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| 1240s | 1250s | 1260s | 1270s | 1280s | 1290s | 1300s |
◄◄ | | 1273 | 1274 | 1275 | 1276 | 1277 | 1278 | 1279 | 1280 | 1281 | |►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Erwin von Steinbach on the facade of the Strasbourg Cathedral Strasbourg CathedralThe German builder Erwin von Steinbach
starts building the facade on Strasbourg Cathedral .
1277 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 725/726 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1269/70
Buddhist calendar 1820/21 (southern Buddhism); 1819/20 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the Fire Ox丁丑 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Rat 丙子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 639/640 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 655/656
Islamic calendar 675/676 (turn of the year 3rd / 4th June)
Jewish calendar 5037/38 (29/30 August)
Coptic calendar 993/994
Malayalam calendar 452/453
Seleucid era Babylon: 1587/88 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1588/89 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1315
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1333/34 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

Hermann II von Lohn kidnaps Count Engelbert I von der Mark to his castle in Bredevoort on All Saints Day , where he dies on November 16 from the wounds he had suffered in the attack. Engelbert's son Eberhardt avenges his father's death the following year, Bredevoort Castle is destroyed, Hermann von Lohn has to undergo an atonement and loses his dynastic independence through his rule Lohn .

England / Wales

Gwynedd after the Peace of Aberconwy

Other events in Europe

Asia and Africa

City rights and first documentary mentions


  • The Genoese appear with their galleys for the first time off the Flemish coast ( Bruges ). In addition to the arduous land route, the direct sea connection between Italy and the north-western European economic centers is gradually becoming effective.




  • 50 villages on the North Sea coast fell victim to a severe storm surge at Christmas.


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1277


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1277  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files