Friedrich III. (Meissen)

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Friedrich III. The Strict and Katharina von Henneberg, 19th century history painting in the Great Hall of Albrechtsburg Castle, Meißen

Friedrich III. the rigor , also Friedrich the friend-holding , (* December 14, 1332 in Dresden , † May 21, 1381 in Altenburg ) was Landgrave of Thuringia and Margrave of Meissen .

As the son of Frederick the Serious , he took over the states of Meißen and Thuringia from his father in 1349, which he ruled together with his brothers Balthasar and Wilhelm I.

His wife Katharina von Henneberg brought him a large part of the county of Henneberg ( care Coburg ) as dowry . He acquired Elgersburg , Zörbig , parts of the Margraviate Landsberg and the city of Sangerhausen through purchase .

Graves in the Princely Chapel at Altzella Monastery

He forced the bailiffs of Plauen and the counts of Schwarzburg to make a series of assignments. Together with Henry II of Hesse, he destroyed the Star League .

Friedrich died on May 21, 1381 in Altenburg. His grave is in the Altzella monastery , where a new prince chapel was built in 1676 for the graves from the choir of the crumbling monastery church, in which the bones were not reburied until 1804.


Friedrich der Strenge was married to Katharina von Henneberg (* 1334; † July 15, 1397 in Meißen ) since 1346 , who gave birth to the following four sons:

  1. Friedrich († young, around 1350)
  2. Frederick the Arguable (1370-1428)
  3. William the Rich (1371-1425)
  4. Georg (1380 - December 9, 1401 in Coburg)


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predecessor Office successor
Friedrich II. Margrave of Meissen
Wilhelm I.