Calendar overview 1272
Henry III. Edward I becomes King of England ,
who is currently on a crusade .
|1272 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||720/721 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1815/16 (southern Buddhism); 1814/15 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||634/635 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||670/671 (turn of the year 28/29 July)|
|Jewish calendar||5032/33 (August 26-27)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1582/83 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1583/84 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1328/29 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- April 2 : Richard of Cornwall , King of the Plantagenet family since 1257 , dies. Opposite King Alfonso of Castile then demands papal approbation, which Gregory X refuses. This clears the way for a new election and the end of the interregnum in the empire . By the end of the year, however, the electors cannot agree on a suitable candidate.
- The Hungarian Crown Prince Ladislaus is on a trip to Dalmatia from the Slavonian Ban Joachim gutkeled kidnapped in the castle of Kapronca held. Stephan V wants to free his 10-year-old son with an army, but the thirty-three year old king dies on August 6th . After his release, Ladislaus was crowned by the Archbishop of Esztergom at the instigation of his mother Elisabeth of Cumania before September 3rd .
- November 16 : After the death of Henry III. becomes Edward I , called Longshanks , King of England . However, he is currently on a crusade . He then ended preparations for an attack on Jerusalem , made peace with Baibars I , Sultan of the Mamluks , and set off for home. The news of the birth of his daughter Joan also contributed to this decision.
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of the place Heltersberg
- First documentary mention of Berken , Gais , Obergurig and Teufen
science and technology
- Spring: Thomas von Aquin leaves the chair at the Sorbonne in Paris and goes to Naples , where he will teach from the winter semester.
- Autumn: The Dominican Dietrich von Freiberg begins his advanced training course in theology in Paris.
- The Franciscan Roger Bacon publishes the Compendium studii philosophiae . In this work, which we only have in its first part, he criticizes the mendicant orders (for their failure as educators).
- Alfonso X of Castile founds the Universitas Studiorum Murciana .
Culture and society
- The Bad Säckingen wooden bridge over the Rhine is first mentioned in the Colmar annals .
- The oldest known old Yiddish verse to date can be found in a manuscript by the Worms Mahzôr from 1272.
- March 13 : Archdeacon Teobaldo Visconti, who was on a crusade in the Holy Land when he was elected Pope in 1271 with the English prince-throne Edward , returns to Rome . Since he was never ordained a priest, will take place on March 19 the priesthood , then it is on March 27 under the name of Gregory X enthroned.
- March 31 : Pope Gregory X. convenes the 2nd Council of Lyon to organize another crusade , but this does not meet until 1274 .
- Pentecost : At the General Chapter of the Dominicans in Florence it is decided to establish general studies in Barcelona and Bologna . Ulrich von Strasbourg becomes Provincial of the German Teutonia Order of the Dominicans.
- Major fire in Stavanger
Date of birth saved
- January 1 : William Ferrers, 1st Baron Ferrers of Groby , Anglo-Norman nobleman († 1325 )
- May 10 : Bernardo Tolomei , Italian monk, philosopher and lawyer, saint of the Catholic Church, founder of the Olivetan community († 1348 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Berthold VII. , Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen († 1340 )
- Gilles Li Muisis , French monk, chronicler and poet († 1352 )
- Solamisch , Sultan of the Mamluks in Egypt († 1291 )
Born around 1272
First half of the year
- January 5th : John de Gray , English nobleman and rebel
- January 18 : Heinrich von Leiningen , Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire, Bishop of Würzburg and Bishop of Speyer
- March 14th : Enzio , King of Sardinia (* around 1220 )
- March 17th : Go-Saga , Emperor of Japan (* 1220 )
- before April: Roger Bertram , English nobleman and rebel (* 1224 )
- April 2 : Richard of Cornwall , Earl of Cornwall, Count of Poitou and King of the Holy Roman Empire (* 1209 )
- April 27 : Zita , Italian servant and saints of the Catholic Church (* around 1212 / 1218 )
- June 6th : Ratibor , Duke of Pomeranian (* 1212 )
- June 10 : Berchtold von Falkenstein , abbot of the Benedictine monastery of St. Gallen
- around June 11 : James Audley , English magnate and justiciar of Ireland (* around 1220 )
Second half of the year
- August 6 : Stephen V , King of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia and Rama (* 1239 )
- August 11th : Gerhard von der Mark , Bishop of Münster (* 1220 )
- August 29 : Henry de Percy , English nobleman (* around 1235 )
- September 13th : William of Saint-Amour , Canon at the Sorbonne
- September 22nd : Dietrich II of Meißen , Bishop of Naumburg (* around 1190 )
- October 27 : Hugo IV , Duke of Burgundy and titular king of the Kingdom of Thessalonica (* 1212 )
- November 14th : Heinrich I von Montfort , Bishop of Chur
- November 14th : Widukind von Wittgenstein , abbot of the Grafschaft monastery
- 15 / 19 November : David of Augsburg , mystical writers and teachers of the Franciscan Order in Germany (* around 1200 )
- November 16 : Heinrich III. , King of England, Lord of Ireland and Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Poitou and Duke of Guyenne (* 1207 )
- December 14 : Berthold von Regensburg , German Franciscan and preacher (* around 1210 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Gottfried V. , Count of Ziegenhain
- Yaroslav III Yaroslavich , Grand Duke of Tver and Vladimir (* 1230 )
- Matthias , Sire von Trie, Mouchy-le-Châtel and Plessis-Billebaut, Count von Dammartin (* before 1209)
- al-Qurtubī , Islamic scholar from Andalusia (* 1214 )