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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Sketch of the battle
King Rudolf I von Habsburg defeated Ottokar II Přemysl in the battle of Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen .
1278 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 726/727 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1270/71
Buddhist calendar 1821/22 (southern Buddhism); 1820/21 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the Earth Tiger戊寅 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Ox 丁丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 640/641 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 656/657
Islamic calendar 676/677 (turn of the year 24/25 May)
Jewish calendar 5038/39 (September 18-19)
Coptic calendar 994/995
Malayalam calendar 453/454
Seleucid era Babylon: 1588/89 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1589/90 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1316
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1334/35 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Campaigns of Rudolf I against Ottokar II. Přemysl

The Marchfeld near Dürnkrut
Wenceslaus II of Bohemia (Codex Manesse, 14th century)
  • After the death of Ottokar II in the battle of Marchfeld, Wenceslaus II becomes King of Bohemia. However, his guardian, the Brandenburg Margrave Otto IV. With the arrow , exercises the actual power .

Further events in the empire

Other events in Europe

Historical coat of arms of Andorra


City rights and first documentary mentions


  • The Sternburg brewery is first mentioned in a document.



nature and environment


Date of birth saved

Mary of Woodstock. Miniature from the 14th century

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1278


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Tumba of Ottokar II in the
St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1278  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files