Calendar overview 1412
|Fernando I is elected King of Aragon by the Caspe compromise .||
has to flee Prague .
|Margarethe I , founder of the Kalmar Union , dies.|
|1412 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||860/861 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||10th tubes - Matlactli Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 9th rabbit - Chicuhnahui Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1955/56 (southern Buddhism); 1954/55 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||774/775 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||814/815 (turn of the year April 12/13)|
|Jewish calendar||5172/73 (September 7/8)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1722/23 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1723/24 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1468/69 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- March 1st : After the death of his father Albrecht III. Albrecht V becomes Duke of Mecklenburg under the tutelage of his mother Agnes.
- May 16 : Giovanni Maria Visconti , notorious for his cruelty , is murdered by the Ghibellines while his regent, the Condottiere Facino Cane de Casale, is dying. His similarly cruel brother Filippo Maria Visconti follows him as Duke of Milan . In the same year, the twenty-year-old Beatrice di Tenda married the forty-year-old widow Facino Cane de Casales. This allows Visconti to dispose of Cane's troops, while Beatrice is allowed to keep her husband's lands.
- July 14th : Three men are executed in Prague who publicly opposed the indulgence trade .
- October 24th : Second battle at Kremmer Damm
- Against Jan Hus , who preaches against ecclesiastical abuses and indulgences, which will interdict imposed. Hus leaves Prague, where he was the rector of the university , and goes to South Bohemia.
- The Hildesheim prince-bishop Johann III. von Hoya gives the approval for the fortification of his southern border against the Duchy of Braunschweig by the Bockenemer Landwehr.
Other events in Central Europe
- Władysław II Jagiełło and Sigismund of Luxembourg sign the Treaty of Lubowla on November 8th , concerning the Spiš , which is valid until 1772 .
- October 28th : Due to the death of his great-aunt Margarethe I in Flensburg harbor , Erik VII , whom she decreed as heir, becomes the sole ruler of the Kalmar Union of Denmark , Norway and Sweden that she established .
- January: Johann Ohnefurcht , Duke of Burgundy , reestablishes the Prévôt des marchands , which was abolished in 1382 and represents the interests of the bourgeoisie with the French king, as de facto ruler in France , and thus strengthens his position in Paris .
- May 8th : In the Treaty of Bourges , the English King Henry IV assures the French dukes Johann von Berry and Karl von Orléans his support against the Bourguignons , and is to get the Duchy of Aquitaine back.
- August 22nd : The Armagnacs sign the Treaty of Auxerre with the Bourguignons , according to which neither side will use foreign military aid. The civil war between the Armagnacs and Bourguignons seems to have ended, to the relief of all of France .
- November 17th : With the Treaty of Buzançais , Johann von Berry and Karl von Orléans have to buy the withdrawal of the English troops landed in September under Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence .
Southern and Western Europe
- With the compromise of Caspe on June 24th, Fernando I is determined to succeed Martin I on the throne of Aragon .
- May: Faraj , Sultan of the Mamluks in Egypt , is overthrown and murdered at the instigation of the legal scholars. In September, at their insistence, the Abbasid caliph al-Mustain agreed to take over the office. He appoints al-Mu'aiyad Sheikh as commander-in-chief of the armed forces. This succeeds in isolating him completely and causes him to abdicate in November in his favor.
Culture and society
- Pentecost: The Kötzting pastor receives safe escort to Steinbühl from Kötzting boys. From this, the Kötztinger Pentecost develops on the basis of a vow .
- Johann Ember , pastor of the Andreas Church in Braunschweig , donates his manuscripts and has the Liberei built for this , the first public library north of the Alps. The exact execution of the construction will be regulated in detail on September 25th . The construction itself takes 10 years.
- November 22nd : The Cäcilienflut , a storm surge in the area of the Lower Elbe, kills up to 30,000 people.
Date of birth saved
- January 6th : Joan of Arc ("Maid of Orléans"), French national heroine († 1431 )
- April 22nd : Reinhard III. von Hanau , German Count of Hanau († 1452 )
- June 5th : Luigi III. Gonzaga , son of the Marquis Gianfrancesco I Gonzaga of Mantua († 1478 )
- August 22 : Friedrich II. , German Elector of Saxony († 1464 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Abraham Senior , Jewish financier and court rabbi of Castile († 1493 )
- Luis de Beaumont , Navarre nobleman, 1st Conde de Lerín († 1462 )
- Mara Branković , Serbian princess, wife of Sultan Murad II († 1487 )
- Hans von Flachslanden , Mayor of Basel († 1476 )
- Katharina von Hoya , German abbess of the Wienhausen monastery († 1474 )
- Diether von Isenburg , German Archbishop of Mainz, Elector and Arch Chancellor († 1482 )
- Bernhard von Kraiburg , German humanist and Bishop of Chiemsee († 1477 )
Born around 1412
- Magdalena of Brandenburg , Duchess of Braunschweig-Lüneburg († 1454 )
- Ralph Dacre, 1st Baron Dacre of Gilsland , English nobleman († 1461 )
Date of death secured
- March 1st : Albrecht III. , Swedish King and Duke of Mecklenburg (* around 1338 )
- March 5 : Alfonso de Aragón y Foix , Count of Ribagorza, Ampurias and Prades (* around 1332)
- April 2 : Ruy González de Clavijo , Spanish diplomat and author
- May 16 : Facino Cane de Casale , Italian condottiere (* 1360 )
- May 16 : Giovanni Maria Visconti , Duke of Milan (* 1388 )
- June 17th : Enrico Minutoli , Italian Cardinal, Bishop of Sabina
- June 21 : Friedrich X. , Count of Hohenzollern
- July 14th : Francesco Uguccione , French cardinal
- July 28th : Henry III. von Rosenberg , Bohemian nobleman from the House of Rosenberg, highest burgrave in Prague (* 1361 )
- July 29th : Peter of Navarre , French nobleman, Count of Mortain (* 1366 )
- August 6th : Margaret of Durazzo , Queen of Hungary and Naples (* 1347 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Johannes Ciconia , Dutch composer
- Archambaud de Grailly , French Vice Count of Castillon and Gruson (* around 1330 )
- Konrad von Hebenstreit , Bishop of Gurk and Freising
- Otto Jageteufel , councilor and mayor of Szczecin
- Faraj , Sultan of the Mamluks in Egypt (* 1386 )