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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Piero di Cosimo de 'Medici
Piero di Cosimo de 'Medici becomes a leading politician in Florence .
Pope Paul II
Pietro Barbo becomes Pope under the name Paul II .
Sten Stures the Elder's entry into Stockholm
Sten Sture the Elder moves into Stockholm during the uprising
against Christian I.
1464 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 912/913 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1456/57
Aztec calendar 10th tubes - Matlactli Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 9th rabbit - Chicuhnahui Tochtli )
Buddhist calendar 2007/08 (southern Buddhism); 2006/07 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the wood monkey甲申 ( at the beginning of the year water sheep 癸未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 826/827 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 842/843
Islamic calendar 868/869 (turn of the year 2/3 September)
Jewish calendar 5224/25 (2/3 September)
Coptic calendar 1180/81
Malayalam calendar 639/640
Seleucid era Babylon: 1774/75 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1775/76 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1502
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1520/21 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Wars of the Roses in England

Wars of the Roses

The Yorkists, under John Neville, 1st Earl of Montagu, defeat the Lancastrians on April 24th at the Battle of Hedgeley Moor during the Wars of the Roses . Less than a month later they also won the Battle of Hexham on May 15th, breaking the last resistance of the House of Lancaster against King Edward IV in the north of England .

Elizabeth Woodville

Other events in Europe

King Karl VIII., Sculpture by Bernt Notke

science and technology

  • The University of Bourges is founded.


  • Construction of the Holsten Gate in Lübeck by council builder Hinrich Helmsted begins. The Holsten Gate is completed around 1478 .




Coat of arms of Pope Paul II

Pope Pius II dies in Ancona on August 14th . His remains are - for the time being - buried in St. Peter's Basilica. On August 30, after a three-day election in the Vatican , the conclave elects Pietro Barbo as the new Pope. He actually wanted to give himself the name Formosus II , but the cardinals persuaded him not to use this name. His second choice falls on the name of Marcus II , but the name of the evangelist does not seem appropriate to the cardinals, as they are generally unusual as names of the popes, like the names of the apostles . In this way they convince the new Pope to take on the name Paul II , who appears to be acceptable as the name of the Apostle of the Nations, who does not belong to the circle of the twelve and does not belong to the Evangelists. As was customary at that time, the cardinals demanded an election surrender from Paul II , but Paul II revoked his election surrender immediately after his coronation .


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Death shield of Dieter von Angelach in Marbach

Second half of the year

Cosimo's tomb in the crypt of San Lorenzo

Exact date of death unknown

  • Bernhard II , German nobleman, Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Prince of Lüneburg
  • Ernst von Troppau , Bohemian nobleman, Duke of Troppau and Münsterberg (* around 1415)
  • Henry III. , German nobleman, Prince of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (* 1416 )
  • John Capgrave , English Augustinian monk, theologian, historian (* 1396 )

Web links

Commons : 1464  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files