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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Marco Polo in front of Kublai Khan
Marco Polo reaches the Empire of China
and enters the service of Kublai Khan .
1275 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 723/724 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1267/68
Buddhist calendar 1818/19 (southern Buddhism); 1817/18 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the wood pig乙亥 ( at the beginning of the year wood dog 甲戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 637/638 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 653/654
Islamic calendar 673/674 (turn of the year June 26-27)
Jewish calendar 5035/36 (22/23 September)
Coptic calendar 991/992
Malayalam calendar 450/451
Seleucid era Babylon: 1585/86 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1586/87 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1313
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1331/32 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Northern and Central Europe

  • The conflict between the Swedish King Waldemar and his two brothers Magnus Ladulås and Erik, which has been smoldering for several years, ends in an open battle after the latter received support from the Danish King Erik Klipping . They defeat Waldemar's followers at the Battle of Hova that same year. After that, after Waldemar had forcibly abdicated, Magnus was elected King of Sweden and was crowned king in Uppsala in May . Waldemar flees to Norway with his wife. The battle for the crown continued for several years.
  • June 24 : After his refusal certain imperial estates to King Rudolf return, is the Bohemian King Premysl Otakar II. On the Diet of Augsburg the imperial ban imposed.

Western and Southern Europe

Tomb of Ferdinand de la Cerda

Crusader States


City rights and first documentary mentions


  • King Edward I of England obtained approval for a general property tax and for the collection of an export duty for wool, which would secure regular income in the near future and thus facilitate borrowing from Italian merchants.

science and technology


  • The Icelandic writer and skald Sturla Þórðarson begins to write the Sturlubók . The manuscript is an important historical source of the colonization of Iceland, but is no longer considered a reliable source today. The focus is on a genealogical list of the largely Norwegian settlers who took possession of the uninhabited island.



nature and environment


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1275


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1275

Web links

Commons : 1275  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Petrus de Alvernia , on eckhart.de
  2. Johannes von Erfurt , zu eckhart.de
  3. Weather 1275 - 1277 , on eckhart.de
  4. Durandus de San Porciano , on eckhart.de