Calendar overview 1346
|Battle of Crécy in the Hundred Years War , the English defeated under Edward III. the French under Philip VI. despite numerical inferiority.|
|1346 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||794/795 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||9th house - Chicuhnahui Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 8th Feuerstein - Chicuei Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1889/90 (southern Buddhism); 1888/89 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||708/709 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||746/747 (turn of the year 23/24 April)|
|Jewish calendar||5106/07 (September 17-18)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1656/57 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1657/58 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1402/03|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- April 13th: Pope Clement VI. once again imposes a ban and interdict on Ludwig IV with the words: May Ludwig fall into a pitfall that he does not see ... The Lord beat him with madness, blindness and frenzy ... Let the earth open up and swallow him alive.
- July 11th: Karl von Böhmen from Luxembourg is elected in Rhens by five electors in agreement with Clemens VI. elected anti-king of Ludwig IV.
- August 21: The Upper Lusatian Six Cities Association is created as an association against regional robber barons . The federation of the cities of Bautzen , Görlitz , Kamenz , Lauban , Löbau and Zittau later remains in place and is only dissolved in 1806.
- August 27: On the day of St. Rufus, Charles IV of Luxembourg is crowned. However, this coronation has no approval from the Pope and is not recognized by the Wittelsbachers either.
- Ludwig the Bavarian is preparing to defend his claims with the support of the German cities.
Hundred Years War
- June 9: The Battle of Saint-Pol-de-Léon in the War of the Breton Succession ends with an English victory.
- July 11th: King Edward III. of England crosses the English Channel with a fleet from southern England and lands the next day in Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue , about 25 km from Cherbourg . From here he begins his campaign through Normandy . Edward's army consists mainly of English and Welsh soldiers, some German and Breton mercenaries as well as Norman nobles and their armed men, who with the rule of the French King Philip VI. are dissatisfied. The English army marches south from the landing point, with Edward's goal being to lead a Chevauchée across enemy territory to Caen . His soldiers plunder and pillage the cities of Carentan , Saint-Lô and Torteval on their way , which is intended to destroy French morale and combat strength. With the conquest of Caen, Edward hopes to finally be able to offset his enormous expenses for the campaign and at the same time to break the will to fight of the French crown by the capture and destruction of this important city.
- July 26th: The French defenders suffer a crushing defeat at the Battle of Caen . Then the English troops conquer and plunder the city.
- August 24th: The Battle of Blanchetaque is another victory for Edward's forces, allowing him to cross the Somme .
- August 26th: The French under Philip VI. are outnumbered by the heavily inferior English under Edward III. badly beaten in the battle of Crécy . The English archers with their longbows are superior to the French knights. In this battle Johann von Böhmen dies .
- September 4th: After their victory , the English troops besieged the city of Calais for eleven months .
- October 17th: England's King Edward III. takes the Scottish King David II prisoner at the Battle of Neville's Cross and has him incarcerated in the Tower of London .
- King Waldemar IV. Atterdag of Denmark sells Estonia , which was conquered by Denmark in 1219, to the Teutonic Order .
- April 16: King Stefan Uroš IV. Dušan is crowned "Emperor of Serbia and the Roman Empire ". Since he is in feud with the Patriarch of Constantinople , he had previously raised the Archbishop of Peć to Patriarch of Serbia in a council .
- December 21: Venetian troops march into the Croatian-Hungarian coastal city of Zadar and take control after the long siege (since August 12, 1345)
science and technology
- Pope Clement VI approved by the University of Valladolid .
- The Ospedale della Pietà is founded in Venice as an orphanage and hospice for single mothers with babies.
Exact date of birth unknown
- Albrecht von Wernigerode , Bishop of Halberstadt († 1419)
- Anna of the Palatinate , Duchess of Berg († 1415)
- Dorje Lingpa , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1405)
- Richard FitzAlan , English nobleman and military leader († 1397)
- Johann I , Duke of Lorraine († 1390)
- Otto V , Duke of (Upper) Bavaria and Elector and Margrave of Brandenburg († 1379)
- Philip I , Count Palatine and Duke of Burgundy, Count of Artois († 1361)
- Jakob Twinger von Königshofen , Strasbourg historian († 1420)
Born around 1346
- Eleanor Maltravers , English noblewoman († 1405)
First half of the year
- January 8: Lucy Thwing , English noblewoman (* 1278)
- February 1: Pål Bårdsson , Archbishop of Nidaros (* around 1280)
- February 1: Friedrich Ritzendorfer , Abbot of the Benedictine Abbey of Kremsmünster
- February 20: Gilbert Talbot , English nobleman (* 1276)
- April 9: Ralph Ufford , English Knight and Royal Justiciar of Ireland
- May 15: Heinrich I , Lord of Fürstenberg and Jauer, Duke of Schweidnitz and Duke of Jauer (* around 1294)
- June 9th: Heinrich von Zipplingen , advisor and secretary to Emperor Ludwig the Bavarian
Second half of the year
- July 18: Ludwig von Braunschweig-Lüneburg , Bishop of Minden (* around 1300)
- August 10: Philippe of Burgundy , Count of Auvergne and Boulogne (* 1323)
- August 25: Rudolf , Duke of Lorraine (* around 1320)
- August 26th: Heinrich II. Von Rosenberg , Bohemian nobleman (* around 1320)
- August 26th: Henry IV , Count of Vaudémont
- August 26th: John , King of Bohemia and Hereditary King of Poland (* 1296)
- August 26th: John V , Count of Roucy, Braine and Rochefort and Lord of Pierrepont
- August 26th: Louis I , Count of Blois and Dunois
- August 26: Ludwig I , Count of Flanders, Count of Nevers and Rethel, Baron von Donzy (* around 1304)
- August 26th: Karl von Valois , Count of Alençon and Le Perche (* around 1297)
- August: Heinrich III. von Stein , counter-bishop of Regensburg and prince-bishop of Regensburg
- September 20: Catherine de Valois-Courtenay , titular empress of Constantinople and regent of the Principality of Achaia, princess of Taranto (* 1301)
- September 23: Ulrich II. , Lord of Hanau (* 1280/1288)
- October 17th: Maurice Moray , Scottish nobleman (* around 1290)
- October 17th: John Randolph , Scottish nobleman and co-regent for a time (* 1306)
- November 27th: Gregory of Sinai , Byzantine monk (* 1255)
- November 29th: Agnes , mistress of Hanau (* before 1295)
Exact date of death unknown
- Abu Bakr II , Caliph of the Hafsids in Ifriqiya
- Bernhard , Count of Ravensberg
- Heinrich von Bokholt , councilor of Lübeck
- Enguerrand VI. de Coucy , lord of Coucy, Marle, La Fère, Oisy and Montmirail (* 1313)
- Giorgi V , King of Georgia (* around 1286)
- Gerhard von Oßweiler , knight and local lord at Wedersweiler Castle
- Hélion de Villeneuve , Grand Master of the Order of St. John (* around 1270)
- al-Kamil Schaban I , Sultan of the Mamluks in Egypt (* around 1328)
- Mathilde of Bavaria , Margravine of Meissen (* 1313)
- Loretta , Countess of Sponheim (* 1300)