|Cologne weavers' revolt is bloodily suppressed.|
|1371 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||819/820 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||8. Rabbit - Chicuei Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 7th house - Chicome Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1914/15 (southern Buddhism); 1913/14 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||733/734 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||772/773 (turn of the year 14/15 July)|
|Jewish calendar||5131/32 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1681/82 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1682/83 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1427/28|
Politics and world events
- February 22nd : After the death of David II , his nephew Robert II becomes King of Scotland , who was only released from captivity at the beginning of the year after a rebellion. The son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and Marjorie Bruce , daughter of King Robert the Bruce , founded the House of Stuart as the former Great Steward of Scotland . He will be crowned in Scone in March . However, he is not a particularly active king and hardly bothered about government affairs. Influential nobles take control of several areas of the state.
The first Ferdinandine War between Ferdinand I of Portugal and the kings of the House of Trastámara for the throne of Castile ends with the Treaty of Alcoutim . Heinrich II. Is recognized as king by Ferdinand. His marriage to Heinrich's daughter Eleanor of Castile is planned for the coming year.
Holy Roman Empire
- February 12 : Gerlach von Nassau dies. Under the influence of Emperor Charles IV , Johann von Luxemburg-Ligny was elected as his successor as Archbishop and Elector of Mainz . In addition, he becomes Reichsland vogt in the Wetterau .
- August 22nd : In the decisive battle of the Brabant feud near Baesweiler , the troops of Duke Wilhelm II of Jülich , supported by Duke Eduard von Geldern , remain victorious against Duke Wenzel I of Brabant .
- November 20 : In Cologne a battle of citizens in the ends Cologne Weberaufstand between Board-abiding citizens and gaffs one hand and the guild of weavers their numerical inferiority the other hand, in a flight of Weber upon detection. Those who do not fall from the weavers or leave the city will soon be tracked down and locked in the city towers. The reactionary forces severely punished the weavers, many were expelled, and the property of the weavers' guild was confiscated. Those who have already fled are never allowed to enter the city again.
Balkans / Ottoman Empire
- February 17 : After the death of Ivan Alexander , his son Ivan Shishman becomes Tsar of the Second Bulgarian Empire in Veliko Tarnovo . He is the last Bulgarian ruler from the Shishmanid family . He joins the anti-Ottoman coalition of the South Serbian King Vukašin Mrnjavčević , whom he supports with a Bulgarian contingent.
- Around September 26th : In the Battle of the Mariza , a Bulgarian - Serbian army is defeated by an Ottoman army and is completely wiped out. Vukašin Mrnjavčević and his brother Jovan Uglješa fall in battle, Vukašin's son Marko Kraljević follows him as king, but like Iwan Schischman has to accept considerable territorial losses. The same applies to Konstantin Dragaš , the Serbian despot from Welbaschd . They all become vassals of the Ottoman Empire and have to go to battle on the Ottoman side against the Wallachians; the Turks have the option of conquering Southeast Europe .
- December 4 : The Serbian Tsar Stefan Uroš V from the Nemanjić dynasty , known as the weak because of his modesty and tolerance , dies childless. A large part of the Serbian principalities in the south is conquered by the Ottomans after the battle of the Maritsa. As a result of this defeat, the territory of the feudal prince Lazar Hrebeljanović in northern Serbia emerged as the new core area of the Serbian state.
- A fleet of the Republic of Genoa raids and sacked Malta after Maltese pirates had previously captured a Genoese ship.
Go-En'yū receives the rank of Shinnō or Imperial Prince by imperial decree , immediately afterwards, on April 9th, through the abdication of his father, Emperor Go-Kōgon , he becomes Tennō of the northern Japanese court during the time of the northern and northern courts Südhöfe . However, Go-Kōgon continues to rule as an insi de facto.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- The London Charterhouse Monastery is being built by Walter de Manny based on plans by the architect Henry Yevele on a former plague cemetery .
Date of birth saved
- March 5 : Lambert van Duren , Mayor of Cologne († 1418 )
- April 23 : Wilhelm II , Margrave of Meißen († 1425 )
- May 28 : Johann Ohnefurcht , Duke of Burgundy († 1419 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- James Douglas , Scottish nobleman († 1443 )
- Jean de Lastic , Grand Master of the Order of St. John († 1454 )
- Leopold IV of Habsburg , Count of Tyrol and Front Austria, ducal regent of Danube Austria († 1411 )
- Sofia of Lithuania , Grand Duchess of Moscow († 1453 )
- Maria , Queen of Hungary († 1395 )
- Thong Lan , King of the Siamese Empire of Ayutthaya († 1388 )
- Vasily I , Russian Grand Duke († 1425 )
- Zheng He , Chinese admiral and navigator († 1435 )
Born around 1371
First half of the year
- February 12 : Gerlach von Nassau , Archbishop of Mainz (* 1322 )
- February 17th : Ivan Alexander , Tsar of Bulgaria
- February 21 : Gottfried IV. , Last Count of Arnsberg (* around 1295 )
- February 22nd : David II , King of Scotland (* 1324 )
- March 4 : Johanna von Évreux , Queen of France (* 1310 )
- March 26 : Nikolaus von Laun , auxiliary bishop in Regensburg (* around 1300 )
- June 16 : Pierre d'Aigrefeuille , French cleric, bishop of Tulle, Vabres, Clermont, Uzès, Mende and finally of Avignon
- June 18 : Wolfhart I. von Brandis , Baron von Brandis
- June 23 : Johann von Virneburg , elected but not papally recognized Archbishop of Cologne, Bishop of Münster and then Bishop of Utrecht
Second half of the year
- July 26th : Rudolf von Sachsenhausen , knight, ministerial and city scholar of Frankfurt am Main
- August 10 : Akashi Kakuichi , Japanese Buddhist monk and poet
- August 22nd : Guido , Count of Ligny and Saint-Pol
- August 24th : Eduard , Duke of Geldern (* 1336 )
- September 13 : Jan Neplach , abbot of the Benedictine monastery Opatowitz (* 1322 )
- September 20 : Johann I , Count of Nassau-Weilburg (* 1309 )
- around September 26 : Vukašin Mrnjavčević , Serbian nobleman (* around 1320 )
- around September 26th : Jovan Uglješa , Serbian nobleman and despot of Serres
- September: Thomas de Vere , English magnate and military (* around 1337 )
- December 4th : Rainald III. , Duke of Geldern (* 1333 )
- December 4th : Stefan Uroš V , Tsar of Serbia (* 1337 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Adelhaid von Lupfen , abbess of the free worldly women's monastery in Buchau (* before 1346)
- Adelheid of Hesse , Queen of Poland (* 1324 )
- Hermann von Werberg , Lord Master of the Order of St. John
- Johann Klingenberg , councilor of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck