Heinrich Theodor Flathe

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Heinrich Theodor Flathe (born June 1, 1827 in Alt-Tanneberg , † March 26, 1900 in Loschwitz ) was a German historian .


Heinrich Theodor Flathe was the son of pastor Heinrich Jakob Flathe. Having trained at the Thomas School in Leipzig , he attended the Princely School of St. Afra from 1840 to 1845 . Then he moved to the University of Leipzig . He finished his history and philology studies there in 1849 with a doctorate .

In the following year Flathe became a teacher at the secondary school in Plauen. In the following years he held other offices, so he became a senior teacher and librarian. On December 13, 1866, the Royal Ministry of Culture appointed him professor at the Princely School of St. Afra, which he assumed on January 9, 1867. At first he held the sixth professorship. But soon he rose to the position of second professor at the school, which corresponds to a position as vice-principal .

In 1875 the Meißen Secondary School Commission appointed Flathe to its member. At the same time he was a member of the city council. A few years later he received the Knight's Cross First Class of the Albrecht Order , and on January 7, 1895, he was also appointed Privy Councilor. On April 3rd of this year he left the Princely School.

Flathe spent the next few years in Loschwitz near Dresden . He lived a secluded life, but continued to devote himself to research. Hearing and eyesight decreased. He finally died there on March 26, 1900 at the age of 72 and was buried in Meißen in the St. Afra cemetery.


Flathe dealt in particular with the history of Saxony , but also with general history. He showed interest in the whole of Saxon history, so he was not limited to periods or specialist areas. He preferred the more recent story, as fewer sources were available to him for the older story. Especially in the last two decades of his life he dealt with recent history.

Flathe has been described as a calmly thinking person. This is shown, as Woldemar Lippert judged, especially in his works, which were made towards the end of his life.

In 1860 Flathes first work was published, The Prehistory of the Saxon People in Descriptions from the Sources . Even in this work Flathe does not commit himself to a specific period of history or a branch. In the work he depicts the period from the 10th to the 16th century by translating contemporary sources. This work was intended for Saxon history lessons.

Flathe worked on Karl August Engelhardt's fatherland studies for school and home , which he published in the ninth, tenth and eleventh editions in Leipzig by JA Barth in 1866, 1869 and 1877, respectively. He also edited works by other writers.

The history of the Electoral State and Kingdom of Saxony , published by Friedrich Andreas Perthes in Gotha from 1867 to 1873, is considered to be Flathes main work . The first edition of this work had been written in two volumes by Karl Wilhelm Böttiger about thirty years earlier. Flathe was responsible for the second edition, although he was hardly based on the first, so that it can be regarded as a separate work.

With Sanct Afra. History of the Royal Saxon Princely School in Meißen until 1879 Flathe wrote a history work about the Princely School. The school's last stand-alone history was published ninety years earlier.

As chairman of the Meißen History Association, Flathe gave lectures on Saxon history and published articles. He also wrote 142 articles on well-known people from Saxony for the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). He thus worked on the first 45 volumes of the ADB and of all the authors of the biography dealt with Saxony the most. Woldemar Lippert judged that most of Flathe's biography articles were quite poor, but that was because Flathe had attached great importance to scarcity. He also wrote for the literary Zentralblatt and for the historical magazine .

Concluding in his essay on Flathe, Lippert writes that Flathe led a humble life and did not strive for fame. That is why he was only known to the general Saxon people through his well-known manuals. For Saxon history, however, Flathe is unforgettable.


  • The prehistory of the Saxon people in descriptions from the source writers. Tauchnitz, Leipzig 1860.
  • History of the electoral state and kingdom of Saxony. Gotha, 1867, 1870, 1873; second edition.
  • Karl August Engelhardt's patriotism for school and home in the Kingdom of Saxony 11th edition, Barth, Leipzig 1877 (digitized version) .
  • Sanct Afra. History of the Royal Saxon Princely School in Meissen up to 1879. Tauchnitz, Leipzig 1879.
  • The Age of Restoration and Revolution 1815–1851. (= General history in individual representations ). Grote, Berlin 1883.
  • General world history 2nd edition, Weber, Leipzig 1884 (digitized version) .
  • Recent History , 3 volumes, 1887–1892.
  • German speeches, monuments to the patriotic history of the 19th century. Volume 1: 1808-1865. Leipzig 1893.
  • German speeches, monuments to the patriotic history of the 19th century. Volume 2: 1867-1893. Leipzig 1894.
  • The history of Saxony for teaching in the patriotic schools 9th edition, Barth, Leipzig 1902 (digitized version) .


Web links

Wikisource: Heinrich Theodor Flathe  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Todtenschau . In: Dresdner Geschichtsblätter , No. 1, 1901, p. 19.