Calendar overview 1353
|Giovanni Boccaccio finishes work on the decameron .|
|1353 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||801/802 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||3. Feuerstein - Jei Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 2nd tubes - Ome Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1896/97 (southern Buddhism); 1895/96 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||715/716 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||753/754 (turn of the year 5th / 6th February)|
|Jewish calendar||5113/14 (August 30/31)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1663/64 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1664/65 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1409/10|
Politics and world events
- The Swiss Confederation is the entrance Berns to collar the eight towns : Uri , Schwyz , Unterwalden , Lucerne , Zurich , Glarus , train , Bern . The commonality of this loose alliance lies in the will not to submit to any of the great feudal lords, especially not to the Habsburg dukes of Austria . In particular, he strives for imperial freedom , that is, direct subordination to the Roman-German king or emperor and the right to administer himself and to judge himself.
Other events in the Holy Roman Empire
- February 9th : Margrave Friedrich III, married to Katharina von Henneberg . von Meißen is enfeoffed with the care of Coburg . The Wettins take control of Coburg .
- April 13th : Hermann IX. , Margrave of Baden zu Eberstein dies. Since his son Friedrich died before him, his nephew Rudolf VI. inherited. When on September 2, Rudolf's father Friedrich III. dies, the Margraviate of Baden, which was separated by the division of inheritance, is reunited in one hand. Only the sub-margraviate of Baden zu Pforzheim is still owned by Rudolf's uncle Rudolf V.
- June 3 : In the Regensburg Treaty , the Wittelsbach dukes Stephan II , Wilhelm I and Albrecht I , the sons of Emperor Ludwig of Bavaria, share their Lower Bavarian inheritance among themselves. Stephan II receives the south of Lower Bavaria with the capital Landshut and thus establishes the partial duchy of Bavaria-Landshut . Wilhelm I and Albrecht I received the Dutch counties of Hainaut , Holland , Zeeland and Friesland as well as the " Straubinger Ländchen ". The partial duchy of Straubing-Holland is ruled from Straubing and The Hague .
- King Charles IV visits the St. Gallen monastery . In order to vote the king, who is known as a collector of relics, in his favor and to have him confirm old rights over the city, Abbot Hermann gives him the head of St. Otmar and parts of that of Gallus from their graves. The relics are brought to Prague and are later lost in the turmoil of various wars. This sacrilege and the attempt to have rights confirmed that have long since fallen to the city of St. Gallen - the choice of the council, the mint master , the bread shower and the use of measure and weight - lead the city to strive for greater independence .
- The area around the village of Pont-à-Mousson is raised to a margraviate by King Charles IV in favor of Robert I von Bar .
- Giovanni Visconti , city lord and archbishop of Milan , is elected Doge of Genoa .
- Simeon Ivanovich , Grand Duke of Vladimir Moscow , fell victim to the plague epidemic that broke out in Russia . The rule goes to his brother Ivan II . The Grand Khan in Sarai awarded him the dignity of Grand Duke. In doing so, he asserts himself against his domestic Russian rival Konstantin von Suzdal, who is particularly supported by the Novgorod Republic .
Other events in Europe and Asia
- Byzantium , threatened by the Serbs , calls on the Ottomans for help.
- The Persian dynasty of the Muzaffarids conquered Shiraz .
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Egenhausen , Engelskirchen , Goldau , Hofstetten , Kriechenwil and Wuchzenhofen
- Construction of the Eichelsheim customs castle
- around 1353: Giovanni Boccaccio finishes work on the Decameron . This collection of 100 novellas is a style-defining work that becomes the model for almost all other collections of western novellas. The cyclical structure of the work relates to the meaning of the ancient holy number ten, which Bonaventure called numerus perfectissimus , with Dante's Divine Comedy , which is divided into a hundred chants, serving as a model.
- Pope Innocent VI sends Cardinal Gil Álvarez Carillo de Albornoz as Plenipotentiary to the Papal States to end the chaos caused by the absence of the papacy there.
- John of Thoresby becomes Archbishop of York .
- Adolf I , Bishop of Speyer and Archbishop of Mainz († 1390 )
- Thomas Arundel , Archbishop of Canterbury and York, and Lord Chancellor of England († 1414 )
- Margaret I , Queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden († 1412 )
- Manuel Chrysoloras , Byzantine diplomat and promoter of Greek literature in Western Europe († 1415 )
Date of death secured
- February 2 : Anna von der Pfalz , second wife of the later Emperor Charles IV (* 1329 )
- March 6 : Roger Gray , English nobleman and military man (* around 1300 )
- March 11th : Theognostos , Metropolitan of Kiev
- March 14th : Konrad von der Mark , knight, friar and monastery founder (* between 1291 and 1294)
- April 1 : John Segrave , English nobleman (* 1315 )
- April 13th : Hermann IX. , Margrave of Baden zu Eberstein
- September 2 : Friedrich III. , Margrave of Baden (* 1327 )
- October 4 : Rudolf II , Count Palatine near Rhine (* 1306 )
- October 29 : Konrad Münch von Landskron , Mayor of Basel
- November 25th : Berthold von Buchegg , Bishop of Speyer and Bishop of Strasbourg
- December 21 : Heinrich III. von Virneburg , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz (* around 1295 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Adolf VII , Count of Holstein-Pinneberg and Count of Schauenburg (* 1297 )
- Anna , Abbess of the Buchau Abbey
- John Charlton , English-Welsh Marcher Lord (* 1268 )
- Heinrich Dusemer , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (* around 1280 )
- Dieudonné de Gozon , Grand Master of the Order of St. John
- Henry VI. von Hohenberg , prince abbot of Fulda (* 1277 )
- Kham Hiao , King of the Rajadharani Kingdom of Sri Sudhana in what is now Laos
- Johannes I. , Bishop of Litomysl
- Konrad von Lustnau , abbot of the Cistercian monastery in Bebenhausen
- Stjepan II. Kotromanić , Ban of Bosnia (* 1292 )
- Stephan I. Lackfi , Ban of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia
- Simeon Ivanovich , Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir (* 1316 )
- Werner von Urslingen , Swabian condottiere in Italy (* around 1308 )