled” ).
science and technology
- The University of Bourges is founded.
- around 1464: The Accademia Romana , the oldest and most famous Roman academy of the Renaissance , is founded by the Renaissance humanist Julius Pomponius Laetus . The academy sees its task in researching the ancient past of Rome and in the renewal and maintenance of ancient Roman traditions. Her work is shaped by Pomponius' concept of a comprehensive historical-philological studies of antiquity , which combines the text-critical study of ancient sources with the exploration of archaeological sites and finds.
- Construction of the Holsten Gate in Lübeck by council builder Hinrich Helmsted begins. The Holsten Gate is completed around 1478 .
- With the establishment of the Gongkar Chöde Monastery in Gonggar in Tibet , Gongkar Künga Namgyel founds the Sakya secondary school of the Gongkar tradition of Tibetan Buddhism .
Pope Pius II dies in Ancona on August 14th . His remains are - for the time being - buried in St. Peter's Basilica. On August 30, after a three-day election in the Vatican , the conclave elects Pietro Barbo as the new Pope. He actually wanted to give himself the name Formosus II , but the cardinals persuaded him not to use this name. His second choice falls on the name of Marcus II , but the name of the evangelist does not seem appropriate to the cardinals, as they are generally unusual as names of the popes, like the names of the apostles . In this way they convince the new Pope to take on the name Paul II , who appears to be acceptable as the name of the Apostle of the Nations, who does not belong to the circle of the twelve and does not belong to the Evangelists. As was customary at that time, the cardinals demanded an election surrender from Paul II , but Paul II revoked his election surrender immediately after his coronation .
Date of birth saved
- January 3 : Johannes Varnbüler , Mayor of Lindau († 1545 )
- January 11 : Wichmann Kruse , German legal scholar and theologian († 1534 )
- April 23 : Robert Fayrfax , English musician and composer († 1521 )
- April 23 : Joan of France , French noblewoman, Duchess of Orleans, Queen of France, nun, founder of the order and saint († 1505 )
- May 6 : Sofia Jagiellonka , Polish nobleman, Margravine of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Brandenburg-Ansbach († 1512 )
- May 29 : Roberto Pucci , Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 1547 )
- May 30 : Barbara von Brandenburg , German noblewoman, Margravine of Brandenburg, Duchess of Glogau, Queen of Bohemia († 1515 )
- July 22nd : Christoph Herwart , German businessman († 1529 )
- August 23 : Ludwig von Hanau-Lichtenberg , German nobleman, Count von Hanau-Lichtenberg († 1484 )
- November 19 : Go-Kashiwabara , Japanese nobleman, 104th Emperor of Japan († 1526 )
- November 28 : Caspar Adelmann von Adelmannsfelden , German nobleman, humanist, canon († 1541 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- before 1464: Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntly , Scottish nobleman and participant in the Battle of Flodden Field († 1524 )
- Anacaona , Haitian Queen of the Taíno († 1504 )
- Dayan Khan , Mongolian Khan
- Nezahualpilli , Aztec ruler of Texcoco († 1515 )
- Philip of Burgundy , Dutch nobleman, knight, admiral of the Netherlands, Bishop of Utrecht († 1524 )
- Heinrich Schickhardt the Elder , German wood carver, cabinet maker († 1540 )
- Philippe de Villiers de l'Isle-Adam , French nobleman, 44th Grand Master of the Order of St. John († 1534 )
- William III. von Enckenvoirt , Dutch bishop of Tortosa and Utrecht, cardinal († 1534 )
First half of the year
- January 1st : Johann III. von Eych , Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt (* 1404 )
- January 12 : Thomas Ebendorfer , Austrian theologian, Rector of the University of Vienna (* 1388 )
- around January 16 : Desiderio da Settignano , Italian sculptor (* around 1430 )
- February 23 : Zhengtong , sixth Chinese emperor of the Ming Dynasty (* 1427 )
- March 2nd : Dieter VI. von Angelach-Angelach , German nobleman, imperial knight and bailiff
- March 8 : Katharina von Podiebrad , Queen of Hungary (* 1449 )
- May 25 : Karl I , Count of Nevers and Rethel (* 1414 )
- June 18 : Rogier van der Weyden , Flemish painter (* 1399 )
Second half of the year
- August 1st : Cosimo de 'Medici , city lord of Florence and banker, founder of the Medici dynasty (* 1389 )
- August 11th : Nikolaus von Kues , German churchman, cardinal and polymath (* 1401 )
- August 14 : Enea Silvio Piccolomini, under the name of Pius II Pope (* 1405 )
- September 7th : Friedrich II. , Margrave of Meissen, Landgrave of Thuringia, Elector of Saxony (* 1412 )
- September 7th : Otto III. , Duke of Pomerania-Stettin (* 1444 )
- September 24th : John Clinton, 5th Baron Clinton , English nobleman (* 1410 )
- October 2 : Henrik Kalteisen , Archbishop of Norway (* around 1390 )
- November 11th : Friedrich III. von Beichlingen , Archbishop of Magdeburg
- November 13th : Hans von Rechberg , German nobleman, Supreme Captain of Zurich (* around 1410 )
- November 23 : Margaret of Savoy , Margravine of Montferrat, Dominican and blessed of the Catholic Church (* around 1382 )
- December 4 : Maso Finiguerra , Italian goldsmith and copperplate engraver (* 1426 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Bernhard II , German nobleman, Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Prince of Lüneburg
- Ernst von Troppau , Bohemian nobleman, Duke of Troppau and Münsterberg (* around 1415)
- Henry III. , German nobleman, Prince of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (* 1416 )
- John Capgrave , English Augustinian monk, theologian, historian (* 1396 )