Calendar overview 1337
Hundred Years War begins
after Edward III. of England the feudal relationship
with Philip VI. canceled by France .
|1337 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||785/786 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||13. Feuerstein - Matlactli omey Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 12th pipes - Matlactli omome Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1880/81 (southern Buddhism); 1879/80 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||699/700 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||737/738 (turn of the year July 29th / 30th)|
|Jewish calendar||5097/98 (August 27-28)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1647/48 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1648/49 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1393/94|
Politics and world events
Hundred Years War
- October: The English King Edward III. terminates the feudal relationship with the French King Philip VI. after he confiscated his property in France. The Hundred Years War between France and England begins.
- Walter Mauny is named Admiral of the North . He is responsible for the defense of all East English ports between the Thames estuary in the south and Berwick in the north. In addition, the king gives him command of the vanguard of the expeditionary army with which he wants to land in the Netherlands. To do this, he is supposed to escort the cargo ships with his ships that are supposed to bring English wool for sale to the Netherlands. The campaign to France is to be financed by selling this wool. At the beginning of November Mauny sets out with a fleet of 85 ships with 1,450 soldiers, 2,200 seamen and a number of important merchants. On the way to Holland, the fleet surprisingly attacks the Flemish port of Sluis , but is repulsed.
- November 9th : The English fleet invades the Flemish island of Cadzand and defeats an army from the County of Flanders in the Battle of Cadzand .
- Ludwig the Bavarian makes an alliance with Eduard III. of England against Philip VI. of France and Pope Benedict XII.
- England allied with Flanders against France .
- Edward of Woodstock becomes the first Duke of Cornwall . It is the first duchy in England.
Holy Roman Empire
- June 7th : After the death of Wilhelm III. from the house of Avesnes his son Wilhelm IV. Count of Holland and Zeeland , and as Wilhelm II. Count of Hainaut .
- September 21 : In the Battle of Grynau during the Swiss Habsburg Wars, the people of Zurich, allied with the County of Toggenburg , had the upper hand over the troops of an aristocratic league from the County of Habsburg-Laufenburg and the government-in-exile of the " outer Zurich " in Rapperswil . Count Johann I von Habsburg-Laufenburg comes as well as his opponent Count Kraft III. of Toggenburg in the battle for life.
- John of Luxembourg , King of Bohemia and Margrave of Moravia from the House of Luxembourg , goes blind in one eye. Three years later he will completely lose his sight and henceforth will be called the blind one.
- When Verona became too powerful from their point of view, Florence , the Republic of Venice and the noble families of the Visconti in Milan , the Este in Ferrara and Modena and the Gonzaga in Mantua formed a coalition against the city lords Alberto II. Della Scala and Mastino II. Della Scala .
- September 29th : The Republic of Venice under the Doge Francesco Dandolo conquers Mestre, its first Terraferma area in the war against Verona.
- June 25th : King Frederick II of Sicily dies and is buried in Catania Cathedral. His son Peter II succeeds him to the throne.
- The south of the island of Okinawa fled Prince Ofusato founded in opposition to the 1314 incurred Chūzan the state Namsan , the last State of the Sanzan period .
First documentary mentions
- The Isartor will be the last city gate in Munich .
- First written mention of Koromľa , Rindelbach , Orten- Stolperland and Illmau Castle
science and technology
- In Oxford is weather observation introduced.
- Konrad von Megenberg wrote the first, not preserved, version of his Planctus ecclesiae in Germaniam and traveled to the Curia in Avignon on behalf of his student nation at the University of Paris .
- Today's Amplonius grammar school in Rheinberg is founded as a Latin school .
Culture and society
- Konrad von Ammenhausen completes his book on Schachzabel .
- Burchard Grelle , Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Bremen , allows the traders and showmen of the folk festival at Hamburg's Mariendom to be present in the cathedral when the weather is bad .
- October 10th : Bypassing the Archbishop of Salzburg, Pope Benedict XII. his former Parisian fellow student Konrad von Salmansweiler as Bishop of Gurk as successor to Lorenz von Brunne , who died on August 5th . On the way to the Pope in Avignon, Konrad is robbed and imprisoned for a short time in Martigny, which is why he cannot be ordained bishop until 1338.
- Henry III. von Schönegg becomes Bishop of Augsburg .
- The monastery of San Michele a Quarto is donated.
- The renovation of the Friday Mosque in Malé , commissioned by Sultan Ahmed Shihabuddin , is completed.
Date of birth saved
- February 25 : Wenceslaus I , Duke of Luxembourg († 1383 )
- August 4th : Louis II. De Bourbon , Duke of Bourbon († 1410 )
- November 22nd : Jeong Mong-ju , Korean politician, diplomat, Neo-Confucian philosopher, poet and writer († 1392 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Gjin I. Muzaka , Albanian prince († 1389 )
- Jeong Do-jeon , Korean politician, neo-Confucian philosopher and writer († 1398 )
- Ludwig , King of Sicily († 1355 )
- Michael Palaiologos the Elder , Byzantine Prince
- Rigdzin Gödem , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1409 )
- Robert III , King of Scotland († 1406 )
- Stefan Uroš V , Serbian King († 1371 )
- Tello Alfonso of Castile , Lord of Bizkaia, Lord of Aguilar de Campoo and Count of Castañeda († 1370 )
- Theodor II. Muzaka , Albanian prince († between 1389 and 1396)
Born around 1337
Date of death secured
- January 8th Giotto di Bondone , Italian painter and sculptor (* around 1267 )
- February 27 : Takatsukasa Fuyunori , Japanese nobleman and regent (* 1295 )
- February 28 : William la Zouche , English nobleman
- May 5 : Margaret Mortimer , English noblewoman (* 1304 )
- June 7th : Wilhelm III. , Count of Holland (* around 1286 )
- June 7th : Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn , daughter of the last ruler of an independent Wales (* 1282 )
- June 25 : Frederick II , King of Sicily (* around 1272 )
- June 30th : Eleanor de Clare , English noblewoman (* 1292 )
- July 13 : Heinrich von Burghausen , Bishop of Seckau (* 1304 )
- August 5th : Lorenz von Brunne , Bishop of Gurk
- August 27th : Johann II , Herr zu Werle
- November 8th : Johann I. von Langenmantel , Augsburg patrician and mayor (* around 1275)
- December 14th : Heinrich II , Count von Fürstenberg
Exact date of death unknown
- September: Johann I , Count of Habsburg-Laufenburg (* around 1297)
- Abu Tashfin I , Sultan of the Abdalwadids
- Angelus Clarenus , Italian Franciscan and religious writer
- John Langton , Lord Chancellor and Bishop of Chichester
- Mansa Musa , King of Mali
- Seyfried Schweppermann , field captain of the imperial city of Nuremberg (* around 1257)
- Tino di Camaino , Italian sculptor and architect (* around 1245 )