Calendar overview 1341
poeta laureatus in Rome .
|1341 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||789/790 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||4. Feuerstein - Nahui Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 3rd pipes - Jei Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1884/85 (southern Buddhism); 1883/84 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||703/704 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||741/742 (turn of the year June 16/17)|
|Jewish calendar||5101/02 (September 12/13)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1651/52 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1652/53 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1397/98|
Politics and world events
Hundred Years War
- January 24th : Ludwig IV., The Bavarian gives the alliance with Edward III. from England , which leads to a break with the Kurverein von Rhense , and concludes a friendship treaty with Philip VI. from France , from which he hopes to mediate with the Curia in Avignon .
- April 30th : With the death of Johann III. , Duke of Brittany , leaving no heirs, the War of the Breton Succession begins . In it are Charles de Blois , who married Johann's niece Johanna von Dreux , and Johann's half-brother Johann von Montfort . Since it quickly became apparent that King Philip VI. preferred by France to his nephew Charles, Johann hurries to Brittany to establish facts and secure the ducal dignity for himself. In May he was proclaimed duke in Nantes , although a large part of the Breton nobility and clergy did not appear. He then ensured the support of Edward III. of England, to which he promises his support in the war for the French throne .
- In the Hundred Years War , an armistice is concluded that expires in June 1342.
- September 7th : With the decree of Conflans , Philip VI. Johann von Montfort loses all of his fiefdoms and elevates Karl von Blois to Duke of Brittany.
- 14. bis 16th October : The Battle of Champtoceaux is a disaster for Jean de Montfort.
- In November, after a two-week siege of Nantes, Johann von Montfort was forced by the city's inhabitants to submit. He is offered safe conduct to enter into negotiations with Karl von Blois, but if they fail he is thrown into prison. Johann's wife Johanna von Flanders then took over the defense of his lands. In the following months Blois was able to occupy almost the whole of Brittany with his troops, until finally only Brest remained in the hands of the Montforts .
- King David II returns to Scotland from his French exile .
- The English parliament is divided into an upper and a lower house .
- The Moscow Prince Simeon from the Rurikid dynasty returns from the Golden Horde and ascends the grand ducal throne in Vladimir as the successor to Ivan I.
- June 15 : After the death of the Byzantine emperor Andronikos III. the Byzantine Civil War begins for his successor.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Wachenheim an der Weinstrasse receives city rights .
- Rüti near Lyssach is first mentioned in a document.
- Lübeck is the first German city to be granted the right to mint gold coins .
- In a chronicle of Galvano Fiamma, gravity mills are mentioned in connection with the construction of weight wheel clocks .
- A silk twine mill in Bologna receives a water wheel drive for the first time .
science and technology
- The Queen's College of Oxford University is founded.
- Konrad von Megenberg is traveling to the Curia in Avignon for the second time on behalf of his student nation in Paris .
- The Tennenbacher Güterbuch is bound. It is an Urbar written mainly in Latin, begun around 1317 by the Tennenbach monk and later abbot Johannes Zenlin , which records ownership rights of the Cistercian monastery Tennenbach near Emmendingen .
- Carnival parade in Cologne mentioned for the first time (goes back to the worship of a goddess of shipping and fertility in late Roman times) ( stone , cultural timetable )
- The watchmaker Thiedemann seyghermaker acquired citizenship in Stralsund .
- June 17th : Foundation of the Ermländer Stiftskapitel in Pierzchaly near Braniewo (Braunsberg) in the Teutonic Order
- First Hesychastic Council in Constantinople confirms the orthodoxy of the teaching of Gregory Palamas .
- A flood disaster destroys the port of the Indian city of Muziris and causes its decline. At the same time, the nearby Kochi , which is receiving a new harbor basin, is booming .
Date of birth saved
- February 25 : Ludwig von Meißen , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz († 1382 )
- June 5 : Edmund of Langley († 1402 )
- November 10 : Henry Percy († 1408 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Hermann II of Hesse, co-regent and later Landgrave of Hesse († 1413 )
- Jean de Vienne , French knight and admiral during the Hundred Years War († 1396 )
- Melchior von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen , Bishop of Osnabrück and Bishop of Schwerin († 1381 )
- Qu You , Chinese writer († 1427 )
Born around 1341
January to May
- January 19 : al-Khāzin al-Baghdādī , Islamic Koran exegete (* 1279 )
- January 29th : Louis I , Count of Clemont and La Marche, Duke of Bourbon (* 1279 )
- March 1st : Heinrich II. Bochholt , Bishop of Lübeck
- March 22nd : Friedrich von Pernstein , Archbishop of Riga (* around 1270)
- April 10 : Nanker , Bishop of Krakow and Wroclaw (* around 1265 / 70 )
- April 15 : Jean de Rossillon , Bishop of Lausanne
- April 30th : Johann III. the good , Duke of Brittany (* 1286 )
- May 30th : Siger von Courtrai , scholastic (* around 1283)
June to December
- June: Al-Malik an-Nasir Muhammad , Sultan of the Mamelukes (* 1284 )
- June 11th : Bolko II , Duke of Schweidnitz and Münsterberg (* around 1300 )
- June 15 : Andronikos III. , Emperor of Byzantium (* 1297 )
- June 19 : Juliana von Falconieri , founder of the Servite order (* around 1270 )
- June 29th : Bruno Warendorp , Mayor of Lübeck (* around 1255 )
- August 10 : Eleanor of Anjou , Queen of Sicily (* 1289 )
- August 28 : Leon V , King of Armenia (* 1309 )
- October: Dietrich von Altenburg , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order
- October 3 : Margrethe Eriksdatter of Denmark , Queen of Sweden (* 1277 )
- December: Gediminas , Grand Duke of Lithuania (* around 1275 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Bernhard V. zur Lippe , Prince-Bishop of Paderborn (* 1277 )
- Ivan I , Prince of Moscow (* 1288 )
- al-Mansur Abu Bakr , Sultan of the Mamluks (* 1321 )
- Kunga Legpe Chungne Gyeltshen Pel Sangpo , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1308 )
- Al-Mizzī , Islamic traditionalist and lawyer of the Shafiite school of law (* 1256 )
- John Maltravers , English knight (* 1266 )
- Ulrich II , Count von Beilstein